Abstract

The remarkable feature of carbon quantum dots is the strong broadband photoluminescence of their colloidal solutions, which is observed on a variety of simple synthetic routes. This article describes the production of carbon nanodots (C-dots) with an average size of 3 nm in poly(ethylene glycol) by laser ablation and the evaluation of the spectral molar absorption coefficient, ε(λ), of these particles. In parallel we investigate optical properties as photoluminescence, lifetime and by a thermally managed Eclipse Z-scan we describe the thermo-optical properties of this colloidal suspension.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2016 (4)

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. C. Shende and S. Ramaprabhu, “Thermo-optical properties of partially unzipped multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersed nanofluids for direct absorption solar thermal energy systems,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 157, 117–125 (2016).
[Crossref]

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Aloukos, I. Papagiannouli, A. B. Bourlinos, R. Zboril, and S. Couris, “Third-order nonlinear optical response and optical limiting of colloidal carbon dots,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12013–12027 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (5)

A. Jaiswal, S. S. Ghosh, and A. Chattopadhyay, “One step synthesis of C-dots by microwave mediated caramelization of poly(ethylene glycol),” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(3), 407–409 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, and S.-T. Lee, “Carbon nanodots: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 22, 24230–24253 (2012).

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. F. Zhang, L. Bin Tang, S. F. Yu, and S. P. Lau, “Observation of white-light amplified spontaneous emission from carbon nanodots under laser excitation,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 490–495 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

S. N. Baker and G. A. Baker, “Luminescent carbon nanodots: emergent nanolights,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(38), 6726–6744 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

S. Ottani, D. Vitalini, F. Comelli, and C. Castellari, “Densities, Viscosities, and Refractive Indices of Poly(ethyleneglycol) 200 and 400 + Cyclic Ethers at 303.15 K,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(5), 1197–1204 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in Z-scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 1(6), 662–667 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

Aleali, H.

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

Alencar, M. A. R. C.

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Aloukos, P.

P. Aloukos, I. Papagiannouli, A. B. Bourlinos, R. Zboril, and S. Couris, “Third-order nonlinear optical response and optical limiting of colloidal carbon dots,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12013–12027 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

Bai, L.

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
[Crossref]

Bakandritsos, A.

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

Baker, G. A.

S. N. Baker and G. A. Baker, “Luminescent carbon nanodots: emergent nanolights,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(38), 6726–6744 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baker, S. N.

S. N. Baker and G. A. Baker, “Luminescent carbon nanodots: emergent nanolights,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(38), 6726–6744 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, L.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benayas, A.

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bin Tang, L.

Bourlinos, A. B.

P. Aloukos, I. Papagiannouli, A. B. Bourlinos, R. Zboril, and S. Couris, “Third-order nonlinear optical response and optical limiting of colloidal carbon dots,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12013–12027 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, S.

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Carolina, S.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castellari, C.

S. Ottani, D. Vitalini, F. Comelli, and C. Castellari, “Densities, Viscosities, and Refractive Indices of Poly(ethyleneglycol) 200 and 400 + Cyclic Ethers at 303.15 K,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(5), 1197–1204 (2002).
[Crossref]

Castro, H. P. S.

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chattopadhyay, A.

A. Jaiswal, S. S. Ghosh, and A. Chattopadhyay, “One step synthesis of C-dots by microwave mediated caramelization of poly(ethylene glycol),” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(3), 407–409 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, B.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, G. X.

G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, M.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chong, T. C.

G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chu, M.

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García Solé, J.

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Gournis, D.

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Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
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A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
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G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
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Hu, S.

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
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S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
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Hu, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
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S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
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A. Jaiswal, S. S. Ghosh, and A. Chattopadhyay, “One step synthesis of C-dots by microwave mediated caramelization of poly(ethylene glycol),” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(3), 407–409 (2012).
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Jaque, D.

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
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G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
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X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
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L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
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A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
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Karimzadeh, R.

