Abstract

A SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce crystal fiber (SYCF) was fabricated using the modified rod-in-tube method. The inter-diffusion of Ce3+ between the YAP:Ce core and SiO2 glass cladding is investigated by an energy dispersive spectrometer and a refractive index profiler. Photoluminescence (PL) properties of both SYCF and fiber fabrication materials are compared. A wide PL band from 320 to 600 nm in SYCF is observed showing a different response when compared to YAP:Ce crystal material. The radiative life time of SYCF at 370 and 486 are approximately 29 and 61 ns, respectively. We confirm the PL center belongs to the Ce3+ in two types of YAP:Ce and SiO2 host using decay kinetics. In addition, the competition mechanism of Ce3+ ion transition from YAP to SiO2 is explained using a microstructural model. The scintillation and luminescence properties of SYCF indicate promising potential applications in remote radiative environment monitoring and in radiotherapy.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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2017 (2)

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, J. Wen, Q. Guo, F. Pang, Z. Chen, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Fluorescence properties and energy level structure of Ce-doped silica fiber materials,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(3), 751–759 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

2014 (9)

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Ghosh, M. C. Paul, Y. O. Barmenkov, V. Aboites, and N. S. Kozlova, “Ce-doped and Ce/Au-codoped alumino-phospho-silicate fibers: Spectral attenuation trends at high-energy electron irradiation and posterior low-power optical bleaching,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(3), 434–448 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, S. Agnello, S. Girard, A. Alessi, P. Paillet, C. Marcandella, N. Richard, F. M. Gelardi, and Y. Ouerdane, “X-ray irradiation effects on fluorine-doped germanosilicate optical fibers,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(8), 1683–1695 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. M. Moutinho, I. F. Castro, L. Peralta, M. C. Abreu, and J. F. C. A. Veloso, “Development of a scintillating optical fiber dosimeter with silicon photomultipliers,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 735, 640–643 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Sporea, L. Mihai, I. Vâţă, D. McCarthy, S. O’Keeffe, and E. Lewis, “Characterization of Scintillating X-ray Optical Fiber Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 14(2), 3445–3457 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jin, R. Xu, J. Liu, and N. Song, “Experimental investigation of the factors influencing temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation in optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(2), 110–115 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Nikl, K. Kamada, V. Babin, J. Pejchal, K. Pilarova, E. Mihokova, A. Beitlerova, K. Bartosiewicz, S. Kurosawa, and A. Yoshikawa, “Defect engineering in Ce-doped aluminum garnet single crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 14(9), 4827–4833 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Feasibility of fiber-optic radiation sensor using Cerenkov effect for detecting thermal neutrons,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14573–14582 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

G. V. M. Williams and S. G. Raymond, “Fiber-optic-coupled RbMgF3:Eu2+ for remote radiation dosimetry,” Radiat. Meas. 46(10), 1099–1102 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J. A. Tanyi, S. P. Krafft, T. Ushino, A. L. Huston, and B. L. Justus, “Performance characteristics of a gated fiber-optic-coupled dosimeter in high-energy pulsed photon radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Radiat. Isot. 68(2), 364–369 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(25–27), 1332–1336 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

V. V. Laguta, M. Nikl, A. Vedda, E. Mihokova, J. Rosa, and K. Blazek, “Hole and electron traps in the YAlO3 single crystal scintillator,” Phys. Rev. B 80(4), 045114 (2009).
[Crossref]

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, M. Bacci, M. Dušek, and V. Petříček, “Assignment of 4f-5d absorption bands in Ce-doped RAlO3 (R=La, Gd, Y, Lu) perovskites,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195130 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y.-C. Huang, J.-S. Wang, Y.-K. Lu, W.-K. Liu, K.-Y. Huang, S.-L. Huang, and W.-H. Cheng, “Preform fabrication and fiber drawing of 300 nm broadband Cr-doped fibers,” Opt. Express 15(22), 14382–14388 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(6), 1315–1323 (2005).
[Crossref]

