Abstract

We report an optimized blue phase liquid crystal (BPLC) mixture JC-BP08 for field-sequential-color (FSC) display applications. JC-BP08 exhibits several attractive features: 1) its fast average gray-to-gray response time enables FSC display, which in turn triples the resolution density and optical efficiency. 2) Its voltage holding ratio is >99.4% at 25°C and >93.2% at 60°C. 3) Its average dielectric constant ε’≈87 is still manageable by the bootstrapping driving to enable 240 Hz operation. 4) Using a triangular protrusion electrode structure, the transmittance can reach 74% at 15V, which enables single-TFT driving. 5) With two-domain structure, it offers indistinguishable gamma shift and wide viewing angle. We proposed a voltage charging model and found a linear relationship between the required charging time and ε’, which is validated by our experimental results.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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  34. Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2016 (3)

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

J. Liu, H. Ma, and Y. Sun, “Blue-phase liquid crystal display with high dielectric material,” Liq. Cryst. 43(12), 1748–1752 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(13), 40556 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (3)

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Huang, F. C. Lin, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: the color LCD’s without color filters and polarizers,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

2010 (5)

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(3), 107–112 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Hird, “Fluorinated liquid crystals-properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(12), 2070–2095 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

1986 (1)

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 116(3–4), 197–206 (1985).
[Crossref]

Berkeley, B. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. P.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Chen, H.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Low-voltage blue-phase liquid crystal display with diamond-shape electrodes,” Liq. Cryst., doi:.
[Crossref]

Chen, H. L.

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(13), 40556 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H. C.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, K. L.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cheng, M. H.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gao, Y.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gauza, S.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ge, Z.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gerber, P. R.

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 116(3–4), 197–206 (1985).
[Crossref]

Haseba, Y.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

He, G.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Hirakata, Y.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hird, M.

M. Hird, “Fluorinated liquid crystals-properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(12), 2070–2095 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hisakado, Y.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Hong, Q.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, P. J.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hsu, H. T.

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Huang, Y. P.

Y. P. Huang, F. C. Lin, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: the color LCD’s without color filters and polarizers,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(3), 107–112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hung, C. C.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ikenaga, M.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ishitani, T.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Jiao, M.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kajiyama, T.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Kang, B. G.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kato, M.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kikuchi, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Kim, K. H.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. K.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, M. S.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. S.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, M.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kurosaki, D.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lai, P. O.

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lan, Y. F.

H. Chen, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Low-voltage blue-phase liquid crystal display with diamond-shape electrodes,” Liq. Cryst., doi:.
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, W.

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, M. C.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Li, Y.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. H.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. L.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lin, F. C.

Y. P. Huang, F. C. Lin, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: the color LCD’s without color filters and polarizers,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(3), 107–112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, H. Ma, and Y. Sun, “Blue-phase liquid crystal display with high dielectric material,” Liq. Cryst. 43(12), 1748–1752 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Liu, S. H.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, J. G.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Luo, Z.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, H.

J. Liu, H. Ma, and Y. Sun, “Blue-phase liquid crystal display with high dielectric material,” Liq. Cryst. 43(12), 1748–1752 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nakano, M.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Niikura, Y.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oe, Y.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Rao, L.

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rong, N.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Shieh, H. P. D.

Y. P. Huang, F. C. Lin, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: the color LCD’s without color filters and polarizers,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(3), 107–112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shishido, H.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shiu, J. W.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, J. K.

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

Srivastava, A. K.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

Su, Y.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Sugiura, N.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y.

J. Liu, H. Ma, and Y. Sun, “Blue-phase liquid crystal display with high dielectric material,” Liq. Cryst. 43(12), 1748–1752 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C. Y.

H. Chen, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Low-voltage blue-phase liquid crystal display with diamond-shape electrodes,” Liq. Cryst., doi:.
[Crossref]

Tsai, W. C.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tu, C. D.

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, P. C.

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(13), 40556 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Chen, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Low-voltage blue-phase liquid crystal display with diamond-shape electrodes,” Liq. Cryst., doi:.
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yamamoto, S.

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yamazaki, S.

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yan, J.

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Yokota, M.

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Yoon, S.

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yuan, J.

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yuan, Y.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Zhou, P.

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

Zhu, R.