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42(5), 783–789 (2010).
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X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
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Kose, M. E.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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Kouloumpis, A.

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
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Krysmann, M.

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
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Lau, S. P.

Lee, S.-T.

H. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, and S.-T. Lee, “Carbon nanodots: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 22, 24230–24253 (2012).

Li, H.

H. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, and S.-T. Lee, “Carbon nanodots: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 22, 24230–24253 (2012).

Li, W.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
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Li, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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Lin, J.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
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Lin, Y.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
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Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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Liu, C.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
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L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
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Liu, J.

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-H.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, W.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, and S.-T. Lee, “Carbon nanodots: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 22, 24230–24253 (2012).

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, P. G.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lv, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, G. H.

G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mansour, N.

R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42(5), 783–789 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

Martín Rodríguez, E.

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martínez Maestro, L.

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mcleod, J.

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
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Meziani, M. J.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
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Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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Miura, K.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Niu, K.-Y.

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
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Ottani, S.

S. Ottani, D. Vitalini, F. Comelli, and C. Castellari, “Densities, Viscosities, and Refractive Indices of Poly(ethyleneglycol) 200 and 400 + Cyclic Ethers at 303.15 K,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(5), 1197–1204 (2002).
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Pang, D.-W.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
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Papagiannouli, I.

P. Aloukos, I. Papagiannouli, A. B. Bourlinos, R. Zboril, and S. Couris, “Third-order nonlinear optical response and optical limiting of colloidal carbon dots,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12013–12027 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
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Pathak, P.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
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Plaza, J. L.

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
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X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
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Qi, B.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
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L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
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Qiu, J.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
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X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
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Ramaprabhu, S.

R. C. Shende and S. Ramaprabhu, “Thermo-optical properties of partially unzipped multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersed nanofluids for direct absorption solar thermal energy systems,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 157, 117–125 (2016).
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Rativa, D.

Ray, R.

X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
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Rodembusch, F. S.

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
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Rogach, A. L.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
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Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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Sarkhosh, L.

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

Scholten, J. D.

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Scrivens, W. A.

X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of λ/10(4) wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19(5), 317–319 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sheldon, S. J.

Shen, D.

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shende, R. C.

R. C. Shende and S. Ramaprabhu, “Thermo-optical properties of partially unzipped multiwalled carbon nanotubes dispersed nanofluids for direct absorption solar thermal energy systems,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 157, 117–125 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shimotsuma, Y.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Souza, V. S.

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, Y. P.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, Y.-P.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, D.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Teixeira, S. R.

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Thorne, J. M.

Tian, F.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tian, J.

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.-Q.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

T. Xia, D. J. Hagan, M. Sheik-Bahae, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Eclipsing Z-scan measurement of λ/10(4) wave-front distortion,” Opt. Lett. 19(5), 317–319 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Veca, L. M.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vitalini, D.

S. Ottani, D. Vitalini, F. Comelli, and C. Castellari, “Densities, Viscosities, and Refractive Indices of Poly(ethyleneglycol) 200 and 400 + Cyclic Ethers at 303.15 K,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(5), 1197–1204 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, P.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wender, H.

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xia, T.

Xie, S. Y.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamada, Y.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yang, S.-T.

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S. F.

Yu, W. W.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zboril, R.

P. Aloukos, I. Papagiannouli, A. B. Bourlinos, R. Zboril, and S. Couris, “Third-order nonlinear optical response and optical limiting of colloidal carbon dots,” Opt. Express 22(10), 12013–12027 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhai, X.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
[Crossref]

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, P.

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, T.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W. F.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
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Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Z.-L.

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
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Zhao, J.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, N.-Q.

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhao, X.

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, B.

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, S.

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, S.

