Abstract

BaMgF4 single crystal is a promising candidate for many applications in the vacuum ultraviolet region. The electro-optic coefficient of BaMgF4 single crystal is measured by means of a symmetric metal-cladding waveguide, in which the effect refractive index is very sensitive to the change of the refractive index of the guiding layer. The resonance excitation angle shifts as the applied electric filed on the waveguide changes. Subsequently, the electro-optic coefficient γ13 = −36.2 pm/V of BaMgF4 single crystal is determined by measuring the variations of effective refractive index of the waveguide with different applied voltages. This considerable EO coefficient |γ13| is even larger than the largest one of LiNbO3 (γ51 = 32.6 pm/V) which offers an opportunity for the fabrication of vacuum ultraviolet electro-optic modulators and optical switches by BaMgF4 single crystal.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2016 (2)

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

T. Nakazato, I. Ito, Y. Kobayashi, X. Wang, C. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Phase-matched frequency conversion below 150 nm in KBe2BO3F2,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17149–17158 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (1)

K. Shimamura and E. G. Víllora, “Growth and characteristics of optical single crystals for UV/VUV applications,” J. Fluorine Chem. 132(12), 1040–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

B. Kang, B. K. Rhee, and G.-T. Joo, “Variation of electro-optic coefficients in MgO-doped LiNbO3 single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 60(17), 2306–2308 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

C. Chen, “Recent advances in deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with KBBF crystal,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 425–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, Z. Cao, H. Li, and Q. Shen, “Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(14), 4579–4581 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, X. Dou, Y. Chen, and Y. Ozaki, “Improved attenuated-total-reflection technique for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of nonlinear optical polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 805–808 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1995 (2)

F. Wang, E. Furman, and G. H. Haertling, “Electro-optic measurements of thin-film materials by means of reflection differential ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1985 (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

1975 (1)

J. Bergman, G. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(11), 4645–4646 (1975).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

I. Kaminow, J. Carruthers, E. Turner, and L. Stulz, “Thin-film LiNbO3 electro-optic light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(10), 540–542 (1973).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Baldochi, S. L.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bausá, L. E.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bergman, J.

J. Bergman, G. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(11), 4645–4646 (1975).
[Crossref]

Bo, Y.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Bond, W.

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Boyd, G.

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic press, 2003).

Cao, Z.

H. Lu, Z. Cao, H. Li, and Q. Shen, “Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(14), 4579–4581 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, X. Dou, Y. Chen, and Y. Ozaki, “Improved attenuated-total-reflection technique for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of nonlinear optical polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 805–808 (2000).
[Crossref]

Carrasco, I.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Carruthers, J.

I. Kaminow, J. Carruthers, E. Turner, and L. Stulz, “Thin-film LiNbO3 electro-optic light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(10), 540–542 (1973).
[Crossref]

Chaker, M.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chang, S.

Chen, C.

T. Nakazato, I. Ito, Y. Kobayashi, X. Wang, C. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Phase-matched frequency conversion below 150 nm in KBe2BO3F2,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17149–17158 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, X. Wang, S. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and C. Chen, “Watt-level tunable deep ultraviolet light source by a KBBF prism-coupled device,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8696–8703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Chen, “Recent advances in deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with KBBF crystal,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 425–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 616–621 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

C. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

Chen, J.

Chen, M.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Chen, Y.

Crane, G.

J. Bergman, G. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(11), 4645–4646 (1975).
[Crossref]

Cui, D.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dai, S.-B.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

de las Heras, C.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dou, X.

Durand, C.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ferrera, M.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, T.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Furman, E.

F. Wang, E. Furman, and G. H. Haertling, “Electro-optic measurements of thin-film materials by means of reflection differential ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Gaidi, M.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Galisteo-López, J. F.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Geng, A.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Guggenheim, H.

J. Bergman, G. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(11), 4645–4646 (1975).
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haertling, G. H.

F. Wang, E. Furman, and G. H. Haertling, “Electro-optic measurements of thin-film materials by means of reflection differential ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Helsten, R.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hill, R.

Hu, Z.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ichinose, N.

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ishibashi, H.

Ito, I.

Jiang, A.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 616–621 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

Jiang, D.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jiang, L.

Jiang, Y.

Joo, G.-T.

B. Kang, B. K. Rhee, and G.-T. Joo, “Variation of electro-optic coefficients in MgO-doped LiNbO3 single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 60(17), 2306–2308 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kaminow, I.

I. Kaminow, J. Carruthers, E. Turner, and L. Stulz, “Thin-film LiNbO3 electro-optic light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(10), 540–542 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kanai, T.

Kang, B.

B. Kang, B. K. Rhee, and G.-T. Joo, “Variation of electro-optic coefficients in MgO-doped LiNbO3 single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 60(17), 2306–2308 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kannan, C.

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kimura, H.

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kitamura, K.

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

Knoesen, A.

Kobayashi, Y.

Li, H.

