Abstract

We report on the crystal growth, structural and spectroscopic investigation of a novel trigonal calcium vanadate crystal, Tm3+:Ca9La(VO4)7. Polarized absorption, stimulated-emission and gain cross-section spectra are determined for this material. The maximum σSE corresponding to the 3F43H6 transition amounts to 1.28 × 10−20 cm2 at 1854 nm for σ-polarization. The measured lifetime of the Tm3+ ions in the 3F4 state is 1.19 ms. The Judd-Ofelt analysis performed yielded intensity parameters of Ω2 = 4.682, Ω4 = 0.659 and Ω6 = 0.475 [10−20 cm2]. The polarized Raman spectra indicate a strong and broad band centered at 867 cm−1. Owing to the disordered nature of Ca9La(VO4)7, the Tm3+ ions exhibit a broad and smooth gain profile at ~2 μm. The spectroscopic properties of Tm3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 are very promising for broadly tunable and ultrashort pulse lasers near 2 µm.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Louiseau, and B. Ferrand, “Laser oscillation with low quantum defect in Yb:GdVO4, a crystal with high thermal conductivity,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 833–835 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. X. Mateos, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and tunable laser operation of Tm:LuVO4 near 1.9 µm under Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping,” Phys. Status Solidi203(4), R19–R21 (2006) (a).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO(4) oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).
  10. M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  11. P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  14. P. N. Hu and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 15(1), 75–77 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  15. F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  17. R. Gopal and C. Calvo, “The structure of Ca3(VO4)2,” Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials 137(1–6), 67–85 (1973).
  18. L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Grzechnik, “High-temperature transformations in calcium orthovanadate studied with Raman scattering,” Chem. Mater. 10(4), 1034–1040 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  21. P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  22. P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  23. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  24. G. S. Ofelt, “Instensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
    [Crossref]
  25. B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  26. C. M. Dodson and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions in the trivalent lanthanide series: Calculated emission rates and oscillator strengths,” Phys. Rev. B 86(12), 125102 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  27. A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  28. R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (2)

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. Loiko, X. Mateos, S. Y. Choi, F. Rotermund, J. M. Serres, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, K. Yumashev, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Vibronic thulium laser at 2131 nm Q-switched by single-walled carbon nanotubes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 33(11), D19–D27 (2016).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO4)2 laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. M. Dodson and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions in the trivalent lanthanide series: Calculated emission rates and oscillator strengths,” Phys. Rev. B 86(12), 125102 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. N. Hu and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 15(1), 75–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (1)

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (4)

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO(4) oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Petit, B. Viana, P. Goldner, D. Vivien, P. Louiseau, and B. Ferrand, “Laser oscillation with low quantum defect in Yb:GdVO4, a crystal with high thermal conductivity,” Opt. Lett. 29(8), 833–835 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

1998 (2)

A. Grzechnik, “High-temperature transformations in calcium orthovanadate studied with Raman scattering,” Chem. Mater. 10(4), 1034–1040 (1998).
[Crossref]

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

R. Gopal and C. Calvo, “The structure of Ca3(VO4)2,” Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials 137(1–6), 67–85 (1973).

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

G. S. Ofelt, “Instensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Aguiló, M.

Barnes, N. P.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Behrooz, A.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Belik, A. A.

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

Brunner, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Calvo, C.

R. Gopal and C. Calvo, “The structure of Ca3(VO4)2,” Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials 137(1–6), 67–85 (1973).

Cerný, P.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Choi, S. Y.

Demesh, M. P.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Di Bartolo, B.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

Dobrotvorskaya, M. V.

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dodson, C. M.

C. M. Dodson and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions in the trivalent lanthanide series: Calculated emission rates and oscillator strengths,” Phys. Rev. B 86(12), 125102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dunina, E. B.

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ferrand, B.

Goldner, P.

Gopal, R.

R. Gopal and C. Calvo, “The structure of Ca3(VO4)2,” Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials 137(1–6), 67–85 (1973).

Gorobets, Yu. N.

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Grzechnik, A.

A. Grzechnik, “High-temperature transformations in calcium orthovanadate studied with Raman scattering,” Chem. Mater. 10(4), 1034–1040 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gulevich, A. E.

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Higuchi, M.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hirosaki, N.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hu, P. N.

P. N. Hu and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 15(1), 75–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, C.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. S.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ivleva, L. I.

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jelínková, H.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

Karasik, A. Ya.

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Khasanov, S. S.

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

Kisel, V. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kornienko, A. A.

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kosmyna, M. B.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kotov, R. N.

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

Kuleshov, N.

Kuleshov, N. V.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Kupchenko, M. I.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lazoryak, B. I.

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

Li, J.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

Li, Yu.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z. B.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lisiecki, R.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO(4) oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and tunable laser operation of Tm:LuVO4 near 1.9 µm under Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping,” Phys. Status Solidi203(4), R19–R21 (2006) (a).
[Crossref]

Liu, L.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Loiko, P.

Loiko, P. A.

