Abstract

A liquid crystal device with optically isotropic liquid crystal (OILC) phase induced from polymerization-induced phase separation exhibit a fast response time and a proper dark state. Its electro-optic performances are highly influenced by a kind of materials and processing conditions. Here, the effect of materials and phase-separation on the electro-optic performance of OILC device has been investigated by utilizing the acrylate and the thiol-ene monomer mixtures. The optically isotropic phase was analyzed with scattering theory, and it was revealed that a novel polymer network structure of acrylate mixture is free of scattering and yields a higher on-state transmittance, enhanced by ~50%. By tuning the monomer ratio and UV intensity, an excellent transparent film was obtained and, in addition, the response time was improved by ~40%. The excellent black state and its flexibility can be applied to flexible liquid crystal photonic and display devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2018 (1)

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (2)

C. M. Chang, Y. H. Lin, V. Reshetnyak, C. H. Park, R. Manda, and S. H. Lee, “Origins of Kerr phase and orientational phase in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19807–19821 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yu, H.-S. Chen, P.-J. Chen, K. H. Song, S. C. Noh, J. M. Lee, H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S. H. Lee, “Electrically tunable microlens arrays based on polarization-independent optical phase of nano liquid crystal droplets dispersed in polymer matrix,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17337–17344 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

Y.-C. Yang and D.-K. Yang, “Electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized isotropic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 023502 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

Y. Tanabe, H. Furue, and J. Hatano, “Optically isotropic liquid crystals with microsized domains,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 120(1–3), 41–44 (2005).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

S. Matsumoto, Y. Sugiyama, S. Sakata, and T. Hayashi, “Electro-optic effect, propagation loss, and switching speed in polymers containing nano-sized droplets of liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 27(5), 649–655 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, and M. S. Kwiatek, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals. II. Frequency response,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(3), 1715–1721 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

G. P. Montgomery, J. L. West, and W. Tamura-Lis, “Light scattering from polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films: Droplet size effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(3), 1605–1612 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Aguilera-Gómez, E.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Altman, J.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Andrade-Lucio, J. A.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Araoka, F.

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Aviña-Cervantes, J. G.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aya, S.

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Baliyan, V. K.

V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cao, H.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chang, C. M.

Chen, H.-S.

Chen, P.-J.

Cheng, H.-C.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chien, L.-C.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cho, N. H.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Choi, S.-W.

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Elizondo, P.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Furue, H.

Y. Tanabe, H. Furue, and J. Hatano, “Optically isotropic liquid crystals with microsized domains,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 120(1–3), 41–44 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gondek, E.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Guzmán-Cabrera, R.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hatano, J.

Y. Tanabe, H. Furue, and J. Hatano, “Optically isotropic liquid crystals with microsized domains,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 120(1–3), 41–44 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hayashi, T.

S. Matsumoto, Y. Sugiyama, S. Sakata, and T. Hayashi, “Electro-optic effect, propagation loss, and switching speed in polymers containing nano-sized droplets of liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 27(5), 649–655 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

Houlbert, M.

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ibarra-Manzano, O. G.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, K.

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Iwata, T.

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jiao, M.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. W.

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.-G.

Kang, S.-W.

V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kashima, M.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Khanarian, G.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, and M. S. Kwiatek, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals. II. Frequency response,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(3), 1715–1721 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kikushi, H.

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, B. K.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. S.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.-H.

Kim, M.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. S.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kityk, I. V.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Klosowicz, S. J.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kubodera, K.

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kundu, S.

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kwiatek, M. S.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, and M. S. Kwiatek, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals. II. Frequency response,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(3), 1715–1721 (1994).
[Crossref]

Le, K. V.

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. J.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. M.

Lee, M.-H.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. M. Chang, Y. H. Lin, V. Reshetnyak, C. H. Park, R. Manda, and S. H. Lee, “Origins of Kerr phase and orientational phase in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19807–19821 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yu, H.-S. Chen, P.-J. Chen, K. H. Song, S. C. Noh, J. M. Lee, H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S. H. Lee, “Electrically tunable microlens arrays based on polarization-independent optical phase of nano liquid crystal droplets dispersed in polymer matrix,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17337–17344 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leslie, T. M.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Likamwa, P.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lim, J. J.

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

Lin, Y.-H.

Liu, F.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Majchrowski, A.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Manda, R.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. M. Chang, Y. H. Lin, V. Reshetnyak, C. H. Park, R. Manda, and S. H. Lee, “Origins of Kerr phase and orientational phase in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19807–19821 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsumoto, S.