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

P. Dorenbos, “5d-level energies of Ce3+ and the crystalline environment. IV. Aluminates and “simple” oxides,” J. Lumin. 99(3), 283–299 (2002).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

Y. Sakurai and K. Nagasawa, “A study of the PL emission mechanisms in silica glass by considering the growth of the PL,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 291(1–2), 86–92 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (2)

A. Pasquarello and R. Car, “Identification of Raman defect lines as signatures of ring structures in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(23), 5145–5147 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Song, X. M. Bao, N. S. Li, and X. L. Wu, “Strong ultraviolet photoluminescence from silicon oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(3), 356–358 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, and A. Serpi, “Low temperature time resolved photoluminescence of the 3.1 and 4.2 eV emission bands in Ge-doped silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 216, 19–25 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

A. L. Huston, B. L. Justus, and T. L. Johnson, “Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter for remote radiation sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(24), 3377–3379 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

S. Baccaro, K. Blaẑek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 361(1), 209–215 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

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1967 (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

F. Varsanyi and G. H. Dieke, “Ion-pair resonance mechanism of energy transfer in rare earth crystal fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(12), 442–443 (1961).
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1929 (1)

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Abreu, M. C.

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Agnello, S.

Alessi, A.

Alshourbagy, M.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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Anedda, A.

A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, and A. Serpi, “Low temperature time resolved photoluminescence of the 3.1 and 4.2 eV emission bands in Ge-doped silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 216, 19–25 (1997).
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V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
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Baccaro, S.

S. Baccaro, K. Blaẑek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 361(1), 209–215 (1995).
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Bacci, M.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, M. Bacci, M. Dušek, and V. Petříček, “Assignment of 4f-5d absorption bands in Ce-doped RAlO3 (R=La, Gd, Y, Lu) perovskites,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195130 (2009).
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Bao, X. M.

H. Z. Song, X. M. Bao, N. S. Li, and X. L. Wu, “Strong ultraviolet photoluminescence from silicon oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(3), 356–358 (1998).
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N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
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Barmenkov, Y. O.

Bartosiewicz, K.

M. Nikl, K. Kamada, V. Babin, J. Pejchal, K. Pilarova, E. Mihokova, A. Beitlerova, K. Bartosiewicz, S. Kurosawa, and A. Yoshikawa, “Defect engineering in Ce-doped aluminum garnet single crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 14(9), 4827–4833 (2014).
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Beitlerova, A.

M. Nikl, K. Kamada, V. Babin, J. Pejchal, K. Pilarova, E. Mihokova, A. Beitlerova, K. Bartosiewicz, S. Kurosawa, and A. Yoshikawa, “Defect engineering in Ce-doped aluminum garnet single crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 14(9), 4827–4833 (2014).
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Bera, S.

Bettinelli, M.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Bigotta, S.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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Bla?ek, K.

S. Baccaro, K. Blaẑek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 361(1), 209–215 (1995).
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Blasse, G.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
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Blazek, K.

V. V. Laguta, M. Nikl, A. Vedda, E. Mihokova, J. Rosa, and K. Blazek, “Hole and electron traps in the YAlO3 single crystal scintillator,” Phys. Rev. B 80(4), 045114 (2009).
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K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(6), 1315–1323 (2005).
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Borroni, M.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
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Boukenter, A.

Brambilla, G.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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Bril, A.

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
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J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Capelletti, R.

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
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Car, R.

A. Pasquarello and R. Car, “Identification of Raman defect lines as signatures of ring structures in vitreous silica,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(23), 5145–5147 (1998).
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Carbonaro, C. M.

A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, and A. Serpi, “Low temperature time resolved photoluminescence of the 3.1 and 4.2 eV emission bands in Ge-doped silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 216, 19–25 (1997).
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Carrara, M.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
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Castro, I. F.

