Abstract

We report on the design, fabrication and application of dispersive mirrors (DMs) with a SiO2 sculptured layer. The group delay dispersion (GDD) of the DMs are -200 fs2 in the spectral range from 680 to 920 nm. DMs with a multilayer structure consisting of a SiO2 sculptured layer with a low refractive index of ~1.09 fabricated by glancing-angle deposition (GLAD) on top of a conventional chirped film stack fabricated by dual-ion beam sputtering are designed and fabricated. The GDD oscillations of the DMs could be significantly reduced compared to the conventional chirped film stack without the SiO2 sculptured layer while maintaining a large GDD of several hundred femtoseconds squared and a wide dispersion bandwidth. For the first time, a single DM with a SiO2 sculptured layer has been successfully applied in a fiber chirped system without being used in DM-pair, which can realize the compression of laser pulses to 16fs.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2017 (1)

2016 (3)

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

2014 (2)

Y. Zhao, “Dynamic Shadowing Growth and Its Energy Applications,” Front. Energy Res. 2, 38 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (2)

V. Pervak, V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 Fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, and G. W. DeBell, “Optical coating design approaches based on the needle optimization technique,” Appl. Opt. 46(5), 704–710 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

2003 (1)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (2)

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. X. Kärtner, U. Morgner, R. Ell, T. Schibli, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, and T. Tschudi, “Ultrabroadband double-chirped mirror pairs for generation of octave spectra,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18(6), 882 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Abdolvand, A.

Ahmad, I.

Akçaalan, Ö.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amotchkina, T. V.

Angelow, G.

Apolonski, A.

Asik, M. D.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

Bellum, J.

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Brabec, T.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, J.

J. Cai and L. Qi, “Recent advances in antireflective surfaces based on nanostructure arrays,” Mater. Horiz. 2(1), 37–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, S.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Çetin, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chai, Y.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chi, N.

Corkum, P.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Y.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

DeBell, G. W.

Dobrowolski, J. A.

Drescher, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

Elahi, P.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ell, R.

Field, E.

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Frosz, M. H.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gallmann, L.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ganz, T.

Guo, M.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Han, D.

Heinzmann, U.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hentschel, M.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Holzwarth, R.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoogland, H.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ilday, F. Ö.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Jiang, B.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Juneja, J. S.

Kalaycioglu, H.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kartner, F. X.

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

Keller, U.

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kerse, C.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kesim, D. K.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J. K.

Kletecka, D.

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Krausz, F.

K. F. Mak, M. Seidel, O. Pronin, M. H. Frosz, A. Abdolvand, V. Pervak, A. Apolonski, F. Krausz, J. C. Travers, and P. S. J. Russell, “Compressing μJ-level pulses from 250 fs to sub-10 fs at 38-MHz repetition rate using two gas-filled hollow-core photonic crystal fiber stages,” Opt. Lett. 40(7), 1238–1241 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, I. Ahmad, M. K. Trubetskov, A. V. Tikhonravov, and F. Krausz, “Double-angle multilayer mirrors with smooth dispersion characteristics,” Opt. Express 17(10), 7943–7951 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Pervak, V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 Fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leng, Y.

Li, M.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Lin, S. Y.

Lu, T. M.

Lv, H.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mak, K. F.

Matuschek, N.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Milosevic, N.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miyatake, T.

Morgner, U.

Naumov, S.

V. Pervak, V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 Fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Öktem, B.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, M.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Pervak, V.

Pronin, O.

Qi, H.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Qi, L.

J. Cai and L. Qi, “Recent advances in antireflective surfaces based on nanostructure arrays,” Mater. Horiz. 2(1), 37–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reider, G. A.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Scheuer, V.

Schibli, T.

Schubert, E. E.

Seidel, M.

Shao, J.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Spielmann, C.

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, “Femtosecond dispersion compensation with multilayer coatings: toward the optical octave,” Appl. Opt. 45(7), 1484–1490 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D. H.

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

Tamiaki, H.

Tikhonravov, A. V.

Tikhonravov, V.

V. Pervak, V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 Fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Travers, J. C.

Trubetskov, M. K.

Tschudi, T.

Wang, B.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Wang, Z.

Winstone, T.

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xi, J. Q.

Yan, H.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yavas, S.

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ye, D.

Zhang, H.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, J.

