Abstract

We demonstrated an efficient inverted CdSe/CdS/ZnS quantum dot light emitting diode (QLED) using sol-gel ZnO (s-ZnO) as the electron-injection layer (EIL). The device performance is comparable to that of a device based on the common used nanoparticle ZnO (n-ZnO) EIL. The peak efficiency (12.5 cd/A) and luminance (13000 cd/m2) for the s-ZnO based device was found to be similar to the n-ZnO based device (11.2 cd/A and 15000 cd/m2). The morphology properties of these two types of ZnO films were investigated by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and atomic force microscope (AFM) measurements. A very smooth surface was achieved for the s-ZnO film. Moreover, the quantum dot (QD) layer on the s-ZnO also possesses high quality with a close packed structure.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
  24. H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]

2016 (5)

F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, H. Li, X. Sun, and S. Chen, “Inverted quantum-dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by all-solution processing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(8), 5493–5498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. G. Wang, H. R. Peng, and S. M. Chen, “Highly transparent quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with sputtered indium-tin-oxide electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(9), 1838–1841 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Liu, X. Zhou, and S. Chen, “Very bright and efficient microcavity top-emitting quantum dot light-emitting diodes with ag electrodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(26), 16768–16775 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (7)

W. Ji, P. Jing, L. Zhang, D. Li, Q. Zeng, S. Qu, and J. Zhao, “The work mechanism and sub-bandgap-voltage electroluminescence in inverted quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yang, G. Zhou, and W. Y. Wong, “Functionalization of phosphorescent emitters and their host materials by main-group elements for phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(23), 8484–8575 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, X. Yang, J. Zhao, G. Zhou, and W.-Y. Wong, “Recent advances in solution-processable dendrimers for highly efficient phosphorescent organic light-emitting diodes (PHOLEDs),” Asian J. Org. Chem. 4(5), 394–429 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Jing, W. Ji, Q. Zeng, D. Li, S. Qu, J. Wang, and D. Zhang, “Vacuum-free transparent quantum dot light-emitting diodes with silver nanowire cathode,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12499 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (6)

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Kim, C. Ippen, T. Greco, J. Lee, M. S. Oh, C. J. Han, A. Wedel, and J. Kim, “Increased shell thickness in indium phosphide multishell quantum dots leading to efficiency and stability enhancement in light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(7), 1436–1443 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

S. Coe, W. K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices,” Nature 420(6917), 800–803 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

V. L. Colvin, M. C. Schlamp, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Light-emitting diodes made from cadmium selenide nanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer,” Nature 370(6488), 354–357 (1994).
[Crossref]

Acharya, K. P.

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

Alivisatos, A. P.

V. L. Colvin, M. C. Schlamp, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Light-emitting diodes made from cadmium selenide nanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer,” Nature 370(6488), 354–357 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bae, W. K.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Coe, W. K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices,” Nature 420(6917), 800–803 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bawendi, M. G.

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

Breen, C.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bulovic, V.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Shirasaki, G. J. Supran, M. G. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Emergence of colloidal quantum-dot light-emitting technologies,” Nat. Photonics 7(1), 13–23 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Coe, W. K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices,” Nature 420(6917), 800–803 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, H.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, W.

F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, W. R.

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

Char, K.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J. D.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

H. Zhang, H. Li, X. Sun, and S. Chen, “Inverted quantum-dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by all-solution processing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(8), 5493–5498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Liu, X. Zhou, and S. Chen, “Very bright and efficient microcavity top-emitting quantum dot light-emitting diodes with ag electrodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(26), 16768–16775 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, S. M.

W. G. Wang, H. R. Peng, and S. M. Chen, “Highly transparent quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with sputtered indium-tin-oxide electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(9), 1838–1841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L.

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chi, X.

H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cho, H.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coe, S.

S. Coe, W. K. Woo, M. Bawendi, and V. Bulović, “Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices,” Nature 420(6917), 800–803 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coe-Sullivan, S.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Colvin, V. L.

V. L. Colvin, M. C. Schlamp, and A. P. Alivisatos, “Light-emitting diodes made from cadmium selenide nanocrystals and a semiconducting polymer,” Nature 370(6488), 354–357 (1994).
[Crossref]

Cui, C.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, Y. H.

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Du, Z.

F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greco, T.

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hamilton, C.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Han, C. J.

Holloway, P. H.

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

F. Liu, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, J. Zhang, Q. Hu, T. Vergote, F. Liu, T. P. Russell, and X. Zhu, “Efficient semitransparent solar cells with high nir responsiveness enabled by a small-bandgap electron acceptor,” Adv. Mater. epub ahead of print, (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hyvonen, J.

