Abstract

We present the study of volatile amine-based single or multi-component solvent formulations and their influence on As30Se70 chalcogenide glass solubility and dissolution mechanism. The source As30Se70 bulk glass was dissolved in various amine based solvents, and solutions of quantitatively dissolved bulk glass were used for thin films deposition by the spin-coating technique. The methanol – n-propylamine solvent mixture proved to be suitable for preparation of thin films in specular optical quality, low surface roughness and targeted composition. The post-deposition thermal treatment has a high impact on the thickness, optical properties and structure of the studied thin films. The content of the organic residuals was also significantly reduced.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  28. R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. B. C. Walker and R. Agrawal, “Contamination-free solutions of selenium in amines for nanoparticle synthesis,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 50(61), 8331–8334 (2014).
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  34. D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  35. R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  36. D. H. Webber and R. L. Brutchey, “Alkahest for V2VI3 Chalcogenides: Dissolution of Nine Bulk Semiconductors in a Diamine-Dithiol Solvent Mixture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15722–15725 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. T. R. Griffiths and D. C. Pugh, “Correlations among solvent polarity scales, dielectric constant and dipole moment, and a means to reliable predictions of polarity scale values from current data,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 29(2–3), 129–211 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  38. M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  39. C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  40. R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  41. T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  42. D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
    [Crossref]
  43. G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371–373 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  44. P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  45. M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  46. Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  47. M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).
  48. V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  49. S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (4)

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (3)

M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Structure and properties of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 1973–1985 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröter, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vlcek, “Preparation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. C. Walker and R. Agrawal, “Contamination-free solutions of selenium in amines for nanoparticle synthesis,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 50(61), 8331–8334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (5)

Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Novak, L. Scarpantonio, J. Novak, M. D. Pre, A. Martucci, J. D. Musgraves, N. D. McClenaghan, and K. Richardson, “Incorporation of luminescent CdSe/ZnS core-shell quantum dots and PbS quantum dots into solution-derived chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 729–738 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. H. Webber and R. L. Brutchey, “Alkahest for V2VI3 Chalcogenides: Dissolution of Nine Bulk Semiconductors in a Diamine-Dithiol Solvent Mixture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15722–15725 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

2010 (2)

M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
[Crossref]

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

1997 (1)

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

1996 (1)

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371–373 (1996).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

T. R. Griffiths and D. C. Pugh, “Correlations among solvent polarity scales, dielectric constant and dipole moment, and a means to reliable predictions of polarity scale values from current data,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 29(2–3), 129–211 (1979).
[Crossref]

1935 (1)

D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, R.

B. C. Walker and R. Agrawal, “Contamination-free solutions of selenium in amines for nanoparticle synthesis,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 50(61), 8331–8334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Almeida, R. M.

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

Amiri, A.

M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
[Crossref]

Antunez, P. D.

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Arnold, C. B.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baudet, E.

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Belford, R.

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bohdan, R.

M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
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M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Boros, E.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
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Brückner, S.

Bruggeman, D. A. G.

D. A. G. Bruggeman, “Berechnung verschiedener physikalischer Konstanten von heterogenen substanzen,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 416(7), 636–664 (1935).
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Brutchey, R. L.

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
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D. H. Webber and R. L. Brutchey, “Alkahest for V2VI3 Chalcogenides: Dissolution of Nine Bulk Semiconductors in a Diamine-Dithiol Solvent Mixture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15722–15725 (2013).
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Buckley, J. J.

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
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Cantrell, S. J.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cardinaud, C.

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cha, D. H.

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cha, H.

Charters, R. P.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Checinska-Majak, D.

C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chern, G. C.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

Deng, W.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dirisu, A. O.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dwivedi, P. K.

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

Earle, M. J.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El-Bana, M. S.

M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ewen, P. J. S.

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fingerman, S.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fouad, S. S.

M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
[Crossref]

Frumar, M.

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gamaly, E. G.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ganjoo, A.

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gîlea, M. A.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Girard, A.

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gmachl, C. F.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Golovchak, R.

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

Gorecki, C.

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

Griffiths, T. R.

T. R. Griffiths and D. C. Pugh, “Correlations among solvent polarity scales, dielectric constant and dipole moment, and a means to reliable predictions of polarity scale values from current data,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 29(2–3), 129–211 (1979).
[Crossref]

Hajto, E.

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hajto, J.

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hô, N.

Howard, S. S.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

Hwang, Y.

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Cha, H.-J. Kim, Y. Hwang, J. C. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Fabrication of molded chalcogenide-glass lens for thermal imaging applications,” Appl. Opt. 51(23), 5649–5656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Iovu, M. S.