L. M. Moutinho, I. F. Castro, L. Peralta, M. C. Abreu, and J. F. C. A. Veloso, “Development of a scintillating optical fiber dosimeter with silicon photomultipliers,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 735, 640–643 (2014).
[Crossref]

Casu, M.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Cavatorta, C.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
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Cerrotta, A.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

X. Sun, J. Wen, Q. Guo, F. Pang, Z. Chen, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Fluorescence properties and energy level structure of Ce-doped silica fiber materials,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(3), 751–759 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
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J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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Chen, Z. Y.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(25–27), 1332–1336 (2010).
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Cheng, W. H.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
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Cheng, W.-H.

Chiodini, N.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

Cho, S.

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Corpino, R.

A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, and A. Serpi, “Low temperature time resolved photoluminescence of the 3.1 and 4.2 eV emission bands in Ge-doped silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 216, 19–25 (1997).
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Cronin, J.

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
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de Camargo, A. S. S.

T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
[Crossref]

de Notaristefani, F.

S. Baccaro, K. Blaẑek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 361(1), 209–215 (1995).
[Crossref]

de Queiroz, T. B.

T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
[Crossref]

Del Guerra, A.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Di Francesca, D.

Di Martino, D.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dieke, G. H.

F. Varsanyi and G. H. Dieke, “Ion-pair resonance mechanism of energy transfer in rare earth crystal fluorescence,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 7(12), 442–443 (1961).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y.

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, P.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
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P. Dorenbos, “5d-level energies of Ce3+ and the crystalline environment. IV. Aluminates and “simple” oxides,” J. Lumin. 99(3), 283–299 (2002).
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Doyle, R.

T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
[Crossref]

Dušek, M.

E. Mihóková, M. Nikl, M. Bacci, M. Dušek, and V. Petříček, “Assignment of 4f-5d absorption bands in Ce-doped RAlO3 (R=La, Gd, Y, Lu) perovskites,” Phys. Rev. B 79(19), 195130 (2009).
[Crossref]

Eijk, C. W. E.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fabeni, P.

V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fallai, C.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fasoli, M.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ferrari, C. R.

T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gambarini, G.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
[Crossref]

Gelardi, F. M.

Ghosh, S.

Girard, S.

Gorbenko, V.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
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Guangjun, Z.

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q.

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
[Crossref]

X. Sun, J. Wen, Q. Guo, F. Pang, Z. Chen, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Fluorescence properties and energy level structure of Ce-doped silica fiber materials,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(3), 751–759 (2017).
[Crossref]

Guoqing, Z.

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Haas, J. T. M.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Han, K.-T.

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Harrington, J. A.

He, L.

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
[Crossref]

Herbert, D.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hongiun, L.

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Huang, K.-Y.

Huang, P. L.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
[Crossref]

Huang, S. L.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.-L.

Huang, Y. C.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
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Huang, Y.-C.

Huston, A. L.

J. A. Tanyi, S. P. Krafft, T. Ushino, A. L. Huston, and B. L. Justus, “Performance characteristics of a gated fiber-optic-coupled dosimeter in high-energy pulsed photon radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Radiat. Isot. 68(2), 364–369 (2010).
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A. L. Huston, B. L. Justus, and T. L. Johnson, “Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter for remote radiation sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(24), 3377–3379 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jacobs, R. R.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, and M. J. Weber, “Measurement of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for tunable 5d→4f rare-earth lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33(5), 410–412 (1978).
[Crossref]

Jang, K. W.

Jeon, D.

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
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Jin, J.

J. Jin, R. Xu, J. Liu, and N. Song, “Experimental investigation of the factors influencing temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation in optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(2), 110–115 (2014).
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Johnson, T. L.

A. L. Huston, B. L. Justus, and T. L. Johnson, “Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter for remote radiation sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(24), 3377–3379 (1996).
[Crossref]

Jun, X.

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
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Peng, G.-D.

J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
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L. M. Moutinho, I. F. Castro, L. Peralta, M. C. Abreu, and J. F. C. A. Veloso, “Development of a scintillating optical fiber dosimeter with silicon photomultipliers,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 735, 640–643 (2014).
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C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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V. V. Laguta, M. Nikl, A. Vedda, E. Mihokova, J. Rosa, and K. Blazek, “Hole and electron traps in the YAlO3 single crystal scintillator,” Phys. Rev. B 80(4), 045114 (2009).
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N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
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Savikhina, T.