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ippen, C.

Jeong, B. G.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, W.

H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Ji, P. Jing, L. Zhang, D. Li, Q. Zeng, S. Qu, and J. Zhao, “The work mechanism and sub-bandgap-voltage electroluminescence in inverted quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Jing, W. Ji, Q. Zeng, D. Li, S. Qu, J. Wang, and D. Zhang, “Vacuum-free transparent quantum dot light-emitting diodes with silver nanowire cathode,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12499 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, Y.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jing, P.

W. Ji, P. Jing, L. Zhang, D. Li, Q. Zeng, S. Qu, and J. Zhao, “The work mechanism and sub-bandgap-voltage electroluminescence in inverted quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Jing, W. Ji, Q. Zeng, D. Li, S. Qu, J. Wang, and D. Zhang, “Vacuum-free transparent quantum dot light-emitting diodes with silver nanowire cathode,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12499 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kang, H. D.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kazlas, P. T.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Kim, J. K.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

Klimov, V. I.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ko, H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwak, J.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwon, Y.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, D. C.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, J.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kim, C. Ippen, T. Greco, J. Lee, M. S. Oh, C. J. Han, A. Wedel, and J. Kim, “Increased shell thickness in indium phosphide multishell quantum dots leading to efficiency and stability enhancement in light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(7), 1436–1443 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, K. H.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. T.

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, D.

W. Ji, P. Jing, L. Zhang, D. Li, Q. Zeng, S. Qu, and J. Zhao, “The work mechanism and sub-bandgap-voltage electroluminescence in inverted quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 6974 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Jing, W. Ji, Q. Zeng, D. Li, S. Qu, J. Wang, and D. Zhang, “Vacuum-free transparent quantum dot light-emitting diodes with silver nanowire cathode,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 12499 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

H. Zhang, H. Li, X. Sun, and S. Chen, “Inverted quantum-dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by all-solution processing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(8), 5493–5498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L. S.

F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Q.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liang, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lim, J.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Q.

F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, F.

F. Liu, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, J. Zhang, Q. Hu, T. Vergote, F. Liu, T. P. Russell, and X. Zhu, “Efficient semitransparent solar cells with high nir responsiveness enabled by a small-bandgap electron acceptor,” Adv. Mater. epub ahead of print, (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Liu, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, J. Zhang, Q. Hu, T. Vergote, F. Liu, T. P. Russell, and X. Zhu, “Efficient semitransparent solar cells with high nir responsiveness enabled by a small-bandgap electron acceptor,” Adv. Mater. epub ahead of print, (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, G.

G. Liu, X. Zhou, and S. Chen, “Very bright and efficient microcavity top-emitting quantum dot light-emitting diodes with ag electrodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(26), 16768–16775 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Q.

H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Z.

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y. Y.

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
[Crossref]

Manders, J. R.

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mashford, B. S.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Niu, Y.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, M. S.

Ou, Q. D.

J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
[Crossref]

Park, B.

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, I.

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, M.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, Y. S.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, H. R.

W. G. Wang, H. R. Peng, and S. M. Chen, “Highly transparent quantum-dot light-emitting diodes with sputtered indium-tin-oxide electrodes,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(9), 1838–1841 (2016).
[Crossref]

Peng, X.

X. Dai, Z. Zhang, Y. Jin, Y. Niu, H. Cao, X. Liang, L. Chen, J. Wang, and X. Peng, “Solution-processed, high-performance light-emitting diodes based on quantum dots,” Nature 515(7525), 96–99 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pietryga, J. M.

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popovic, Z.

B. S. Mashford, M. Stevenson, Z. Popovic, C. Hamilton, Z. Zhou, C. Breen, J. Steckel, V. Bulovic, M. Bawendi, S. Coe-Sullivan, and P. T. Kazlas, “High-efficiency quantum-dot light-emitting devices with enhanced charge injection,” Nat. Photonics 7(5), 407–412 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qian, L.