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Jain, H.

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

Janicek, P.

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Structure and properties of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 1973–1985 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jarzab, D.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jazi, B.

M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jellison, G. E.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371–373 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jeong, J. C.

Johnston, D. E.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kamitsos, E. I.

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Kasap, S. O.

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kim, D.-S.

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.-J.

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Cha, H.-J. Kim, Y. Hwang, J. C. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Fabrication of molded chalcogenide-glass lens for thermal imaging applications,” Appl. Opt. 51(23), 5649–5656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-H.

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Cha, H.-J. Kim, Y. Hwang, J. C. Jeong, and J.-H. Kim, “Fabrication of molded chalcogenide-glass lens for thermal imaging applications,” Appl. Opt. 51(23), 5649–5656 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kinart, C. M.

C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kinart, W. J.

C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kovalenko, M. V.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kovalskiy, A.

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kovanda, V.

V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kozdas, A.

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lauks, I.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chern and I. Lauks, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films,” J. Appl. Phys. 53(10), 6979–6982 (1982).
[Crossref]

Li, Ch.

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Lin, H.

Liu, Z.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Loghina, L.

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

Loi, M. A.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez, C.

Lucovsky, G.

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luther-Davies, B.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mamedov, S. B.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Martucci, A.

McClenaghan, N. D.

McGhie, A. R.

G. C. Chern, I. Lauks, and A. R. McGhie, “Spin coated amorphous chalcogenide films: Thermal properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 54(8), 4596–4601 (1983).
[Crossref]

Metlen, A.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mikhailov, M. D.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Miller, A. C.

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

Modine, F. A.

G. E. Jellison and F. A. Modine, “Parametrization of the optical functions of amorphous materials in the interband region,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 371–373 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mohsen-Nia, M.

M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mudring, A.-V.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Musgraves, J. D.

Nazabal, V.

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nie, Q.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Novak, J.

Novak, S.

Ogbuu, O.

Owen, A. E.

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

Palka, K.

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Structure and properties of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 1973–1985 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröter, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vlcek, “Preparation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).
[Crossref]

Palka, L.

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

Philips, J.

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

Popescu, M.

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Pre, M. D.

Pugh, D. C.

T. R. Griffiths and D. C. Pugh, “Correlations among solvent polarity scales, dielectric constant and dipole moment, and a means to reliable predictions of polarity scale values from current data,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 29(2–3), 129–211 (1979).
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

Richardson, M.

Rieger, F.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rinnert, E.

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rivero, C.

Robertson, A. J.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rode, A. V.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, M.

Samoc, M.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Santos, L. F.

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

Scarpantonio, L.

Schaller, R. D.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröter, S.

Schulte, A.

Seddon, K. R.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, X.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shpotyuk, O.

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

Simens, A.

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

Singh, R. P.

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sklenar, A.

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Slang, S.

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Structure and properties of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 1973–1985 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

Song, S.

S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
[Crossref]

Stronski, A.

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Syrovy, T.

Talapin, D. V.

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomaszowska, A. A.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trusov, L.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Turkina, E. Yu.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Vallée, R.

Versamis, C. P. E.

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Vlcek, M.

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Structure and properties of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(9), 1973–1985 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröter, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vlcek, “Preparation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

Vyle, J. S.

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wagner, T.

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

Waldmann, M.

Walker, B. C.

B. C. Walker and R. Agrawal, “Contamination-free solutions of selenium in amines for nanoparticle synthesis,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 50(61), 8331–8334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, G.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, R.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Webber, D. H.

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. H. Webber and R. L. Brutchey, “Alkahest for V2VI3 Chalcogenides: Dissolution of Nine Bulk Semiconductors in a Diamine-Dithiol Solvent Mixture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15722–15725 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, T.

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yusupov, I. Yu.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Zakery, A.

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zenkin, S. A.

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Zha, Y.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zha, M. Waldmann, and C. B. Arnold, “A review on solution processing of chalcogenide glasses for optical components,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1259–1272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Zoubir, A.

Zulfequar, M.

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) (1)

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S. Song, S. S. Howard, Z. Liu, A. O. Dirisu, C. F. Gmachl, and C. B. Arnold, “Mode tuning of quantum cascade lasers through optical processing of chalcogenide glass claddings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(4), 041115 (2006).
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Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

A. V. Rode, A. Zakery, M. Samoc, R. P. Charters, E. G. Gamaly, and B. Luther-Davies, “Laser-deposited As2S3 chalcogenide films for waveguide applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 197–198, 481–485 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chalcogenide Lett. (1)

M. S. Iovu, E. I. Kamitsos, C. P. E. Versamis, P. Boolchand, and M. Popescu, “Reman spectra of AsxSe100-x and As40Se60 glasses doped with metals,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(3), 21–25 (2005).