V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(6), 1315–1323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Scotti, R.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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Seo, J. K.

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Serpi, A.

A. Anedda, C. M. Carbonaro, R. Corpino, and A. Serpi, “Low temperature time resolved photoluminescence of the 3.1 and 4.2 eV emission bands in Ge-doped silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 216, 19–25 (1997).
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Shih, T. T.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shin, S. H.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Feasibility of fiber-optic radiation sensor using Cerenkov effect for detecting thermal neutrons,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14573–14582 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Solovieva, N.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

Soluri, A.

S. Baccaro, K. Blaẑek, F. de Notaristefani, P. Maly, J. A. Mares, R. Pani, R. Pellegrini, and A. Soluri, “Scintillation properties of YAP:Ce,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 361(1), 209–215 (1995).
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H. Z. Song, X. M. Bao, N. S. Li, and X. L. Wu, “Strong ultraviolet photoluminescence from silicon oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(3), 356–358 (1998).
[Crossref]

Song, N.

J. Jin, R. Xu, J. Liu, and N. Song, “Experimental investigation of the factors influencing temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation in optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(2), 110–115 (2014).
[Crossref]

Speghini, A.

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Spinolo, G.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sporea, A.

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sporea, D.

D. Sporea, L. Mihai, I. Vâţă, D. McCarthy, S. O’Keeffe, and E. Lewis, “Characterization of Scintillating X-ray Optical Fiber Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 14(2), 3445–3457 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sporea, D. G.

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

Tang, W. M.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
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Tanyi, J. A.

J. A. Tanyi, S. P. Krafft, T. Ushino, A. L. Huston, and B. L. Justus, “Performance characteristics of a gated fiber-optic-coupled dosimeter in high-energy pulsed photon radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Radiat. Isot. 68(2), 364–369 (2010).
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Tenconi, C.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
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Tiseanu, I.

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
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Toncelli, A.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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Tonelli, M.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
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T. B. de Queiroz, C. R. Ferrari, D. Ulbrich, R. Doyle, and A. S. S. de Camargo, “Luminescence characteristics of YAP:Ce scintillator powders and composites,” Opt. Mater. 32(11), 1480–1484 (2010).
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J. A. Tanyi, S. P. Krafft, T. Ushino, A. L. Huston, and B. L. Justus, “Performance characteristics of a gated fiber-optic-coupled dosimeter in high-energy pulsed photon radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Radiat. Isot. 68(2), 364–369 (2010).
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D. Sporea, L. Mihai, I. Vâţă, D. McCarthy, S. O’Keeffe, and E. Lewis, “Characterization of Scintillating X-ray Optical Fiber Sensors,” Sensors (Basel) 14(2), 3445–3457 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vedda, A.

M. Carrara, C. Cavatorta, M. Borroni, C. Tenconi, A. Cerrotta, C. Fallai, G. Gambarini, A. Vedda, and E. Pignoli, “Characterization of a Ce3+ doped SiO2 optical dosimeter for dose measurements in HDR brachytherapy,” Radiat. Meas. 56, 312–315 (2013).
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V. V. Laguta, M. Nikl, A. Vedda, E. Mihokova, J. Rosa, and K. Blazek, “Hole and electron traps in the YAlO3 single crystal scintillator,” Phys. Rev. B 80(4), 045114 (2009).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
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Veloso, J. F. C. A.

L. M. Moutinho, I. F. Castro, L. Peralta, M. C. Abreu, and J. F. C. A. Veloso, “Development of a scintillating optical fiber dosimeter with silicon photomultipliers,” Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 735, 640–643 (2014).
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Viana, B.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
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L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. Haas, C. W. E. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu 2 Si2 O7:Ce 3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
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Voznyak, T.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
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J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.-S.

Wang, S. Y.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
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X. Sun, J. Wen, Q. Guo, F. Pang, Z. Chen, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Fluorescence properties and energy level structure of Ce-doped silica fiber materials,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(3), 751–759 (2017).
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Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Y.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(25–27), 1332–1336 (2010).
[Crossref]

Weber, M. J.

