Abstract

Thin films of the highly bismuth-substituted neodymium iron garnet Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 (Bi2.5Ga:NIG) were prepared on Nd2BiFe4GaO12 (Bi1Ga1:NIG) buffer layers on glass substrates. These thin films exhibited a large magneto-optical (MO) effect, demonstrating that the magnetic anisotropy of this material can be varied by substituting gallium for iron. As gallium content was increased from 0 to 1, the Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films showed Faraday rotation angles varying from 21.9 to 14.9°/μm, and effective magnetic anisotropy energy values varying from −3.3 × 104 to 1.3 × 104 erg/cm3. The variation of the effective magnetic anisotropy is discussed in terms of the shape anisotropy depending on the saturation magnetization and the induced magnetic anisotropy caused by the different thermal expansion coefficients for the thin films and the glass substrate. The significant decrease in saturation magnetization upon gallium substitution is believed to result from 85% of the gallium being preferentially substituted at tetrahedral sites in the garnet, which is consistent with changes observed in the Faraday rotation spectra of the thin films.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  48. E. R. Czerlinsky, “Cation distribution in gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnets by Mössbauer effect spectroscopy,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), 483–493 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  49. G. B. Scott, D. E. Lacklison, and J. L. Page, “Magnetic circular dichroism and Faraday rotation spectra of Y3Fe5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 12(7), 2562–2571 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  50. V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
    [Crossref]
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2016 (2)

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

E. Jesenska, T. Yoshida, K. Shinozaki, T. Ishibashi, L. Beran, M. Zahradnik, R. Antos, M. Kučera, and M. Veis, “Optical and magneto-optical properties of Bi substituted yttrium iron garnets prepared by metal organic decomposition,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(6), 1986–1997 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

2013 (1)

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, “Direct wafer bonding and its application to waveguide optical isolators,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 985–1004 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and S. Bonetti, “Low field driven latching-type Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 magneto-optical display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 242504 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

M. Singh and S. P. Sud, “Controlling the properties of magnesium–manganese ferrites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 83(1–3), 180–184 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

V. V. Randoshkin, M. Yu. Gusev, Yu. F. Kozlov, and N. S. Neustroev, “Nondestructive testing with the help of hysteresis-free magneto-optical films,” Russ. J. Nondestr. Test. 36(6), 424–429 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (4)

K. Matsumoto, K. Yamaguchi, A. Ueno, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of Bi-substituted YIG garnets by sol-gel synthesis and their magnetic properties,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 6(1), 15–22 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, S. Yamamoto, Y. Yamanobe, A. Ueno, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of polycrystalline bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium-iron garnet films by repetitive gel coating on glass substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 30(8), 1696–1700 (1991).
[Crossref]

Y. Q. Jia, “Crystal radii and effective ionic radii of the rare earth ions,” J. Solid State Chem.  95(1), 184–187 (1991).

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Preparation of polycrystalline Bi3Fe5O12 garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(8), 4580–4582 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (5)

P. Hansen, C. P. Klages, and K. Witter, “Magnetic and magneto‐optic properties of praseodymium‐ and bismuth‐substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(2), 721–727 (1986).
[Crossref]

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, K. Utsugi, and M. Abe, “RF sputtered films of Bi-substituted garnet for magneto-optical memory,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 22(5), 1233–1235 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, M. Asogawa, and M. Abe, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of Bi, Ga (or Al) substituted garnet films prepared by pyrolysis method,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 10(2), 217–220 (1986).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

M. Gomi, T. Tanida, and M. Abe, “rf sputtering of highly Bi‐substituted garnet films on glass substrates for magneto‐optic memory,” J. Appl. Phys. 57(8), 3888–3890 (1985).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

P. Hansen and J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114(1–2), 69–107 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

P. Hansen, K. Witter, and W. Tolksdorf, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of lead- and bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 27(11), 6608–6625 (1983).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

P. Hansen, P. Röschmann, and W. Tolksdorf, “Saturation magnetization of gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(6), 2728–2732 (1976).
[Crossref]

1975 (2)

G. B. Scott, D. E. Lacklison, and J. L. Page, “Magnetic circular dichroism and Faraday rotation spectra of Y3Fe5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 12(7), 2562–2571 (1975).
[Crossref]

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Tev. B 12(7), 2777–2788 (1975).

