Abstract

We report on the crystal growth, structure, Raman and optical spectroscopy of novel “mixed” tetragonal vanadates, Yb:Lu1-x-yYxLayVO4. Optical absorption, stimulated-emission, and gain cross-section spectra of Yb3+ are determined for π and σ polarizations. For a Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 crystal, the absorption bandwidth is >10 nm, the σSE is 1.1 × 10−20 cm2 at 1013 nm, the gain bandwidth is >40 nm (for π-polarization), and the radiative lifetime of the 2F5/2 state is ~305 μs. The Stark splitting of the Yb3+ multiplets is determined using low-temperature (6 K) spectroscopy. A diode-pumped a-cut 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 laser generated 5.0 W at 1044 nm with a slope efficiency of 43%. The developed materials are promising for sub-100 fs mode-locked lasers at ~1 µm.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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  1. J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Sato and T. Taira, “The studies of thermal conductivity in GdVO4, YVO4, and Y3Al5O12 measured by quasi-one-dimensional flash method,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10528–10536 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, V. N. Matrosov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Dispersion and anisotropy of thermo-optic coefficients in tetragonal GdVO4 and YVO4 laser host crystals: erratum,” Appl. Opt. 54(15), 4820–4822 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Characteristics of a continuous-wave Yb:GdVO4 laser end pumped by a high-power diode,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2580–2582 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO4 oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, F. Noack, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Optical bistability in the operation of a continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb:LuVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12183–12187 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  13. V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, W. Han, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Low quantum defect laser oscillation of a new mixed Yb0.009:Y0.575Gd0.416VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17729–17734 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
    [Crossref]
  17. L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  18. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  19. B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  20. P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  21. A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

2009 (1)

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

2006 (8)

L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Characteristics of a continuous-wave Yb:GdVO4 laser end pumped by a high-power diode,” Opt. Lett. 31(17), 2580–2582 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Sato and T. Taira, “The studies of thermal conductivity in GdVO4, YVO4, and Y3Al5O12 measured by quasi-one-dimensional flash method,” Opt. Express 14(22), 10528–10536 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO4 oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, F. Noack, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Optical bistability in the operation of a continuous-wave diode-pumped Yb:LuVO4 laser,” Opt. Express 14(25), 12183–12187 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
[Crossref]

Antic-Fidancev, E.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Aull, B.

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

Bagaev, S. N.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Barnes, J. C.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Bernhagen, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Caspers, H. H.

S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chiappini, A.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chiasera, A.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chyba, T. H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Dramicanin, M. D.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fagundes-Peters, D.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, M.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Fredrich, S. T.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gad, G. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gaumé, R.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gavrilovic, T. V.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Han, W.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, W. Han, V. Petrov, and J. Wang, “Low quantum defect laser oscillation of a new mixed Yb0.009:Y0.575Gd0.416VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17729–17734 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haumesser, P. H.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jenssen, H.

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Johannsen, J.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, D. J.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kisel’, V. E.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kouta, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kuleshov, N. V.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, V. N. Matrosov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Dispersion and anisotropy of thermo-optic coefficients in tetragonal GdVO4 and YVO4 laser host crystals: erratum,” Appl. Opt. 54(15), 4820–4822 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kupchenko, M. I.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuwano, Y.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Lam Tran, T. N.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. B.

L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Loiko, P. A.

Lu, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Lukowiak, A.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Mandrik, A. V.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

Matrosov, V. N.

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, V. N. Matrosov, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Dispersion and anisotropy of thermo-optic coefficients in tetragonal GdVO4 and YVO4 laser host crystals: erratum,” Appl. Opt. 54(15), 4820–4822 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matrosova, T. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miller, S. A.

S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
[Crossref]

Mond, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Murai, T.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Noack, F.

Paschotta, R.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Petrov, V.

Rast, H. E.

S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
[Crossref]

Rivier, S.

Sato, Y.

Shcherbitskii, V. G.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Smits, K.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Tolstik, N. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Troshin, A. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Spectroscopy and continuous-wave diode-pumped laser action of Yb3+:YVO4.,” Opt. Lett. 29(21), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Uecker, R.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ueda, K. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vivien, D.

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. F.

L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Weyers, M.

Xia, H.

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yasyukevich, A. S.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yumashev, K. V.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L. Z.

L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zorn, M.

Zur, L.

