Abstract

A Ce-doped silica fiber material is prepared using powder-in-tube technique via sol-gel method. Its absorption and emission spectra are investigated from experimental and theoretical perspectives. The experimental results show an absorption band at 320 nm and a broad emission band at 430 nm, which comprises of two bands at 420 and 470 nm, respectively. In addition, a local microstructure model of the Ce-doped silica fiber material is developed and its structure parameters and fluorescence spectra are calculated using density functional theory. The theoretical results indicate a strong absorption peak at 336 nm and an emission peak at 486 nm. Furthermore, the spontaneous emission lifetime is also calculated to be approximately 64.82 ns. This confirms theoretically that the Ce-doped silica materials possess the scintillator characteristics. Moreover, an energy level diagram for the Ce-doped silica fiber material is constructed. It is significant for understanding the fluorescence properties of the Ce-doped silica fiber material at the microstructural level.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  3. L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. Gaza and S. W. S. McKeever, “A real-time, high-resolution optical fibre dosemeter based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of KBr:Eu, for potential use during the radiotherapy of cancer,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 120(1-4), 14–19 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. D. Bross and A. Pla-Dalmau, “Radiation Damage of Plastic Scintillators,” Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39(5), 1199–1204 (1992).
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  7. C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  9. L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
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    [Crossref]
  13. J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).
  17. N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  18. J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. D. Becke, “Density-functional thermochemistry. III The role of exact exchange,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(7), 5648–5652 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  22. M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  23. A. Dinescu and A. E. Clark, “Thermodynamic and structural features of aqueous Ce(III),” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(44), 11198–11206 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  26. T. H. DiStefano and D. E. Eastman, “The band edge of amorphous SiO2 by photoinjection and photoconductivity measurements,” Solid State Commun. 9(24), 2259–2261 (1971).
    [Crossref]
  27. V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  28. C. L. Melcher and J. S. Schweitzer, “A promising new scintillator: cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A. 314(1), 212–214 (1992).
  29. K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
    [Crossref]

2014 (4)

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, S. Ghosh, M. C. Paul, Y. O. Barmenkov, V. Aboites, and N. S. Kozlova, “Ce-doped and Ce/Au-codoped alumino-phosphosilicate fibers: Spectral attenuation trends at high-energy electron irradiation and posterior low-power optical bleaching,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(3), 434–448 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

2011 (1)

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

A. Dinescu and A. E. Clark, “Thermodynamic and structural features of aqueous Ce(III),” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(44), 11198–11206 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

R. Gaza and S. W. S. McKeever, “A real-time, high-resolution optical fibre dosemeter based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of KBr:Eu, for potential use during the radiotherapy of cancer,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 120(1-4), 14–19 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

L. Maron and O. Eisenstein, “Do f electrons play a role in the lanthanide-ligand bonds? A DFT study of Ln(NR2)3; R=H, SiH3,” J. Phys. Chem. 104(30), 7140–7143 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
[Crossref]

1993 (4)

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
[Crossref]

A. D. Becke, “Density-functional thermochemistry. III The role of exact exchange,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(7), 5648–5652 (1993).
[Crossref]

L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (2)

A. D. Bross and A. Pla-Dalmau, “Radiation Damage of Plastic Scintillators,” Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39(5), 1199–1204 (1992).
[Crossref]

C. L. Melcher and J. S. Schweitzer, “A promising new scintillator: cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A. 314(1), 212–214 (1992).

1971 (1)

T. H. DiStefano and D. E. Eastman, “The band edge of amorphous SiO2 by photoinjection and photoconductivity measurements,” Solid State Commun. 9(24), 2259–2261 (1971).
[Crossref]

Aboites, V.

Alshourbagy, M.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Antonietti, J. M.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aquino, A.

V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atanasov, M.

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Auguste, J. L.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

Basun, S. A.

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
[Crossref]

Bayer, V.

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Becke, A. D.

A. D. Becke, “Density-functional thermochemistry. III The role of exact exchange,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(7), 5648–5652 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bigotta, S.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brambilla, G.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brocklesby, W. S.

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bross, A. D.

A. D. Bross and A. Pla-Dalmau, “Radiation Damage of Plastic Scintillators,” Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39(5), 1199–1204 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z.