1973 (1)

H. Takeuchi, K. Shinagawa, and S. Taniguchi, “Faraday effect of Bi-substituted rare-earth iron garnet,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12(3), 465 (1973).
[Crossref]

1969 (2)

E. R. Czerlinsky, “Cation distribution in gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnets by Mössbauer effect spectroscopy,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), 483–493 (1969).
[Crossref]

C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(11), 4500–4502 (1969).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

E. E. Anderson, “Molecular field model and the magnetization of YIG,” Phys. Rev. A 134(6A), A1581–A1585 (1964).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

G. P. Espinosa, “Crystal chemical study of the rare‐earth iron garnets,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(10), 2344–2347 (1962).
[Crossref]

Abe, M.

M. Gomi, M. Asogawa, and M. Abe, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of Bi, Ga (or Al) substituted garnet films prepared by pyrolysis method,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 10(2), 217–220 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, K. Utsugi, and M. Abe, “RF sputtered films of Bi-substituted garnet for magneto-optical memory,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 22(5), 1233–1235 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, T. Tanida, and M. Abe, “rf sputtering of highly Bi‐substituted garnet films on glass substrates for magneto‐optic memory,” J. Appl. Phys. 57(8), 3888–3890 (1985).
[Crossref]

Abell, J. S.

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

Adachi, N.

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

Adyam, V.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[Crossref]

Anderson, E. E.

E. E. Anderson, “Molecular field model and the magnetization of YIG,” Phys. Rev. A 134(6A), A1581–A1585 (1964).
[Crossref]

Antos, R.

Aoshima, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Aoyagi, M.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Asogawa, M.

M. Gomi, M. Asogawa, and M. Abe, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of Bi, Ga (or Al) substituted garnet films prepared by pyrolysis method,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 10(2), 217–220 (1986).
[Crossref]

Awata, S.

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baiocchi, F. A.

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

Baziljevich, M.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

Beran, L.

Bonetti, S.

A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and S. Bonetti, “Low field driven latching-type Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 magneto-optical display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 242504 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bongers, P. F.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Tev. B 12(7), 2777–2788 (1975).

Brandle, C. D.

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
[Crossref]

Buhrer, C. F.

C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 40(11), 4500–4502 (1969).
[Crossref]

Cadieu, F. J.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chakalov, R. A.

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
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Czerlinsky, E. R.

E. R. Czerlinsky, “Cation distribution in gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnets by Mössbauer effect spectroscopy,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), 483–493 (1969).
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Denysenkov, V. P.

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

Dillon, J. F.

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dotsh, H.

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

Espinosa, G. P.

G. P. Espinosa, “Crystal chemical study of the rare‐earth iron garnets,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(10), 2344–2347 (1962).
[Crossref]

Fratello, V. J.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
[Crossref]

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Frotello, V. J.

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

Fuji, T.

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, S. Yamamoto, Y. Yamanobe, A. Ueno, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of polycrystalline bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium-iron garnet films by repetitive gel coating on glass substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 30(8), 1696–1700 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, K. Yamaguchi, A. Ueno, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of Bi-substituted YIG garnets by sol-gel synthesis and their magnetic properties,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 6(1), 15–22 (1991).
[Crossref]

Funabashi, N.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gomi, M.

M. Gomi, M. Asogawa, and M. Abe, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of Bi, Ga (or Al) substituted garnet films prepared by pyrolysis method,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 10(2), 217–220 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, K. Utsugi, and M. Abe, “RF sputtered films of Bi-substituted garnet for magneto-optical memory,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 22(5), 1233–1235 (1986).
[Crossref]

M. Gomi, T. Tanida, and M. Abe, “rf sputtering of highly Bi‐substituted garnet films on glass substrates for magneto‐optic memory,” J. Appl. Phys. 57(8), 3888–3890 (1985).
[Crossref]

Grishin, A. M.

A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and S. Bonetti, “Low field driven latching-type Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 magneto-optical display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 242504 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

Gusev, M. Yu.