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (2)

E. Boros, M. J. Earle, M. A. Gîlea, A. Metlen, A.-V. Mudring, F. Rieger, A. J. Robertson, K. R. Seddon, A. A. Tomaszowska, L. Trusov, and J. S. Vyle, “On the dissolution of non-metallic solid elements (sulfur, selenium, tellurium and phosphorus) in ionic liquids,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 46(5), 716–718 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. C. Walker and R. Agrawal, “Contamination-free solutions of selenium in amines for nanoparticle synthesis,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 50(61), 8331–8334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Sci. (Camb.) (1)

D. H. Webber, J. J. Buckley, P. D. Antunez, and R. L. Brutchey, “Facile dissolution of selenium and tellurium in a thiol–amine solvent mixture under ambient conditions,” Chem. Sci. (Camb.) 5(6), 2498–2502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Coord. Chem. Rev. (1)

T. R. Griffiths and D. C. Pugh, “Correlations among solvent polarity scales, dielectric constant and dipole moment, and a means to reliable predictions of polarity scale values from current data,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 29(2–3), 129–211 (1979).
[Crossref]

Glass Phys. Chem. (1)

S. A. Zenkin, S. B. Mamedov, M. D. Mikhailov, E. Yu. Turkina, and I. Yu. Yusupov, “Mechanism for Interaction of Amine solutions with Monolythic Glasses and Amorphous Films in the As–S System,” Glass Phys. Chem. 23(5), 393–399 (1997).

Int. J. Inorg. Mater. (1)

T. Wagner, M. Frumar, M. Vlček, S. O. Kasap, and M. Vlček, “The tailoring of the composition of Ag-As-Se amorphous films using optically-induced solid state reaction between Ag and As30Se70 films,” Int. J. Inorg. Mater. 3(6), 497–501 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

M. S. El-Bana, R. Bohdan, and S. S. Fouad, “Optical characteristics and holographic gratings recording on As30Se70 thin films,” J. Alloys Compd. 686, 115–121 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, X. Shen, R. Wang, G. Wang, S. Dai, T. Xu, and Q. Nie, “Optical and structural properties of Ge–Sb–Se thin films fabricated by sputtering and thermal evaporation,” J. Alloys Compd. 548, 155–160 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

M. V. Kovalenko, R. D. Schaller, D. Jarzab, M. A. Loi, and D. V. Talapin, “Inorganically Functionalized PbS-CdS Colloidal Nanocrystals: Integration into Amorphous Chalcogenide Glass and Luminescent Properties,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(5), 2457–2460 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Webber and R. L. Brutchey, “Alkahest for V2VI3 Chalcogenides: Dissolution of Nine Bulk Semiconductors in a Diamine-Dithiol Solvent Mixture,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15722–15725 (2013).
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C. M. Kinart, W. J. Kinart, and D. Checinska-Majak, “Density, Relative Permittivity, and Viscosity at Various Temperatures for 2-Methoxyethanol + Propylamine Mixtures,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(6), 1537–1539 (2002).
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J. Non-Cryst. Solids (11)

R. Golovchak, A. Kozdas, C. Gorecki, and O. Shpotyuk, “Gamma-irradiation-induced physical ageing in As-Se glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352(42–49), 4960–4963 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, L. Palka, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Influence of annealing on the optical properties, structure, photosensitivity and chemical stability of As30S70 spin-coated thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 457, 135–140 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. P. Singh, M. Zulfequar, A. Kumar, and P. K. Dwivedi, “Electrical and optical properties of solution phase deposited As2S3 and As2Se3 chalcogenide thin films: A comparative study with thermally deposited films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 476, 46–51 (2017).
[Crossref]

R. M. Almeida, L. F. Santos, A. Simens, A. Ganjoo, and H. Jain, “Structural heterogeneity in chalcogenide glass films prepared by thermal evaporation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 18–21(18-21), 2066–2068 (2007).
[Crossref]

E. Hajto, P. J. S. Ewen, R. Belford, J. Hajto, and A. E. Owen, “Optical properties of spin-coated amorphous chalcogenide thin films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 97-98, 1191–1194 (1987).
[Crossref]

E. Baudet, C. Cardinaud, A. Girard, E. Rinnert, and V. Nazabal, “Structural analysis of RF sputtered Ge-Sb-Se thin films by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 444, 64–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Lucovsky and J. Philips, “Reversible chemical phase separation in on-state of art ReWritable (RW) Ge2Sb2Te5 optical phase change memories,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (19–25), 2753–2756 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Jain and M. Vlcek, “Glasses for lithography,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354(12-13), 1401–1406 (2008).
[Crossref]