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Z. Y.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

Cheng, W. H.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chiodini, N.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Clark, A. E.

A. Dinescu and A. E. Clark, “Thermodynamic and structural features of aqueous Ce(III),” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(44), 11198–11206 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Da Silva, J. L. F.

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Daul, C.

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dejene, F. B.

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[Crossref]

Delaizir, G.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Di Martino, D.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dinescu, A.

A. Dinescu and A. E. Clark, “Thermodynamic and structural features of aqueous Ce(III),” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(44), 11198–11206 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

DiStefano, T. H.

T. H. DiStefano and D. E. Eastman, “The band edge of amorphous SiO2 by photoinjection and photoconductivity measurements,” Solid State Commun. 9(24), 2259–2261 (1971).
[Crossref]

Dolg, M.

M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dong, Y. H.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, P.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
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L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eisenstein, O.

L. Maron and O. Eisenstein, “Do f electrons play a role in the lanthanide-ligand bonds? A DFT study of Ln(NR2)3; R=H, SiH3,” J. Phys. Chem. 104(30), 7140–7143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Endo, T.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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Ferrand, B.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

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K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
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Fukabori, A.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
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Gaft, M.

R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
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Ganduglia-Pirovano, M. V.

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
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Gaza, R.

R. Gaza and S. W. S. McKeever, “A real-time, high-resolution optical fibre dosemeter based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of KBr:Eu, for potential use during the radiotherapy of cancer,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 120(1-4), 14–19 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gherardi, L.

L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
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Ghosh, S.

Güdel, H. U.

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
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M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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Haas, J. T. M. D.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Happek, U.

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
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Hayashi, N.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Heiz, U.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
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Herbert, D.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
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Huang, P. L.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
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Huang, S. L.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. C.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
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Humbert, G.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
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Iguchi, T.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Illas, F.

N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

Jones, H.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kahn-Harari, A.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kakuta, T.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kamada, K.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaneko, J.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kawarabayashi, J.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Keffer, S.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
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Kir’yanov, A. V.

Koao, L. F.

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
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Kojima, N.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kozlova, N. S.

Kresse, G.

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kudinova, M.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lauria, A.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Leparmentier, S.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lim, K. H.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, Y. S.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lincoln, J. R.

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
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V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
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Litzkendorf, D.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. N.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lopez, N.

N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lukeš, V.

V. Lukeš, A. Aquino, and H. Lischka, “Theoretical study of vibrational and optical spectra of methylene-bridged oligofluorenes,” J. Phys. Chem. A 109(45), 10232–10238 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, W. Y.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

Luo, Y. H.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Marelli, P.

L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
[Crossref]

Maron, L.

L. Maron and O. Eisenstein, “Do f electrons play a role in the lanthanide-ligand bonds? A DFT study of Ln(NR2)3; R=H, SiH3,” J. Phys. Chem. 104(30), 7140–7143 (2000).
[Crossref]

Martin, P. O.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Martini, M.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

McKeever, S. W. S.

R. Gaza and S. W. S. McKeever, “A real-time, high-resolution optical fibre dosemeter based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of KBr:Eu, for potential use during the radiotherapy of cancer,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 120(1-4), 14–19 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Melcher, C. L.

C. L. Melcher and J. S. Schweitzer, “A promising new scintillator: cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A. 314(1), 212–214 (1992).

Michalski, M.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moretti, F.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Naka, R.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nikl, M.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Obed, R. I.

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pacchioni, G.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

Panczer, G.

R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
[Crossref]

Pang, F. F.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Patra, A.

R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
[Crossref]

Paul, M. C.

Payne, D. N.

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Pejchal, J.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

Peng, G. D.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

Peng, G.-D.

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pidol, L.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pla-Dalmau, A.

A. D. Bross and A. Pla-Dalmau, “Radiation Damage of Plastic Scintillators,” Trans. Nucl. Sci. 39(5), 1199–1204 (1992).
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Preuss, H.

M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
[Crossref]

Raukas, M.

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
[Crossref]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld, A. Patra, G. Panczer, and M. Gaft, “Spectroscopic properties of cerium in sol-gel glasses,” Opt. Mater. 13(1), 81–88 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rösch, N.

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sauer, J.

