Abstract

Layered metal dichalcogenides (LMDs) have been extensively employed as saturable absorbers (SAs) for demonstrating passively Q-switched or mode-locked lasers due to the advantages of wide absorption range and ultra-fast recovery time. In this paper, the nonlinear saturable absorption property of another IV-VI LMDs tin disulfide (SnS2) was investigated. SnS2-polyving alcohol (PVA) film was successfully prepared and employed as a SA for demonstrating an Er-doped passively Q-switched fiber laser. Under a pump power of 637 mW, the maximum average output power was 9.33 mW. The minimum pulse width was as narrow as 510 ns, which, to our knowledge, is the narrowest pulse width obtained within passively Q-switched Er-doped all-fiber ring-cavity lasers. The results indicate that film-type SnS2-PVA SA has excellent nonlinear absorption properties and outstanding performance in obtaining short-pulse passively Q-switched operation, which will promote the practical applications of SnS2 in the field of ultrafast photonics.

© 2017 Optical Society of America

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References

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  26. B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).
  27. R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
    [PubMed]
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    [PubMed]
  29. J. Koo, J. Lee, W. Shin, and J. H. Lee, “Large energy, all-fiberized Q-switched pulse laser using a GNRs/PVA saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(8), 1859–1867 (2015).

2017 (3)

C. Cheng, Z. Li, N. Dong, J. Wang, F. Chen, and F. Chen, “Tin diselenide as a new saturable absorber for generation of laser pulses at 1μm,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6132–6140 (2017).
[PubMed]

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40080 (2017).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

2016 (2)

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

B. Guo, Q. Lyu, Y. Yao, and P. F. Wang, “Direct generation of dip-type sidebands from WS2 mode-locked fiber laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(8), 2475–2486 (2016).

2015 (7)

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20051–20061 (2015).
[PubMed]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Koo, J. Lee, W. Shin, and J. H. Lee, “Large energy, all-fiberized Q-switched pulse laser using a GNRs/PVA saturable absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(8), 1859–1867 (2015).

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

B. Chen, X. Zhang, K. Wu, H. Wang, J. Wang, and J. Chen, “Q-switched fiber laser based on transition metal dichalcogenides MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Opt. Express 23(20), 26723–26737 (2015).
[PubMed]

2014 (7)

Z. Yu, Y. Song, J. Tian, Z. Dou, H. Guoyu, K. Li, H. Li, and X. Zhang, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched fiber laser with high quality topological insulator Bi2Se3 film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11508–11515 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

2012 (2)

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

2011 (1)

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

2010 (2)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

2009 (1)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

1992 (1)

1977 (1)

A. J. Smith, P. E. Meek, and W. Y. Liang, “Raman scattering studies of SnS2 and SnSe2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 10(8), 1321 (1977).

Abramski, K. M.

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Asom, M. T.

Bao, Q.

Bao, Q. L.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Basko, D. M.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Boyd, G. D.

Cai, Z.

Chen, B.

Chen, C.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

Chen, F.

Chen, H.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

Chen, J.

Chen, J. S.

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Chen, S.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

Chen, Y.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Cheng, C.

Cheon, J.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

Chiu, T. H.

Cui, X.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40080 (2017).
[PubMed]

Ding, J.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Dong, B.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

Dong, N.

Dou, Z.

Du, B.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Du, J.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Fan, D.

Fang, Y.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

Ferguson, J. F.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Gan, X.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Guo, B.

Guo, Z.

Guoyu, H.

Han, L.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Hasan, T.

Howe, R. C. T.

Hu, G.

Hua, S.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Huang, C.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

Huang, Y.

Jang, J. T.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

Jiang, B.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Jiang, G.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Kai, J. T.

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Kelleher, E. J. R.

Keller, U.

Kim, C.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

Koo, J.

Kozinski, R.

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Lee, J.

Lee, J. H.

Li, H.

Li, K.

Li, M.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

Li, X.

Li, Y.

Z. Luo, Y. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Li, J. Wu, B. Xu, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1, 1.5, and 2 μm fiber lasers Q-switched by a broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

Li, Z.

Liang, W. Y.

A. J. Smith, P. E. Meek, and W. Y. Liang, “Raman scattering studies of SnS2 and SnSe2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 10(8), 1321 (1977).

Librant, K.

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Lipinska, L.

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Liu, A.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Liu, W. K.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

Liu, X.

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40080 (2017).
[PubMed]

Loh, K. P.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Lu, F.

