Abstract

We investigate a plasmon-induced transparency (PIT)-like behavior at terahertz (THz) region induced by resonance detuning in a hybrid planar metamaterial (MM). Each unit cell of the MM contains two types of dipole oscillation resonators: a cut-wire and a couple of U-shaped resonators in mirror symmetry. The hybridization of above resonators splits the single resonance mode into two side modes in THz transmission spectrum. The side modes are found to induce negative group delays of incident THz wave-packet. The distribution of surface currents and electric energy reveals that the near-field coupling between cut-wire and U-shape resonators results in inductive-capacitive (LC) resonance, which dominates the low frequency side mode, while the high frequency side mode attribute to the triple dipole oscillations. The reduction of the length of cut-wire give rise to a dipole resonance detuning, which enhances the LC resonance via near-field coupling, while attenuates the constructive inference of triple dipole oscillators. The retrieved complex dielectric functions indicate the evolution of LC resonance and triple dipole oscillations. By controlling the dipole resonance detuning appropriately, a man-made transparent tip can be created in between the two side modes. However, such a transparent tip is unable to induce negative group delay. Aforementioned PIT-like behavior can support the design of hybrid planar MMs in application of two-band notch filters or multi-channel buffer in the THz-region.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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2015 (4)

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Wan, Y. Song, L. Zhang, and F. Zhou, “Broadband plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials via constructive interference of electric and magnetic couplings,” Opt. Express 23(21), 27361–27368 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Lan, Z. Yang, L. Qi, X. Gao, and Z. Shi, “Terahertz dual-resonance bandpass filter using bilayer reformative complementary metamaterial structures,” Opt. Lett. 39(7), 1709–1712 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (5)

2010 (1)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

Z. Sheng and V. V. Varadan, “Tuning the effective properties of metamaterials by changing the substrate properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(1), 014909 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Naib, I.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Al-Naib, I. A.

Ambacher, O.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Antes, J.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bergmen, K.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bitzer, A.

Boes, F.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cao, W.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. P.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. T.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, J.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, D. R.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eigenthaler, U.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V. A.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feurer, T.

Freude, W.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fu, J. H.

Gabrielli, L. H.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, X.

Genov, D. A.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giessen, H.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, J.

Han, J.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, M.

He, X.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Henneberger, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Highstrete, C.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hillerkuss, D.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hirscher, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hua, J.

Huang, R.

Kallfass, I.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Karl, N. J.

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. M.

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleine-Ostmann, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves. 32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[Crossref]

Koenig, S.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kong, J. A.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koos, C.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kung, P.

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, F.

Langguth, L.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, M.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuther, A.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Leuthold, J.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

Lipson, M.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, N.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lopez-Diaz, D.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luo, L.-W.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Y.

Maier, S. A.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McKinney, R. W.

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mendis, R.

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meng, F. Y.

Merbold, H.

Mesch, M.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mittleman, D. M.

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

Monnai, Y.

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

Morandotti, R.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nagatsuma, T.

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves. 32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ophir, N.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ozaki, T.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pacheco, J.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Padilla, W. J.

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Palmer, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Papasimakis, N.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, M.

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, W.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Philip, E.

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poitras, C. B.

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, L.

Rivera, E.

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockstuhl, C.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmogrow, R.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Sheng, Z.

Z. Sheng and V. V. Varadan, “Tuning the effective properties of metamaterials by changing the substrate properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(1), 014909 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shi, W.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, Z.

Singh, R.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Song, Z.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sönnichsen, C.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Taylor, A. J.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tessmann, A.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Tian, Z.

Tonouchi, M.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Varadan, V. V.

Z. Sheng and V. V. Varadan, “Tuning the effective properties of metamaterials by changing the substrate properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(1), 014909 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wan, M.

Wang, C.

Wang, Y.

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weiss, T.

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, B.-I.

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Q.

Xiao, J.

Yang, Y.

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Zhang, C.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

Zhang, R.

Zhang, S.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Cao, R. Singh, I. A. Al-Naib, M. He, A. J. Taylor, and W. Zhang, “Low-loss ultra-high-Q dark mode plasmonic Fano metamaterials,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3366–3368 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Ma, Z. Li, Y. Yang, R. Huang, R. Singh, S. Zhang, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in twisted Fano terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(3), 391–399 (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. Li, Y. Ma, R. Huang, R. Singh, J. Gu, Z. Tian, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Manipulating the plasmon-induced transparency in terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8912–8919 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zheludev, N. I.

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, F.

Zhu, L.

Zwick, T.

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Cao, R. Singh, C. Zhang, J. Han, M. Tonouchi, and W. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials: Active near field coupling between bright superconducting and dark metallic mode resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103(10), 101106 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Singh, I. Al-Naib, Y. Yang, D. R. Chowdhury, W. Cao, C. Rockstuhl, T. Ozaki, R. Morandotti, and W. Zhang, “Observing metamaterial induced transparency in individual Fano resonators with broken symmetry,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 201107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Z. Sheng and V. V. Varadan, “Tuning the effective properties of metamaterials by changing the substrate properties,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(1), 014909 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, H. Zhao, W. Peng, X. He, and W. Shi, “Teeter-totter effect of terahertz dual modes in C-shaped complementary split-ring resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(4), 043108 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves. (1)

T. Kleine-Ostmann and T. Nagatsuma, “A review on terahertz communications research,” J. Infrared Milli. Terahz. Waves. 32(2), 143–171 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

N. Liu, T. Weiss, M. Mesch, L. Langguth, U. Eigenthaler, M. Hirscher, C. Sönnichsen, and H. Giessen, “Planar metamaterial analogue of electromagnetically induced transparency for plasmonic sensing,” Nano Lett. 10(4), 1103–1107 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