J. L. F. Da Silva, M. V. Ganduglia-Pirovano, J. Sauer, V. Bayer, and G. Kresse, “Hybrid functional applied to rare-earth oxides: The example of ceria,” Phys. Rev. B 75(4), 045121 (2007).
[Crossref]

Schaik, W. V.

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schuster, K.

J. L. Auguste, G. Humbert, S. Leparmentier, M. Kudinova, P. O. Martin, G. Delaizir, K. Schuster, and D. Litzkendorf, “Modified Powder-in-Tube technique based on the consolidation processing of powder materials for fabricating specialty optical fibers,” Materials (Basel) 7(8), 6045–6063 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schweitzer, J. S.

C. L. Melcher and J. S. Schweitzer, “A promising new scintillator: cerium-doped lutetium oxyorthosilicate,” Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res., Sect. A. 314(1), 212–214 (1992).

Serra, A.

L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
[Crossref]

Shih, T. T.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Solovieva, N.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Spinolo, G.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Stoll, H.

M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
[Crossref]

Swart, H. C.

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, H.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Toncelli, A.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Tsutsumi, K.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

Uritani, A.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Vedda, A.

A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

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L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
[Crossref]

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L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

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N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

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J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
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Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, S. Y.

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, T. Y.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

Watanabe, K.

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Wen, J. X.

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

Wesolowski, T. A.

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
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Xiao, Z. Y.

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

Yanagida, T.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

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M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
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R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zbiri, M.

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zeng, X. L.

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Raukas, S. A. Basun, W. V. Schaik, W. M. Yen, and U. Happek, “Luminescence efficiency of cerium doped insulators: The role of electron transfer processes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69(22), 3300–3302 (1996).
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A. Vedda, N. Chiodini, D. Di Martino, M. Fasoli, S. Keffer, A. Lauria, M. Martini, F. Moretti, G. Spinolo, M. Nikl, N. Solovieva, and G. Brambilla, “Ce3+-doped fibers for remote radiation dosimetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(26), 6356–6358 (2004).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

Y. H. Dong, J. X. Wen, F. F. Pang, Z. Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. H. Luo, G. D. Peng, and T. Y. Wang, “Optical properties of PbS-doped silica optical fiber materials based on atomic layer deposition,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 320, 372–378 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

C. N. Liu, Y. C. Huang, Y. S. Lin, S. Y. Wang, P. L. Huang, T. T. Shih, S. L. Huang, and W. H. Cheng, “Fabrication and characteristics of Ce-doped fiber for high-resolution OCT Source,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(15), 1499–1502 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (2)

R. Naka, K. Watanabe, J. Kawarabayashi, A. Uritani, T. Iguchi, N. Hayashi, N. Kojima, T. Yoshida, J. Kaneko, H. Takeuchi, and T. Kakuta, “Radiation distribution sensing with normal optical fiber,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 48(6), 2348–2351 (2001).
[Crossref]

K. Kamada, T. Yanagida, J. Pejchal, M. Nikl, T. Endo, K. Tsutsumi, Y. Fujimoto, A. Fukabori, and A. Yoshikawa, “Crystal growth and scintillator properties of Ce doped Gd3(Ga,Al)5O12 single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 59(5), 2112–2115 (2012).
[Crossref]

Inorg. Chem. (1)

M. Atanasov, C. Daul, H. U. Güdel, T. A. Wesolowski, and M. Zbiri, “Ground States, Excited States, and Metal-Ligand Bonding in Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes: A DFT-based Ligand Field Study,” Inorg. Chem. 44(8), 2954–2963 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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A. D. Becke, “Density-functional thermochemistry. III The role of exact exchange,” J. Chem. Phys. 98(7), 5648–5652 (1993).
[Crossref]

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M. Alshourbagy, S. Bigotta, D. Herbert, A. D. Guerra, A. Toncelli, and M. Tonelli, “Optical and scintillation properties of Ce3+ doped YAlO3 crystal fibers grown by μ-pulling down technique,” J. Cryst. Growth 303(2), 500–505 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

L. F. Koao, H. C. Swart, R. I. Obed, and F. B. Dejene, “Synthesis and characterization of Ce3+ doped silica (SiO2) nanoparticles,” J. Lumin. 131(6), 1249–1254 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

J. Wang, W. S. Brocklesby, J. R. Lincoln, J. E. Townsend, and D. N. Payne, “Local structures of rare-earth ions in glasses: the ‘crystal-chemistry’ approach,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 163(3), 261–267 (1993).
[Crossref]

T. Y. Wang, J. X. Wen, W. Y. Luo, Z. Y. Xiao, and Z. Y. Chen, “Influences of irradiation on network microstructure of low water peak optical fiber material,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 59(6), 3244–3248 (2012).