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

L. Rao, J. Yan, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A large Kerr constant polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(8), 081109 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, S. Yamamoto, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage and submillisecond-response polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(14), 141116 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, and S. H. Lee, “Low voltage blue-phase liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(23), 231101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, Y. Chen, J. Sun, S. T. Wu, S. H. Liu, P. J. Hsieh, K. L. Cheng, and J. W. Shiu, “Dielectric dispersion on the Kerr constant of blue phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(18), 181126 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Yan, H. C. Cheng, S. Gauza, Y. Li, M. Jiao, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Extended Kerr effect of polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(7), 071105 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

M. Hird, “Fluorinated liquid crystals-properties and applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 36(12), 2070–2095 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Displays (1)

P. C. Wu, H. T. Hsu, H. L. Chen, and W. Lee, “Dielectric characterization and voltage holding ratio of blue-phase cells,” Displays 44, 66–72 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Electron Device Lett. (1)

C. L. Lin, C. D. Tu, M. H. Cheng, C. C. Hung, C. H. Lin, and N. Sugiura, “Novel dual-coupling pixel circuit to achieve high transmittance of blue-phase liquid crystal,” IEEE Electron Device Lett. 36(4), 354–356 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Polym. Sci. (1)

Y. Chen and S. T. Wu, “Recent advances on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal materials and devices,” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 131(13), 40556 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Disp. Technol. (8)

C. D. Tu, C. L. Lin, J. Yan, Y. Chen, P. O. Lai, and S. T. Wu, “Driving scheme using bootstrapping method for blue-phase LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 9(1), 3–6 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. C. Lin, Y. P. Huang, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Color breakup reduction by 180 Hz stencil-FSC method in large-sized color filter-less LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(3), 107–112 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Modeling of blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 5(7), 250–256 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, Z. Ge, and S. T. Wu, “Zigzag electrodes for suppressing the color shift of Kerr effect-based liquid crystal displays,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(4), 115–120 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Gao, Z. Luo, R. Zhu, Q. Hong, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “A high performance single-domain LCD with wide luminance distribution,” J. Disp. Technol. 11(4), 315–324 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. P. Huang, F. C. Lin, and H. P. D. Shieh, “Eco-displays: the color LCD’s without color filters and polarizers,” J. Disp. Technol. 7(12), 630–632 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. C. Cheng, L. Rao, and S. T. Wu, “Color breakup suppression in field-sequential five-primary-color LCDs,” J. Disp. Technol. 6(6), 229–234 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Li, S. Huang, N. Rong, J. G. Lu, C. P. Chen, X. Li, P. Zhou, Y. Yuan, S. Liu, G. He, and Y. Su, “Transmissive and transflective blue-phase LCDs with double-layer IPS electrodes,” J. Disp. Technol. 12(2), 122–128 (2016).

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (2)

J. Yan, L. Rao, M. Jiao, Y. Li, H. C. Cheng, and S. T. Wu, “Polymer-stabilized optically isotropic liquid crystals for next-generation display and photonics applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 21, 7870–7877 (2011).

F. Peng, Y. Chen, J. Yuan, H. Chen, S. T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “Low temperature and high frequency effects on polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystals with large dielectric anisotropy,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(18), 3597–3601 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, S. Yoon, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Wall-shaped electrodes for reducing the operation voltage of polymer-stabilized blue phase liquid crystal displays,” J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 42(23), 235502 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (2)

S. S. Kim, B. H. Berkeley, K. H. Kim, and J. K. Song, “New technologies for advanced LCD-TV performance,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 12(4), 353–359 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Ishitani, Y. Niikura, M. Ikenaga, M. Kobayashi, M. Kato, Y. Oe, M. Nakano, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, and D. Kurosaki, “High-performance polymer-stabilized blue-phase LCD with low driving voltage,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 21(1), 9–15 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liq. Cryst. (2)

S. Yoon, M. Kim, M. S. Kim, B. G. Kang, M. K. Kim, A. K. Srivastava, S. H. Lee, Z. Ge, L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Optimisation of electrode structure to improve the electro-optic characteristics of liquid crystal display based on Kerr effect,” Liq. Cryst. 37(2), 201–208 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, H. Ma, and Y. Sun, “Blue-phase liquid crystal display with high dielectric material,” Liq. Cryst. 43(12), 1748–1752 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

P. R. Gerber, “Electro-optical effects of a small-pitch blue-phase system,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 116(3–4), 197–206 (1985).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

H. Kikuchi, M. Yokota, Y. Hisakado, H. Yang, and T. Kajiyama, “Polymer-stabilized liquid crystal blue phases,” Nat. Mater. 1(1), 64–68 (2002).
[PubMed]

Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. (1)

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A Gen. Phys. 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (7)

T. Yamamoto, M. Ikenaga, A. Yamashita, D. Kubota, M. Nakano, T. Ishitani, H. Shishido, Y. Hirakata, S. Yamazaki, R. Sato, K. Okazaki, M. Katayama, and T. Akahane, “Crystalline OS-LCD using blue-phase liquid crystal having characteristic texture,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 43(1), 201–204 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Kubota, A. Yamashita, and M. Nakano, “Liquid crystal display device,” United States Patent No. 8,786,811 B2 (Jul. 22, 2014).