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Louiseau, P.

Mandrik, A. V.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mateichenko, P. V.

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

Matrosov, V. N.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Matrosova, T. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mikhailov, V. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Morier-Genoud, F.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Morozov, V. A.

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

Nazarenko, B. P.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Instensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ostroumov, V. G.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Paschotta, R.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Paszkowicz, W.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Paulmann, C.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Petit, J.

Petrov, V.

Puzikov, V. M.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rivier, S.

Romanowski, P.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Rotermund, F.

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Serres, J. M.

Shcherbakov, I. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shcherbitskii, V. G.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shekhovtsov, A. N.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sobczyk, M.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Solarz, P.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Studenikin, P. A.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Šulc, J.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, S. J.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Takeda, T.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tolstik, N. A.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Troshin, A. E.

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Urata, Y.

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Viana, B.

Vivien, D.

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, G. F.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. N. Hu and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 15(1), 75–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Wei, M.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wei, Y.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Weyers, M.

Wierzchowski, W.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wieteska, K.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Xie, R.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yasukevich, A. S.

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yasyukevich, A. S.

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yuan, F. F.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yumashev, K.

Yumashev, K. V.

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Liu, V. Petrov, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “High-power laser performance of a-cut and c-cut Yb:LuVO4 crystals,” Opt. Lett. 31(22), 3294–3296 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Rivier, X. Mateos, J. Liu, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Zorn, M. Weyers, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Passively mode-locked Yb:LuVO(4) oscillator,” Opt. Express 14(24), 11668–11671 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Mateos, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and tunable laser operation of Tm:LuVO4 near 1.9 µm under Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping,” Phys. Status Solidi203(4), R19–R21 (2006) (a).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L. Z.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, B.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, N.

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zia, R.

C. M. Dodson and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions in the trivalent lanthanide series: Calculated emission rates and oscillator strengths,” Phys. Rev. B 86(12), 125102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zorn, M.

Zverev, P. G.

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

V. E. Kisel, N. A. Tolstik, A. E. Troshin, N. V. Kuleshov, V. N. Matrosov, T. A. Matrosova, M. I. Kupchenko, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, F. Morier-Genoud, and U. Keller, “Spectroscopy and femtosecond laser performance of Yb3+:Gd0.64Y0.36VO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 85(4), 581–584 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chem. Mater. (1)

A. Grzechnik, “High-temperature transformations in calcium orthovanadate studied with Raman scattering,” Chem. Mater. 10(4), 1034–1040 (1998).
[Crossref]

Crystallogr. Rep. (2)

A. A. Belik, V. A. Morozov, R. N. Kotov, S. S. Khasanov, and B. I. Lazoryak, “Crystal structures of double vanadates Ca9R(VO4)7: I. R= La, Pr, and Eu,” Crystallogr. Rep. 42(5), 751–757 (2000).

M. V. Dobrotvorskaya, Yu. N. Gorobets, M. B. Kosmyna, P. V. Mateichenko, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, and A. N. Shekhovtsov, “Growth and characterization of Ca9Ln(VO4)7 crystals (Ln = Y, La, or Gd),” Crystallogr. Rep. 57(7), 959–961 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Liu, W. Han, H. Zhang, X. Mateos, and V. Petrov, “Comparative study of high-power continuous-wave laser performance of Yb-doped vanadate crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 45(7), 807–815 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

L. Liu, R. Xie, N. Hirosaki, Yu. Li, T. Takeda, C. Zhang, J. Li, and X. Sun, “Crystal structure and photo-luminescence properties of red-emitting Ca9La1-x(VO4)7:xEu3+ phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 93(12), 4081–4086 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, N. P. Barnes, and B. Di Bartolo, “Branching ratios, cross sections, and radiative lifetimes of rare earth ions in solids: Application to Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions in LiYF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 83(5), 2772–2787 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

A. S. Yasyukevich, V. G. Shcherbitskii, V. E. Kisel, A. V. Mandrik, and N. V. Kuleshov, “Integral method of reciprocity in the spectroscopy of laser crystals with impurity centers,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 71(2), 202–208 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Instensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37(3), 511–520 (1962).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (3)

M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, W. Paszkowicz, A. Behrooz, P. Romanowski, A. S. Yasukevich, N. V. Kuleshov, M. P. Demesh, W. Wierzchowski, K. Wieteska, and C. Paulmann, “Ca10Li(VO4)7:Nd3+, a promising laser material: growth, structure and spectral characteristics of a Czochralski-grown single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 445, 101–107 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, G. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Growth of a new nonlinear optical crystal YCa9(VO4)7,” J. Cryst. Growth 304(1), 233–235 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. Li, G. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Zhang, Z. Lin, and G. Wang, “Crystal growth and spectral properties of Nd3+:Ca9Gd(VO4)7 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 314(1), 331–335 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. A. Loiko, A. S. Yasukevich, A. E. Gulevich, M. P. Demesh, M. B. Kosmyna, B. P. Nazarenko, V. M. Puzikov, A. N. Shekhovtsov, A. A. Kornienko, E. B. Dunina, N. V. Kuleshov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Growth, spectroscopic and thermal properties of Nd-doped disordered Ca9La(VO4)7 and Ca10(Li/K)(VO4)7 laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 137, 252–258 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, “Laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mater. Res. Innov. (1)