J. Chen, X. Chen, Y. Ma, Y. Zheng, A. Wu, H. Li, L. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Measurement of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of BaMgF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(4), 665–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Lu, Z. Cao, H. Li, and Q. Shen, “Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(14), 4579–4581 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 616–621 (1989).
[Crossref]

Lin, S.

Lin, Y.

Liu, J.

Liu, L.-J.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lopez, C.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, H.

H. Lu, Z. Cao, H. Li, and Q. Shen, “Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(14), 4579–4581 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Ma, Y.

Mateos, L.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mei, L.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Miller, R. C.

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Ming, N.

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Molina, P.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mujilatu, N.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Muramatsu, K.

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nakano, K.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Nakazato, T.

Nassau, K.

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Ndione, P.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, Y.

Prêtre, P.

Ramírez, M. O.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Razzari, L.

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

Rhee, B. K.

B. Kang, B. K. Rhee, and G.-T. Joo, “Variation of electro-optic coefficients in MgO-doped LiNbO3 single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 60(17), 2306–2308 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sarukura, N.

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Savage, A.

G. Boyd, R. C. Miller, K. Nassau, W. Bond, and A. Savage, “LiNbO3: an efficient phase matchable nonlinear optical material,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 5(11), 234–236 (1964).
[Crossref]

Schildkraut, J. S.

Sekikawa, T.

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

Shen, Q.

H. Lu, Z. Cao, H. Li, and Q. Shen, “Study of ultrahigh-order modes in a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(14), 4579–4581 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, Z. Cao, Q. Shen, X. Dou, Y. Chen, and Y. Ozaki, “Improved attenuated-total-reflection technique for measuring the electro-optic coefficients of nonlinear optical polymers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17(5), 805–808 (2000).
[Crossref]

Shimamura, K.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Shimamura and E. G. Víllora, “Growth and characteristics of optical single crystals for UV/VUV applications,” J. Fluorine Chem. 132(12), 1040–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. G. VÝllora, K. Shimamura, K. Sumiya, and H. Ishibashi, “Birefringent-and quasi phase-matching with BaMgF4 for vacuum-UV/UV and mid-IR all solid-state lasers,” Opt. Express 17(15), 12362–12378 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stulz, L.

I. Kaminow, J. Carruthers, E. Turner, and L. Stulz, “Thin-film LiNbO3 electro-optic light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(10), 540–542 (1973).
[Crossref]

Su, L.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suganuma, T.

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sumiya, K.

Takekawa, S.

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Togashi, T.

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

Tsai, C.

Turner, E.

I. Kaminow, J. Carruthers, E. Turner, and L. Stulz, “Thin-film LiNbO3 electro-optic light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 22(10), 540–542 (1973).
[Crossref]

Villora, E.

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

Víllora, E. G.

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Shimamura and E. G. Víllora, “Growth and characteristics of optical single crystals for UV/VUV applications,” J. Fluorine Chem. 132(12), 1040–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

VÝllora, E. G.

Wan, Z.

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, E. Furman, and G. H. Haertling, “Electro-optic measurements of thin-film materials by means of reflection differential ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, G.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

Wang, Q.

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Wang, X.

Wang, X.-Y.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.-C.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.-M.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

T. Nakazato, I. Ito, Y. Kobayashi, X. Wang, C. Chen, and S. Watanabe, “Phase-matched frequency conversion below 150 nm in KBe2BO3F2,” Opt. Express 24(15), 17149–17158 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kanai, X. Wang, S. Adachi, S. Watanabe, and C. Chen, “Watt-level tunable deep ultraviolet light source by a KBBF prism-coupled device,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8696–8703 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

Wenrong, Z.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, A.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, X. Chen, Y. Ma, Y. Zheng, A. Wu, H. Li, L. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Measurement of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of BaMgF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(4), 665–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wu, B.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 616–621 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

Wu, K.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Wu, L.-M.

Wu, Y.

Xi, Y.

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

Xia, Y.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, X. Chen, Y. Ma, Y. Zheng, A. Wu, H. Li, L. Jiang, and J. Xu, “Measurement of second-order nonlinear optical coefficients of BaMgF4,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(4), 665–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

Xu, Z.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

Yang, F.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

You, G.

C. Chen, Y. Wu, A. Jiang, B. Wu, G. You, R. Li, and S. Lin, “New nonlinear-optical crystal: LiB3O5,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(4), 616–621 (1989).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

Yu, L.

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H.

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.-F.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.-J.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zheng, Y.

Zhu, Y.

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zong, N.

