Abstract

Multilayer WSe2 films were prepared by the liquid-phase exfoliation method and dispersed onto a YAG substrate. The obtained WSe2-SA was used to investigate a passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF laser at 2.95 µm. Under an absorbed pump power of 4.51 W, the shortest pulse duration of 571 ns was realized with an average output power of 147 mW and a repetition rate of 89.3 kHz, corresponding to a single pulse energy of 1.65 µJ and a peak power of 2.88 W. The results indicate that WSe2 is a promising candidate for application as a saturable absorber to generate mid-IR pulsed lasers at ~3 µm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]

2017 (4)

H. Nie, P. Zhang, B. Zhang, K. Yang, L. Zhang, T. Li, S. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95 μm,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 699–702 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sun, Y. Bai, D. Li, L. Hou, B. Bai, Y. Gong, L. Yu, and J. Bai, “946 nm Nd: YAG double Q-switched laser based on monolayer WSe2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 25(18), 21037–21048 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (6)

2015 (2)

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS(2), MoSe(2), WS(2), and WSe(2).,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (5)

A. Kumar and P. K. Ahluwalia, “Electronic structure of transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers 1H-MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) from ab-initio theory: new direct band gap semiconductors,” Eur. Phys. J. B 85(6), 186 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 µm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. Zhang, Y. Hang, and L. Zhang, “Deactivation effects of the lowest excited state of Ho3+ at 2.9 μm emission introduced by Pr3+ ions in LiLuF4 crystal,” Opt. Lett. 37(24), 5241–5243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

D. Hudson, E. Magi, L. Gomes, and S. D. Jackson, “1 W diode-pumped tunable Ho3+,Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 985–986 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. D. Jackson, “Single-transverse-mode 2.5-W holmium-doped fluoride fiber laser operating at 2.86 microm,” Opt. Lett. 29(4), 334–336 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

S. D. Jackson, “210 mW 2.84 µm Ho3+, Pr3+-doped fluoride fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 39(10), 772–773 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1986 (1)

J. L. Boulnois, “Photophysical processes in recent medical laser developments: A review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Abbas, A.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahluwalia, P. K.

A. Kumar and P. K. Ahluwalia, “Electronic structure of transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers 1H-MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) from ab-initio theory: new direct band gap semiconductors,” Eur. Phys. J. B 85(6), 186 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bai, B.

Bai, J.

Bai, Y.

Bekman, H. H. P. T.

H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bergin, S. D.

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boulnois, J. L.

J. L. Boulnois, “Photophysical processes in recent medical laser developments: A review,” Lasers Med. Sci. 1(1), 47–66 (1986).
[Crossref]

Bragagna, T.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, B.

Chen, F.

Chen, J.

Chen, L.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, C.

Chhowalla, M.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chu, H.

Coleman, J. N.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cucinotta, C. S.

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, X.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cunningham, G.

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dravid, V. P.

D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, B.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, M.

Fan, M. Q.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fan, W.

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, X. W.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 µm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fathi, M.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, D.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Galecki, L.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gao, P.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gao, X.

Gomes, L.

D. Hudson, E. Magi, L. Gomes, and S. D. Jackson, “1 W diode-pumped tunable Ho3+,Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 985–986 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gong, Y.

Gross, S.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guo, G. H.

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H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
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M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
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C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
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Li, G.

Li, G. Q.

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C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
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S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
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Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
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H. Nie, P. Zhang, B. Zhang, K. Yang, L. Zhang, T. Li, S. Zhang, J. Xu, Y. Hang, and J. He, “Diode-end-pumped Ho, Pr:LiLuF4 bulk laser at 2.95 μm,” Opt. Lett. 42(4), 699–702 (2017).
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Liu, B.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
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Liu, J.

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S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
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S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
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C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
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S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
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Luan, C.

Luo, H.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

Ma, W.

Ma, Y.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
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M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

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D. Hudson, E. Magi, L. Gomes, and S. D. Jackson, “1 W diode-pumped tunable Ho3+,Pr3+-doped fluoride glass fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 47(17), 985–986 (2011).
[Crossref]

Man, B.

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
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V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
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Nyga, P.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peng, T.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

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Qiao, J.

Qu, Z. S.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 µm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

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D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

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G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

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G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Song, K.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, L.

Strano, M. S.

V. Nicolosi, M. Chhowalla, M. G. Kanatzidis, M. S. Strano, and J. N. Coleman, “Liquid exfoliation of layered materials,” Science 340(6139), 1226419 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Sun, Y.

Swiderski, J.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tan, Y.

Tongay, S.

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tsang, Y. H.

van den Heuvel, J. C.

H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
[Crossref]

van Putten, F. J. M.

H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
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Vodopyanov, K. L.

Waghmare, U. V.

D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, K.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. H.

Q. H. Wang, K. Kalantar-Zadeh, A. Kis, J. N. Coleman, and M. S. Strano, “Electronics and optoelectronics of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(11), 699–712 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. G.