S. Matsumoto, Y. Sugiyama, S. Sakata, and T. Hayashi, “Electro-optic effect, propagation loss, and switching speed in polymers containing nano-sized droplets of liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 27(5), 649–655 (2000).
[Crossref]

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

May-Arrioja, D.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Montgomery, G. P.

G. P. Montgomery, J. L. West, and W. Tamura-Lis, “Light scattering from polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films: Droplet size effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(3), 1605–1612 (1991).
[Crossref]

Nayek, P.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Niziol, J.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Noh, S. C.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. H. Yu, H.-S. Chen, P.-J. Chen, K. H. Song, S. C. Noh, J. M. Lee, H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S. H. Lee, “Electrically tunable microlens arrays based on polarization-independent optical phase of nano liquid crystal droplets dispersed in polymer matrix,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17337–17344 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pagidi, S.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Park, C. H.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. M. Chang, Y. H. Lin, V. Reshetnyak, C. H. Park, R. Manda, and S. H. Lee, “Origins of Kerr phase and orientational phase in polymer-dispersed liquid crystals,” Opt. Express 25(17), 19807–19821 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, H. S.

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
[Crossref]

Park, N. H.

N. H. Park, S. C. Noh, P. Nayek, M.-H. Lee, M. S. Kim, L.-C. Chien, J. H. Lee, B. K. Kim, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal mixtures and their application to high-performance liquid crystal devices,” Liq. Cryst. 42(4), 530–536 (2015).
[Crossref]

Plascencia-Mara, H.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rakus, P.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rao, L.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ren, H.

Reshetnyak, V.

Sakata, S.

S. Matsumoto, Y. Sugiyama, S. Sakata, and T. Hayashi, “Electro-optic effect, propagation loss, and switching speed in polymers containing nano-sized droplets of liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 27(5), 649–655 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sanchez-Mondragon, J. J.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sandeep, K.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sansone, M. J.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, and M. S. Kwiatek, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals. II. Frequency response,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(3), 1715–1721 (1994).
[Crossref]

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Song, K. H.

Song, Q.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Stiller, M.

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sugiyama, Y.

S. Matsumoto, Y. Sugiyama, S. Sakata, and T. Hayashi, “Electro-optic effect, propagation loss, and switching speed in polymers containing nano-sized droplets of liquid crystal,” Liq. Cryst. 27(5), 649–655 (2000).
[Crossref]

Takezoe, H.

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tamura-Lis, W.

G. P. Montgomery, J. L. West, and W. Tamura-Lis, “Light scattering from polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films: Droplet size effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(3), 1605–1612 (1991).
[Crossref]

Tanabe, Y.

Y. Tanabe, H. Furue, and J. Hatano, “Optically isotropic liquid crystals with microsized domains,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 120(1–3), 41–44 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tkaczyk, S.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Torres-Cisneros, M.

M. Torres-Cisneros, P. Likamwa, D. May-Arrioja, O. G. Ibarra-Manzano, H. Plascencia-Mara, E. Aguilera-Gómez, J. G. Aviña-Cervantes, J. J. Sanchez-Mondragon, Q. Song, J. A. Andrade-Lucio, and R. Guzmán-Cabrera, “Nano-droplet formation in polymer deispersed liquid crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi. C. 9(6), 1515–1520 (2012).
[Crossref]

Weglowski, R.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

West, J. L.

G. P. Montgomery, J. L. West, and W. Tamura-Lis, “Light scattering from polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films: Droplet size effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(3), 1605–1612 (1991).
[Crossref]

Wojciechowski, A.

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.-I.

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, D.-K.

Y.-C. Yang and D.-K. Yang, “Electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized isotropic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 023502 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Yang and D.-K. Yang, “Electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized isotropic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 023502 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yoo, H. S.

R. Manda, S. Pagidi, M. Kim, C. H. Park, H. S. Yoo, K. Sandeep, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of monomer concentration and functionality on electro-optical properties of polymer-stabilised optically isotropic liquid crystals,” Liq. Cryst. 45(5), 736–745 (2018).
[Crossref]

Yu, J. H.

