Abstract

The broad saturable absorption of topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowires is presented for the first time, as well as the passively Q-switched pulse operations on both Yb-doped and Er-doped bulk laser with a bandwidth over about 1.7 μm. Uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with a large aspect ratio have been synthesized using ultrathin Te nanowires as the template. The broad absorption spectrum from visible to middle infrared reveals a broad optical response. In a 1.0 μm Yb-doped laser, a pulse width of 303 ns with a pulse energy of 1.2 µJ is achieved. While at Er-doped mid-infrared 2.79 μm, the shortest pulse width and largest pulse energy are tested to be 444 ns and 5 µJ, respectively. Those results reveal the topological insulator Bi2Te3 nanowire to be a reliable broad optical switcher for solid state lasers in near- and mid-infrared bands. As far as we know, it is for the first time that TIs based solid state lasers at mid-infrared region are reported. Furthermore, this work can be extendable to explore TIs with other nanstructures for application as optoelectronic devices.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2016 (6)

2015 (7)

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), A97–A101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm Mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Sun, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Comparison of MoS2 nanosheets and hierarchical nanospheres in the application of pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(12), 2924–2932 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, M. Sanderson, and C. Zhang, “Nonlinear terahertz response of HgTe/CdTe quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081111 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (12)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Liu and K. K. Chow, “Operation-Switchable Bidirectional Pulsed Fiber Laser Incorporating Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0901905 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Jung, J. Lee, J. Koo, J. Park, Y. W. Song, K. Lee, S. Lee, and J. H. Lee, “A femtosecond pulse fiber laser at 1935 nm using a bulk-structured Bi2Te3 topological insulator,” Opt. Express 22(7), 7865–7874 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Weng, and R. Moncorgé, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAlO3nanosecond laser using MoS2as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28934–28940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (10)

L. Peng, L. Hu, and X. Fang, “Low-Dimensional Nanostructure Ultraviolet Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5321–5328 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Liu, Y. Yang, and K. K. Chow, “Enhancement of thermal damage threshold of carbon-nanotube-based saturable absorber by evanescent-field interaction on fiber end,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18975–18982 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, J. Weng, H. Cheng, Z. Lin, B. Xu, Z. Cai, and H. Xu, “1.06 μm Q-switched ytterbium-doped fiber laser using few-layer topological insulator Bi2Se3 as a saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 21(24), 29516–29522 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. W. Kim, S. Y. Choi, D. I. Yeom, S. Aravazhi, M. Pollnau, U. Griebner, V. Petrov, and F. Rotermund, “Yb:KYW planar waveguide laser Q-switched by evanescent-field interaction with carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 38(23), 5090–5093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Pesin and A. H. MacDonald, “Spintronics and pseudospintronics in graphene and topological insulators,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 409–416 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(201), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (3)

K. Wang, H. W. Liang, W. T. Yao, and S. H. Yu, “Templating synthesis of uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with high aspect ratio in triethylene glycol (TEG) and their thermoelectric performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 15057–15062 (2011).
[Crossref]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

S. H. Kim and B. K. Park, “Solvothermal synthesis of Bi2Te3 nanotubes by the interdiffusion of Bi and Te metals,” Mater. Lett. 64(8), 938–941 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

M. Scheele, N. Oeschler, K. Meier, A. Kornowski, C. Klinke, and H. Weller, “Synthesis and Thermoelectric Characterization of Bi2Te3 Nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(21), 3476–3483 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452(7190), 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Zhu, and L. D. Chen, “Microwave-assisted Preparation of Bi2Te3 Hollow Nanospheres,” Chem. Lett. 36(3), 382–383 (2007).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

C. L. Kane and E. J. Mele, “Z2 topological order and the quantum spin Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 146802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Abramski, K. M.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ang, Y. S.

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aravazhi, S.

Bando, Y.

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Cava, R. J.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452(7190), 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L. D.

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Zhu, and L. D. Chen, “Microwave-assisted Preparation of Bi2Te3 Hollow Nanospheres,” Chem. Lett. 36(3), 382–383 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Q. Chen, M. Sanderson, and C. Zhang, “Nonlinear terahertz response of HgTe/CdTe quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, S. Q.

Chen, X.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Cheng, H.

Cheng, Y.

Choi, S. Y.

Chou, M. M. C.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chow, K. K.

