Abstract

Amorphous selenium (a-Se) core fibers with glass cladding have immediately been fabricated using the molten core method. The high aspect ratio of the a-Se core fibers and the presence of the glass cladding surrounding the Se core make it convenient to convert the a-Se core into a polycrystalline structure. It is found that the two-step thermal annealing process allows for the increase of crystal grain size and decrease of the structure defects in the Se core. Therefore, a low propagation loss of 1.5 dB/cm at 1310 nm has been realized for the polycrystalline selenium (c-Se) core optical fibers obtained by the wo-step annealing a-Se core fibers, first at a 80 °C low temperature annealing followed by a 207 °C high temperature annealing, which is much lower than that reported for c-Se core optical fibers (2.6 dB/cm).

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (2)

W. Yan, T. Nguyen-Dang, C. Cayron, T. D. Gupta, A. G. Page, Y. Qu, and F. Sorin, “Microstructure tailoring of selenium-core multimaterial optoelectronic fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(4), 1388–1397 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

2016 (6)

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

M. A. Schmidt, A. Argyros, and F. Sorin, “Hybrid Optical Fibers: Hybrid Optical Fibers-An Innovative Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 13–36 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibres-past, present, and future,” Adv. Phys. X 1(1), 114–127 (2016).

A. C. Peacock and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres for infrared applications: A review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(10), 1–12 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 92(2), 24–29 (2013).

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, P. Foy, S. Morris, N. K. Hon, B. Jalali, and R. Rice, “Silica-clad crystalline germanium core optical fibers,” Opt. Lett. 36(5), 687–688 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

M. Kawarada and Y. Nishina, “The Structure and Crystallization of Amorphous Se,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14(10), 1519–1528 (1975).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

J. L. Hartke, “Drift Mobilities of Electrons and Holes and Space-Charge-Limited Currentsin Amorphous Selenium Films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A.

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Abouraddy, A. F.

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amezcua-Correa, A.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Argyros, A.

M. A. Schmidt, A. Argyros, and F. Sorin, “Hybrid Optical Fibers: Hybrid Optical Fibers-An Innovative Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 13–36 (2016).
[Crossref]

Badding, J. V.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ballato, J.

Baril, N. F.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bayindir, M.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benoit, G.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Borhan, A.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Burka, L.

Cattle, B.

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cayron, C.

Chaudhuri, S.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Crespi, V. H.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cui, Q.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Daw, M.

Day, T. D.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, D.

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ellison, M.

Feng, Z. M.

Fink, Y.

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Finlayson, C. E.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fokine, M.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Foy, P.

Franz, Y.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, H.

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gates, B.

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gibson, U. J.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibres-past, present, and future,” Adv. Phys. X 1(1), 114–127 (2016).

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gopalan, V.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gowtham, M.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gupta, T. D.

Hart, S. D.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hartke, J. L.

J. L. Hartke, “Drift Mobilities of Electrons and Holes and Space-Charge-Limited Currentsin Amorphous Selenium Films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
[Crossref]

Hawkins, T.

Hayes, J. R.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, R.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Healy, N.

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres for infrared applications: A review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(10), 1–12 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hock, R.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hölzing, A.

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hon, N. K.

Hou, Y.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

Jackson, B. R.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jalali, B.

Ji, X.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z. H.

Joannopoulos, J.

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jones, M.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

F. A. Martinsen, B. K. Smeltzer, J. Ballato, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, and U. J. Gibson, “Light trapping in horizontally aligned silicon microwire solar cells,” Opt. Express 23(24), A1463–A1471 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jost, S.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kawarada, M.

M. Kawarada and Y. Nishina, “The Structure and Crystallization of Amorphous Se,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14(10), 1519–1528 (1975).
[Crossref]

Keshavarzi, B.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kokuoz, B.

Krishnamurthi, M.

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuriki, K.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lechner, R.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, T.

Liu, W.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Louis, B.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Mao, H. K.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Margine, E. R.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinsen, F. A.

Mayers, B.

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

McMillen, C.

Menke, E. J.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mohney, S. E.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

Morris, S.

Nguyen-Dang, T.

Nishina, Y.

M. Kawarada and Y. Nishina, “The Structure and Crystallization of Amorphous Se,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14(10), 1519–1528 (1975).
[Crossref]

Nitta, S.

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nonomura, S.

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

Orf, N.

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Page, A. G.

Page, R. L.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

Palm, J.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peacock, A. C.

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibres-past, present, and future,” Adv. Phys. X 1(1), 114–127 (2016).

