Abstract

We demonstrate the formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSS) in bismuth (Bi) thin films by irradiation with nanosecond laser pulses. We report on the formation and the destruction of the LIPSS as a result of the delivered number of pulses; both the formation and destruction threshold were very well determined. Results show that the obtained LIPSS are perpendicular to the laser polarization, and their ripple periodicity is on the order of the irradiation wavelength. Although all the irradiation experiments were done in ambient air, Raman micro-spectroscopy indicates that the LIPSS are constituted by metallic bismuth, i. e. the LIPSS formation is oxidation free.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  4. Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  10. H. M. van Driel, J. E. Sipe, and J. F. Young, “Laser-induced periodic surface structures on solids: a universal phenomenon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49(26), 1955–1958 (1982).
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  12. J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
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  15. S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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  18. B. Tan and K. Venkatakrishnan, “A femtosecond laser-induced periodical surface structure on crystalline silicon,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(5), 1080–1085 (2006).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  23. M. A. Zepeda, M. Picquart, and E. Haro-Poniatowski, “Laser Induced Oxidation Effects in Bismuth Thin Films,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 1477 (2012)
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  26. A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. S. Lannin, J. M. Calleja, and M. Cardona, “Second-order Raman scattering in the group-Vb semimetals: Bi, Sb, and As,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 585–593 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Toudert, R. Serna, I. Camps, J. Wojcik, P. Mascher, E. Rebollar, T. A. Ezquerra, “Unveiling the Far Infrared – to – Ultraviolet Optical Properties of Bismuth for Application in Plasmonics and Nanophotonics,” J. Phys. Chem. C. Just Accepted Manuscript.
    [Crossref]

2016 (1)

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

E. L. Gurevich and S. V. Gurevich, “Laser Induced Periodic Surface Structures induced by surface plasmons coupled via roughness,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 302, 118–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. A. Steele and R. A. Lewis, “In situ micro-Raman studies of laser-induced bismuth oxidation reveals metastability of β-Bi2O3 microislands,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(10), 2133–2142 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

T. Hwang and C. Guo, “Angular effects of nanostructure-covered femtosecond laser induced periodic surface structures on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(7), 073523 (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Kumari, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “Laser oxidation and wide-band photoluminescence of thermal evaporated bismuth thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(2), 025405 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

B. Tan and K. Venkatakrishnan, “A femtosecond laser-induced periodical surface structure on crystalline silicon,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(5), 1080–1085 (2006).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

J. C. G. de Sande, T. Missana, and C. N. Afonso, “Optical properties of pulsed laser deposited bismuth films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 7023–7027 (1996).
[Crossref]

1983 (2)

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

H. M. van Driel, J. E. Sipe, and J. F. Young, “Laser-induced periodic surface structures on solids: a universal phenomenon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49(26), 1955–1958 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

J. S. Lannin, J. M. Calleja, and M. Cardona, “Second-order Raman scattering in the group-Vb semimetals: Bi, Sb, and As,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 585–593 (1975).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

M. Siegrist, G. Kaech, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Formation of a periodic wave structure on the dry surface of a solid by TEA-CO2 laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 2(1), 45–46 (1973).
[Crossref]

Afonso, C. N.

J. C. G. de Sande, T. Missana, and C. N. Afonso, “Optical properties of pulsed laser deposited bismuth films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 7023–7027 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ahn, Y.

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Alfonso, J. E.

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bedoya-Hincapié, C. M.

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

Beltrán, A.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Berta, M.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Biver, E.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Calleja, J. M.

J. S. Lannin, J. M. Calleja, and M. Cardona, “Second-order Raman scattering in the group-Vb semimetals: Bi, Sb, and As,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 585–593 (1975).
[Crossref]

Camacho-López, M.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

Camacho-López, M. A.

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

Camacho-López, S.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

Camps, E.

E. Camps, S. E. Rodil, J. A. Salas, and H. V. Estrada, “A detailed study of the synthesis of bismuth thin films by PVD-Methods and their Structural Characterization,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 14772012.
[Crossref]

Cardona, M.

J. S. Lannin, J. M. Calleja, and M. Cardona, “Second-order Raman scattering in the group-Vb semimetals: Bi, Sb, and As,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 585–593 (1975).
[Crossref]

Castillejo, M.