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

L. Mateos, M. O. Ramírez, I. Carrasco, P. Molina, J. F. Galisteo-López, E. G. Víllora, C. de las Heras, K. Shimamura, C. Lopez, and L. E. Bausá, “BaMgF4: An ultra-transparent two-dimensional nonlinear photonic crystal with strong χ(3) response in the UV spectral region,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 24(11), 1509–1518 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. A (1)

H. Zeng, K. Shimamura, C. Kannan, E. Villora, S. Takekawa, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric domain phenomena and microdomain engineering in BaMgF4 single crystal,” Appl. Phys. A 85(2), 173–176 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. Zhang, G. Wang, L. Guo, A. Geng, Y. Bo, D. Cui, Z. Xu, R. Li, Y. Zhu, and X. Wang, “175 to 210 nm widely tunable deep-ultraviolet light generation based on KBBF crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 93(2–3), 323–326 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (6)

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

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[Crossref]

Y. Lu, Z. Wan, Q. Wang, Y. Xi, and N. Ming, “Electro-optic effect of periodically poled optical superlattice LiNbO3 and its applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77(23), 3719–3721 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Helsten, L. Razzari, M. Ferrera, P. Ndione, M. Gaidi, C. Durand, M. Chaker, and R. Morandotti, “Pockels response in Calcium Barium Niobate thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(26), 261101 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Li, Z. Cao, H. Lu, and Q. Shen, “Free-space coupling of a light beam into a symmetrical metal-cladding optical waveguide,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(14), 2757–2759 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

F. Wang, E. Furman, and G. H. Haertling, “Electro-optic measurements of thin-film materials by means of reflection differential ellipsometry,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(1), 9–15 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Bergman, G. Crane, and H. Guggenheim, “Linear and nonlinear optical properties of ferroelectric BaMgF4 and BaZnF4,” J. Appl. Phys. 46(11), 4645–4646 (1975).
[Crossref]

C. Kannan, K. Shimamura, H. Zeng, H. Kimura, E. Villora, and K. Kitamura, “Ferroelectric and anisotropic electrical properties of BaMgF4 single crystal for vacuum UV devices,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(11), 114113 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, Y. Wang, Y. Xia, B. Wu, D. Tang, K. Wu, Z. Wenrong, L. Yu, and L. Mei, “New development of nonlinear optical crystals for the ultraviolet region with molecular engineering approach,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(6), 268–2272 (1995).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

K. Shimamura, S. L. Baldochi, N. Mujilatu, K. Nakano, Z. Liu, N. Sarukura, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Ce-doped LiCaAlF6 and LiSrAlF6 single crystals by the czochralski technique under CF4 atmosphere,” J. Cryst. Growth 211(1), 302–307 (2000).
[Crossref]

E. G. Víllora, K. Shimamura, K. Muramatsu, S. Takekawa, K. Kitamura, and N. Ichinose, “Refractive index of SrAlF5 and derived grating period for UV/VUV quasi-phase-matching SHG,” J. Cryst. Growth 280(1), 145–150 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Fluorine Chem. (1)

K. Shimamura and E. G. Víllora, “Growth and characteristics of optical single crystals for UV/VUV applications,” J. Fluorine Chem. 132(12), 1040–1046 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

S.-B. Dai, M. Chen, S.-J. Zhang, Z.-M. Wang, F.-F. Zhang, F. Yang, Z.-C. Wang, N. Zong, L.-J. Liu, and X.-Y. Wang, “2.14 mw deep-ultraviolet laser at 165 nm by eighth-harmonic generation of a 1319 nm Nd:YAG laser in KBBF,” Laser Phys. Lett. 13(3), 035401 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mater. Lett. (1)

B. Kang, B. K. Rhee, and G.-T. Joo, “Variation of electro-optic coefficients in MgO-doped LiNbO3 single crystals,” Mater. Lett. 60(17), 2306–2308 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Letters (1)

C. Chen, J. Lu, T. Togashi, T. Suganuma, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Second-harmonic generation from a KBe2BO3F2 crystal in the deep ultraviolet,” Opt. Letters 27(8), 637–639 (2002).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. (2)

C. Chen, “Recent advances in deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with KBBF crystal,” Opt. Mater. 26(4), 425–429 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Wu, Z. Wang, L. Su, D. Jiang, Y. Zou, J. Xu, J. Chen, Y. Ma, X. Chen, and Z. Hu, “Crystal growth and frequency conversion of BaMgF4 single crystal by temperature gradient technique,” Opt. Mater. 38, 238–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sci. Sin. Ser. B (1)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. Ser. B 28(3), 235–243 (1985).

Other (2)

C. Chen, S. Watanabe, Z. Xu, and J. Wang, “Recent advances of deep and vacuum-UV harmonic generation with new borate crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper CTuT3.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear optics (Academic press, 2003).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Structure of SMCW.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram for measuring the EO coefficient of BaMgF4 single crystal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The Resonance dips spectra for different applied voltages on (a) BMF crystal and (b) LN crystal.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The variation of effect refractive index as a function of the voltage applied on (a) BMF crystal, (b) LN crystal. The blue line was obtained by fitting the experimental data to Eq. (6).

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

( 0 0 γ 13 0 0 γ 23 0 0 γ 33 0 γ 42 0 γ 51 0 0 0 0 0 ) .
k m h = m π , m = 0 , 1 , 2 , ,
k m = k 0 ( n 2 N m 2 ) 1 / 2 ,
β m = k 0 n 0 s i n θ m ,
Δ N m = n N m Δ n ,
Δ n = n 3 2 γ ( U h ) ,
Δ N m = n 4 2 h n 0 sin θ m γ U = A U ,
A = n 4 2 h n 0 sin θ m γ .

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