Abstract

With the rapid development of modern information technology, massive amounts of data are stored that require an information security. Here, we introduce a spiropyran doped polymer dispersed cholesteric liquid crystal film based rewritable medium that can produce high quality visual two-dimensional barcodes for anti-counterfeiting, authentication and security purposes. The prepared film exhibits excellent photochromic properties, improved photosensitivity, high spatial resolution, and numerous rapid write/erase capabilities. Such rewritable material can be efficiently printed over 70 cycles without compromising its readability. Furthermore, the fabricated film is mechanically resistant to small stresses and, hence, it can be directly handled.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (5)

O. Gökçe, C. Mercandetti, and E. Delamarche, “High-Content Optical Codes for Protecting Rapid Diagnostic Tests from Counterfeiting,” Anal. Chem. 90(12), 7383–7390 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. I. Khazi, W. Jeong, and J.-M. Kim, “Functional Materials and Systems for Rewritable Paper,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), e1705310 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

S. Jiao, Z. Jin, C. Zhou, W. Zou, and X. Li, “Is QR code an optimal data container in optical encryption systems from an error-correction coding perspective?” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 35(1), A23–A29 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

W.-S. Li, Y. Shen, Z.-J. Chen, Q. Cui, S. S. Li, and L. J. Chen, “Demonstration of patterned polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal textures for anti-counterfeiting two-dimensional barcodes,” Appl. Opt. 56(3), 601–606 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Miao, Sh. Wang, and M. Liu, “Reversible Quadruple Switching with Optical, Chiroptical, Helicity, and Macropattern in Self-Assembled Spiropyran Gels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(29), 17013681 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (5)

2015 (2)

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

R. Klajn, “Spiropyran-based dynamic materials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(1), 148–184 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yu and S. Hecht, “Control over unfolding pathways by localizing photoisomerization events within heterosequence oligoazobenzene foldamers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(51), 13740–13744 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kitagawa, H. Nishi, and S. Kobatake, “Photoinduced twisting of a photochromic diarylethene crystal,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(35), 9320–9322 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Barrera, A. Mira, and R. Torroba, “Optical encryption and QR codes: Secure and noise-free information retrieval,” Opt. Express 21(5), 5373–5378 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Russew and S. Hecht, “Photoswitches: from molecules to materials,” Adv. Mater. 22(31), 3348–3360 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Audorff, H.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barberi, R.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barrera, J. F.

Bartkiewicz, S.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. J.

Chen, Y.-S.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.-J.

Chubinidze, K.

Clever, G. H.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crawford, G. A.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cross, W. M.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Q.

De Santo, M. P.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delamarche, E.

O. Gökçe, C. Mercandetti, and E. Delamarche, “High-Content Optical Codes for Protecting Rapid Diagnostic Tests from Counterfeiting,” Anal. Chem. 90(12), 7383–7390 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Devadze, L.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, and K. Chubinidze, “Light controlled drug delivery containers based on spiropyran doped liquid crystal micro spheres,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(2), 442–447 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Doyle, C.

Essaidi, Z.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gary, R.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ghavidast, A.

A. Ghavidast and N. O. Mahmoodi, “A comparative study of the photochromic compounds incorporated on the surface of nanoparticles,” J. Mol. Liq. 216, 552–564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gökçe, O.

O. Gökçe, C. Mercandetti, and E. Delamarche, “High-Content Optical Codes for Protecting Rapid Diagnostic Tests from Counterfeiting,” Anal. Chem. 90(12), 7383–7390 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hamdi, R.

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Han, M.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, B.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hecht, S.

Z. Yu and S. Hecht, “Control over unfolding pathways by localizing photoisomerization events within heterosequence oligoazobenzene foldamers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(51), 13740–13744 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Russew and S. Hecht, “Photoswitches: from molecules to materials,” Adv. Mater. 22(31), 3348–3360 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hemmati, H. D.

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, W.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

Izumi, R.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jeong, W.

M. I. Khazi, W. Jeong, and J.-M. Kim, “Functional Materials and Systems for Rewritable Paper,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), e1705310 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiao, S.

Jin, Z.

John, M.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kador, L.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kajzar, F.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kellar, J. J.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khazi, M. I.

M. I. Khazi, W. Jeong, and J.-M. Kim, “Functional Materials and Systems for Rewritable Paper,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), e1705310 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.-M.

M. I. Khazi, W. Jeong, and J.-M. Kim, “Functional Materials and Systems for Rewritable Paper,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), e1705310 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-N.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kitagawa, D.

