Abstract

Polymer/cholesteric liquid crystal composites (ChLCs) exhibit unique characteristics such as sub-millisecond response and deformation-free electro-optic tuning of the selective reflection band, and have thus been studied for the prospect of developing polarization-independent phase modulators. Here, we propose a diffusion-based method to replace the liquid crystal in the composite and hence improve the threshold characteristics. Because there is no rinsing process, the polymer network is retained almost perfectly, and can improve the threshold without deteriorating the light scattering or response characteristics. Simply substituting the chiral liquid crystal in the composite to an achiral liquid crystal without the chiral dopant was found to cause a 25% reduction in the threshold voltage, from 57 V to 41 V.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Polarization-independent submillisecond phase modulation utilizing polymer/short-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal composite

Junji Kobashi, Hoekyung Kim, Hiroyuki Yoshida, and Masanori Ozaki
Opt. Lett. 40(22) 5363-5366 (2015)

Helical pitch-dependent electro-optics of optically high transparent nano-phase separated liquid crystals

Srinivas Pagidi, Ramesh Manda, Young Jin Lim, Seong Min Song, Hyesun Yoo, Jong Hoon Woo, Yi-Hsin Lin, and Seung Hee Lee
Opt. Express 26(21) 27368-27380 (2018)

Helical pitch dependence of the electro-optic characteristics in polymer/cholesteric liquid crystal nanocomposites

Hoekyung Kim, Junji Kobashi, Yasutaka Maeda, Hiroyuki Yoshida, and Masanori Ozaki
Opt. Mater. Express 6(4) 1138-1145 (2016)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (John Wiley & Sons, 2010), Chap. 7.
  2. H. de Vries, “Rotatory power and other optical properties of certain liquid crystals,” Acta Crystallogr. 4(3), 219–226 (1951).
    [Crossref]
  3. Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  4. R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, “Electrically switchable mirrors and optical components made from liquid-crystal gels,” Nature 392(6675), 476–479 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  8. S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Kobashi, H. Kim, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent submillisecond phase modulation utilizing polymer/short-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5363–5366 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. F. Peng, D. Xu, H. Chen, and S.-T. Wu, “Low voltage polymer network liquid crystal for infrared spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2361–2368 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Sun and S.-T. Wu, “Recent advances in polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 52(3), 183–192 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Kim, Y. Inoue, J. Kobashi, Y. Maeda, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free switching of polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals by low-temperature polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(3), 705–710 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  18. H.-C. Jau, W.-M. Lai, C.-W. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, H.-K. Hsu, C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, and T.-H. Lin, “Study of electro-optical properties of templated blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1516–1522 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. J.-D. Lin, C.-L. Chu, H.-Y. Lin, B. You, C.-T. Horng, S.-Y. Huang, T.-S. Mo, C.-Y. Huang, and C.-R. Lee, “Wide-band tunable photonic bandgaps based on nematic-refilling cholesteric liquid crystal polymer template samples,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(6), 1419–1430 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. R. Cano, “An explanation of Grandjean discontinuities,” Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. 91(1), 20–27 (1968).
  21. T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  24. D. A. Dunmur, “Measurements of bulk elastic constants of nematics,” in Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals: Nematics, D. A. Dunmur, A. Fukuda, and G. R. Luckhurst, ed. (INSPEC & IEE, 2000).
  25. Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Nematic liquid crystal nanocomposite with scattering-free, microsecond electro-optic response,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 916–923 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
    [Crossref]

2016 (2)

A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Kim, Y. Inoue, J. Kobashi, Y. Maeda, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free switching of polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals by low-temperature polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(3), 705–710 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

2014 (4)

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Nematic liquid crystal nanocomposite with scattering-free, microsecond electro-optic response,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 916–923 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sun and S.-T. Wu, “Recent advances in polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 52(3), 183–192 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

H.-C. Jau, W.-M. Lai, C.-W. Chen, Y.-T. Lin, H.-K. Hsu, C.-H. Chen, C.-C. Wang, and T.-H. Lin, “Study of electro-optical properties of templated blue phase liquid crystals,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1516–1522 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, “Electrically switchable mirrors and optical components made from liquid-crystal gels,” Nature 392(6675), 476–479 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

1968 (1)

R. Cano, “An explanation of Grandjean discontinuities,” Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. 91(1), 20–27 (1968).

1951 (1)

H. de Vries, “Rotatory power and other optical properties of certain liquid crystals,” Acta Crystallogr. 4(3), 219–226 (1951).
[Crossref]

Borstnik, A.

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bourgerette, C.

S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
[Crossref]

Braun, L.

A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
[Crossref]

Cano, R.

R. Cano, “An explanation of Grandjean discontinuities,” Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. 91(1), 20–27 (1968).

Cao, H.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Castles, F.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, C.-H.

Chen, C.-W.

Chen, H.

Choi, S. S.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chu, C.-L.

Coles, H. J.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Day, F. V.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Vries, H.