A. C. Peacock and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres for infrared applications: A review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(10), 1–12 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, K.

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Penner, R. M.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Podila, R.

Powers, D. R.

Qian, G.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

Qian, Q.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qu, Y.

Rao, A. M.

Reppert, J.

Rice, R.

Rice, R. R.

Sazio, P. J.

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sazio, P. J. A.

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

Scheidemantel, T. J.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M. A.

M. A. Schmidt, A. Argyros, and F. Sorin, “Hybrid Optical Fibers: Hybrid Optical Fibers-An Innovative Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 13–36 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shapira, O.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sharma, S. R.

Shen, L.

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shori, R.

Smeltzer, B. K.

Sorin, F.

W. Yan, T. Nguyen-Dang, C. Cayron, T. D. Gupta, A. G. Page, Y. Qu, and F. Sorin, “Microstructure tailoring of selenium-core multimaterial optoelectronic fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(4), 1388–1397 (2017).
[Crossref]

M. A. Schmidt, A. Argyros, and F. Sorin, “Hybrid Optical Fibers: Hybrid Optical Fibers-An Innovative Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 13–36 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sparks, J. R.

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stafsudd, O.

Stolen, R.

Stolyarov, A. M.

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, M.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tang, G.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, G.

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Temelkuran, B.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. A.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Umehara, A.

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

Wen, X.

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wibowo, R. A.

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

Won, D. J.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Xiang, C.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, S. H.

Yan, W.

Yang, K.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

Yang, L. C.

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z.

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, X. Chen, W. Liu, M. Sun, and Z. Yang, “Reactive molten core fabrication of glass-clad Se0.8Te0.2 semiconductor core optical fibers,” Opt. Express 23(18), 23624–23633 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Z. M.

Yoo, H.

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, S. Y.

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

Zhang, F.

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q. Y.

Zhang, W. N.

Zhou, G.

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zou, G.

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

S. Chaudhuri, J. R. Sparks, X. Ji, M. Krishnamurthi, L. Shen, N. Healy, A. C. Peacock, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Crystalline Silicon Optical Fibers with Low Optical Loss,” ACS Photonics 3(3), 378–384 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

B. Gates, B. Mayers, B. Cattle, and Y. Xia, “Synthesis and Characterization of Uniform Nanowires of Trigonal Selenium,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 12(3), 219–227 (2002).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

J. R. Sparks, R. He, N. Healy, M. Krishnamurthi, A. C. Peacock, P. J. Sazio, V. Gopalan, and J. V. Badding, “Zinc selenide optical fibers,” Adv. Mater. 23(14), 1647–1651 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (3)

M. A. Schmidt, A. Argyros, and F. Sorin, “Hybrid Optical Fibers: Hybrid Optical Fibers-An Innovative Platform for In-Fiber Photonic Devices,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(1), 13–36 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Ji, R. L. Page, S. Chaudhuri, W. Liu, S. Y. Yu, S. E. Mohney, J. V. Badding, and V. Gopalan, “Single-Crystal Germanium Core Optoelectronic Fibers,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 5(1), 1–6 (2017).

N. Healy, M. Fokine, Y. Franz, T. Hawkins, M. Jones, J. Ballato, A. C. Peacock, and U. J. Gibson, “CO2 Laser-Induced Directional Recrystallization to Produce Single Crystal Silicon-Core Optical Fibers with Low Loss,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(7), 1004–1008 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Phys. X (1)

A. C. Peacock, U. J. Gibson, and J. Ballato, “Silicon optical fibres-past, present, and future,” Adv. Phys. X 1(1), 114–127 (2016).

AIP Adv. (1)

G. Tang, Q. Qian, K. Peng, X. Wen, G. Zhou, M. Sun, X. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Selenium semiconductor core optical fibers,” AIP Adv. 5(2), 027113 (2015).
[Crossref]

Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. (1)

S. Morris and J. Ballato, “Molten-core fabrication of novel optical fibers,” Am. Ceram. Soc. Bull. 92(2), 24–29 (2013).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. E. Finlayson, A. Amezcua-Correa, P. J. A. Sazio, N. F. Baril, and J. V. Badding, “Electrical and Raman characterization of silicon and germanium-filled microstructured optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(13), 132110 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Deng, N. Orf, S. Danto, A. Abouraddy, J. Joannopoulos, and Y. Fink, “Processing and properties of centimeter-long, in-fiber, crystalline-selenium filaments,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(2), 023102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