H. H. Liu and K. K. Chow, “Operation-Switchable Bidirectional Pulsed Fiber Laser Incorporating Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0901905 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Liu, Y. Yang, and K. K. Chow, “Enhancement of thermal damage threshold of carbon-nanotube-based saturable absorber by evanescent-field interaction on fiber end,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18975–18982 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, H.

Chu, H. W.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, M.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dou, Z. Y.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dresselhaus, M. S.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fan, D. Y.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fan, M.

Fang, X.

L. Peng, L. Hu, and X. Fang, “Low-Dimensional Nanostructure Ultraviolet Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5321–5328 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, C. S.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Foo, C. Y.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gan, L.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gao, S. F.

Gao, X.

Gao, X. J.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Golberg, D.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

Grodecki, K.

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, X. Y.

Guo, Z.

L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, Q.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hao, X. P.

Hasan, M. Z.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452(7190), 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hor, Y. S.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452(7190), 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, J.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, D.

D. Hsieh, D. Qian, L. Wray, Y. Xia, Y. S. Hor, R. J. Cava, and M. Z. Hasan, “A topological dirac insulator in a quantum spin hall phase,” Nature 452(7190), 970–974 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L.

L. Peng, L. Hu, and X. Fang, “Low-Dimensional Nanostructure Ultraviolet Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5321–5328 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, L. P.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, M. T.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, H. H.

Huang, Y.

Huber, G.

Jia, Z.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z. X.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Zhu, and L. D. Chen, “Microwave-assisted Preparation of Bi2Te3 Hollow Nanospheres,” Chem. Lett. 36(3), 382–383 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jung, M.

Kane, C. L.

C. L. Kane and E. J. Mele, “Z2 topological order and the quantum spin Hall effect,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(14), 146802 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, W.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, Z.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, X. Y. Guo, Z. X. Jia, Y. Xu, L. Liu, D. Zhao, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorods as saturable absorbers for all-fiber passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(11), 1986–1991 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Kim and B. K. Park, “Solvothermal synthesis of Bi2Te3 nanotubes by the interdiffusion of Bi and Te metals,” Mater. Lett. 64(8), 938–941 (2010).
[Crossref]

Klinke, C.

M. Scheele, N. Oeschler, K. Meier, A. Kornowski, C. Klinke, and H. Weller, “Synthesis and Thermoelectric Characterization of Bi2Te3 Nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(21), 3476–3483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kong, L.

L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Koo, J.

Kornowski, A.

M. Scheele, N. Oeschler, K. Meier, A. Kornowski, C. Klinke, and H. Weller, “Synthesis and Thermoelectric Characterization of Bi2Te3 Nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(21), 3476–3483 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Lan, Y.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. K.

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Lee, K.

Lee, P. S.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

Lewis, R. A.

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Li, D.

Li, D. C.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, G.

Li, G. Q.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm Mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H. Q.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, J. F.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, T.

Li, X.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Li, Y.

Li, Y. F.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Liang, H. W.

K. Wang, H. W. Liang, W. T. Yao, and S. H. Yu, “Templating synthesis of uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with high aspect ratio in triethylene glycol (TEG) and their thermoelectric performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 15057–15062 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lin, G. R.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J. H.

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. F.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(201), 211106 (2012).
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Wen, S. C.

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Wray, L.

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Xia, H. P.

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Xie, J.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Xu, J.

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, J. L.

Xu, S.

Xu, W. C.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

Xu, Y.

Yan, C.

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yan, X.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, C. Y.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, K.

Yang, K. J.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

Yao, W. T.

K. Wang, H. W. Liang, W. T. Yao, and S. H. Yu, “Templating synthesis of uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with high aspect ratio in triethylene glycol (TEG) and their thermoelectric performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 15057–15062 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yeom, D. I.

You, Z. Y.

Yu, B.

B. Poudel, Q. Hao, Y. Ma, Y. Lan, A. Minnich, B. Yu, X. Yan, D. Wang, A. Muto, D. Vashaee, X. Chen, J. Liu, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Chen, and Z. Ren, “High-Thermoelectric Performance of Nanostructured Bismuth Antimony Telluride Bulk Alloys,” Science 320(5876), 634–638 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, S. H.

K. Wang, H. W. Liang, W. T. Yao, and S. H. Yu, “Templating synthesis of uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with high aspect ratio in triethylene glycol (TEG) and their thermoelectric performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 15057–15062 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yuan, P.

