Abstract

Crystalline silicon optical fibers are emerging as a promising platform for a wide range of optoelectronic applications. Here we report a crystallographic study of the material properties within silicon fibers that have been post-processed via a tapering procedure to obtain small, few micron-sized core diameters. Our results reveal that the tapering process can improve the polysilicon quality of the core through the formation of large, centimeter long crystal grains, thus significantly reducing the optical losses.

Published by The Optical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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References

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  1. A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).
  2. R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  3. F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. F. Nordstrand, A. N. Dibbs, A. J. Eråker, and U. J. Gibson, “Alkaline oxide interface modifiers for silicon fiber production,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 651 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  9. C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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  14. N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. B. Scott and G. Pickrell, “Silicon optical fiber diameter dependent grain size,” J. Cryst. Growth 371, 134 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. A. C. Peacock, “Soliton propagation in tapered silicon core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3697 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (4)

J. S. Orcutt, S. D. Tang, S. Kramer, K. Mehta, H. Li, V. Stojanović, and R. J. Ram, “Low-loss polysilicon waveguides fabricated in an emulated high-volume electronics process,” Opt. Express 20, 7243 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kwong, J. Covey, A. Hosseini, Y. Zhang, X. Xu, and R. T. Chen, “Ultralow-loss polycrystalline silicon waveguides and high uniformity 1×12 MMI fanout for 3D photonic integration,” Opt. Express 20, 21722 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Peacock, “Soliton propagation in tapered silicon core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3697 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2000 (1)

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Abouraddy, A. F.

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

Badding, J. V.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ballato, J.

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[Crossref]

Baril, N. F.

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bulgakova, N. M.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. T.

Cheng, H. Y.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

Covey, J.

Daw, M.

Day, T. D.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

Deng, D. S.

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dibbs, A. N.

Ellison, M.

Eråker, A. J.

Fokine, M.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Foy, P.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[Crossref]

Franz, Y.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gibson, U. J.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

E. F. Nordstrand, A. N. Dibbs, A. J. Eråker, and U. J. Gibson, “Alkaline oxide interface modifiers for silicon fiber production,” Opt. Mater. Express 3, 651 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gopalan, V.

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hawkins, T.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[Crossref]

He, R.

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Healy, N.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hosseini, A.

Jones, M.

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kaufman, J. J.

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kokuoz, B.

Koukharenko, E.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kramer, S.

Krishnamurthi, M.

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kwong, D.

Lagonigro, L.

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Liu, Y.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Mailis, S.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martinsen, F. A.

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

McMillen, C.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, R. Stolen, B. Kokuoz, M. Ellison, C. McMillen, J. Reppert, A. M. Rao, M. Daw, S. Sharma, R. Shori, O. Stafsudd, R. R. Rice, and D. R. Powers, “Silicon optical fiber,” Opt. Express 16, 18675 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mehta, K.

Morris, S.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Nord, M.

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nordstrand, E. F.

Orcutt, J. S.

Pan, S.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Peacock, A. C.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).

F. H. Suhailin, L. Shen, N. Healy, L. Xiao, M. Jones, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, U. J. Gibson, and A. C. Peacock, “Tapered polysilicon core fibers for nonlinear photonics,” Opt. Lett. 41, 1360 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Peacock, “Soliton propagation in tapered silicon core fibers,” Opt. Lett. 35, 3697 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pickrell, G.

B. Scott and G. Pickrell, “Silicon optical fiber diameter dependent grain size,” J. Cryst. Growth 371, 134 (2013).
[Crossref]

Powers, D. R.

Ram, R. J.

Rao, A. M.

Reppert, J.

Rice, R.

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rice, R. R.

Sazio, P. J. A.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scott, B.

B. Scott and G. Pickrell, “Silicon optical fiber diameter dependent grain size,” J. Cryst. Growth 371, 134 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shabahang, S.

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sharma, S.

Shen, L.

Shori, R.

Smeltzer, B. K.

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sparks, J. R.

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, ‘Tapered silicon optical fibers,” Opt. Express 18, 7596 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stafsudd, O.

Stojanovic, V.

Stolen, R.

Suhailin, F. H.

Tang, S. D.

Wang, R.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Xiao, L.

Xu, X.

Yu, D.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Zhang, H.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Zhou, G.

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Adv. Mater. (1)

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. A. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc Selenide Optical Fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23, 1647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 laser-induced directional recrystallization to produce single crystal silicon-core optical fibers with low loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4, 1004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Shabahang, J. J. Kaufman, D. S. Deng, and A. F. Abouraddy, “Observation of the Plateau-Rayleigh capillary instability in multi-material optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 161909 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Lagonigro, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, N. F. Baril, P. J. A. Sazio, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Low loss silicon fibers for photonics applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 041105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. X (1)

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibers - past, present, and future,” Appl. Phys. X 1, 114 (2016).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

B. Scott and G. Pickrell, “Silicon optical fiber diameter dependent grain size,” J. Cryst. Growth 371, 134 (2013).
[Crossref]

Nat. Materials (1)

N. Healy, S. Mailis, N. M. Bulgakova, P. J. A. Sazio, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, H. Y. Cheng, J. V. Badding, and A. C. Peacock, “Extreme electronic bandgap modification in laser-crystallized silicon optical fibers,” Nat. Materials 13, 1122 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

R. He, P. J. A. Sazio, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, J. R. Sparks, M. Krishnamurthi, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Integration of gigahertz-bandwidth semiconductor devices inside microstructured optical fibers,” Nat. Photonics 6, 174 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mat. (1)

C. McMillen, G. Brambilla, S. Morris, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, N. Broderick, E. Koukharenko, R. Rice, and J. Ballato, “On crystallographic orientation in crystal core optical fibers II: Effects of tapering,” Opt. Mat. 35, 93 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phy. Rev. B (1)

R. Wang, G. Zhou, Y. Liu, S. Pan, H. Zhang, D. Yu, and Z. Zhang, “Raman spectral study of silicon nanowires: High-order scattering and phonon confinement effects,” Phy. Rev. B 61, 827 (2000).

Sci. Rep. (1)

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, M. Nord, T. Hawkins, J. Ballato, and U. J. Gibson, “Silicon-core glass fibers as microwire radial-junction solar cells,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6283 (2014).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 a) Schematic of the tapering process. b) Longitudinal image of a silicon core tapered fiber. c) & d) Polished fiber cross-sections, with core diameters of 0.6 μm and 4.5 μm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Evolution of the Raman peak width a) and position b) along a 2 μm core fiber. The untapered, transition and tapered regions are indicated by I, II and III respectively. The red dashed lines mark out the different sections of the taper.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 a) Schematic of the XRD geometry. XRD patterns for single crystal grains sampled within b) the as-drawn fiber and c) the tapered waist section. Large dashed curves indicate the projection of the Debye cone for the silicon planes b) <311> and c) <220>. Insets show close ups of the diffracted beam, where the dotted curve is aligned to the beam center.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 a) Lattice spacing of diffraction spots measured via XRD along the as-drawn fiber (blue) and a tapered waist (red), corresponding to the labeled crystallographic planes. b) SEM and c) topographical ZeScope image of an etched silicon fiber waist. d) Measurements of the maximum grain length together with loss values for different tapered waists.

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