H. Chen, Y. F. Lan, C. Y. Tsai, and S. T. Wu, “Low-voltage blue-phase liquid crystal display with diamond-shape electrodes,” Liq. Cryst., doi:.
[Crossref]

H. Lee, H. J. Park, O. J. Kwon, S. J. Yun, J. H. Park, S. Hong, and S. T. Shin, “The world’s first blue phase liquid crystal display,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 42(1), 121–124 (2011).

C. Y. Tsai, F. C. Yu, Y. F. Lan, P. J. Huang, S. Y. Lin, Y. T. Chen, T. I. Tsao, C. T. Hsieh, B. S. Tseng, C. W. Kuo, C. H. Lin, C. C. Kuo, C. H. Chen, H. Y. Hsieh, C. T. Chuang, N. Sugiura, C. L. Lin, and M. H. Cheng, “A novel blue phase liquid crystal display applying wall-electrode and high driving voltage circuit,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 46(1), 542–544 (2015).

M. Wittek, N. Tanaka, D. Wilkes, M. Bremer, D. Pauluth, J. Canisius, A. Yeh, R. Yan, K. Skjonnemand, and M. Klasen-Memmer, “New materials for polymer-stabilized blue phase,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 43(1), 25–28 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Haseba, S. I. Yamamoto, K. Sago, A. Takata, and H. Tobata, “Low-voltage polymer-stabilized blue-phase liquid crystals,” SID Int. Symp. Dig. Tech. Pap. 43(1), 254–257 (2013).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) VT curves at RT and (b) temperature-dependent decay time of PSBP-01 and PSBP-08 at λ = 633 nm and frame rate = 240 Hz. Dots are experimental data and lines are fitting curves.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Measured and fitted VT curves of PSBP-08 at the specified wavelengths, 240 frame/second and RT. Dots are measured data; lines are fitting curves with Eq. (1) by fixing Es = 6.0 V/μm. (b) Dispersion of ∆ns for PSBP-08. Dots are results obtained from (a) and red line represents the fitting with Eq. (5).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Measured frequency-dependent VT curves of PSBP-08 at λ = 633 nm and RT. (b) Frequency dependent Kerr constant of PSBP-08. Black dots are the extracted data from (a), while red line represents fitting with Eq. (6).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic illustration of the charged-in voltage and voltage holding ratio. tc, th, V0, Vi and Vh stand for charging time, holding time, applied voltage, charged-in voltage and held voltage, respectively. (b) Charging time dependent Vi/V0, where dots are experimental data and lines are fitting curves according to Eqs. (7)-(9).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) The triangular electrode structure used in simulation, where H = 2.14 μm, L = 1.32 μm, cell gap d = 4 μm, and the ITO tails beside the protrusion are kept for applying voltage. (b) Simulated VT curves of PSBP-08 (λ = 550 nm, 240 frame/second) using the triangular electrode structure. The black and red lines refer to using the original protrusion gap G = 2.68 μm and using our optimized protrusion gap G = 1.5 μm, respectively. (c) Viewing angle dependence of gamma curves for film-compensated two-domain triangular electrode structure along the most severe gamma shift direction (φ = 230°). The right picture shows the two-domain structure configuration. Red and orange denote common and pixel electrodes, respectively.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Measured response time of PSBP-08 between different grey levels (1-8)

Equations (9)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ n ind =Δ n s ( 1exp[ ( E/ E s ) 2 ] ),
K ΔnΔε P 2 kλ ( 2π ) 2 ,
τ γ 1 P 2 k ( 2π ) 2 ,
K=Δ n s /( λ E s 2 ).
Δ n s =G λ 2 λ * 2 λ 2 λ * 2 ,
K( f )= K +( K s K ) 1+ ( f f r ) 1α sin 1 2 απ 1+2 ( f f r ) 1α sin 1 2 απ+ ( f f r ) 2( 1α ) .
V i / V 0 =1exp( t c / t 0 ),
t 0 =bε'( f ),
f= 1 2 t c ,

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