H. de Vries, “Rotatory power and other optical properties of certain liquid crystals,” Acta Crystallogr. 4(3), 219–226 (1951).
[Crossref]

Doane, J. W.

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

El-Sayed, M. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friend, R. H.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fujii, A.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fung, Y. K.

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gardiner, D. J.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Glasser, J.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Guo, J.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ha, N. Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hands, P. J. W.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haseba, Y.

J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, W.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hikmet, R. A. M.

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, “Electrically switchable mirrors and optical components made from liquid-crystal gels,” Nature 392(6675), 476–479 (1998).
[Crossref]

Horng, C.-T.

Hsu, H.-K.

Huang, C.-Y.

Huang, S.-Y.

Huck, W. T. S.

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, K.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inoue, Y.

H. Kim, Y. Inoue, J. Kobashi, Y. Maeda, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free switching of polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals by low-temperature polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(3), 705–710 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Nematic liquid crystal nanocomposite with scattering-free, microsecond electro-optic response,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 916–923 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, K.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Isomura, T.

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

Jau, H.-C.

Jeong, S. M.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kawata, Y.

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kemperman, H.

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, “Electrically switchable mirrors and optical components made from liquid-crystal gels,” Nature 392(6675), 476–479 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kerszulis, J.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kikuchi, H.

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

Ko, D.-H.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobashi, J.

Kolosova, V.

A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
[Crossref]

König, T. A. F.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Konkanok, A.

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kubo, H.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lai, W.-M.

Ledin, P. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.-R.

Lin, H.-Y.

Lin, J.-D.

Lin, T.-H.

Lin, Y.-T.

Liu, F.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lorenz, A.

A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
[Crossref]

Maeda, Y.

Mahmoud, M. A.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matsuhisa, Y.

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mitov, M.

S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mo, T.-S.

Morris, S. M.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nishimura, S.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nosheen, S.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ohtsuka, Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozaki, M.

H. Kim, Y. Inoue, J. Kobashi, Y. Maeda, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free switching of polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals by low-temperature polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(3), 705–710 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kobashi, H. Kim, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent submillisecond phase modulation utilizing polymer/short-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5363–5366 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Nematic liquid crystal nanocomposite with scattering-free, microsecond electro-optic response,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 916–923 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pan, G.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

Qasim, M. M.

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Relaix, S.

S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
[Crossref]

Reynolds, J. R.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shiozaki, Y.

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

J. Sun and S.-T. Wu, “Recent advances in polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 52(3), 183–192 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suzaki, G.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takanishi, Y.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Takezoe, H.

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, S.

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tsukruk, V. V.

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.-C.

Wei, J.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wu, S.-T.

F. Peng, D. Xu, H. Chen, and S.-T. Wu, “Low voltage polymer network liquid crystal for infrared spatial light modulators,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2361–2368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Sun and S.-T. Wu, “Recent advances in polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 52(3), 183–192 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Xu, D.

Yang, D.-K.

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yaniv, Z.

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

H. Kim, Y. Inoue, J. Kobashi, Y. Maeda, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free switching of polymer-stabilized cholesteric liquid crystals by low-temperature polymerization,” Opt. Mater. Express 6(3), 705–710 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Kobashi, H. Kim, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Polarization-independent submillisecond phase modulation utilizing polymer/short-pitch cholesteric liquid crystal composite,” Opt. Lett. 40(22), 5363–5366 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, and M. Ozaki, “Nematic liquid crystal nanocomposite with scattering-free, microsecond electro-optic response,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(5), 916–923 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

You, B.

Zhang, D.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, D.

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zumer, S.

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

T. A. F. König, P. A. Ledin, J. Kerszulis, M. A. Mahmoud, M. A. El-Sayed, J. R. Reynolds, and V. V. Tsukruk, “Electrically tunable plasmonic behavior of nanocube-polymer nanomaterials induced by a redox-active electrochromic polymer,” ACS Nano 8(6), 6182–6192 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Photonics (1)

A. Lorenz, L. Braun, and V. Kolosova, “Continuous Optical Phase Modulation in a Copolymer Network Nematic Liquid Crystal,” ACS Photonics 3(7), 1188–1193 (2016).
[Crossref]

Acta Crystallogr. (1)

H. de Vries, “Rotatory power and other optical properties of certain liquid crystals,” Acta Crystallogr. 4(3), 219–226 (1951).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (2)

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, K. Inoue, Y. Shiozaki, H. Kubo, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Tunable lasing from a cholesteric liquid crystal film embedded with a liquid crystal nanopore network,” Adv. Mater. 23(46), 5498–5501 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. S. Choi, S. M. Morris, W. T. S. Huck, and H. J. Coles, “Simultaneous red-green-blue reflection and wavelength tuning from an achiral liquid crystal and a polymer template,” Adv. Mater. 22(1), 53–56 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Inoue, H. Yoshida, H. Kubo, and M. Ozaki, “Deformation-free, microsecond electro-optic tuning of liquid crystals,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(3), 256–263 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