V. V. Randoshkin, M. Yu. Gusev, Yu. F. Kozlov, and N. S. Neustroev, “Nondestructive testing with the help of hysteresis-free magneto-optical films,” Russ. J. Nondestr. Test. 36(6), 424–429 (2000).
[Crossref]

Hagedorn, O.

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hansen, P.

P. Hansen, C. P. Klages, and K. Witter, “Magnetic and magneto‐optic properties of praseodymium‐ and bismuth‐substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(2), 721–727 (1986).
[Crossref]

P. Hansen and J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114(1–2), 69–107 (1984).
[Crossref]

P. Hansen, K. Witter, and W. Tolksdorf, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of lead- and bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 27(11), 6608–6625 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. Hansen, P. Röschmann, and W. Tolksdorf, “Saturation magnetization of gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(6), 2728–2732 (1976).
[Crossref]

Hansen, R. W.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

Haraga, K.

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

Hashinaka, T.

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

Hegde, H.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

Helseth, L. E.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

Holthaus, C.

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

Houchido, M.

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

Il’yashenko, E. I.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

Inoue, M.

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ishibashi, T.

E. Jesenska, T. Yoshida, K. Shinozaki, T. Ishibashi, L. Beran, M. Zahradnik, R. Antos, M. Kučera, and M. Veis, “Optical and magneto-optical properties of Bi substituted yttrium iron garnets prepared by metal organic decomposition,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(6), 1986–1997 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, and T. Nomura, “Magneto-optical properties of Bi-substituted yttrium iron garnet films by metal-organic decomposition method,” inProceedings of International Conference on Magnetism (ICM 2009), (IOP Publishing, 2010), pp. 112002.
[Crossref]

Iwata, S.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jalali-Roudsar, A.

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jeong, M. S.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jesenska, E.

Jia, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Jia, “Crystal radii and effective ionic radii of the rare earth ions,” J. Solid State Chem.  95(1), 184–187 (1991).

Johansen, T. H.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. E. Helseth, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation spectra of bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films with in-plane magnetization,” Phys. Rev. B 64(17), 174406 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kahl, S.

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kang, S.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[Crossref]

Katagiri, N.

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Katayama, T.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Preparation of polycrystalline Bi3Fe5O12 garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(8), 4580–4582 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kato, T.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kawano, K.

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

Khartsev, S. I.

A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, and S. Bonetti, “Low field driven latching-type Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 magneto-optical display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(24), 242504 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. J.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Klages, C. P.

P. Hansen, C. P. Klages, and K. Witter, “Magnetic and magneto‐optic properties of praseodymium‐ and bismuth‐substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(2), 721–727 (1986).
[Crossref]

Klank, M.

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, H.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, N.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

Kobayasi, T.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kong, G.

S. Kahl, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, K. Kawano, G. Kong, R. A. Chakalov, and J. S. Abell, “Structure, microstructure, and magneto-optical properties of laser deposited Bi3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12(111) films,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9556–9560 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kosaka, T.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, and T. Nomura, “Magneto-optical properties of Bi-substituted yttrium iron garnet films by metal-organic decomposition method,” inProceedings of International Conference on Magnetism (ICM 2009), (IOP Publishing, 2010), pp. 112002.
[Crossref]

Kozlov, Yu. F.

V. V. Randoshkin, M. Yu. Gusev, Yu. F. Kozlov, and N. S. Neustroev, “Nondestructive testing with the help of hysteresis-free magneto-optical films,” Russ. J. Nondestr. Test. 36(6), 424–429 (2000).
[Crossref]

Krumme, J.-P.

P. Hansen and J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114(1–2), 69–107 (1984).
[Crossref]

Kucera, M.

Kuga, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lacklison, D. E.

G. B. Scott, D. E. Lacklison, and J. L. Page, “Magnetic circular dichroism and Faraday rotation spectra of Y3Fe5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 12(7), 2562–2571 (1975).
[Crossref]

Lee, E. Y.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. W.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Levy, M.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

Li, Q.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[Crossref]

Licht, S. J.

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lim, P. B.

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, Q.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lou, G.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

Machida, K.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Matsumoto, K.