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

D’Aleo, A.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

de la Roche, J.

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Sande, J. C. G.

J. C. G. de Sande, T. Missana, and C. N. Afonso, “Optical properties of pulsed laser deposited bismuth films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 7023–7027 (1996).
[Crossref]

Delaporte, P.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Escobar-Alarcón, L.

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

Esparza-García, A.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

Estrada, H. V.

E. Camps, S. E. Rodil, J. A. Salas, and H. V. Estrada, “A detailed study of the synthesis of bismuth thin films by PVD-Methods and their Structural Characterization,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 14772012.
[Crossref]

Evans, R.

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ezquerra, T. A.

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fages, F.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ganeev, R. A.

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gigmes, D.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gomis, O.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

T. Hwang and C. Guo, “Angular effects of nanostructure-covered femtosecond laser induced periodic surface structures on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(7), 073523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gurevich, E. L.

E. L. Gurevich and S. V. Gurevich, “Laser Induced Periodic Surface Structures induced by surface plasmons coupled via roughness,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 302, 118–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gurevich, S. V.

E. L. Gurevich and S. V. Gurevich, “Laser Induced Periodic Surface Structures induced by surface plasmons coupled via roughness,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 302, 118–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Haro-Poniatowski, E.

M. A. Zepeda, M. Picquart, and E. Haro-Poniatowski, “Laser Induced Oxidation Effects in Bismuth Thin Films,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 1477 (2012)
[Crossref]

Hautefeuille, M.

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hossond, J. T. M. D.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, M.

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hwang, T.

T. Hwang and C. Guo, “Angular effects of nanostructure-covered femtosecond laser induced periodic surface structures on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(7), 073523 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jain, A. K.

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

Jeong, K. H.

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jia, T. Q.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kaech, G.

M. Siegrist, G. Kaech, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Formation of a periodic wave structure on the dry surface of a solid by TEA-CO2 laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 2(1), 45–46 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. I.

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y. H.

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kneubühl, F. K.

M. Siegrist, G. Kaech, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Formation of a periodic wave structure on the dry surface of a solid by TEA-CO2 laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 2(1), 45–46 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kulkarni, V. N.

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kumari, L.

L. Kumari, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “Laser oxidation and wide-band photoluminescence of thermal evaporated bismuth thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(2), 025405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, H.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lannin, J. S.

J. S. Lannin, J. M. Calleja, and M. Cardona, “Second-order Raman scattering in the group-Vb semimetals: Bi, Sb, and As,” Phys. Rev. B 12(2), 585–593 (1975).
[Crossref]

Lewis, R. A.

Lin, J.-H.

L. Kumari, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “Laser oxidation and wide-band photoluminescence of thermal evaporated bismuth thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(2), 025405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.-R.

L. Kumari, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “Laser oxidation and wide-band photoluminescence of thermal evaporated bismuth thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(2), 025405 (2008).
[Crossref]

Manjón, F. J.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maria, S.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Martín, M.

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Miguel, A.

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

Missana, T.

J. C. G. de Sande, T. Missana, and C. N. Afonso, “Optical properties of pulsed laser deposited bismuth films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 7023–7027 (1996).
[Crossref]

Mitko, V. S.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Muñoz, A.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Obonad, J. V.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ocelíkd, V.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Olaya-Florez, J. J.

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

Olea-Mejía, O.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

Oujja, M.

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Pereira, A. L. J.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Pérez, S.

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Phan, T. N. T.

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

Picquart, M.

M. A. Zepeda, M. Picquart, and E. Haro-Poniatowski, “Laser Induced Oxidation Effects in Bismuth Thin Films,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 1477 (2012)
[Crossref]

Popescu, C.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Preston, J. S.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

Rebollar, E.

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

Restrepo-Parra, E.

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

Reyes-Contreras, A.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rodil, S. E.

E. Camps, S. E. Rodil, J. A. Salas, and H. V. Estrada, “A detailed study of the synthesis of bismuth thin films by PVD-Methods and their Structural Characterization,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 14772012.
[Crossref]

Rodríguez-Hernández, P.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Römerb, G. R. B. E.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Salas, J. A.

E. Camps, S. E. Rodil, J. A. Salas, and H. V. Estrada, “A detailed study of the synthesis of bismuth thin films by PVD-Methods and their Structural Characterization,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 14772012.
[Crossref]

Sans, J. A.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sanz, M.