H. Yoshida, Y. Inoue, T. Isomura, Y. Matsuhisa, A. Fujii, and M. Ozaki, “Position sensitive, continuous wavelength tunable laser based on photopolymerizable cholesteric liquid crystals with an in-plane helix alignment,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(9), 093306 (2009).
[Crossref]

D.-K. Yang, J. W. Doane, Z. Yaniv, and J. Glasser, “Cholesteric reflective display: drive scheme and contrast,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64(15), 1905–1907 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. Relaix, C. Bourgerette, and M. Mitov, “Broadband reflective liquid crystalline gels due to the ultraviolet light screening made by the liquid crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(25), 251907 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Guo, H. Cao, J. Wei, D. Zhang, F. Liu, G. Pan, D. Zhao, W. He, and H. Yang, “Polymer stabilized liquid crystal films reflecting both right- and left-circularly polarized light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(20), 201901 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Sun, S.-T. Wu, and Y. Haseba, “A low voltage submillisecond-response polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulator,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(2), 023305 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. (1)

R. Cano, “An explanation of Grandjean discontinuities,” Bull. Soc. Fr. Mineral. Cristallogr. 91(1), 20–27 (1968).

J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. (1)

J. Sun and S.-T. Wu, “Recent advances in polymer network liquid crystal spatial light modulators,” J. Polym. Sci., Part B: Polym. Phys. 52(3), 183–192 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (2)

F. Castles, F. V. Day, S. M. Morris, D.-H. Ko, D. J. Gardiner, M. M. Qasim, S. Nosheen, P. J. W. Hands, S. S. Choi, R. H. Friend, and H. J. Coles, “Blue-phase templated fabrication of three-dimensional nanostructures for photonic applications,” Nat. Mater. 11(7), 599–603 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Y. Ha, Y. Ohtsuka, S. M. Jeong, S. Nishimura, G. Suzaki, Y. Takanishi, K. Ishikawa, and H. Takezoe, “Fabrication of a simultaneous red-green-blue reflector using single-pitched cholesteric liquid crystals,” Nat. Mater. 7(1), 43–47 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

R. A. M. Hikmet and H. Kemperman, “Electrically switchable mirrors and optical components made from liquid-crystal gels,” Nature 392(6675), 476–479 (1998).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (1)

Y. Kawata, H. Yoshida, S. Tanaka, A. Konkanok, M. Ozaki, and H. Kikuchi, “Anisotropy of the electro-optic Kerr effect in polymer-stabilized blue phases,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 91(2), 022503 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics (1)

Y. K. Fung, A. Borstnik, S. Zumer, D.-K. Yang, and J. W. Doane, “Pretransitional nematic ordering in liquid crystals with dispersed polymer networks,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Phys. Plasmas Fluids Relat. Interdiscip. Topics 55(2), 1637–1645 (1997).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

D. A. Dunmur, “Measurements of bulk elastic constants of nematics,” in Physical Properties of Liquid Crystals: Nematics, D. A. Dunmur, A. Fukuda, and G. R. Luckhurst, ed. (INSPEC & IEE, 2000).

P. Yeh and C. Gu, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays (John Wiley & Sons, 2010), Chap. 7.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic illustration of the samples (a) before polymerization, (b) after polymerization and (c) after substitution.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a), (b) POM images after UV irradiation and after the substitution process. The area surrounded by dotted line is the electrode. (c) Transmittance spectrum of the surrounding nematic LC between crossed polarizers. (d) Transmittance spectra without polarizers before and after substitution. (e) Transmittance spectra of the substituted composite for various incident linear polarization (LP) angles.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Transmittance spectra at various voltages without polarizers before (left) and after (right) substitution. (b) Voltage-dependent refractive index and phase shift of the composite at 532 nm. (c) Voltage-dependent scattering loss of the composite at 532 nm. (d), (e) Hysteresis in refractive index before and after substitution process.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Voltage-dependence of the maximum tilt angle within the domain for various D/p0.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Transient response curve upon cessation of 80 V voltage from the sample (a) before substitution and (b) after substitution.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I= I max exp( 2π kd λ )× ( 1R ) 2 ( 1R ) 2 +4R sin 2 ϕ ,
I= I max sin 2 ( φ 1+ u 2 ) cos 2 φ 1+ u 2 ,
f EL = 1 2 K 11 ( n ) 2 + 1 2 K 22 { n( ×n )+ q 0 } 2 + 1 2 K 33 { n×( ×n ) } 2 ,
f EL = 1 2 ( K 11 cos 2 θ+ K 33 sin 2 θ ) ( dθ dz ) 2 + 1 2 ( K 22 cos 2 θ+ K 33 sin 2 θ ) cos 2 θ ( dϕ dz ) 2 q 0 K 22 cos 2 θ dϕ dz + 1 2 K 22 q 0 2 .
V th,D = π ε 0 Δε K 11 +( K 33 2 K 22 ) ( Φ π ) 2 +2 K 22 D p 0 ,

Metrics