Abstract

We report on the growth and laser operation of a fiber-shaped single crystal of Pr3+:LiLuF4 (Pr:LLF) grown by the micro-pulling-down (µ-PD) method. We checked the optical quality of the crystal by measuring its spectroscopic features, and by observing the profile of a laser beam transmitted through it. Using an InGaN laser diode as pump source, we achieved continuous-wave laser emission in the orange, red, and deep red regions, with slope efficiencies comparable with or exceeding previous reports on this material. To the best of our knowledge, this work represents the first observation of visible laser emissions from a crystal grown by the µ-PD technique.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, “Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+,” Opt. Express 15, 992–1002 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient in-band pumped Ho:LuLiF4 2 µ m laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 420–422 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  27. J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  28. Y. Chen, S. Webster, B. Wickham, A. Bennett, and M. Bass, “Surface losses in the visible governed by Rayleigh scattering in synthetic diamonds,” Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2443–2447 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Efficient visible laser emission of GaN laser diode pumped Pr-doped fluoride scheelite crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 15932–15941 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  30. B. Xu, P. Camy, J.-L. Doualan, Z. Cai, and R. Moncorgé, “Visible laser operation of Pr3+-doped fluoride crystals pumped by a 469 nm blue laser,” Opt. Express 19, 1191–1197 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

2014 (4)

M. Schellhorn, D. Parisi, M. Eichhorn, and M. Tonelli, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a resonantly pumped Ho3+:KY3F10 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1193–1196 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Metz, K. Hasse, D. Parisi, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave Pr3+:BaY2F8 and Pr3+:LiYF4 lasers in the cyan-blue spectral region,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5158–5161 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

2012 (2)

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, and M. Schellhorn, “Efficient laser emission in Ho3+:LiLuF4 grown by micro-Pulling Down method,” Opt. Express 20, 18723–18731 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

2010 (2)

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient in-band pumped Ho:LuLiF4 2 µ m laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 420–422 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS bull. 34, 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Efficient visible laser emission of GaN laser diode pumped Pr-doped fluoride scheelite crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 15932–15941 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (3)

2000 (1)

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91, 155–176 (2000).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, “Fluorescence quenching by cross relaxation in LaF3:Pr3+,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638–5645 (1982).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

D. Findlay and R. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Agnesi, A.

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aubry, N.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baldochi, S. L.

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Balembois, F.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bass, M.

Bengoechea, J.

Bennett, A.

Bertram, R.

Brenier, A.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bretenaker, F.

Bu, Y.

Cadatal, M. M.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cai, Z.

Caird, J.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Camy, P.

Chani, V.

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS bull. 34, 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chase, L.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

Clarkson, W. A.

Clay, R.

D. Findlay and R. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Cornacchia, F.

da Silva, F. R.

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Didierjean, J.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dorenbos, P.

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91, 155–176 (2000).
[Crossref]

dos Santos Moura, T.

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Doualan, J. L.

Doualan, J.-L.

Eichhorn, M.

Eichler, H. J.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Estacio, E.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Falke, S.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fibrich, M.

M. Fibrich and H. Jelínková, “Power-scaled Pr:YAlO3 laser at 747 and 720 nm wavelengths,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Findlay, D.

D. Findlay and R. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Fourmigué, J.-M.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, K.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, T.

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

Furukawa, Y.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Goldner, P.

Greborio, A.

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guguschev, C.

Gün, T.

Hansen, N.-O.

Hanuza, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hasse, K.

Hegarty, J.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, “Fluorescence quenching by cross relaxation in LaF3:Pr3+,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638–5645 (1982).
[Crossref]

Heumann, E.

Huang, S.

Huber, D. L.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, “Fluorescence quenching by cross relaxation in LaF3:Pr3+,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638–5645 (1982).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

P. W. Metz, D.-T. Marzahl, C. Guguschev, R. Bertram, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Growth and diode-pumped laser operation of Pr3+:β-(Y0.5,Gd0.5)F3 at various transitions,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2699–2702 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. W. Metz, K. Hasse, D. Parisi, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave Pr3+:BaY2F8 and Pr3+:LiYF4 lasers in the cyan-blue spectral region,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5158–5161 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, “Power scaling of laser diode pumped Pr3+:LiYF4 cw lasers: efficient laser operation at 522.6 nm, 545.9 nm, 607.2 nm, and 639.5 nm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1002–1004 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Efficient visible laser emission of GaN laser diode pumped Pr-doped fluoride scheelite crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 15932–15941 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, “Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+,” Opt. Express 15, 992–1002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, V. Ostroumov, and W. Seelert, “Power scaling of semiconductor laser pumped Praseodymium-lasers,” Opt. Express 15, 5172–5178 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Kränkel, D.-T. Marzahl, F. Moglia, G. Huber, and P. W. Metz, “Out of the blue: semiconductor laser pumped visible rare-earth doped lasers,” Laser & Photon. Rev., (posted 24 April 2016, in press).
[Crossref]

Jelínková, H.