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, K. Yamaguchi, A. Ueno, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of Bi-substituted YIG garnets by sol-gel synthesis and their magnetic properties,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 6(1), 15–22 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, S. Yamamoto, Y. Yamanobe, A. Ueno, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of polycrystalline bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium-iron garnet films by repetitive gel coating on glass substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 30(8), 1696–1700 (1991).
[Crossref]

Meguro, A.

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

Min, K.-I.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Miyamoto, Y.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mizumoto, T.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, “Direct wafer bonding and its application to waveguide optical isolators,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 985–1004 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mizusawa, A.

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mogi, T.

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

Naganuma, M.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, and T. Nomura, “Magneto-optical properties of Bi-substituted yttrium iron garnet films by metal-organic decomposition method,” inProceedings of International Conference on Magnetism (ICM 2009), (IOP Publishing, 2010), pp. 112002.
[Crossref]

Nazarov, M.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Neustroev, N. S.

V. V. Randoshkin, M. Yu. Gusev, Yu. F. Kozlov, and N. S. Neustroev, “Nondestructive testing with the help of hysteresis-free magneto-optical films,” Russ. J. Nondestr. Test. 36(6), 424–429 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ninomiya, M.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

Niratisairak, S.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nishi, T.

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

Noh, D. Y.

M. Nazarov, Y. J. Kim, E. Y. Lee, K.-I. Min, M. S. Jeong, S. W. Lee, and D. Y. Noh, “Luminescence and Raman studies of YNbO4 phosphors doped by Eu3+, Ga3+, and Al3+,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(10), 103104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nomura, T.

T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, M. Aoyagi, T. Kobayasi, S. Niratisairak, T. Nomura, and T. Ishibashi, “Preparation and characterization of Y3-xBixFe5O12 films for magneto-optical indicator films by metal organic decomposition,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 35(3), 194–198 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, T. Kosaka, M. Naganuma, and T. Nomura, “Magneto-optical properties of Bi-substituted yttrium iron garnet films by metal-organic decomposition method,” inProceedings of International Conference on Magnetism (ICM 2009), (IOP Publishing, 2010), pp. 112002.
[Crossref]

Norelli, M. P.

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
[Crossref]

Obryan, H. M.

V. J. Frotello, S. J. Licht, C. D. Brandle, H. M. Obryan, and F. A. Baiocchi, “Effect of bismuth doping on thermal expansion and misfit dislocations in epitaxial iron garnets,” J. Cryst. Growth 142(1–2), 93–102 (1994).
[Crossref]

Okuda, T.

N. Adachi, T. Okuda, V. P. Denysenkov, A. Jalali-Roudsar, and A. M. Grishin, “Magnetic properties of single crystal film Bi3Fe5O12 prepared onto Sm3(Sc,Ga)5O12 (111),” J. Magn. Magn. Mater. 242–245(2), 775–777 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys. 88(5), 2734–2739 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Preparation of polycrystalline Bi3Fe5O12 garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(8), 4580–4582 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

Osgood, R. M.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ota, T.

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Page, J. L.

G. B. Scott, D. E. Lacklison, and J. L. Page, “Magnetic circular dichroism and Faraday rotation spectra of Y3Fe5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 12(7), 2562–2571 (1975).
[Crossref]

Popma, T. J. A.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Tev. B 12(7), 2777–2788 (1975).

Randoshkin, V. V.

V. V. Randoshkin, M. Yu. Gusev, Yu. F. Kozlov, and N. S. Neustroev, “Nondestructive testing with the help of hysteresis-free magneto-optical films,” Russ. J. Nondestr. Test. 36(6), 424–429 (2000).
[Crossref]

Robertson, J. M.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Tev. B 12(7), 2777–2788 (1975).

Röschmann, P.

P. Hansen, P. Röschmann, and W. Tolksdorf, “Saturation magnetization of gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(6), 2728–2732 (1976).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, M.

M. Sasaki, G. Lou, Q. Liu, M. Ninomiya, T. Kato, S. Iwata, and T. Ishibashi, “Nd0.5Bi2.5Fe5-yGayO12 thin films on Gd3Ga5O12 substrates prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 55(5), 055501 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Ishibashi, G. Lou, A. Meguro, T. Hashinaka, M. Sasaki, and T. Nishi, “Magneto-optical imaging plate using bismuth-substituted iron garnet film prepared by metal-organic decomposition,” Sens. Mater. 27(10), 965–970 (2015).