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

Siegrist, M.

M. Siegrist, G. Kaech, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Formation of a periodic wave structure on the dry surface of a solid by TEA-CO2 laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 2(1), 45–46 (1973).
[Crossref]

Sipe, J. E.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. M. van Driel, J. E. Sipe, and J. F. Young, “Laser-induced periodic surface structures on solids: a universal phenomenon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49(26), 1955–1958 (1982).
[Crossref]

Skolskia, J. Z. P.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sood, D. K.

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

Steele, J. A.

Tan, B.

B. Tan and K. Venkatakrishnan, “A femtosecond laser-induced periodical surface structure on crystalline silicon,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(5), 1080–1085 (2006).
[Crossref]

Uppal, J. S.

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

van Driel, H. M.

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. M. van Driel, J. E. Sipe, and J. F. Young, “Laser-induced periodic surface structures on solids: a universal phenomenon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49(26), 1955–1958 (1982).
[Crossref]

Veldb, A. J. H.

V. S. Mitko, G. R. B. E. Römerb, A. J. H. Veldb, J. Z. P. Skolskia, J. V. Obonad, V. Ocelíkd, and J. T. M. D. Hossond, “Properties of High-Frequency sub-wavelength ripples on stainless steel 304L under ultra-short Pulse Laser Irradiation,” Phys. Procedia 12, 99–104 (2011).
[Crossref]

Venegas-Castro, A.

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

Venkatakrishnan, K.

B. Tan and K. Venkatakrishnan, “A femtosecond laser-induced periodical surface structure on crystalline silicon,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(5), 1080–1085 (2006).
[Crossref]

Vilaplana, R.

A. L. J. Pereira, J. A. Sans, R. Vilaplana, O. Gomis, F. J. Manjón, P. Rodríguez-Hernández, A. Muñoz, C. Popescu, and A. Beltrán, “Isostructural Second-Order Phase Transition of β-Bi2O3 at High Pressures: An Experimental and Theoretical Study,” J. Phys. Chem. C 118(40), 23189–23201 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, X. J.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, N. S.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z. Z.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Young, J. F.

J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, H. M. van Driel, and J. E. Sipe, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. II. Experiments on Ge, Si, Al, and brass,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1155–1172 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. E. Sipe, J. F. Young, J. S. Preston, and H. M. van Driel, “Laser-induced periodic surface structure. I. Theory,” Phys. Rev. B 27(2), 1141–1154 (1983).
[Crossref]

H. M. van Driel, J. E. Sipe, and J. F. Young, “Laser-induced periodic surface structures on solids: a universal phenomenon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49(26), 1955–1958 (1982).
[Crossref]

Zepeda, M. A.

M. A. Zepeda, M. Picquart, and E. Haro-Poniatowski, “Laser Induced Oxidation Effects in Bismuth Thin Films,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 1477 (2012)
[Crossref]

Zhao, F.

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhao, F. L.

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. (1)

M. Huang, Y. Cheng, F. Zhao, and Z. Xu, “The significant role of plasmonic effects in femtosecond laser-induced grating fabrication on the nanoscale,” Ann. Phys. 525(1–2), 74–86 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

M. Siegrist, G. Kaech, and F. K. Kneubühl, “Formation of a periodic wave structure on the dry surface of a solid by TEA-CO2 laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 2(1), 45–46 (1973).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

X. J. Wu, T. Q. Jia, F. L. Zhao, M. Huang, N. S. Xu, H. Kuroda, and Z. Z. Xu, “Formation mechanisms of uniform arrays of periodic nanoparticles and nanoripples on 6H-SiC crystal surface induced by femtosecond laser ablation,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 86(4), 491–495 (2007).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (5)

M. Berta, E. Biver, S. Maria, T. N. T. Phan, A. D’Aleo, P. Delaporte, F. Fages, and D. Gigmes, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structuring of cross-linked azo-polymer films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 282, 880–886 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Hautefeuille, A. Esparza-García, O. Olea-Mejía, and M. A. Camacho-López, “Inexpensive laser-induced surface modification in bismuth thin films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 336, 212–216 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Sanz, E. Rebollar, R. A. Ganeev, and M. Castillejo, “Nanosecond laser-induced periodic surface structures on wide band-gap semiconductors,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 278, 325–329 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Camacho-López, R. Evans, L. Escobar-Alarcón, and A. Miguel, “Camacho-Lopez and Marco A. Camacho-López, “Polarization-dependent single-beam laser-induced grating-like effects on titanium films,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 255(5), 3028–3032 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. L. Gurevich and S. V. Gurevich, “Laser Induced Periodic Surface Structures induced by surface plasmons coupled via roughness,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 302, 118–123 (2014).
[Crossref]