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, and M. J. Weber, “Measurement of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for tunable 5d→4f rare-earth lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33(5), 410–412 (1978).
[Crossref]

Wen, J.

X. Sun, J. Wen, Q. Guo, F. Pang, Z. Chen, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Fluorescence properties and energy level structure of Ce-doped silica fiber materials,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(3), 751–759 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wen, J. X.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(25–27), 1332–1336 (2010).
[Crossref]

Williams, G. V. M.

G. V. M. Williams and S. G. Raymond, “Fiber-optic-coupled RbMgF3:Eu2+ for remote radiation dosimetry,” Radiat. Meas. 46(10), 1099–1102 (2011).
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Woulfe, P.

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, X. L.

H. Z. Song, X. M. Bao, N. S. Li, and X. L. Wu, “Strong ultraviolet photoluminescence from silicon oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(3), 356–358 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y. C.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xiao, Z. Y.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(25–27), 1332–1336 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xu, G. Q.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, R.

J. Jin, R. Xu, J. Liu, and N. Song, “Experimental investigation of the factors influencing temperature dependence of radiation-induced attenuation in optical fiber,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 20(2), 110–115 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yagi, T.

Yoo, W. J.

K. W. Jang, T. Yagi, C. H. Pyeon, W. J. Yoo, S. H. Shin, T. Misawa, and B. Lee, “Feasibility of fiber-optic radiation sensor using Cerenkov effect for detecting thermal neutrons,” Opt. Express 21(12), 14573–14582 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

M. Nikl, K. Kamada, V. Babin, J. Pejchal, K. Pilarova, E. Mihokova, A. Beitlerova, K. Bartosiewicz, S. Kurosawa, and A. Yoshikawa, “Defect engineering in Ce-doped aluminum garnet single crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 14(9), 4827–4833 (2014).
[Crossref]

Youn, W. S.

W. J. Yoo, D. Jeon, J. K. Seo, S. H. Shin, K.-T. Han, W. S. Youn, S. Cho, and B. Lee, “Development of a scintillating fiber-optic dosimeter for measuring the entrance surface dose in diagnostic radiology,” Radiat. Meas. 48, 29–34 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yunxia, J.

L. Hongiun, Z. Guangjun, S. Liangbi, J. Yunxia, Z. Guoqing, and X. Jun, “Spectroscopic properties of Ce:YAP scintillation crystal grown by temperature gradient technique,” J. Rare Earths 25(5), 596–600 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zazubovich, S.

V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Blazek, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Luminescence and defects creation in Ce3+-doped YAlO3 and Lu0.3Y0.7AlO3 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(6), 1315–1323 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zeng, X.

J. Wen, T. Wang, F. Pang, X. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m +) -doped silica optical fiber: structural model and theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Z. X.

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zorenko, T.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zorenko, Y.

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

A. L. Huston, B. L. Justus, and T. L. Johnson, “Fiber-optic-coupled, laser heated thermoluminescence dosimeter for remote radiation sensing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 68(24), 3377–3379 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. R. Jacobs, W. F. Krupke, and M. J. Weber, “Measurement of excited-state-absorption loss for Ce3+ in Y3Al5O12 and implications for tunable 5d→4f rare-earth lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 33(5), 410–412 (1978).
[Crossref]

H. Z. Song, X. M. Bao, N. S. Li, and X. L. Wu, “Strong ultraviolet photoluminescence from silicon oxide films prepared by magnetron sputtering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 72(3), 356–358 (1998).
[Crossref]

N. Chiodini, M. Fasoli, M. Martini, E. Rosetta, G. Spinolo, A. Vedda, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, A. Baraldi, and R. Capelletti, “High-efficiency SiO2:Ce3+ glass scintillators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 81(23), 4374–4376 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Radiat. Isot. (1)

J. A. Tanyi, S. P. Krafft, T. Ushino, A. L. Huston, and B. L. Justus, “Performance characteristics of a gated fiber-optic-coupled dosimeter in high-energy pulsed photon radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Radiat. Isot. 68(2), 364–369 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