D. Kitagawa, H. Nishi, and S. Kobatake, “Photoinduced twisting of a photochromic diarylethene crystal,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(35), 9320–9322 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Klajn, R.

R. Klajn, “Spiropyran-based dynamic materials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(1), 148–184 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobatake, S.

D. Kitagawa, H. Nishi, and S. Kobatake, “Photoinduced twisting of a photochromic diarylethene crystal,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(35), 9320–9322 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kohane, D. S.

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kreger, K.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kurihara, S.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuwahara, Y.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Langer, R.

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, S. S.

Li, W.-S.

Li, X.

Liu, M.

W. Miao, Sh. Wang, and M. Liu, “Reversible Quadruple Switching with Optical, Chiroptical, Helicity, and Macropattern in Self-Assembled Spiropyran Gels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(29), 17013681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luu, Q.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mahmoodi, N. O.

A. Ghavidast and N. O. Mahmoodi, “A comparative study of the photochromic compounds incorporated on the surface of nanoparticles,” J. Mol. Liq. 216, 552–564 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mercandetti, C.

O. Gökçe, C. Mercandetti, and E. Delamarche, “High-Content Optical Codes for Protecting Rapid Diagnostic Tests from Counterfeiting,” Anal. Chem. 90(12), 7383–7390 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meruga, J. M.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miao, W.

W. Miao, Sh. Wang, and M. Liu, “Reversible Quadruple Switching with Optical, Chiroptical, Helicity, and Macropattern in Self-Assembled Spiropyran Gels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(29), 17013681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Michel, R.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Miniewicz, A.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mira, A.

Mohammed, E. A.

Mysliwiec, J.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Nakayama, K.

Nishi, H.

D. Kitagawa, H. Nishi, and S. Kobatake, “Photoinduced twisting of a photochromic diarylethene crystal,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(35), 9320–9322 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oda, T.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ogata, T.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohta, K.

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohtsubo, J.

Paswan, R. S.

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

Petriashvili, G.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, and K. Chubinidze, “Light controlled drug delivery containers based on spiropyran doped liquid crystal micro spheres,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(2), 442–447 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, R. Hamdi, M. P. De Santo, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Light-controllable linear dichroism in nematics,” Appl. Opt. 54(28), 241106 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pucci, G.

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, Y.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rapelli, Y. S.

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

Russew, M. M.

M. M. Russew and S. Hecht, “Photoswitches: from molecules to materials,” Adv. Mater. 22(31), 3348–3360 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saadon, H. L.

Sahraoui, B.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, H.-W.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sepashvili, N.

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, and K. Chubinidze, “Light controlled drug delivery containers based on spiropyran doped liquid crystal micro spheres,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(2), 442–447 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

She, P.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y.

Smith, P.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stalke, D.

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanley May, P.

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stingelin-Stutzmann, N.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sznitko, L.

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tong, R.

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Torroba, R.

Wadile, D. S.

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

Walke, S. S.

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

Wang, Sh.

W. Miao, Sh. Wang, and M. Liu, “Reversible Quadruple Switching with Optical, Chiroptical, Helicity, and Macropattern in Self-Assembled Spiropyran Gels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(29), 17013681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wolfer, P.

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S. T.

Xu, Z.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yadav, G. S.

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

Yang, H.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu and S. Hecht, “Control over unfolding pathways by localizing photoisomerization events within heterosequence oligoazobenzene foldamers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(51), 13740–13744 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, K. Y.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, C.

Zhou, Y.

Zou, W.

Zurabishvili, T.

G. Petriashvili, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, and K. Chubinidze, “Light controlled drug delivery containers based on spiropyran doped liquid crystal micro spheres,” Biomed. Opt. Express 7(2), 442–447 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

W. Miao, Sh. Wang, and M. Liu, “Reversible Quadruple Switching with Optical, Chiroptical, Helicity, and Macropattern in Self-Assembled Spiropyran Gels,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 27(29), 17013681 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

M. I. Khazi, W. Jeong, and J.-M. Kim, “Functional Materials and Systems for Rewritable Paper,” Adv. Mater. 30(15), e1705310 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. M. Russew and S. Hecht, “Photoswitches: from molecules to materials,” Adv. Mater. 22(31), 3348–3360 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Anal. Chem. (1)

O. Gökçe, C. Mercandetti, and E. Delamarche, “High-Content Optical Codes for Protecting Rapid Diagnostic Tests from Counterfeiting,” Anal. Chem. 90(12), 7383–7390 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (3)