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. J. Cantrell, and C. B. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. Kovanda, M. Vlček, and H. Jain, “Structure of As–Se and As–P–Se glasses studied by Raman spectroscopy,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 326-327, 88–92 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Slang, K. Palka, L. Loghina, A. Kovalskiy, H. Jain, and M. Vlcek, “Mechanism of the dissolution of As-S chalcogenide glass in n-butylamine and its influence on the structure of spin coated layers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 426, 125–131 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Solution Chem. (1)

M. Mohsen-Nia, A. Amiri, and B. Jazi, “Dielectric Constants of Water, Methanol, Ethanol, Butanol and Acetone: Measurement and Computational Study,” J. Solution Chem. 39(5), 701–708 (2010).
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Mater. Chem. Phys. (1)

S. Slang, P. Janicek, K. Palka, L. Loghina, and M. Vlcek, “Optical properties and surface structuring of Ge20Sb5S75 amorphous chalcogenide thin films deposited by spin-coating and vacuum thermal evaporation,” Mater. Chem. Phys. 203, 310–318 (2018).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (5)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

R. Golovchak, A. Kovalskiy, A. C. Miller, H. Jain, and O. Shpotyuk, “Structure of Se-rich As-Se glasses by high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 76(12), 125208 (2007).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. H. Cha, Y. Hwang, J.-H. Kim, D.-S. Kim, and H.-J. Kim, “Fabrication of chalcogenide glass lens module for thermal security camera,” Proc. SPIE 9249, 924916 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pure Appl. Chem. (1)

P. Janicek, S. Slang, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Spectroscopic ellipsometry characterization of spin-coated Ge25S75 chalcogenide thin films,” Pure Appl. Chem. 89(4), 437–449 (2017).
[Crossref]

Quant. Electron. Optoelectron (1)

A. Stronski, M. Vlcek, and A. Sklenar, “Image formation properties of As-S thin layers,” Quant. Electron. Optoelectron 3(3), 394–399 (2000).

RSC Advances (1)

S. Slang, L. Loghina, K. Palka, and M. Vlcek, “Exposure enhanced photoluminescence of CdS0.9Se0.1 quantum dots embedded in spin-coated Ge25S75 thin films,” RSC Advances 7(85), 53830–53838 (2017).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

S. Novak, D. E. Johnston, Ch. Li, W. Deng, and K. Richardson, “Deposition of Ge23Sb7S70 chalcogenide glass films by electrospray,” Thin Solid Films 588, 56–60 (2015).
[Crossref]

Other (5)

Z. Borisova, Glassy Semiconductors (Plenum Press, 1981).

J.-L. Adam and X. Zhang, Chalcogenide Glasses: Preparation, Properties and Applications (Woodhead Publishing, 2014).

K. Tanaka and K. Shimakawa, Amorphous Chalcogenide Semiconductors and Related Materials (Springer, 2011).

GESTIS Substance database, Ethylenediamine, http://gestis-en.itrust.de/nxt/gateway.dll/gestis_en/032650.xml?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0 .

GESTIS Substance database, 2-Aminoethanol, http://gestis-en.itrust.de/nxt/gateway.dll/gestis_en/014630.xml?f=templates$fn=default.htm$3.0 .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The As30Se70 solutions in pure n-propylamine (A) and in 10 vol. % solutions of 1-propanethiol (B) and methanol (C) in n-propylamine.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The transmission spectra of clean substrate and as-prepared spin-coated As30Se70 thin films deposited from 10 vol. % solutions of 1-propanethiol (PrSH) and methanol (MeOH) in n-propylamine (PrNH2).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The SEM scans of spin-coated As30Se70 thin films annealed at 110 °C (A), 120 °C (B) and 130 °C (C, D).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The thickness (A) and AFM surface roughness (B) of studied As30Se70 thin films in dependence on the annealing temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The refractive index of studied As30Se70 thin films at λ = 1550 nm in dependence on the annealing temperature.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The dependence of the nitrogen/arsenic ratio on the annealing temperature in spin-coated As30Se70 and As30S70 thin films prepared from PrNH2-MeOH solutions.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Raman spectra of source bulk glass and deposited As30Se70 thin films annealed at various temperatures.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Values of As30Se70 thin film’s thickness, refractive index at 1550 nm (n1550) and optical bandgap (Egopt) determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry and surface roughness determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) and atomic force microscopy (AFM).

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