M. Fibrich and H. Jelínková, “Power-scaled Pr:YAlO3 laser at 747 and 720 nm wavelengths,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

Kim, K. J.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Krupke, W. F.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Lebbou, K.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lieto, A. D.

Lisdat, C.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Luo, Z.

Lux, O.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mackenzie, J. I.

Martial, I.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Marzahl, D.-T.

P. W. Metz, D.-T. Marzahl, C. Guguschev, R. Bertram, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Growth and diode-pumped laser operation of Pr3+:β-(Y0.5,Gd0.5)F3 at various transitions,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2699–2702 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Kränkel, D.-T. Marzahl, F. Moglia, G. Huber, and P. W. Metz, “Out of the blue: semiconductor laser pumped visible rare-earth doped lasers,” Laser & Photon. Rev., (posted 24 April 2016, in press).
[Crossref]

Meng, Z.

Metz, P.

Metz, P. W.

Mhibik, O.

Moglia, F.

C. Kränkel, D.-T. Marzahl, F. Moglia, G. Huber, and P. W. Metz, “Out of the blue: semiconductor laser pumped visible rare-earth doped lasers,” Laser & Photon. Rev., (posted 24 April 2016, in press).
[Crossref]

Moncorgé, R.

Nakazato, T.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Neto, J. J.

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ohnishi, N.

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

Ostroumov, V.

Paboeuf, D.

Parisi, D.

Payne, S.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Perrodin, D.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pham, M. H.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pirzio, F.

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

Poli, N.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ramponi, A.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Reali, G.

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rhee, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Richter, A.

Saiki, A.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Saito, F.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sangla, D.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sarukura, N.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schellhorn, M.

Schioppo, M.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Seelert, W.

Shirakawa, A.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sottile, A.

Staber, P.

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

Stareki, F.

Sterr, U.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Suyama, T.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tatsumi, T.

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tillement, O.

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tino, G.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

M. Schellhorn, D. Parisi, M. Eichhorn, and M. Tonelli, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a resonantly pumped Ho3+:KY3F10 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1193–1196 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Metz, K. Hasse, D. Parisi, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave Pr3+:BaY2F8 and Pr3+:LiYF4 lasers in the cyan-blue spectral region,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5158–5161 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, and M. Schellhorn, “Efficient laser emission in Ho3+:LiLuF4 grown by micro-Pulling Down method,” Opt. Express 20, 18723–18731 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. Paboeuf, O. Mhibik, F. Bretenaker, P. Goldner, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, “Diode-pumped Pr:BaY2F8 continuous-wave orange laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 280–282 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient in-band pumped Ho:LuLiF4 2 µ m laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 420–422 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Cornacchia, A. D. Lieto, M. Tonelli, A. Richter, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, “Efficient visible laser emission of GaN laser diode pumped Pr-doped fluoride scheelite crystals,” Opt. Express 16, 15932–15941 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Cornacchia, A. Richter, E. Heumann, G. Huber, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, “Visible laser emission of solid state pumped LiLuF4:Pr3+,” Opt. Express 15, 992–1002 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Veronesi, S.

Vogt, S.

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

Webster, S.

Weichmann, U.

Wetter, N. U.

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wickham, B.

Xu, B.

Xu, H.

Ye, C.

Yen, W. M.

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, “Fluorescence quenching by cross relaxation in LaF3:Pr3+,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638–5645 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yoneda, H.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yonenaga, I.

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yoon, D.-H.

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

Yoshikawa, A.

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS bull. 34, 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zeng, C.

Zhang, J.

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, and M. Schellhorn, “Efficient laser emission in Ho3+:LiLuF4 grown by micro-Pulling Down method,” Opt. Express 20, 18723–18731 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

N. Poli, M. Schioppo, S. Vogt, S. Falke, U. Sterr, C. Lisdat, and G. Tino, “A transportable strontium optical lattice clock,” Appl. Phys. B 117, 1107–1116 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. Sangla, I. Martial, N. Aubry, J. Didierjean, D. Perrodin, F. Balembois, K. Lebbou, A. Brenier, P. Georges, O. Tillement, and J.-M. Fourmigué, “High power laser operation with crystal fibers,” Appl. Phys. B 97, 263–273 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Caird, S. Payne, P. Staber, A. Ramponi, L. Chase, and W. F. Krupke, “Quantum electronic properties of the Na3Ga2Li3F12:Cr3+ laser,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1077–1099 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

D.-H. Yoon, I. Yonenaga, T. Fukuda, and N. Ohnishi, “Crystal growth of dislocation-free LiNbO3 single crystals by micro pulling down method,” J. Cryst. Growth 142, 339–343 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

P. Dorenbos, “The 5d level positions of the trivalent lanthanides in inorganic compounds,” J. Lumin. 91, 155–176 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. H. Pham, M. M. Cadatal, T. Tatsumi, A. Saiki, Y. Furukawa, T. Nakazato, E. Estacio, N. Sarukura, T. Suyama, K. Fukuda, K. J. Kim, A. Yoshikawa, and F. Saito, “Laser Quality Ce3+:LiCaAlF6 Grown by Micro-Pulling-Down Method,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5605 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Fibrich and H. Jelínková, “Power-scaled Pr:YAlO3 laser at 747 and 720 nm wavelengths,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10, 035801 (2013).
[Crossref]