Y. X. Yang, Y. Zheng, W. R. Cao, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. R. Manders, J. Xue, P. H. Holloway, and L. Qian, “High-efficiency light-emitting devices based on quantum dots with tailored nanostructures,” Nat. Photonics 9, 259–266 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
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J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
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G. Liu, X. Zhou, and S. Chen, “Very bright and efficient microcavity top-emitting quantum dot light-emitting diodes with ag electrodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(26), 16768–16775 (2016).
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[Crossref]

F. Liu, Z. Zhou, C. Zhang, J. Zhang, Q. Hu, T. Vergote, F. Liu, T. P. Russell, and X. Zhu, “Efficient semitransparent solar cells with high nir responsiveness enabled by a small-bandgap electron acceptor,” Adv. Mater. epub ahead of print, (2017).
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ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (4)

H. Zhang, H. Li, X. Sun, and S. Chen, “Inverted quantum-dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by all-solution processing,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(8), 5493–5498 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Liu, X. Zhou, and S. Chen, “Very bright and efficient microcavity top-emitting quantum dot light-emitting diodes with ag electrodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(26), 16768–16775 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Shen, Q. Lin, H. Wang, L. Qian, Y. Yang, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, Y. Zheng, and L. S. Li, “Efficient and bright colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes via controlling the shell thickness of quantum dots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 5(22), 12011–12016 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, N. Sui, X. Chi, Y. Wang, Q. Liu, H. Zhang, and W. Ji, “Ultrastable quantum-dot light-emitting diodes by suppression of leakage current and exciton quenching processes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(45), 31385–31391 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

K. H. Lee, J. H. Lee, H. D. Kang, B. Park, Y. Kwon, H. Ko, C. Lee, J. Lee, and H. Yang, “Over 40 cd/A efficient green quantum dot electroluminescent device comprising uniquely large-sized quantum dots,” ACS Nano 8(5), 4893–4901 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Energy Mater. (1)

J. D. Chen, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, Y. Q. Li, S. Shen, S. T. Lee, and J. X. Tang, “Enhanced light harvesting in organic solar cells featuring a biomimetic active layer and a self-cleaning antireflective coating,” Adv. Energy Mater. 4(9), 1301777 (2014).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

J. Lim, B. G. Jeong, M. Park, J. K. Kim, J. M. Pietryga, Y. S. Park, V. I. Klimov, C. Lee, D. C. Lee, and W. K. Bae, “Influence of shell thickness on the performance of light-emitting devices based on CdSe/Zn1-X CdX S core/shell heterostructured quantum dots,” Adv. Mater. 26(47), 8034–8040 (2014).
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J. D. Chen, C. Cui, Y. Q. Li, L. Zhou, Q. D. Ou, C. Li, Y. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Single-junction polymer solar cells exceeding 10% power conversion efficiency,” Adv. Mater. 27(6), 1035–1041 (2015).
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Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

X. Yang, G. Zhou, and W. Y. Wong, “Functionalization of phosphorescent emitters and their host materials by main-group elements for phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(23), 8484–8575 (2015).
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Y. Gu, D. D. Zhang, Q. D. Ou, Y. H. Deng, J. J. Zhu, L. Cheng, Z. Liu, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(28), 4319 (2013).
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J. R. Manders, L. Qian, A. Titov, J. Hyvonen, J. Tokarz-Scott, K. P. Acharya, Y. Yang, W. Cao, Y. Zheng, J. Xue, and P. H. Holloway, “High efficiency and ultra-wide color gamut quantum dot LEDs for next generation displays,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 23(11), 523–528 (2015).
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J. Kwak, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, I. Park, J. Lim, M. Park, H. Cho, H. Woo, D. Y. Yoon, K. Char, S. Lee, and C. Lee, “Bright and efficient full-color colloidal quantum dot light-emitting diodes using an inverted device structure,” Nano Lett. 12(5), 2362–2366 (2012).
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F. Zhang, S. Wang, L. Wang, Q. Lin, H. Shen, W. Cao, C. Yang, H. Wang, L. Yu, Z. Du, J. Xue, and L. S. Li, “Super color purity green quantum dot light-emitting diodes fabricated by using CdSe/CdS nanoplatelets,” Nanoscale 8(24), 12182–12188 (2016).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Org. Electron. (1)

D. D. Zhang, R. Wang, Y. Y. Ma, H. X. Wei, Q. D. Ou, Q. K. Wang, L. Zhou, S. T. Lee, Y. Q. Li, and J. X. Tang, “Light extraction enhancement in organic light-emitting diodes based on localized surface plasmon and light scattering double-effect,” Org. Electron. 15, 961–967 (2014).
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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images for (a) n-ZnO, (b) n-ZnO /QDs, (c) s-ZnO, and (d) s-ZnO /QDs.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 AFM images for (a) n-ZnO, (b) n-ZnO /QDs, (c) s-ZnO, and (d) s-ZnO /QDs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) PL and Abs spectra of QDs in solution, and (b) TEM image of QDs.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Photo-electrical properties of QLEDs with n-ZnO and s-ZnO as EIL. (a) voltage-current density, (b) voltage-luminance, (c) voltage-current efficiency, and (d) EL spectra.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 UPS spectrum of bare ITO and s-ZnO/ITO samples.

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