Sasaki, S.

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sato, F.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sato, K.

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

Satoh, K.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Preparation of polycrystalline Bi3Fe5O12 garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(8), 4580–4582 (1991).
[Crossref]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[Crossref]

Scott, G. B.

G. B. Scott, D. E. Lacklison, and J. L. Page, “Magnetic circular dichroism and Faraday rotation spectra of Y3Fe5O12,” Phys. Rev. B 12(7), 2562–2571 (1975).
[Crossref]

Shamonin, M.

M. Klank, O. Hagedorn, C. Holthaus, M. Shamonin, and H. Dotsh, “Characterization and optimization of magnetic garnet films for magneto-optical visualization of magnetic field distributions,” NDT Int. 36(6), 375–381 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shimidzu, N.

K. Aoshima, N. Funabashi, K. Machida, Y. Miyamoto, K. Kuga, T. Ishibashi, N. Shimidzu, and F. Sato, “Submicron magneto-optical spatial light modulation device for holographic displays driven by spin-polarized electrons,” J. Dis. Tech. 6(9), 374–380 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shinagawa, K.

H. Takeuchi, K. Shinagawa, and S. Taniguchi, “Faraday effect of Bi-substituted rare-earth iron garnet,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12(3), 465 (1973).
[Crossref]

Shinozaki, K.

Shoji, Y.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, “Direct wafer bonding and its application to waveguide optical isolators,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 985–1004 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, M.

M. Singh and S. P. Sud, “Controlling the properties of magnesium–manganese ferrites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 83(1–3), 180–184 (2001).
[Crossref]

Slusky, S. E. G.

S. E. G. Slusky, J. F. Dillon, C. D. Brandle, M. P. Norelli, and V. J. Fratello, “Magnetic properties of praseodymium iron garnet and neodymium iron garnet,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 34(11), 7918–7923 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. J. Fratello, S. E. G. Slusky, C. D. Brandle, and M. P. Norelli, “Growth-induced anisotropy in bismuth: Rare-earth iron garnets,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(7), 2488–2497 (1986).
[Crossref]

Solovyev, A. G.

L. E. Helseth, A. G. Solovyev, R. W. Hansen, E. I. Il’yashenko, M. Baziljevich, and T. H. Johansen, “Faraday rotation and sensitivity of (100) bismuth-substituted ferrite garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 66(6), 064405 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sud, S. P.

M. Singh and S. P. Sud, “Controlling the properties of magnesium–manganese ferrites,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 83(1–3), 180–184 (2001).
[Crossref]

Takagi, H.

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

Takei, R.

T. Mizumoto, Y. Shoji, and R. Takei, “Direct wafer bonding and its application to waveguide optical isolators,” Materials (Basel) 5(12), 985–1004 (2012).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, H.

H. Takeuchi, K. Shinagawa, and S. Taniguchi, “Faraday effect of Bi-substituted rare-earth iron garnet,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12(3), 465 (1973).
[Crossref]

Tanida, T.

M. Gomi, T. Tanida, and M. Abe, “rf sputtering of highly Bi‐substituted garnet films on glass substrates for magneto‐optic memory,” J. Appl. Phys. 57(8), 3888–3890 (1985).
[Crossref]

Taniguchi, S.

H. Takeuchi, K. Shinagawa, and S. Taniguchi, “Faraday effect of Bi-substituted rare-earth iron garnet,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 12(3), 465 (1973).
[Crossref]

Togashi, N.

T. Ishibashi, A. Mizusawa, N. Togashi, T. Mogi, M. Houchido, and K. Sato, “(Re, Bi)3(Fe,Ga)5O12 (Re = Y, Gd and Nd) thin films grown by MOD method,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1–2), e2427–e2431 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tolksdorf, W.

P. Hansen, K. Witter, and W. Tolksdorf, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of lead- and bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 27(11), 6608–6625 (1983).
[Crossref]

P. Hansen, P. Röschmann, and W. Tolksdorf, “Saturation magnetization of gallium-substituted yttrium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys. 45(6), 2728–2732 (1976).
[Crossref]

Tsuzuki, A.