L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhai, T.

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhai, T. Y.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Q. Chen, M. Sanderson, and C. Zhang, “Nonlinear terahertz response of HgTe/CdTe quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Li, H. Luo, L. Wang, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, H. Li, and Y. Liu, “3-μm Mid-infrared pulse generation using topological insulator as the saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 40(15), 3659–3662 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ma, S. Lu, Z. Guo, X. Xu, H. Zhang, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Few-layer black phosphorus based saturable absorber mirror for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22643–22648 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, Y. Zou, Y. Chen, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Wavelength-tunable picosecond soliton fiber laser with Topological Insulator: Bi2Se3 as a mode locker,” Opt. Express 20(25), 27888–27895 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(201), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. Q.

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

Zhao, C. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Q. Chen, C. J. Zhao, Y. Li, H. H. Huang, S. B. Lu, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Broadband optical and microwave nonlinear response in topological insulator,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(4), 587–596 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, C. J. Zhao, H. H. Huang, S. Chen, P. Tang, Z. Wang, S. Lu, H. Zhang, S. Wen, and D. Tang, “Self-assembled topological insulator: Bi2Se3 membrane as a passive Q-switcher in an erbium-doped fiber laser,” J. Lightwave Technol. 31(17), 2857–2863 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(201), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

Zhao, J.

C. Luan, K. Yang, J. Zhao, S. Zhao, L. Song, T. Li, H. Chu, J. Qiao, C. Wang, Z. Li, S. Jiang, B. Man, and L. Zheng, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for Q-switched 2 micron lasers,” Opt. Lett. 41(16), 3783–3786 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, N.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, R.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

Zhao, S. Z.

H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X. B.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, L.

Zheng, X. W.

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, X.

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, T. J.

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y. J.

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Zhu, and L. D. Chen, “Microwave-assisted Preparation of Bi2Te3 Hollow Nanospheres,” Chem. Lett. 36(3), 382–383 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. J.

Zhuang, S.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

Adv. Funct. Mater. (2)

M. Scheele, N. Oeschler, K. Meier, A. Kornowski, C. Klinke, and H. Weller, “Synthesis and Thermoelectric Characterization of Bi2Te3 Nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 19(21), 3476–3483 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Zhou, Q. Zhang, L. Gan, X. Li, H. Q. Li, Y. Zhang, D. Golberg, and T. Y. Zhai, “High-Performance Solar-Blind Deep Ultraviolet Photodetector Based on Individual Single-Crystalline Zn2GeO4 Nanowire,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(5), 704–712 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (3)

C. Yan, J. Wang, X. Wang, W. Kang, M. Cui, C. Y. Foo, and P. S. Lee, “An Intrinsically Stretchable Nanowire Photodetector with a Fully Embedded Structure,” Adv. Mater. 26(6), 943–950 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Peng, L. Hu, and X. Fang, “Low-Dimensional Nanostructure Ultraviolet Photodetectors,” Adv. Mater. 25(37), 5321–5328 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, X. Wang, J. Xu, Q. Zhang, Y. Bando, D. Golberg, Y. Ma, and T. Zhai, “One-Dimensional CdS Nanostructures: A Promising Candidate for Optoelectronics,” Adv. Mater. 25(22), 3017–3037 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Sotor, G. Sobon, K. Grodecki, and K. M. Abramski, “Mode-locked erbium-doped fiber laser based on evanescent field interaction with Sb2Te3 topological insulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(25), 251112 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(201), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, M. Sanderson, and C. Zhang, “Nonlinear terahertz response of HgTe/CdTe quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 107(8), 081111 (2015).
[Crossref]

Q. Chen, Y. S. Ang, R. A. Lewis, X. Wang, and C. Zhang, “Photomixing in topological insulator HgTe/CdTe quantum wells in terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211109 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chem. Lett. (1)

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Zhu, and L. D. Chen, “Microwave-assisted Preparation of Bi2Te3 Hollow Nanospheres,” Chem. Lett. 36(3), 382–383 (2007).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

Y. Zhang, L. P. Hu, T. J. Zhu, J. Xie, and X. B. Zhao, “High yield Bi2Te3 single crystal nanosheets with uniform morphology via a solvothermal synthesis,” Cryst. Growth Des. 13(2), 645–651 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