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

Y. Zhang, Y. Hu, J. Lin, Y. Fan, Y. Li, Y. Lv, and X. Liu, “Excitation Wavelength Independence: Toward Low-Threshold Amplified Spontaneous Emission from Carbon Nanodots,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 8(38), 25454–25460 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (1)

X. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Y. Wang, S. Kalytchuk, S. V. Kershaw, Y. Wang, P. Wang, T. Zhang, Y. Zhao, H. Zhang, T. Cui, Y. Wang, J. Zhao, W. W. Yu, and A. L. Rogach, “Color-switchable electroluminescence of carbon dot light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano 7(12), 11234–11241 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

S. Qu, X. Liu, X. Guo, M. Chu, L. Zhang, and D. Shen, “Amplified spontaneous green emission and lasing emission from carbon nanoparticles,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(18), 2689–2695 (2014).
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Adv. Mater. (1)

L. Bao, Z.-L. Zhang, Z.-Q. Tian, L. Zhang, C. Liu, Y. Lin, B. Qi, and D.-W. Pang, “Electrochemical tuning of luminescent carbon nanodots: from preparation to luminescence mechanism,” Adv. Mater. 23(48), 5801–5806 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

S. N. Baker and G. A. Baker, “Luminescent carbon nanodots: emergent nanolights,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(38), 6726–6744 (2010).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Biomaterials (1)

C. Liu, P. Zhang, X. Zhai, F. Tian, W. Li, J. Yang, Y. Liu, H. Wang, W. Wang, and W. Liu, “Nano-carrier for gene delivery and bioimaging based on carbon dots with PEI-passivation enhanced fluorescence,” Biomaterials 33(13), 3604–3613 (2012).
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Carbon (2)

A. B. Bourlinos, M. A. Karakassides, A. Kouloumpis, D. Gournis, A. Bakandritsos, I. Papagiannouli, P. Aloukos, S. Couris, K. Hola, R. Zboril, M. Krysmann, and E. P. Giannelis, “Synthesis, characterization and non-linear optical response of organophilic carbon dots,” Carbon 61, 640–643 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Tan, Y. Yamada, S. Zhou, Y. Shimotsuma, K. Miura, and J. Qiu, “Carbon nanodots with strong nonlinear optical response,” Carbon 69, 638–640 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

A. Jaiswal, S. S. Ghosh, and A. Chattopadhyay, “One step synthesis of C-dots by microwave mediated caramelization of poly(ethylene glycol),” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) 48(3), 407–409 (2012).
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Chemistry (1)

H. P. S. Castro, V. S. Souza, J. D. Scholten, J. H. Dias, J. A. Fernandes, F. S. Rodembusch, R. Dos Reis, J. Dupont, S. R. Teixeira, and R. R. Correia, “Synthesis and Characterisation of Fluorescent Carbon Nanodots Produced in Ionic Liquids by Laser Ablation,” Chemistry 22(1), 138–143 (2016).
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J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces (1)

S.-T. Yang, X. Wang, H. Wang, F. Lu, P. G. Luo, L. Cao, M. J. Meziani, J.-H. Liu, Y. Liu, M. Chen, Y. Huang, and Y.-P. Sun, “Carbon Dots as Nontoxic and High-Performance Fluorescence Imaging Agents,” J Phys Chem C Nanomater Interfaces 113(42), 18110–18114 (2009).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

Y. P. Sun, B. Zhou, Y. Lin, W. Wang, K. A. S. Fernando, P. Pathak, M. J. Meziani, B. A. Harruff, X. Wang, H. Wang, P. G. Luo, H. Yang, M. E. Kose, B. Chen, L. M. Veca, S. Y. Xie, and S. Carolina, “Quantum-sized carbon dots for bright and colorful photoluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 128(24), 7756–7757 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Xu, R. Ray, Y. Gu, H. J. Ploehn, L. Gearheart, K. Raker, and W. A. Scrivens, “Electrophoretic analysis and purification of fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotube fragments,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126(40), 12736–12737 (2004).
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J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. P. S. Castro, H. Wender, M. A. R. C. Alencar, S. R. Teixeira, J. Dupont, and J. M. Hickmann, “Third-order nonlinear optical response of colloidal gold nanoparticles prepared by sputtering deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 114(18), 183104 (2013).
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G. X. Chen, M. H. Hong, T. C. Chong, H. I. Elim, G. H. Ma, and W. Ji, “Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water Preparation of carbon nanoparticles with strong optical limiting properties by laser ablation in water,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(3), 1455–1459 (2004).
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J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. (1)

H. Li, Z. Kang, Y. Liu, and S.-T. Lee, “Carbon nanodots: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Assoc. Comput. Mach. 22, 24230–24253 (2012).