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen, and R. Uecker, “Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 79(5), 543–546 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, A. E. Troshin, N. A. Tolstik, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, and M. I. Kupchenko, “Q-switched Yb3+:YVO4 laser with Raman self-conversion,” Appl. Phys. B 80(4), 471–473 (2005).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

B. Aull and H. Jenssen, “Vibronic interactions in Nd:YAG resulting in nonreciprocity of absorption and stimulated emission cross sections,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18(5), 925–930 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel’, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

P. H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, E. Antic-Fidancev, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopic and crystal-field analysis of new Yb-doped laser materials,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(23), 5427–5447 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

Y. Yu, Y. Cheng, H. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Cheng, and H. Xia, “Growth and thermal properties of YbVO4 single crystal,” Mater. Lett. 60(8), 1014–1018 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Innov. (1)

L. Z. Zhang, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Yb3+ doped LaVO4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 10(4), 421–423 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, K. I. Ueda, H. J. Eichler, Y. Kuwano, H. Kouta, S. N. Bagaev, T. H. Chyba, J. C. Barnes, G. M. Gad, T. Murai, and J. Lu, “Tetragonal vanadates YVO4 and GdVO4 – new efficient χ(3)-materials for Raman lasers,” Opt. Commun. 194(1), 201–206 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

D. J. Jovanović, A. Chiappini, L. Zur, T. V. Gavrilović, T. N. Lam Tran, A. Chiasera, A. Lukowiak, K. Smits, M. D. Dramićanin, and M. Ferrari, “Synthesis, structure and spectroscopic properties of luminescent GdVO4:Dy3+ and DyVO4 particles,” Opt. Mater. 76, 308–316 (2018).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

S. A. Miller, H. H. Caspers, and H. E. Rast, “Lattice vibrations of yttrium vanadate,” Phys. Rev. 168(3), 964–969 (1968).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a,b) Photographs of the as-grown crystals (a) 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (b) 2.6 at.% Yb:Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 crystals; (c) X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns of these crystals (the numbers denote the Miller’s indices (hkl)).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Polarized Raman spectra for the a -cut (a) 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (b) 2.6 at.% Yb:Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 crystals, λexc = 514 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Room temperature (293 K) optical spectroscopy of (a, b) 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (c,d) 2.6 at.% Yb:Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 crystals: (a,c) absorption cross-sections, σabs, and (b, d) stimulated-emission cross-sections, σSE, for π and σ light polarizations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Room-temperature (293 K) luminescence decay curves for powdered (a) 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (b) 2.6 at.% Yb:Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO 4 crystals, λlum = 1010 nm, λexc = 980 nm. Symbols are the experimental data, red lines are their single-exponential fits.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Low-temperature (6 K) spectroscopy of (a,b) 2 at.% Yb:Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (c,d) 2.6 at.% Yb:Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 crystals: (a, c) absorption spectra and (b, d) photoluminescence (PL) spectra, λexc = 973 nm, for π and σ light polarizations.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Stark structure of the energy levels of Yb3+ in (a) Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 and (b) Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 crystals, Z1(2) are the partition functions, numbers denote the energies of the 0-3 (2F7/2) and 0'-2' (2F5/2) sub-levels (in cm−1), arrows indicate the transitions in absorption (blue) and emission (red) at low temperature and the corresponding wavelengths
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 A barycenter plot for Yb3+ in different crystals (barycenter energy ‹E› for the 2F5/2 upper laser level vs. ‹E› for the 2F7/2 ground-state): symbols – experimental data, line – their linear fit. Crystals: KGW – KGd(WO4)2, YLF – LiYF4, YAP – YAlO3, YAB – YAl3(BO3)4, YSO – Y2SiO5, CAS – Ca2Al2SiO7, YAG – Y3Al5O12, YCOB –YCa4O(BO3)3.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a, b) Gain cross-sections, σgain = βσSE – (1–β)σabs, for the 2F5/22F7/2 transition of Yb3+ in Lu0.74Y0.23La0.01VO4 for π (a) and σ (b) polarizations, β = N2(2F5/2)/NYb is the inversion ratio. Figure 8. (c, d) Gain cross-sections, σgain = βσSE – (1–β)σabs, for the 2F5/22F7/2 transition of Yb3+ in Lu0.51Y0.45La0.01VO4 for π (c) and σ (d) polarizations.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Input-output dependences of cavity #1 for CW Yb:Lu1- x-y Y x La y VO4 lasers, η – slope efficiency.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Input-output dependences and typical laser emission spectra measured at maximum Pabs for CW Yb:Lu1- x-y Y x La y VO4 lasers with microchip-type laser cavity #2, η – slope efficiency.

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