Z. Yu and S. Hecht, “Control over unfolding pathways by localizing photoisomerization events within heterosequence oligoazobenzene foldamers,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(51), 13740–13744 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kitagawa, H. Nishi, and S. Kobatake, “Photoinduced twisting of a photochromic diarylethene crystal,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(35), 9320–9322 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Han, R. Michel, B. He, Y.-S. Chen, D. Stalke, M. John, and G. H. Clever, “Light-triggered guest uptake and release by a photochromic coordination cage,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 52(4), 1319–1323 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Mysliwiec, L. Sznitko, S. Bartkiewicz, A. Miniewicz, Z. Essaidi, F. Kajzar, and B. Sahraoui, “Amplified spontaneous emission in the spiropyran-biopolymer based system,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(24), 11061–11063 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

R. Klajn, “Spiropyran-based dynamic materials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 43(1), 148–184 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (1)

G. S. Yadav, S. S. Walke, D. S. Wadile, Y. S. Rapelli, and R. S. Paswan, “Secure Two-Level QR Code for Hybrid Document Sharing and Authentication Using Steganography,” International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology 7(3), 2381–2389 (2018).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

R. Tong, H. D. Hemmati, R. Langer, and D. S. Kohane, “Photoswitchable nanoparticles for triggered tissue penetration and drug delivery,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(21), 8848–8855 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kreger, P. Wolfer, H. Audorff, L. Kador, N. Stingelin-Stutzmann, P. Smith, and H.-W. Schmidt, “Stable Holographic Gratings with Small-Molecular Trisazobenzene Derivatives,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 132(2), 509–516 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mol. Liq. (1)

A. Ghavidast and N. O. Mahmoodi, “A comparative study of the photochromic compounds incorporated on the surface of nanoparticles,” J. Mol. Liq. 216, 552–564 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Macromol. Rapid Commun. (1)

G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, L. Devadze, T. Zurabishvili, N. Sepashvili, R. Gary, and R. Barberi, “Rewritable Optical Storage with a Spiropyran Doped Liquid Crystal Polymer Film,” Macromol. Rapid Commun. 37(6), 500–505 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

J. M. Meruga, W. M. Cross, P. Stanley May, Q. Luu, G. A. Crawford, and J. J. Kellar, “Security printing of covert quick response codes using upconverting nanoparticle inks,” Nanotechnology 23(39), 395201 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Y. Ma, P. She, K. Y. Zhang, H. Yang, Y. Qin, Z. Xu, S. Liu, Q. Zhao, and W. Huang, “Dynamic metal-ligand coordination for multicolour and water-jet rewritable paper,” Nat. Commun. 9(1), 3 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. (1)

M. P. De Santo, G. Petriashvili, R. Gary, G. Pucci, and R. Barberi, “Anti-counterfeiting and identification solutions using soft matter,” Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei Rendiconti Lincei. 26(2), 255–259 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

S. Kurihara, K. Ohta, T. Oda, R. Izumi, Y. Kuwahara, T. Ogata, and S.-N. Kim, “Manipulation and assembly of small objects in liquid crystals by dynamical disorganizing effect of push-pull-azobenzene-dye,” Sci. Rep. 3(2167), 2167 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Optical microscope image of an SPCLC film. The size of the microcapsules ranges from 5 to 15 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic of the experimental setup used to record QRs on the SPCLC films; (1) UFL; (2) band-pass filter; (3) inverse grayscale photomask; (4) recorded image on SPCLC film.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Absorbance plots and image of SPCLC film before (a), and after (b), exposures by UFL source.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Recorded pixels on the SPCLC film as they look under the optical microscope.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Recorded image of QR code; static contrast ratio equal to 22.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Absorbance under recording/erasing cycles. Spots A (red) show the calculated dependence of absorbance on the number of cycles and spots B (blue) the experimental results.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Photograph of the same SPCLC film, which was erased and rewritten multiple times.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Luminescent image of QR code, recorded on SPCLC film (a) and the luminescent spectra of the SPCLC film upon excitation with a halogen lamp (b); in the right picture the curves “on/off” correspond the light emissions under “write/erase” cycles.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

i j A w (λ,l)= i j lgI0(λ)/I(λ)
m n A b (λ,l)= m n lgI0(λ)/I(λ)
A ^ w (λ)= i j lg I ^ 0(λ)/ I ^ (λ) =lg(0.43mW/c m 2 /0.39mW/c m 2 )=0.0424
A ^ b (λ)= m n lg I ^ 0(λ)/ I ^ (λ) =lg(0.43mW/c m 2 /0.05mW/c m 2 )=0.9344

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