Abstract

The electronic structure of phosphorus is essential to the understanding of the laser-induced damage of potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KDP) crystals. The surface electronic structure of retired components and KDP crystals irradiated with different fluences are studied by X-ray absorption near-edge structure. Results indicate that the A/C ratios (the peaks A and C corresponding to the electron transition from 2p→3s and 2p→3p, respectively) in the L2,3-edge spectra are up to 0.9 for the retired samples, and the damage is inhomogeneous on the surface. Furthermore, the electronic structure of phosphorus is associated with laser induced damage.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  7. A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  27. J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. Z. Yin, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
  29. Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

2014 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

2003 (3)

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, “Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67(22), 224102 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid Growth of KDP-type Crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43(1), 1–118 (2001).

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

Z. Yin, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

1993 (2)

J. E. Davis, R. S. Hughes, and H. W. H. Lee, “Investigation of optically generated transient electronic defects and protonic transport in hydrogen-bonded molecular solids. Isomorphs of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 207(4), 540–545 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

K.-M.-U. A. Meisel, “X-Ray Spectra and Chemical Binding,” Appl. Phys. B 49(3), A5 (1989).

1988 (1)

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

1977 (1)

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

H. Johansen, “SCF LCAO MO Calculations for the Iso-Electronic Series ClO-, SO42-, and PO43-,” Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) 32(3), 273–278 (1974).
[Crossref]

Andresen, B. D.

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

Backus, S.

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Baisden, P. A.

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bancroft, G. M.

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bertussi, B.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Birolleau, J. C.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bostedt, C.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bräunlich, P.

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

Burnham, A. K.

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

Callcott, T. A.

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Cao, Z.

Carman, L.

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid Growth of KDP-type Crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43(1), 1–118 (2001).

Carr, C. W.

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chirila, M. M.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cooper, J. F.

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

Damiani, D.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Davis, J. E.

J. E. Davis, R. S. Hughes, and H. W. H. Lee, “Investigation of optically generated transient electronic defects and protonic transport in hydrogen-bonded molecular solids. Isomorphs of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 207(4), 540–545 (1993).
[Crossref]

De Yoreo, J. J.

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

DeMange, P.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Demos, S. G.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, “Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67(22), 224102 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

Dujardin, C.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Eckhardt, K. U.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Felter, T. E.

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

Feng, X.

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Franco, N.

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Garces, N. Y.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

Godlinski, F.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, D. C.

Halliburton, L. E.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hamza, A. V.

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

Henesian, M. A.

Hu, Y.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, J.

Hughes, R. S.

J. E. Davis, R. S. Hughes, and H. W. H. Lee, “Investigation of optically generated transient electronic defects and protonic transport in hydrogen-bonded molecular solids. Isomorphs of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 207(4), 540–545 (1993).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. D.

Johansen, H.

H. Johansen, “SCF LCAO MO Calculations for the Iso-Electronic Series ClO-, SO42-, and PO43-,” Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) 32(3), 273–278 (1974).
[Crossref]

Ju, X.

Kamata, A.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H.

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kashiwakura, T.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kasrai, M.

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelly, P.

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

Kruse, J.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kucheyev, S. O.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

Land, T. A.

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Le Borgne, X.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. W. H.

J. E. Davis, R. S. Hughes, and H. W. H. Lee, “Investigation of optically generated transient electronic defects and protonic transport in hydrogen-bonded molecular solids. Isomorphs of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 207(4), 540–545 (1993).
[Crossref]

Leinweber, P.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, C.

Liu, H. J.

Liu, Z. F.

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marshall, C. D.

McNary, J.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Meisel, K.-M.-U. A.

K.-M.-U. A. Meisel, “X-Ray Spectra and Chemical Binding,” Appl. Phys. B 49(3), A5 (1989).

Milam, D.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Milanovich, F. P.

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

Miller, E.

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mourou, G.

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Murnane, M.