J. Gu, R. Singh, X. Liu, X. Zhang, Y. Ma, S. Zhang, S. A. Maier, Z. Tian, A. K. Azad, H. T. Chen, A. J. Taylor, J. Han, and W. Zhang, “Active control of electromagnetically induced transparency analogue in terahertz metamaterials,” Nat. Commun. 3, 1151 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-W. Luo, N. Ophir, C. P. Chen, L. H. Gabrielli, C. B. Poitras, K. Bergmen, and M. Lipson, “WDM-compatible mode-division multiplexing on a silicon chip,” Nat. Commun. 5, 3069 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (2)

N. J. Karl, R. W. McKinney, Y. Monnai, R. Mendis, and D. M. Mittleman, “Frequency-division multiplexing in the terahertz range using a leaky-wave antenna,” Nat. Photonics 9(11), 717–720 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Koenig, D. Lopez-Diaz, J. Antes, F. Boes, R. Henneberger, A. Leuther, A. Tessmann, R. Schmogrow, D. Hillerkuss, R. Palmer, T. Zwick, C. Koos, W. Freude, O. Ambacher, J. Leuthold, and I. Kallfass, “Wireless sub-THz communication system with high data rate,” Nat. Photonics 7(12), 977–981 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. E (1)

X. Chen, T. M. Grzegorczyk, B.-I. Wu, J. Pacheco, and J. A. Kong, “Robust method to retrieve the constitutive effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E 70(1), 016608 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

W. J. Padilla, A. J. Taylor, C. Highstrete, M. Lee, and R. D. Averitt, “Dynamical electric and magnetic metamaterial response at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(10), 107401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Papasimakis, V. A. Fedotov, N. I. Zheludev, and S. L. Prosvirnin, “Metamaterial analog of electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(25), 253903 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, Y. Wang, M. Liu, and X. Zhang, “Plasmon-induced transparency in metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(4), 047401 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (1)

M. Parvinnezhad Hokmabadi, E. Philip, E. Rivera, P. Kung, and S. M. Kim, “Plasmon-induced transparency by hybridizing concentric-twisted double split ring resonators,” Sci. Rep. 5, 15735 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

P. Tassin, L. Zhang, T. Koschny, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss metamaterials based on classical electromagnetically induced transparency,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 053901–1053901–4 (2009).
[Crossref]

X. Duan, S. Chen, H. Yang, H. Cheng, J. Li, W. Liu, C. Gu and J. Tian, “Polarization-insensitive and wide-angle plasmonically induced transparency by planar metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(14), 143105–1-143105–04 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Song, Z. Zhao, W. Peng, and W. Shi, “Terahertz response of fractal meta-atoms based on concentric rectangular square resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 118(19), 193103 (2015).

J. Edward Rothwell and Michael J. Cloud, eds., Electromagnetics (CRC Press, 2001).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic diagram of the unit cell, in which a = 60 μm, l = 40 μm, g = 4 μm, w = 4 μm, s = 14 μm, h = 625 μm, L = 48 μm, respectively. Here, the characters of i, ii, iii, and iv refer to the unit cells of cut-wires with different length of 48, 40, 32, 28 μm correspondingly. (b) Experimental illustration of the THz-TDS measurement of the MMs. (c) The polarization of incident THz pulse and XYZ-coordination.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 THz transmittance of (a) cut-wire and of (b) U-shaped resonators, respectively. Blue solid-line refers to the measured THz transmittance. Red solid-line refers to the simulated THz transmittance. The electric density at resonance modes of (c) cut-wire and of (d) U-shaped resonators, respectively. The surface current distribution at resonance mode of (e) cut-wire and of (f) U-shaped resonators, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Illustration of hybrid planar MMs, which are in combination of cut-wire and U-shaped resonators. (b) THz transmittance of above MMs. (b) The measured THz transmittance. (c) The simulated THz transmittance, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) The measured phase spectra and (b) the group delay of hybrid planar MMs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The frequency-dependent dielectric functions of hybrid MMs. The blue curves refers to the real permittivity ε'. The red lines refer to the imaginary permittivity ε”.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Surface currents of hybrid MMs: (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) refers to the length of cut-wire L = 48, 40, 32, 28 μm correspondingly. The νL and νH refers to the low-frequency mode and high frequency mode respectively. The symbols of out-of-plane axial vector refer to the magnetic field. The arrows indicate surface current direction. The color bar refers to the relative strength of surface currents.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The simulated THz transmittance of cut-wires with different lengths. The polarization of the incident THz electric field is parallel to the gap. The black solid-line, red solid-line, blue-solid line, and purple solid line refer to the cut-wire with different length of 48 μm, 40 μm, 34 μm, and 28 μm, respectively.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Electric density distribution of hybrid MMs: (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) refer to the length of cut-wire L = 48, 40, 32, 28 μm correspondingly. The νL and νH refers to the low-frequency mode and high frequency mode respectively. The color bar refers to the relative strength of electric density.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Resonance modes of basic resonators

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Table 2 Properties of νL and νH of MMs with different lengths of cut-wiresa

Equations (7)

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T( ν )=| E sample ( ν ) / E ref ( ν ) |,
Q= ν Δν ,
Δ t g = dφ 2πdν ,
ε( ν )= ε ( ν )+i ε ( ν ),
z=± ( 1+ S 11 ) 2 S 21 2 ( 1 S 11 ) 2 S 21 2 ,
exp( i k 0 d )=X±i 1 X 2 ,
X=1/ 2 S 21 ( 1 S 11 2 + S 21 2 ) .

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