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

Uchida, H.

A. Tsuzuki, H. Uchida, H. Takagi, P. B. Lim, and M. Inoue, “Fomation and properties of multiple-tone spatial light modulator using garnet film with in-plane magnetization,” J. Magn. 11(3), 143–146 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ueno, A.

K. Matsumoto, K. Yamaguchi, A. Ueno, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of Bi-substituted YIG garnets by sol-gel synthesis and their magnetic properties,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 6(1), 15–22 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, S. Yamamoto, Y. Yamanobe, A. Ueno, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of polycrystalline bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium-iron garnet films by repetitive gel coating on glass substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 30(8), 1696–1700 (1991).
[Crossref]

Utsugi, K.

M. Gomi, K. Utsugi, and M. Abe, “RF sputtered films of Bi-substituted garnet for magneto-optical memory,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 22(5), 1233–1235 (1986).
[Crossref]

Veis, M.

Watanabe, K.

N. Katagiri, N. Adachi, K. Yogo, K. Watanabe, S. Awata, and T. Ota, “Synthesis and magneto-optical properties of Bi3(FeGa)5O12 on glass substrate prepared by MOD technique,” Trans. Mater. Res. Soc. Jpn. 38(2), 269–272 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wittekoek, S.

S. Wittekoek, T. J. A. Popma, J. M. Robertson, and P. F. Bongers, “Magneto-optic spectra and the dielectric tensor elements of bismuth-substituted iron garnets at photon energies between 2.2-5.2 eV,” Phys. Tev. B 12(7), 2777–2788 (1975).

Witter, K.

P. Hansen, C. P. Klages, and K. Witter, “Magnetic and magneto‐optic properties of praseodymium‐ and bismuth‐substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(2), 721–727 (1986).
[Crossref]

P. Hansen, K. Witter, and W. Tolksdorf, “Magnetic and magneto-optic properties of lead- and bismuth-substituted yttrium iron garnet films,” Phys. Rev. B 27(11), 6608–6625 (1983).
[Crossref]

Wolfe, R.

M. Levy, R. M. Osgood, H. Hegde, F. J. Cadieu, R. Wolfe, and V. J. Fratello, “Integrated optical isolators with sputter-deposited thin-film magnets,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8(7), 903–905 (1996).
[Crossref]

Yamaguchi, K.

K. Matsumoto, S. Sasaki, K. Haraga, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Enhancement of magneto-optical Faraday rotation by bismuth substitution in bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium–iron–garnet single‐crystal films grown by coating gels,” J. Appl. Phys. 71(5), 2467–2469 (1992).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, S. Yamamoto, Y. Yamanobe, A. Ueno, K. Yamaguchi, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of polycrystalline bismuth and aluminum substituted yttrium-iron garnet films by repetitive gel coating on glass substrates,” J. Appl. Phys. 30(8), 1696–1700 (1991).
[Crossref]

K. Matsumoto, K. Yamaguchi, A. Ueno, and T. Fuji, “Preparation of Bi-substituted YIG garnets by sol-gel synthesis and their magnetic properties,” IEEE Translat. J. Magn. Jpn. 6(1), 15–22 (1991).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, H.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Preparation of polycrystalline Bi3Fe5O12 garnet films,” J. Appl. Phys. 69(8), 4580–4582 (1991).
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Figures (13)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Out-of-plane XRD patterns for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 In-plane XRD patterns for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Relationship between lattice parameters and gallium content.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relationship between lattice distortion and gallium content.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Faraday spectra forBi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Faraday hysteresis loops for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films acquired at 520 nm.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 MO figures of merit for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM images for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films with gallium content of (a) 0, (b) 0.5 and (c) 1.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Gallium content for iron of Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Magnetization curves for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Saturation magnetization and Faraday rotation angle as functions of gallium content.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Torque curves for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films.
Fig. 13
Fig. 13 Relationship between anisotropy energy and gallium content.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 The composition ratios for Bi2.5Ga:NIG thin films

Equations (1)

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n B ( Bi2.5:NIG )=1/6 n B ( Nd 3+ )+ n B ( Fe 3+ ).

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