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, “Dynamic Shadowing Growth and Its Energy Applications,” Front. Energy Res. 2, 38 (2014).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

S. Cai, Y. Zhang, H. Zhang, H. Yan, H. Lv, and B. Jiang, “Sol-gel preparation of hydrophobic silica antireflective coatings with low refractive index by base/acid two-step catalysis,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6(14), 11470–11475 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (6)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

N. Matuschek, L. Gallmann, D. H. Sutter, G. Steinmeyer, and U. Keller, “Back-side-coated chirped mirrors with ultra-smooth broadband dispersion characteristics,” Appl. Phys. B 71(4), 509–522 (2000).
[Crossref]

V. Pervak, V. Tikhonravov, M. K. Trubetskov, S. Naumov, F. Krausz, and A. Apolonski, “1.5-octave chirped mirror for pulse compression down to sub-3 Fs,” Appl. Phys. B 87(1), 5–12 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Coatings (1)

J. Bellum, E. Field, T. Winstone, and D. Kletecka, “Low Group Delay Dispersion Optical Coating for Broad Bandwidth High Reflection at 45°Incidence, P Polarization of Femtosecond Pulses with 900 nm Center Wavelength,” Coatings 6(4), 11 (2016).
[Crossref]

Front. Energy Res. (1)

Y. Zhao, “Dynamic Shadowing Growth and Its Energy Applications,” Front. Energy Res. 2, 38 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

N. Matuschek, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Theory of double-chirped mirrors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4(2), 197–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Horiz. (1)

J. Cai and L. Qi, “Recent advances in antireflective surfaces based on nanostructure arrays,” Mater. Horiz. 2(1), 37–53 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nature (3)

U. Keller, “Recent developments in compact ultrafast lasers,” Nature 424(6950), 831–838 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Hentschel, R. Kienberger, C. Spielmann, G. A. Reider, N. Milosevic, T. Brabec, P. Corkum, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Attosecond metrology,” Nature 414(6863), 509–513 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kerse, H. Kalaycıoğlu, P. Elahi, B. Çetin, D. K. Kesim, Ö. Akçaalan, S. Yavaş, M. D. Aşık, B. Öktem, H. Hoogland, R. Holzwarth, and F. Ö. Ilday, “Ablation-cooled material removal with ultrafast bursts of pulses,” Nature 537(7618), 84–88 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Superlattices Microstruct. (1)

B. Wang, H. Qi, Y. Chai, M. Li, M. Guo, M. Pan, H. Wang, Y. Cui, and J. Shao, “Alteration of titanium dioxide material properties by glancing angle deposition plus annealing treatment,” Superlattices Microstruct. 90, 87–95 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (4)

A. V. Tikhonravov and M. K. Trubetskov, OptiLayer Thin Film Software, http://www.optilayer.com .

https://kmlabs.com .

N. Kaiser and H. K. Pulker, eds., Optical Interference Coatings (Springer, 2003).

L. Li, “Single, smooth and ultra-broadband chirped mirrors with a nanostructured layer,” Optical Interference Coatings. Optical Society of America. 8 (OSA, 2016).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic structure of the DM: substrate, chirped film stack, and low-index layer, from bottom to top (a). The schematic refractive index profile of the DM (b).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Layer-thickness profile of the initial chirped film stack design (a) and the initial DM design (b), respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Layer-thickness profile of the optimum DM design (a). Theoretical reflectance and GDD of the designed DM before and after the top low-index layer is added (b). Black and red curves represent the theoretical effective GDD and reflectance before and after the top low-index layer is added, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Top and cross-sectional SEM images of the fabricated low-refractive-index SiO2 sculptured layer.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 SEM images of the fabricated DM. According to the SEM measurement, the thickness of the top SiO2 sculptured layer is 192.3 nm. The chirped film stack is composed of interleaved high- and low-refractive-index materials and lies below the SiO2 sculptured layer, as shown in the cross-sectional SEM view.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Theoretical reflectance spectrum (black line) and measured reflectance spectrum of the DM (red dashed line) (a). Measured and theoretical GDD of the fabricated DM before and after deposition of low-refractive-index SiO2 sculptured top layer (b). Black and red curves represent the practical effective GDD before and after deposition of the top low-index layer, respectively. The theoretical GDDs of the design are shown by the dashed orange and green lines.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Schematic layout of the fiber system with the DM compressor.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 FROG trace of pulses compressed via 2 bounces of the DM.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Cauchy parameters of thin-film materials

Equations (1)

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n( λ )= A 0 + A 1 / λ 2 + A 2 / λ 4

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