J. Chem. Eng. Data (1)

S. Ottani, D. Vitalini, F. Comelli, and C. Castellari, “Densities, Viscosities, and Refractive Indices of Poly(ethyleneglycol) 200 and 400 + Cyclic Ethers at 303.15 K,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 47(5), 1197–1204 (2002).
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J. Mater. Chem. (2)

S. Hu, Y. Dong, J. Yang, J. Liu, and S. Cao, “Simultaneous synthesis of luminescent carbon nanoparticles and carbon nanocages by laser ablation of carbon black suspension and their optical limiting properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 22(5), 1957–1961 (2012).
[Crossref]

S.-L. Hu, K.-Y. Niu, J. Sun, J. Yang, N.-Q. Zhao, and X.-W. Du, “One-step synthesis of fluorescent carbon nanoparticles by laser irradiation,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(4), 484–488 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

L. Bai, S. Qiao, Y. Fang, J. Tian, J. Mcleod, Y. Song, H. Huang, Y. Liu, and Z. Kang, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of carboxyl group dominant carbon nanodots,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 4(36), 8490–8495 (2016).
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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurements of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
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Nano Res. (1)

S. Zhu, Y. Song, X. Zhao, J. Shao, J. Zhang, and B. Yang, “The photoluminescence mechanism in carbon dots (graphene quantum dots, carbon nanodots, and polymer dots): current state and future perspective,” Nano Res. 8(2), 355–381 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale (1)

D. Jaque, L. Martínez Maestro, B. del Rosal, P. Haro-Gonzalez, A. Benayas, J. L. Plaza, E. Martín Rodríguez, and J. García Solé, “Nanoparticles for photothermal therapies,” Nanoscale 6(16), 9494–9530 (2014).
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Opt. Express (2)

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R. Karimzadeh and N. Mansour, “The effect of concentration on the thermo-optical properties of colloidal silver nanoparticles,” Opt. Laser Technol. 42(5), 783–789 (2010).
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Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science (1)

L. Sarkhosh, H. Aleali, R. Karimzadeh, and N. Mansour, “Large thermally induced nonlinear refraction of gold nanoparticles stabilized by cyclohexanone,” Physica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science 207, 2303–2310 (2010).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Absorption spectra of three different concentrations: 0.1, 0.05 and 0.025 mg/mL. In the inset is plotted the dependence of the absorbance at 300 nm as a function of the filling factor. (b) Spectral molar absorption coefficient, ε(λ).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Colormap of fluorescence; the vertical and horizontal axis corresponds to the excitation and emission wavelength, respectively. (b) Fluorescence spectra under an excitation wavelength of 310 nm. (c) Fluorescence lifetime with fitting curve with corresponding residuals in inset. (d) IR spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Thermally managed EZ-scan measurements of solvent (PEG200) with intensity equal to 0.3 GW/cm2, Paver = 50 mW. (a) time evolution and (b) retrieved curve at t = 2.35 ms. Inset: open-aperture measurement at I0 = 2.3 GW/cm2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Thermally managed EZ-scan measurements: (a) Time evolution at prefocal (descending curves) and postfocal positions (ascending curves) of CQD-A (red square), CQD-B (blue square) and CQD-C (black square) samples, under the same laser intensity of 64 MW/cm2, Paver = 9.5 mW. (b) Retrieved curve for CQD-A at t = 2.35 ms. Inset: open-aperture measurement at I0 = 350 MW/cm2.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Thermo-optical parameters adjusted for CQD samples and PEG200 @ 800 nm.

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