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Nakai, S. i.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Negres, R. A.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nelson, A. J.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

Pilon, F.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Piombini, H.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pommiès, M.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Powell, H. T.

Radousky, H. B.

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, “Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67(22), 224102 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

Rainer, F.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Schmid, A.

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

Singleton, M. F.

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

Speth, J. A.

Staggs, M.

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, “Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67(22), 224102 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

Stokowski, S.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Sugiura, C.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Surmin, A.

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sutherland, D. G. J.

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Suzuki, K.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Swain, J.

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

Tan, K. H.

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Terminello, L. J.

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tezuka, H.

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tien, A.-C.

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

Tom, H. W. K.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

van Buuren, T.

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, F. R.

Whitman, P. K.

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

Willey, T. M.

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

Xiang, X.

Yamanaka, C.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yamanaka, T.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yan, C.

Yan, M.

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

Yang, G. X.

Yin, Z.

Z. Yin, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yokotani, A.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zaitseva, N.

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid Growth of KDP-type Crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43(1), 1–118 (2001).

Zheng, W. G.

Zu, X. T.

Zuin, L.

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (1)

N. Zaitseva and L. Carman, “Rapid Growth of KDP-type Crystals,” Appl. Opt. 43(1), 1–118 (2001).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

K.-M.-U. A. Meisel, “X-Ray Spectra and Chemical Binding,” Appl. Phys. B 49(3), A5 (1989).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

R. A. Negres, S. O. Kucheyev, P. DeMange, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, A. J. Nelson, and S. G. Demos, “Decomposition of KH2PO4 crystals during laser-induced breakdown,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(17), 171107 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Swain, S. Stokowski, D. Milam, and F. Rainer, “Improving the bulk laser damage resistance of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by pulsed laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40(4), 350–352 (1982).
[Crossref]

A. Yokotani, T. Sasaki, K. Yoshida, T. Yamanaka, and C. Yamanaka, “Improvement of the bulk laser damage threshold of potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystals by ultraviolet irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48(16), 1030–1032 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. F. Singleton, J. F. Cooper, B. D. Andresen, and F. P. Milanovich, “Laser-induced bulk damage in potassium dihydrogen phosphate crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52(11), 857–859 (1988).
[Crossref]

S. G. Demos, M. Yan, M. Staggs, J. J. De Yoreo, and H. B. Radousky, “Raman scattering investigation of KH2PO4 subsequent to high fluence laser irradiation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(19), 2367–2369 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Jiang, J. McNary, H. W. K. Tom, M. Yan, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Nanosecond time-resolved multiprobe imaging of laser damage in transparent solids,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(17), 3149–3151 (2002).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. E. Davis, R. S. Hughes, and H. W. H. Lee, “Investigation of optically generated transient electronic defects and protonic transport in hydrogen-bonded molecular solids. Isomorphs of potassium dihydrogen phosphate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 207(4), 540–545 (1993).
[Crossref]

Int. Mater. Rev. (1)

J. J. De Yoreo, A. K. Burnham, and P. K. Whitman, “Developing KH2PO4 and KD2PO4 crystals for the world’s most power laser,” Int. Mater. Rev. 47(3), 113–152 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. M. Chirila, N. Y. Garces, L. E. Halliburton, S. G. Demos, T. A. Land, and H. B. Radousky, “Production and thermal decay of radiation-induced point defects in KD2PO4 crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(10), 6456–6462 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. (1)

A. J. Nelson, T. van Buuren, E. Miller, T. A. Land, C. Bostedt, N. Franco, P. K. Whitman, P. A. Baisden, L. J. Terminello, and T. A. Callcott, “X-ray absorption analysis of KDP optics,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 114–116(26), 873–878 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (2)

C. Sugiura, A. Kamata, T. Kashiwakura, H. Tezuka, K. Suzuki, and S. i. Nakai, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).
[Crossref]

Z. Yin, “Application of soft X-ray absorption spectroscopy in chemical characterization of antiwear films generated by ZDDP Part I: the effects of physical parameters,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66(1), 274–275 (1997).

