Abstract

Highly-orientated thin films of polydiacetylene nanofibers were successfully fabricated as a pseudo single crystalline thin film through convective assembly. The third-order nonlinear optical susceptibility of highly-orientated film with an order parameter of 0.87 was five times as high as that of randomly orientated film owing to high orientation and dense packing.

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References

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  1. H. Bässler, “Photopolymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 1–48 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. A. Apgar and K. C. Yee, “Poly[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Acta Crystallogr. B 34(3), 957–959 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  4. J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  5. V. Enkelmann, “Structural Aspects of the Topochemical Polymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 91–136 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. G. Weiser, “Stark effect of one-dimensional Wannier excitons in polydiacetylene single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(24), 14076–14085 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  11. V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  13. To estimate coherent length of PDA bulk crystal, refractive index of PDA was transformed using Kramers-Kronig relation from nomal reflectance spectra in ref. 12.
  14. K. Y. Wong and A. F. Garito, “Third-harmonic-generation study of orientational order in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(6), 5051–5058 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. N. Prasad and D. J. Williams, Introduction to Nonlinear Optical Effects in Molecules and Polymers (Wiley-Interscience, 1991), Chap. 4.

2015 (1)

Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

G. Weiser, “Stark effect of one-dimensional Wannier excitons in polydiacetylene single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(24), 14076–14085 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
[Crossref]

K. Y. Wong and A. F. Garito, “Third-harmonic-generation study of orientational order in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(6), 5051–5058 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (2)

V. Enkelmann, “Structural Aspects of the Topochemical Polymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 91–136 (1984).
[Crossref]

H. Bässler, “Photopolymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 1–48 (1984).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

1978 (2)

P. A. Apgar and K. C. Yee, “Poly[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Acta Crystallogr. B 34(3), 957–959 (1978).
[Crossref]

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Apgar, P. A.

P. A. Apgar and K. C. Yee, “Poly[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Acta Crystallogr. B 34(3), 957–959 (1978).
[Crossref]

Arlinghaus, E. G.

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Asahi, T.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bässler, H.

H. Bässler, “Photopolymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 1–48 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cavallaro, G.

Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chance, R. R.

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Eckhardt, C. J.

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Enkelmann, V.

V. Enkelmann, “Structural Aspects of the Topochemical Polymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 91–136 (1984).
[Crossref]

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

Garito, A. F.

K. Y. Wong and A. F. Garito, “Third-harmonic-generation study of orientational order in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(6), 5051–5058 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.-A.

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Heiny, R.

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hood, R. J.

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Kajzar, F.

F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kasai, H.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Katagi, H.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Kumar, J.

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Leyrer, R. J.

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

Lvov, Y.

Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Masuhara, A.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

Masuhara, H.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

Meng, L.

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Messier, J.

F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
[Crossref]

Müller, H.

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, H.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Norris, D. J.

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Oikawa, H.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Okada, S.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Onodera, T.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

Oshikiri, T.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rosilio, C.

F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
[Crossref]

Samuelson, L. A.

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Schleier, G.

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

Scriven, L. E.

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tanaka, M.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

Terauchi, M.

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tripathy, S. K.

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Volkov, V. V.

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wegner, G.

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

Weiser, G.

G. Weiser, “Stark effect of one-dimensional Wannier excitons in polydiacetylene single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 45(24), 14076–14085 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, K. Y.

K. Y. Wong and A. F. Garito, “Third-harmonic-generation study of orientational order in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(6), 5051–5058 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, K.

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yee, K. C.

P. A. Apgar and K. C. Yee, “Poly[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Acta Crystallogr. B 34(3), 957–959 (1978).
[Crossref]

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Acta Crystallogr. B (1)

P. A. Apgar and K. C. Yee, “Poly[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Acta Crystallogr. B 34(3), 957–959 (1978).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

D. J. Norris, E. G. Arlinghaus, L. Meng, R. Heiny, and L. E. Scriven, “Opaline Photonic Crystals: How Does Self-Assembly Work?” Adv. Mater. 16(16), 1393–1399 (2004).
[Crossref]

Adv. Polym. Sci. (2)

V. Enkelmann, “Structural Aspects of the Topochemical Polymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 91–136 (1984).
[Crossref]

H. Bässler, “Photopolymerization of Diacetylenes,” Adv. Polym. Sci. 63, 1–48 (1984).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. J. Hood, H. Müller, C. J. Eckhardt, R. R. Chance, and K. C. Yee, “Optical Properties of a Polydiacetylene Crystal: Poly-[1,6-di(N-carbazolyl)-2,4-hexadiyne],” Chem. Phys. Lett. 54(2), 295–299 (1978).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Kajzar, J. Messier, and C. Rosilio, “Nonlinear optical properties of thin films of polysilane,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(9), 3040–3044 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

Y. Zhao, G. Cavallaro, and Y. Lvov, “Orientation of charged clay nanotubes in evaporating droplet meniscus,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 440, 68–77 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

T. Onodera, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, M. Terauchi, M. Tanaka, and H. Nakanishi, “Nano-wire crystals of π-conjugated organic materials,” J. Cryst. Growth 229(1–4), 586–590 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

V. Enkelmann, R. J. Leyrer, G. Schleier, and G. Wegner, “Macroscopic single crystals of polymers by solid-state polymerization: a study of the monomer to polymer phase transformation of 1.6-dicarbazolyl hexadiyne,” J. Mater. Sci. 15(1), 168–176 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

J.-A. He, K. Yang, J. Kumar, S. K. Tripathy, L. A. Samuelson, T. Oshikiri, H. Katagi, H. Kasai, S. Okada, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Electrostatic Self-Assembly of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystals: Nonlinear Optical Properties and Chain Orientation,” J. Phys. Chem. B 103(50), 11050–11056 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. V. Volkov, T. Asahi, H. Masuhara, A. Masuhara, H. Kasai, H. Oikawa, and H. Nakanishi, “Size-Dependent Optical Properties of Polydiacetylene Nanocrystal,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(23), 7674–7680 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. (1)

K. Y. Wong and A. F. Garito, “Third-harmonic-generation study of orientational order in nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 34(6), 5051–5058 (1986).
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Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (2)

P. N. Prasad and D. J. Williams, Introduction to Nonlinear Optical Effects in Molecules and Polymers (Wiley-Interscience, 1991), Chap. 4.

To estimate coherent length of PDA bulk crystal, refractive index of PDA was transformed using Kramers-Kronig relation from nomal reflectance spectra in ref. 12.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Solid-state polymerization of DCHD and (b) the fabrication procedure of PDA NFs using the reprecipitation method.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup and (b) the schematic of convective assembly method controlling the inclination angle θ.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) The dependence of order parameter S of PDA NFs on inclination angle θ of a glass substrate and (b) SEM images of PDA-NFs thin films with different order parameter S. The broken line indicates a trend line.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 UV-Vis polarized absorption spectra of the most highly orientated PDA-NFs thin film with order parameter S = 0.87 and dichroic ratio D = 21.8 at inclination angle θ = 30 degree.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Typical THG/Maker fringe patterns of PDA-NFs thin film and fused quartz as a reference, and (b) the correlation between order parameter S and χ(3) value in the configurations of p- and s-polarizations.

Equations (2)

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S= D1 D+2
D= A h A v

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