H. H. Liu and K. K. Chow, “Operation-Switchable Bidirectional Pulsed Fiber Laser Incorporating Carbon-Nanotube-Based Saturable Absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0901905 (2014).
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IEEE Photonics J. (2)

P. H. Tang, X. Q. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, Y. Wang, H. Zhang, D. Y. Shen, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Topological insulator: Bi2Te3 saturable absorber for the passive Q-switching operation of an in-band pumped 1645 nm Er:YAG ceramic laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 5(2), 1500707 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator simultaneously Q-switched dual-wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Liu, N. Zhao, H. Liu, X. W. Zheng, A. P. Luo, Z. C. Luo, W. C. Xu, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. C. Wen, “Dual-wavelength harmonically mode-locked fiber laser with topological insulator saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 983–986 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

K. Wang, H. W. Liang, W. T. Yao, and S. H. Yu, “Templating synthesis of uniform Bi2Te3 nanowires with high aspect ratio in triethylene glycol (TEG) and their thermoelectric performance,” J. Mater. Chem. 21(38), 15057–15062 (2011).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. C. Wang, C. J. Zhao, B. L. Wang, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological insulator as an optical modulator for pulsed solid-state lasers,” Laser Photonics Rev. 7(6), L77–L83 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (5)

M. T. Hu, J. H. Lin, J. R. Tian, Z. Y. Dou, and Y. R. Song, “Generation of Q-switched pulse by Bi2Se3 topological insulator in Yb:KGW laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(11), 115806 (2014).
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H. W. Chu, S. Z. Zhao, Y. F. Li, K. J. Yang, G. Q. Li, D. C. Li, J. Zhao, W. C. Qiao, T. Li, C. S. Feng, Y. G. Wang, and Y. S. Wang, “Diode-pumped passively Q-switched Nd:GGG laser with a double-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035001 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Kong, Z. Qin, G. Xie, Z. Guo, H. Zhang, P. Yuan, and L. Qian, “Black phosphorus as broadband saturable absorber for pulsed lasers from 1 μm to 2.7 μm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(4), 045801 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Kang, Q. Li, X. J. Gao, L. Zhang, Z. X. Jia, Y. Feng, G. S. Qin, and W. P. Qin, “Gold nanorod saturable absorber for passive mode-locking at 1 µm wavelength,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(3), 035102 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. H. Kim and B. K. Park, “Solvothermal synthesis of Bi2Te3 nanotubes by the interdiffusion of Bi and Te metals,” Mater. Lett. 64(8), 938–941 (2010).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

D. Pesin and A. H. MacDonald, “Spintronics and pseudospintronics in graphene and topological insulators,” Nat. Mater. 11(5), 409–416 (2012).
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Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3 and Sb2Te3 with a single Dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
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Nature (1)

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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the 1.0 μm Q-switched laser setup based on Bi2Te3 nanowires SA, (b) Schematic of the 2.79 μm Q-switched laser setup with Bi2Te3 nanowires SAM.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) SEM image of Bi2Te3 nanowires. (b) Low-magnification TEM image of Bi2Te3 nanowires. Bottom inset: the representative EDX spectrum. Top inset: High-magnification TEM image. (c) XRD patterns of the as-prepared Bi2Te3 powder. (d) Linear absorbance of Bi2Te3 nanowires solution from 300 to 2000 nm. Inset: the The linear absorption spectrum of the Bi2Te3 film at the wavelength range of 2.5-3.0 µm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Nonlinear absorptions and Q-switched laser performances at 1.0 μm with TI SAs. (a) Open aperture Z-scan curve. (b) Nonlinear transmission. Inset: the optical image of the spin coated TI SA on SiO2 substrate. (c) Q-switched pulse train at different time scale under the average output power of 203 mW. Inset: (d) Corresponding single pulse with duration of 303 ns. Inset: the optical spectrum of the Q-switched laser operation.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Nonlinear absorptions and Q-switched laser performances at 2.79 μm with TI SAM. (a) Open aperture Z-scan curve. Inset: nonlinear transmission. (b) Output laser spectrum. (c) Q-switched pulse train, and (d) corresponding shortest single pulse.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of 1.0 μm Q-switched bulk lasers based on different nano SAs.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison of Q-switched bulk lasers at ~3 μm based on different nano SAs

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