P. N. Hu and G. F. Wang, “Growth and spectral properties of Er3+:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innov. 15(1), 75–77 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. F. Yuan, W. Zhao, Y. S. Huang, L. Z. Zhang, S. J. Sun, Z. B. Lin, and G. F. Wang, “Growth and optical properties of a new promising laser material Er3+/Yb3+:Ca9Y(VO4)7,” Opt. Commun. 328, 62–66 (2014).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

L. Huang, N. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Huang, B. Zhao, Y. Wei, X. Hu, and M. Wei, “Accurate measurement of refractive indices of Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 372–374 (2008).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

C. M. Dodson and R. Zia, “Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole transitions in the trivalent lanthanide series: Calculated emission rates and oscillator strengths,” Phys. Rev. B 86(12), 125102 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Lisiecki, P. Solarz, G. Dominiak-Dzik, W. Ryba-Romanowski, M. Sobczyk, P. Černý, J. Šulc, H. Jelínková, Y. Urata, and M. Higuchi, “Comparative optical study of thulium-doped YVO4, GdVO4, and LuVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 74(3), 035103 (2006).
[Crossref]

Quantum Electron. (2)

P. G. Zverev, A. Ya. Karasik, T. T. Basiev, L. I. Ivleva, and V. V. Osiko, “Stimulated Raman scattering of picosecond pulses in SrMoO4 and Ca3(VO4)2 crystals,” Quantum Electron. 33(4), 331–334 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, V. A. Mikhailov, A. I. Zagumennyi, G. Huber, E. Heumann, V. G. Ostroumov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tm3+:GdVO4 – a new efficient medium for diode-pumped 2-μm lasers,” Quantum Electron. 27(1), 13–14 (1997).
[Crossref]

Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials (1)

R. Gopal and C. Calvo, “The structure of Ca3(VO4)2,” Z. für Kristallographie-Crystalline Materials 137(1–6), 67–85 (1973).

Other (1)

X. Mateos, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave and tunable laser operation of Tm:LuVO4 near 1.9 µm under Ti:sapphire and diode laser pumping,” Phys. Status Solidi203(4), R19–R21 (2006) (a).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) As-grown Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 boule; (b) annealed in air and polished 1 mm-thick plate cut from this boule; XRD pattern of the powdered Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Fragment of the structure of the Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal within one unit-cell; (b) oxygen coordination of metal ions in the four possible sites.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman spectra for an a-cut Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal excited at 514 nm: (a) polarization dependence in the a(xy)a geometry; (b) details of the spectrum for the a(πσ)a geometry.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Absorption spectrum of the 5.72 at.% Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal; (b) absorption cross-sections σabs for the 3H63H4 transition of the Tm3+ ion.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

PL spectra for Tm3+-doped Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal (unpolarized light, excitation wavelength is 0.79 μm): (a) visible and (b-d) near-IR emissions.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Absorption, σabs, and stimulated-emission, σSE, cross-sections for the 3H63F4 transition of the Tm3+ ion in Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal for the π- and σ-polarizations; (b) measured decay of luminescence from the 3F4 upper laser level (at 1.85 μm) and the 3H4 pump state (at 0.8 μm); the excitation wavelength is ~0.79 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Gain cross-sections, σg = βσSE – (1 – βabs, for the 3F43H6 transition of the Tm3+ ion in Ca9La(VO4)7 crystal for the π- (a) and σ- (b) polarizations; β = N2(3F4)/NTm is the inversion ratio.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Experimental and Calculated Absorption Oscillator Strengths for the Tm:Ca9La(VO4)7 Crystal

Tables Icon

Table 2 Calculated Emission Probabilities for the Tm3+ Ion in Ca9La(VO4)7 Crystal

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f exp (JJ')= m e c 2 π e 2 N Tm λ 2 Γ(JJ'),
f calc (JJ')= 8 3h(2J'+1)λ ( n 2 +2) 2 9n S calc (JJ')+ f MD (JJ'),
S calc (JJ')= k=2,4,6 U (k) Ω k , where U (k) = (4 f n )SLJ|| U k ||(4 f n )S'L'J' 2 .
A calc (JJ')= 64 π 4 e 2 3h(2J'+1) λ 3 n ( n 2 +2 3 ) 2 S ED calc (JJ')+ A MD (JJ')
A tot = J' A calc (JJ') and τ rad = 1 A tot ,
B(JJ')= A calc (JJ') J' A calc (JJ') .
σ SE i (λ)= 1 8π n i 2 τ rad c 3 σ abs i (λ)exp(hc/(kTλ)) i=π,σ,σ λ 4 σ abs i (λ)exp(hc/(kTλ))dλ .

Metrics