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 µm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wei, C.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, K.

Xie, J.

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

Xu, J. Q.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yan, Z. Y.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, D.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. L.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

Yu, L.

Zajac, A.

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, B. T.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
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Zhang, H.

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J. Liu, J. Liu, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, W. Ma, J. Wang, and L. Su, “Dual-wavelength Q-switched Er:SrF2 laser with a black phosphorus absorber in the mid-infrared region,” Opt. Express 24(26), 30289–30295 (2016).
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Zhang, P.

Zhang, S.

Zhang, S. Y.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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Zhang, X.

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, S.

Zhao, S. Z.

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

Zhou, C.

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
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Zhou, J.

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (3)

G. Cunningham, M. Lotya, C. S. Cucinotta, S. Sanvito, S. D. Bergin, R. Menzel, M. S. P. Shaffer, and J. N. Coleman, “Solvent exfoliation of transition metal dichalcogenides: dispersibility of exfoliated nanosheets varies only weakly between compounds,” ACS Nano 6(4), 3468–3480 (2012).
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K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast saturable absorption of two-dimensional MoS2 nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Liu, M. Fathi, L. Chen, A. Abbas, Y. Ma, and C. Zhou, “Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Monolayer WSe2 with Tunable Device Characteristics and Growth Mechanism Study,” ACS Nano 9(6), 6119–6127 (2015).
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ChemPhysChem (1)

D. J. Late, S. N. Shirodkar, U. V. Waghmare, V. P. Dravid, and C. N. R. Rao, “Thermal expansion, anharmonicity and temperature-dependent Raman spectra of single- and few-layer MoSe₂ and WSe₂,” ChemPhysChem 15(8), 1592–1598 (2014).
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Electron. Lett. (2)

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Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

A. Kumar and P. K. Ahluwalia, “Electronic structure of transition metal dichalcogenides monolayers 1H-MX2 (M = Mo, W; X = S, Se, Te) from ab-initio theory: new direct band gap semiconductors,” Eur. Phys. J. B 85(6), 186 (2012).
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IEEE Photonics J. (1)

Z. Y. Yan, G. Q. Li, T. Li, S. Z. Zhao, K. J. Yang, S. Y. Zhang, M. Q. Fan, L. Guo, and B. T. Zhang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser at 2.95 μm using MoSe2,” IEEE Photonics J. 9(5), 1 (2017).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Y. Zhang, X. X. Liu, L. Guo, M. Q. Fan, F. Lou, P. Gao, G. H. Guo, J. L. Yang, J. J. Liu, T. Li, K. J. Yang, S. Z. Zhao, J. Liu, J. Q. Xu, and Y. Hang, “Passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF bulk slab Laser at 2.95 μm based on MoS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(24), 2258–2261 (2017).
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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett (1)

C. Wei, H. Luo, H. Zhang, C. Li, J. Xie, J. Li, and Y. Liu, “Passively Q-switched mid-infrared fluoride fiber laser around 3 μm using a tungsten disulfide (WS2) saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett 13(10), 105108 (2016).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Skorczakowski, J. Swiderski, W. Pichola, P. Nyga, A. Zajac, M. Maciejewska, L. Galecki, J. Kasprzak, S. Gross, A. Heinrich, and T. Bragagna, “Mid-infrared Q-switched Er:YAG laser for medical applications,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(7), 498–504 (2010).
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Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

J. Liu, Y. G. Wang, Z. S. Qu, and X. W. Fan, “2 µm passive Q-switched mode-locked Tm3+:YAP laser with single-walled carbon nanotube absorber,” Opt. Laser Technol. 44(4), 960–962 (2012).
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Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

H. Sahin, S. Tongay, S. Horzum, W. Fan, J. Zhou, J. Li, J. Wu, and F. M. Peeters, “Anomalous Raman spectra and thickness dependent electronic properties of WSe2,” Phys. Rev. B 87(16), 165409 (2013).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. H. P. T. Bekman, J. C. van den Heuvel, F. J. M. van Putten, and H. M. A. Schleijpen, “Development of a mid-infrared laser for study of infrared countermeasures techniques,” Proc. SPIE 5615, 27–38 (2004).
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Sci. Rep. (1)

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 23583 (2016).
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Science (1)

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[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) TEM image. (b) Raman spectra. (c) AFM image. (d) height profile.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) linear transmission of WSe2 film. (b) nonlinear transmission of WSe2-SA.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Setup diagram of passively Q-switched Ho,Pr:LiLuF4 laser with WSe2-SA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 CW average output power. Inset: CW output spectrum.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Q-switched average output power. Inset: Q-switched output spectrum.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Performance of Q-switched Ho,Pr:LLF laser: (a) repetition rate, (b) pulse duration, (c) single pulse energy, (d) pulse train and a single pulse profile at T = 2%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Several Ho3+-doped lasers at 3 μm based on TMDs.

Equations (1)

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T(I)=1ΔT×exp(I/ I sat ) α ns

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