Y. Cui, F. Lu, and X. Liu, “Nonlinear Saturable and Polarization-induced Absorption of Rhenium Disulfide,” Sci. Rep. 7, 40080 (2017).
[PubMed]

F. Lu, “Passively harmonic mode-locked fiber laser based on ReS2 saturable absorber,” Mod. Phys. Lett. B ,1750206 (2017).

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

Luo, B.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

Luo, Z.

Lyu, Q.

Ma, C.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Meek, P. E.

A. J. Smith, P. E. Meek, and W. Y. Liang, “Raman scattering studies of SnS2 and SnSe2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 10(8), 1321 (1977).

Mei, L.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Mei, T.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Miller, D. A. B.

Park, B.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

Park, S. W.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

Peng, J.

Peng, T.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Popa, D.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Popov, S. V.

Privitera, G.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Qian, X. F.

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Ruan, S.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Runcorn, T. H.

Seo, J. W.

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

She, X.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Shin, W.

Smith, A. J.

A. J. Smith, P. E. Meek, and W. Y. Liang, “Raman scattering studies of SnS2 and SnSe2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 10(8), 1321 (1977).

Song, H.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

Song, K.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Song, Y.

Su, Y. Z.

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Tang, D.

Tang, D. Y.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Taylor, J. R.

Tian, J.

Torrisi, F.

Wang, A.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wang, B.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

Wang, F.

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Wang, H.

Wang, J.

Wang, K. X.

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Wang, M.

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

Wang, P. F.

Wang, Q.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wang, S.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Wang, Y.

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Wei, L.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

Wen, S.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

Weng, J.

Woodward, R. I.

Wu, J.

Wu, K.

Wu, M.

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

Xiang, Y.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Xu, B.

Xu, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Xu, H.

Yan, P.

P. Yan, A. Liu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, S. Ruan, H. Chen, and J. Ding, “Passively mode-locked fiber laser by a cell-type WS2 nanosheets saturable absorber,” Sci. Rep. 5, 12587 (2015).
[PubMed]

Yang, D.

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

Yao, Y.

Yu, H.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Yu, X.

Yu, Z.

Zdrojek, M.

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Zhang, H.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Zhang, W.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhang, X.

Zhao, C.

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhao, J.

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, Y. Wang, C. Ma, L. Han, B. Jiang, X. Gan, S. Hua, W. Zhang, T. Mei, and J. Zhao, “WS2 mode-locked ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci. Rep. 5, 7965 (2015).
[PubMed]

Zhao, L. M.

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Zhi, L.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

Zhong, M.

Zhou, D. P.

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

Zhou, J.

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

ACS Nano (1)

Z. Sun, T. Hasan, F. Torrisi, D. Popa, G. Privitera, F. Wang, F. Bonaccorso, D. M. Basko, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene mode-locked ultrafast laser,” ACS Nano 4(2), 803–810 (2010).
[PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (2)

J. W. Seo, J. T. Jang, S. W. Park, C. Kim, B. Park, and J. Cheon, “Two-dimensional SnS2 nanoplates with extraordinary high discharge capacity for lithium ion batteries,” Adv. Mater. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2008).

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband few-layer MoS2 saturable absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

H. Zhang, Q. L. Bao, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy soliton erbium-doped fiber laser with a graphene-polymer composite mode locker,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(14), 141103 (2009).

R. Kozinski, K. Librant, M. Zdrojek, L. Lipinska, and K. M. Abramski, “Linearly polarized, Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser based on reduced graphene oxide saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(24), 241106 (2012).

Energy Environ. Sci. (1)

B. Luo, Y. Fang, B. Wang, J. Zhou, H. Song, and L. Zhi, “Two dimensional graphene–SnS2 hybrids with superior rate capability for lithium ion storage,” Energy Environ. Sci. 5(1), 5226–5230 (2012).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Mao, X. Cui, X. Gan, M. Li, W. Zhang, H. Lu, and J. Zhao, “Passively Q-switched and mode-locked fiber laser based on a ReS2 saturable absorber,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 24(3), 1100406 (2017).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

D. P. Zhou, L. Wei, B. Dong, and W. K. Liu, “Tunable passively Q-switched erbium-doped fiber laser with carbon nanotubes as a saturable absorber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 22(1), 9–11 (2010).