MRS bull. (1)

A. Yoshikawa and V. Chani, “Growth of optical crystals by the micro-pulling-down method,” MRS bull. 34, 266–270 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Veronesi, Y. Zhang, M. Tonelli, A. Agnesi, A. Greborio, F. Pirzio, and G. Reali, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser emission of Yb3+:LuAG single crystal grown by µ-PD,” Opt. Commun. 285, 315–321 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. J. Neto, T. dos Santos Moura, F. R. da Silva, S. L. Baldochi, and N. U. Wetter, “Lasing of a single crystal Nd3+ fluoride fiber,” Opt. Commun. 283, 3487–3491 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (8)

J. W. Kim, J. I. Mackenzie, D. Parisi, S. Veronesi, M. Tonelli, and W. A. Clarkson, “Efficient in-band pumped Ho:LuLiF4 2 µ m laser,” Opt. Lett. 35, 420–422 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Metz, K. Hasse, D. Parisi, N.-O. Hansen, C. Kränkel, M. Tonelli, and G. Huber, “Continuous-wave Pr3+:BaY2F8 and Pr3+:LiYF4 lasers in the cyan-blue spectral region,” Opt. Lett. 39, 5158–5161 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. W. Metz, D.-T. Marzahl, C. Guguschev, R. Bertram, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Growth and diode-pumped laser operation of Pr3+:β-(Y0.5,Gd0.5)F3 at various transitions,” Opt. Lett. 40, 2699–2702 (2015).
[Crossref]

D. Paboeuf, O. Mhibik, F. Bretenaker, P. Goldner, D. Parisi, and M. Tonelli, “Diode-pumped Pr:BaY2F8 continuous-wave orange laser,” Opt. Lett. 36, 280–282 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Camy, J. L. Doualan, R. Moncorgé, J. Bengoechea, and U. Weichmann, “Diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 red laser,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1462–1464 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Sottile and P. W. Metz, “Deep red diode-pumped Pr3+:KY3F10 continuous-wave laser,” Opt. Lett. 40, 1992–1995 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Gün, P. Metz, and G. Huber, “Power scaling of laser diode pumped Pr3+:LiYF4 cw lasers: efficient laser operation at 522.6 nm, 545.9 nm, 607.2 nm, and 639.5 nm,” Opt. Lett. 36, 1002–1004 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Schellhorn, D. Parisi, M. Eichhorn, and M. Tonelli, “Continuous-wave and Q-switched operation of a resonantly pumped Ho3+:KY3F10 laser,” Opt. Lett. 39, 1193–1196 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Findlay and R. Clay, “The measurement of internal losses in 4-level lasers,” Phys. Lett. 20277–278 (1966).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. Hegarty, D. L. Huber, and W. M. Yen, “Fluorescence quenching by cross relaxation in LaF3:Pr3+,” Phys. Rev. B 25, 5638–5645 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, O. Lux, J. Hanuza, H. Rhee, H. J. Eichler, J. Zhang, H. Yoneda, and A. Shirakawa, “Tetragonal LiLuF4 – A novel crystal simultaneously active for SRS- and Ln3+-lasing,” Phys. Status Solidi B 251, 1579–1589 (2014).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

A. Richter, Laser Parameters and Performance of Pr3+-doped Fluorides Operating in the Visible Spectral Region (Cuvillier Verlag, 2008).

C. Kränkel, D.-T. Marzahl, F. Moglia, G. Huber, and P. W. Metz, “Out of the blue: semiconductor laser pumped visible rare-earth doped lasers,” Laser & Photon. Rev., (posted 24 April 2016, in press).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Picture of a Pr:LLF fiber-shaped single crystal, produced in the first growth.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Beam profile of a He-Ne laser after TEM00 mode selection (a). Beam profile after the propagation through a Pr:LLF fiber crystal, prepared from the second growth (b).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Comparison between polarized absorption coefficients of two Pr:LLF crystals, grown by the µ-PD and the CZ methods, for π (a) and σ input polarizations (b). Absorption spectra of the CZ sample are scaled for clarity.
Fig. 4:
Fig. 4: Comparison between polarized emission spectra of two Pr:LLF crystals, grown by the µ-PD and the CZ methods, for π (a) and σ output polarizations (b). Fluorescence spectra of the CZ sample are scaled for clarity.
Fig. 5:
Fig. 5: Scheme of the setup employed for laser experiments. Description of labels is reported in text.
Fig. 6:
Fig. 6: Output powers as functions of the absorbed power for three laser transitions in the orange, red, and deep red regions (a). Evolution of the beam diameter of the 640 nm laser, at maximum output power, with output coupling TM2 = 1%. Inset, far-field beam profile acquired with the DataRay CCD camera (b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1: Parameters of the µ-PD Grown Pr:LLF Lasers

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