N. Lopez, M. Vitiello, F. Illas, and G. Pacchioni, “Interaction of H2 with strained rings at the silica surface from ab initio calculations,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 271(1-2), 56–63 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

L. Maron and O. Eisenstein, “Do f electrons play a role in the lanthanide-ligand bonds? A DFT study of Ln(NR2)3; R=H, SiH3,” J. Phys. Chem. 104(30), 7140–7143 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. A (2)

A. Dinescu and A. E. Clark, “Thermodynamic and structural features of aqueous Ce(III),” J. Phys. Chem. A 112(44), 11198–11206 (2008).
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J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

L. Pidol, A. Kahn-Harari, B. Viana, B. Ferrand, P. Dorenbos, J. T. M. D. Haas, C. W. E. V. Eijk, and E. Virey, “Scintillation properties of Lu2Si2O7:Ce3+, a fast and efficient scintillator crystal,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15(12), 2091–2102 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. X. Wen, T. Y. Wang, F. F. Pang, X. L. Zeng, Z. Chen, and G.-D. Peng, “Photoluminescence characteristics of Bi (m+)-doped silica optical fiber: Structural Model and Theoretical analysis,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 52(12R), 122501 (2013).
[Crossref]

Materials (Basel) (1)

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Nucl. Phys. B (1)

L. Gherardi, P. Marelli, A. Serra, and G. Viezzoli, “Radiation effects on doped silica-core optical fibers,” Nucl. Phys. B 32, 436–440 (1993).
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Phys. Rev. B (1)

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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. M. Antonietti, M. Michalski, U. Heiz, H. Jones, K. H. Lim, N. Rösch, A. D. Vitto, and G. Pacchioni, “Optical absorption spectrum of gold atoms deposited on SiO2 from cavity ringdown spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94(21), 213402 (2005).
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R. Gaza and S. W. S. McKeever, “A real-time, high-resolution optical fibre dosemeter based on optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of KBr:Eu, for potential use during the radiotherapy of cancer,” Radiat. Prot. Dosimetry 120(1-4), 14–19 (2006).
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Theor. Chim. Acta (1)

M. Dolg, H. Stoll, and H. Preuss, “A combination of quasirelativistic pseudopotential and ligand field calculations for lanthanoid compounds,” Theor. Chim. Acta 85(6), 441–450 (1993).
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Other (1)

S. Girard, B. Capoen, H. El Hamzaoui, M. Bouazaoui, G. Bouwmans, A. Morana, D. Di Francesca, A. Boukenter, O. Duhamel, P. Paillet, M. Raine, M. Gaillardin, M. Trinczek, C. Hoehr, E. Blackmore, and Y. Ouerdane, “Potential of Copper- and Cerium-doped optical fiber materials for proton beam monitoring,” Trans. Nucl. Sci. (2016).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The EDS spectrum line and concentration of different elements in the doped fiber core.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Excitation and emission spectra of 0.1% Ce(NO3)3 solution.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Excitation and emission spectra of the Ce-doped silica fiber sample. The blue dash lines show a fit carried out with two Gaussian functions.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Emission spectra excited at 300 nm of the Ce-doped powder sample with different heat-treated temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Local microstructure models of Ce-doped 3MR.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Energy eigenvalues and electron density distributions of the HOMO and LUMO (left) 3MR structure model (right) spin-up state of Ce-3MR structure model.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Calculated spectra of Ce-3MR local structure model (a) absorption (b) emission.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Energy level diagrams of Ce-3MR local structure model.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Excited States Parameters of Ce-3MR Local Structure Model

Equations (2)

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E=mE Si +nE O +pE H +qE Ce -E(Si m O n H p Ce q )
τ= c 3 2(E Flu ) 2 f

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