Curr. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Ahn, Y. H. Kim, S. I. Kim, and K. H. Jeong, “Thickness dependent surface microstructure evolution of bismuth thin film prepared by molecular beam deposition method,” Curr. Appl. Phys. 12(6), 1518–1522 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. (1)

C. M. Bedoya-Hincapié, J. de la Roche, E. Restrepo-Parra, J. E. Alfonso, and J. J. Olaya-Florez, “Structural and morphological behavior of bismuth thin films grown through DC-magnetron sputtering,” Ing. Rev. Chil. Ing. 23(1), 92–97 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

A. K. Jain, V. N. Kulkarni, D. K. Sood, and J. S. Uppal, “Periodic surface ripples in laser-treated aluminum and their use to determine absorbed power,” J. Appl. Phys. 52(7), 4882–4884 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. C. G. de Sande, T. Missana, and C. N. Afonso, “Optical properties of pulsed laser deposited bismuth films,” J. Appl. Phys. 80(12), 7023–7027 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. Hwang and C. Guo, “Angular effects of nanostructure-covered femtosecond laser induced periodic surface structures on metals,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(7), 073523 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

B. Tan and K. Venkatakrishnan, “A femtosecond laser-induced periodical surface structure on crystalline silicon,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 16(5), 1080–1085 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

A. Venegas-Castro, A. Reyes-Contreras, M. Camacho-López, O. Olea-Mejía, S. Camacho-López, and A. Esparza-García, “Study of the integrated fluence threshold condition for the formation of β-Bi2O3 on Bi thin films by using ns laser pulses,” J. Opt. Laser Technol. 81, 50–54 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

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J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

L. Kumari, J.-H. Lin, and Y.-R. Ma, “Laser oxidation and wide-band photoluminescence of thermal evaporated bismuth thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 41(2), 025405 (2008).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Procedia (1)

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Other (6)

G. F. Nordberg, Bruce A. Fowler and M. Nordberg, Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals. Vol II: Specific Metals (Elsevier 2015) Chap. 31.

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J. Toudert, R. Serna, I. Camps, J. Wojcik, P. Mascher, E. Rebollar, T. A. Ezquerra, “Unveiling the Far Infrared – to – Ultraviolet Optical Properties of Bismuth for Application in Plasmonics and Nanophotonics,” J. Phys. Chem. C. Just Accepted Manuscript.
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M. A. Zepeda, M. Picquart, and E. Haro-Poniatowski, “Laser Induced Oxidation Effects in Bismuth Thin Films,” in Proceedings of Material Research Society Symposium. 1477 (2012)
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M. Castillejo, T. A. Ezquerra, M. Martín, M. Oujja, S. Pérez, and E. Rebollar, “Laser nanostructuring of polymers: Ripples and applications,” in Proceedings of AIP Conference. 1464, 372–380 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental setup to generate LIPSS in bismuth films.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Photograph of marks generated on a Bi thin film after its irradiation with ns-laser pulses, the labels indicate the number of delivered pulses.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Diffraction of white light off the irradiated spots (LIPSS regions). I, II, III, IV and V photographs were taken at different viewing angles.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical and SEM images of (a) as-deposited bismuth film, (b) spot with 50 pulses and (c) spot with 600 pulses.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Raman Spectra for the (a) non irradiated bismuth film, (b) irradiated spot with 50 pulses, (c) irradiated spot with 600 pulses.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 AFM of LIPSS for 50 laser pulses. a) AFM image, b) LIPSS profile, (c) ripples height as a function of the number of laser pulses.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Phenomenological description of the laser-induced effects on the Bi thin film as a function of number of delivered laser pulses, (b) Photograph showing a set of irradiated spots, on the Bi thin film, for 1 and up to 55 delivered laser pulses at 80 mJ/cm2.

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