J. Synchrotron Radiat. (1)

J. Kruse, P. Leinweber, K. U. Eckhardt, F. Godlinski, Y. Hu, and L. Zuin, “Phosphorus L2,3-edge XANES: overview of reference compounds,” J. Synchrotron Radiat. 16(Pt 2), 247–259 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. Pommiès, D. Damiani, X. Le Borgne, C. Dujardin, A. Surmin, J. C. Birolleau, F. Pilon, B. Bertussi, and H. Piombini, “Impurities detection by optical techniques in KH2PO4 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 275(2), 372–378 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (3)

S. O. Kucheyev, C. Bostedt, T. van Buuren, T. M. Willey, T. A. Land, L. J. Terminello, T. E. Felter, A. V. Hamza, S. G. Demos, and A. J. Nelson, “Electronic structure of KD2xH2(1−x)PO4 studied by soft x-ray absorption and emission spectroscopies,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 245106 (2004).

S. G. Demos, M. Staggs, and H. B. Radousky, “Bulk defect formations in KH2PO4 crystals investigated using fluorescence microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 67(22), 224102 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Schmid, P. Kelly, and P. Bräunlich, “Optical breakdown in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. B 16(10), 4569–4582 (1977).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (2)

D. G. J. Sutherland, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, Z. F. Liu, and K. H. Tan, “Si L- and K-edge x-ray-absorption near-edge spectroscopy of gas-phase Si(CH3)x(OCH3)4-x: Models for solid-state analogs,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(20), 14989–15001 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yin, M. Kasrai, G. M. Bancroft, K. H. Tan, and X. Feng, “X-ray-absorption spectroscopic studies of sodium polyphosphate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 51(2), 742–750 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

A.-C. Tien, S. Backus, H. Kapteyn, M. Murnane, and G. Mourou, “Short-Pulse Laser Damage in Transparent Materials as a Function of Pulse Duration,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(19), 3883–3886 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. W. Carr, H. B. Radousky, and S. G. Demos, “Wavelength Dependence of Laser-Induced Damage: Determining the Damage Initiation Mechanisms,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91(12), 127402 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) (1)

H. Johansen, “SCF LCAO MO Calculations for the Iso-Electronic Series ClO-, SO42-, and PO43-,” Theoret. Chim. Acta (Berl.) 32(3), 273–278 (1974).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

R. Barinski and V. Nefedov, “X-ray Spectroscopic Determination of Charges in Molecules (in German) Verlag Chemie,” (Weinheim, 1968).

L. N. Rashkovich, KDP-family Single Crystals (CRC Press, 1991).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images of LID sites of KDP crystals on the surface for different samples, (a) sample irradiated by 9 J/cm2, (b) sample irradiated by 11.5 J/cm2, (c) retired sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 P K-edge XANES spectra of KDP crystals by different fluences; the full spectra (a) and the spectra of the expanded region in a selected area by dotted line (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 P L2,3-edge XANES spectra of KDP samples irradiated by different fluences; the full spectra (a) and the expanded region in a selected area by dotted line (b) .
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 P L2,3-edge XANES spectra of irradiated KDP crystals with different fluences. The black solid lines represent the experiment spectra, the red dotted lines represent the simulated spectra and magenta dashed lines represent the Gaussian fitting curve.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 P L2,3-edge XANES spectra of KDP crystals for retired components. The black solid lines represent the experiment spectra, the red dotted lines represent simulated spectra and magenta dashed lines represent the Gaussian fitting curve.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 The parameters of peaks with Gaussian fitting for samples irradiated by different fluences

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Table 2 The parameters of peaks with Gaussian fitting of L2,3-edge spectra for retired components

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Table 3 Relative peak intensity of phosphorus L2,3–edge spectra

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