S. Chen, Y. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Li, C. Zhao, and S. Wen, “Stable Q-Switched Erbium-Doped Fiber Laser Based on Topological Insulator Covered Microfiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 26(10), 987–990 (2014).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. (1)

A. J. Smith, P. E. Meek, and W. Y. Liang, “Raman scattering studies of SnS2 and SnSe2,” J. Phys. C Solid State Phys. 10(8), 1321 (1977).

J. Power Sources (1)

J. T. Kai, K. X. Wang, Y. Z. Su, X. F. Qian, and J. S. Chen, “High stability and superior rate capability of three-dimensional hierarchical SnS2 microspheres as anode material in lithium ion batteries,” J. Power Sources 196(7), 3650–3654 (2011).

Opt. Express (7)

R. I. Woodward, E. J. R. Kelleher, R. C. T. Howe, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, T. Hasan, S. V. Popov, and J. R. Taylor, “Tunable Q-switched fiber laser based on saturable edge-state absorption in few-layer molybdenum disulfide (MoS2),” Opt. Express 22(25), 31113–31122 (2014).
[PubMed]

R. I. Woodward, R. C. T. Howe, T. H. Runcorn, G. Hu, F. Torrisi, E. J. R. Kelleher, and T. Hasan, “Wideband saturable absorption in few-layer molybdenum diselenide (MoSe2) for Q-switching Yb-, Er- and Tm-doped fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 23(15), 20051–20061 (2015).
[PubMed]

K. Wu, X. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Li, and J. Chen, “WS2 as a saturable absorber for ultrafast photonic applications of mode-locked and Q-switched lasers,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11453–11461 (2015).
[PubMed]

C. Cheng, Z. Li, N. Dong, J. Wang, F. Chen, and F. Chen, “Tin diselenide as a new saturable absorber for generation of laser pulses at 1μm,” Opt. Express 25(6), 6132–6140 (2017).
[PubMed]

Z. Yu, Y. Song, J. Tian, Z. Dou, H. Guoyu, K. Li, H. Li, and X. Zhang, “High-repetition-rate Q-switched fiber laser with high quality topological insulator Bi2Se3 film,” Opt. Express 22(10), 11508–11515 (2014).
[PubMed]

Y. Chen, G. Jiang, S. Chen, Z. Guo, X. Yu, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, Q. Bao, S. Wen, D. Tang, and D. Fan, “Mechanically exfoliated black phosphorus as a new saturable absorber for both Q-switching and Mode-locking laser operation,” Opt. Express 23(10), 12823–12833 (2015).
[PubMed]

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Optik (Stuttg.) (1)

M. Wang, C. Chen, C. Huang, and H. Chen, “Passively Q-switched Er-doped fiber laser using a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror,” Optik (Stuttg.) 125(9), 2154–2156 (2014).

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D. Mao, X. She, B. Du, D. Yang, W. Zhang, K. Song, X. Cui, B. Jiang, T. Peng, and J. Zhao, “Erbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked with few-layer WSe2/MoSe2 nanosheets,” Sci. Rep. 6, 23583 (2016).
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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a). The SEM image of the SnS2 nanosheet. (b) EDX spectroscopy of the SnS2 nanosheet. Insert of (a) the SnS2 nanosheet.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a). The X-ray Diffraction of the SnS2 nanosheets. (b) The Raman spectrum of the SnS2 nanosheets.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a). The TEM image of the SnS2 nanosheets. (b) The selected-area electron diffraction. Insert of (a) The SnS2-PVA dispersion solution.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a). The AFM image of the SnS2 nanosheets. (b) The height measurement of the selected-area in Fig. 4(a).
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Linear transmission of the SnS2-PVA film versus wavelength.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The setup of the power-dependent transmission technique.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The nonlinear absorption property of the SnS2-PVA film.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The experimental setup of the SnS2 based passively Q-switched laser.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a). The emission spectrum of the fiber laser. (b) The relationships between the average output power and pump power.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 (a) Pulse repetition rate and pulse duration as functions of pump power. (b) peak power and pulse energy as functions of pump power.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Typical oscilloscope traces and single pulse profile of the Q-switched pulse trains under different pump powers: (a)(d) 290 mW, (b)(e) 489 mW and (c)(f) 637 mW.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 (a) the radio-frequency optical spectrum at the fundamental frequency of 233 kHz. (b) the broadband RF output spectrum.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Comparison of passively Q-switched Er-doped ring-cavity lasers based on different SAs.

Equations (1)

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T(I)=1 T ns ΔT×exp(I/ I sat )

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