A. Umehara, S. Nitta, H. Furukawa, and S. Nonomura, “Preparation and properties of nanocrystalline semiconductor selenium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 119(1), 176–180 (1997).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. (1)

G. Tao, A. F. Abouraddy, A. M. Stolyarov, and Y. Fink, “Multimaterial Fibers,” Int. J. Appl. Glass Sci. 3(4), 349–368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Alloys Compd. (2)

G. Tang, Q. Qian, X. Wen, G. Zhou, X. Chen, M. Sun, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Phosphate glass-clad tellurium semiconductor core optical fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 633(6), 1–4 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Tang, W. Liu, Q. Qian, G. Qian, M. Sun, L. Yang, K. Huang, D. Chen, and Z. Yang, “Antimony selenide core fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 694(10), 497–501 (2016).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

N. F. Baril, R. He, T. D. Day, J. R. Sparks, B. Keshavarzi, M. Krishnamurthi, A. Borhan, V. Gopalan, A. C. Peacock, N. Healy, P. J. Sazio, and J. V. Badding, “Confined high-pressure chemical deposition of hydrogenated amorphous silicon,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(1), 19–22 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

K. Yang, Q. Cui, Y. Hou, B. Liu, Q. Zhou, J. Hu, H. K. Mao, and G. Zou, “Pressure-induced crystallization and phase transformation of amorphous selenium: Raman spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction studies,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 19(42), 425220 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kawarada and Y. Nishina, “The Structure and Crystallization of Amorphous Se,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 14(10), 1519–1528 (1975).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. C. Peacock, J. R. Sparks, and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres: progress and opportunities,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(1), 53–72 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

A. F. Abouraddy, M. Bayindir, G. Benoit, S. D. Hart, K. Kuriki, N. Orf, O. Shapira, F. Sorin, B. Temelkuran, and Y. Fink, “Towards multimaterial multifunctional fibres that see, hear, sense and communicate,” Nat. Mater. 6(5), 336–347 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. J. Menke, M. A. Thompson, C. Xiang, L. C. Yang, and R. M. Penner, “Lithographically patterned nanowire electrodeposition,” Nat. Mater. 5(11), 914–919 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. L. Hartke, “Drift Mobilities of Electrons and Holes and Space-Charge-Limited Currentsin Amorphous Selenium Films,” Phys. Rev. 125(4), 1177–1192 (1962).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

P. J. Sazio, A. Amezcua-Correa, C. E. Finlayson, J. R. Hayes, T. J. Scheidemantel, N. F. Baril, B. R. Jackson, D. J. Won, F. Zhang, E. R. Margine, V. Gopalan, V. H. Crespi, and J. V. Badding, “Microstructured optical fibers as high-pressure microfluidic reactors,” Science 311(5767), 1583–1586 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

A. C. Peacock and N. Healy, “Semiconductor optical fibres for infrared applications: A review,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 31(10), 1–12 (2016).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (2)

H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, A. Hölzing, R. Lechner, J. Palm, S. Jost, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, and R. Hock, “Investigation of the solid state reactions by time-resolved X-ray diffraction while crystallizing kesterite Cu2ZnSnSe4 thin films,” Thin Solid Films 535(1), 73–77 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Lechner, S. Jost, J. Palm, M. Gowtham, F. Sorin, B. Louis, H. Yoo, R. A. Wibowo, and R. Hock, “Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 solar cells processed by rapid thermal processing of stacked elemental layer precursors,” Thin Solid Films 535(20), 5–9 (2013).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) The SEM image of the as-drawn Se core fiber. (b)-(d) The EDS mappings of the marked area in (a). Yellow, cyan and red denote element selenium (Se), phosphorus (P) and oxygen (O), respectively.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) The DSC curve of amorphous Se core. (b) The Raman spectra of annealed Se core fiber at different temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The FWHM of the lorentzian Raman component of the Se core fibers annealed at different temperature.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) and (b) The SEM images of polycrystalline Se core annealed at 80 °C and 207 °C, respectively. (c) The SEM images of polycrystalline Se core annealed first at 80 °C and followed by 207 °C. (d) The interface between the glass cladding and the core of the fibers after being annealed first at 80 °C and followed by 207 °C.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) TEM image of the c-Se fiber. (b) HR-TEM image of SAED 1 patterns in (a). (c) SAED image of (b). (d) SAED patterns of the selected area 2 of the c-Se fiber in (a).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Current-voltage characteristics of c-Se optical fiber annealed at 80 °C and followed at 207 °C in the dark and illuminated states.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Optical loss value of Selenium core fibers annealed at different temperatures

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