J. H. Yu, H.-S. Chen, P.-J. Chen, K. H. Song, S. C. Noh, J. M. Lee, H. Ren, Y.-H. Lin, and S. H. Lee, “Electrically tunable microlens arrays based on polarization-independent optical phase of nano liquid crystal droplets dispersed in polymer matrix,” Opt. Express 23(13), 17337–17344 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. H. Yu, J. J. Lim, Y. J. Lim, P. Nayek, S. Kundu, S. W. Kang, and S. H. Lee, “Optically isotropic polymer dispersed liquid crystal composite for high contrast ratio and fast response time,” SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers44, 1338–1340 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S.

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Matsumoto, M. Houlbert, T. Hayashi, and K. Kubodera, “Fine droplets of liquid crystals in a transparent polymer and their response to an electric field,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(8), 1044–1046 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Yang and D.-K. Yang, “Electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized isotropic liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(2), 023502 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, T. M. Leslie, M. Stiller, J. Altman, and P. Elizondo, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4253–4259 (1990).
[Crossref]

M. J. Sansone, G. Khanarian, and M. S. Kwiatek, “Large Kerr effects in transparent encapsulated liquid crystals. II. Frequency response,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(3), 1715–1721 (1994).
[Crossref]

G. P. Montgomery, J. L. West, and W. Tamura-Lis, “Light scattering from polymer-dispersed liquid crystal films: Droplet size effects,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(3), 1605–1612 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H.-C. Cheng, and S.-T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(22), 7870–7877 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. (1)

J. Niziol, R. Weglowski, S. J. Klosowicz, A. Majchrowski, P. Rakus, A. Wojciechowski, I. V. Kityk, S. Tkaczyk, and E. Gondek, “Kerr modulators based on polymer-dispersed liquid crystal complexes,” J. Mater. Sci. Mater. Electron. 21(10), 1020–1023 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S.-W. Choi, S.-I. Yamamoto, T. Iwata, and H. Kikushi, “Optically isotropic liquid crystal composite incorporating in-plane electric field geometry,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 42(11), 112002 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. (1)

W. Li, H. Cao, M. Kashima, F. Liu, Z. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhu, and H. Yang, “Control of the microstrcucture of polymer network and effects of the microstructures on light scattering properties of UV-cured polymer-dispersed liquid crystal film,” J. Polym. Sci., B, Polym. Phys. 46(19), 2090–2099 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Aya, K. V. Le, F. Araoka, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Nanosize-induced optically isotropic nematic phase,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 50(5R), 051703 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (3)

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Mater. Lett. (1)

N. H. Cho, P. Nayek, J. J. Lee, Y. J. Lim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Lee, H. S. Park, H. J. Lee, and H. S. Kim, “High-Performance, in-plane switching liquid crystal device utilizing an optically isotropic liquid crystal blend of nanostructured liquid crystal droplets in a polymer matrix,” Mater. Lett. 153, 136–139 (2015).
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V. K. Baliyan, S. H. Lee, and S.-W. Kang, “Optically and spatially templated polymer architectures formed by photopolymerization of reactive mesogens in periodically deformed liquid crystals,” NPG Asia Mater. 9(8), e429 (2017).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The schematic of OILC driving mechanism under in-plane filed at, (a) voltage-off dark state (optically isotropic state) and (b) voltage-on bright state (optically anisotropic state).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) POM images at 0 V, and (b) Voltage-dependent transmittance curves of OILC cells at three different material concentrations which correspond to MLC 2053:PN393 = 40:60 wt.%, 45:55 wt.%, and 50:50 wt.%, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Off-state POM images under crossed polarizers. Represented numbers inside the dark images indicate light leakage), and (b) Macroscopic images without crossed polarizers of all OILC cells. The cell was placed 5 cm above the “ID lab” phrase written on a dark paper.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The UV visible wavelength-dependent transmittance curves of S1 and S4 (a) before and (b) after removing LC. Corresponding photographic images were shown as inset.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The modified values of np' and m as a function of ʋLC.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Obtained polymer micro-structures and histogram of droplet sizes distribution of all OILC cells, (a) S1, (b) S2, (c) S3, and (d) S4.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Measured (a) voltage-transmittance curves and, (b) response time of prepared OILCs at different UV intensity.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Concentration ratio of LC and monomer and irradiated UV intensity for all OILC cells in the experiments.

Equations (4)

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σ avg | m1 | 2 Γ 4 D 6 ,
T LC = T o sin 2 ( 2ψ( V ) ) sin 2 ( πdΔ n ind ( V ) λ ),
n p ' = n LC υ LC + n p υ p ,
τ d γ 1 D 2 k eff W s ( 2π ) 2 ,