Y. Dong, J. Wen, F. Pang, Z. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Luo, G. Peng, and T. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

M. Nikl, K. Kamada, V. Babin, J. Pejchal, K. Pilarova, E. Mihokova, A. Beitlerova, K. Bartosiewicz, S. Kurosawa, and A. Yoshikawa, “Defect engineering in Ce-doped aluminum garnet single crystal scintillators,” Cryst. Growth Des. 14(9), 4827–4833 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

Q. Guo, C. Mou, L. He, W. Luo, S. Huang, G. D. Peng, and T. Wang, “SiO2 glass-cladding YAP:Ce scintillating fiber for remote radiation dosimeter,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 29(2), 251–254 (2017).
[Crossref]

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

D. McCarthy, S. O. Keeffe, E. Lewis, D. G. Sporea, A. Sporea, I. Tiseanu, P. Woulfe, and J. Cronin, “Radiation dosimeter using an extrinsic fiber optic sensor,” IEEE Sens. J. 14(3), 673–685 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

C. Canevali, M. Mattoni, F. Morazzoni, R. Scotti, M. Casu, A. Musinu, R. Krsmanovic, S. Polizzi, A. Speghini, and M. Bettinelli, “Stability of Luminescent Trivalent Cerium in Silica Host Glasses Modified by Boron and Phosphorus,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127(42), 14681–14691 (2005).
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L. Pauling, “The principles determining the structure of complex ionic crystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 51(4), 1010–1026 (1929).
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J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. Blasse and A. Bril, “Investigation of some Ce3+-activated phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys. 47(12), 5139–5145 (1967).
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J. Cryst. Growth (1)

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. Del Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by -pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (4)

Y. Zorenko, V. Gorbenko, T. Voznyak, T. Zorenko, M. Nikl, and K. Nejezchleb, “Luminescence of La3+ and Sc3+ impurity centers in YAlO3 single-crystalline films,” J. Lumin. 128(4), 595–602 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Babin, P. Fabeni, A. Krasnikov, K. Nejezchleb, M. Nikl, G. P. Pazzi, T. Savikhina, and S. Zazubovich, “Irregular Ce3+and defect-related luminescence in YAlO3 single crystal,” J. Lumin. 124(2), 273–278 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Dorenbos, “5d-level energies of Ce3+ and the crystalline environment. IV. Aluminates and “simple” oxides,” J. Lumin. 99(3), 283–299 (2002).
[Crossref]

G. Q. Xu, Z. X. Zheng, W. M. Tang, and Y. C. Wu, “Multi-peak behavior of photoluminescence of silica particles heat-treated in hydrogen at elevated temperature,” J. Lumin. 126(1), 43–47 (2007).
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J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

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Opt. Express (3)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The EDS spectrum and concentration of compositions in the fabricated SYCF core. The inset is the magnified spectrum of Ce component in the red dotted line enclosed frame.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 RID of the SYCF and SMF samples.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical properties of SYCF (a), YAP:Ce crystal rod (b) and pure SiO2 glass (c). (a) Emission spectrum of SYC fiber by the 306 nm excitation and excitation spectrum of SYC fiber monitored at 370 nm; (b) emission spectrum by the 303 nm excitation and excitation spectrum monitored at 377 nm in YAP:Ce crystal rod; (c) emission spectrum of SiO2 glass by the 240 nm excitation and excitation spectrum monitored at 397 nm. Regions I and II relate to Ce3+ 5d2F5/2and 5d2F7/2, respectively, and region III relates to Ce3+ in SiO2 host.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Energy-level diagram of SYC fiber.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Measured PL decay time of SYCF materials, including YAP:Ce crystal, pure SiO2 and SYCF. (a) Nanosecond order decay time of SYCF and YAP:Ce; (b) microsecond order decay time of pure SiO2.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Idealized fragment of SiO2 and YAP:Ce crystal structure.

Equations (1)

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τ= c 3 2 ( E Flu ) 2 f

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