Abstract

AgX(As40S60)100-X thin films (x = 7, 15, 25, 50) were deposited on glass slides by a co-evaporation technique under vacuum. Photoinduced birefringence was induced using light provided from a continuous argon-ion laser operating at 488 nm. We investigated the impact of silver concentration and laser power density. The thin films structural changes after irradiation were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, indicating that addition of Ag induces the breaking of sulfur ring units and favors the creation of Ag-S-Ag bridging bonds. During this process, AgS3 pyramids and As4S4 molecules are formed, the latter being responsible for an increased photoinduced birefringence.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  34. I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

2013 (4)

T. S. Kavetskyy, “Radiation-induced structural changes in chalcogenide glasses as revealed from Raman spectroscopy measurements,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. & Optoelectron. 16(1), 27–36 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Nazarova, L. Nedelchev, P. Sharlandjiev, and V. Dragostinova, “Anisotropic hybrid organic/inorganic (azopolymer/SiO2 NP) materials with enhanced photoinduced birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 52(22), E28–E33 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Palanjyan, S. H. Messaddeq, Y. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, E. Knystautas, and T. Galstian, “Study of photoinduced birefringence vs As content in thin Ge-As-S films,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 671–683 (2013).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, “Colossal photostructural changes in chalcogenide glasses: athermal photoinduced polymerization in AsXS100-X bulk glasses revealed by near-bandgap Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101901 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

N. Choudhary and A. Kumar, “Dielectric relaxation in glassy Se70Te30-XagX,” Indian J. Pure Appl. Phy. 44(1), 62–65 (2006).

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
[Crossref]

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

M. Popescu, “Disordered chalcogenide optoelectronic materials: phenomena and applications,” J. Optoelectron. Adv. Mater. 7(4), 2189–2210 (2005).

2003 (2)

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. E. Asatryan, B. Paquet, T. V. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic microstructures in a-As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” Phys. Rev. B 67(1), 014208 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (4)

M. Ohta, “Effect of small amounts of silver on the electrical properties of As2S3 glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 159(2), 461–468 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Yoshida and K. Tanaka, “Ag migration in Ag-As-S glasses induced by electron-beam irradiation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 210(2–3), 119–129 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Ohto and K. Tanaka, “Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of Ag-As-Se ion-conducting glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3409–3411 (1997).
[Crossref]

T. Kawaguchi, S. Maruno, and S. R. Elliott, “Photoinduced surface deposition of metallic silver in Ag-As-S glasses: effect of addition of other elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 212(2-3), 166–172 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Ishida, and N. Yoshida, “Mechanism of photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(13), 9190–9195 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, M. Itoh, N. Yoshida, and M. Ohto, “Optical and electrical properties of Ag-As-S glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(3), 1034–1039 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Intrinsic and photoinduced elliptical dichroism and birefringence in glassy semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 993–996 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

I. T. Penfold and P. S. Salmon, “Glass formation and short-range order in chalcogenide materials: The (Ag2S)x(As2S3)1-x (0 ≤= X ≤= 1) pseudobinary tie line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64(18), 2164–2167 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1980 (1)

J. I. Masters, G. M. Goldberg, and J. M. Lavine, “Photographic Ag photodoping of amorphous As2S3 films,” Electron. Device Lett. 1(4), 61–62 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

V. G. Zhdanov, B. T. Kolomiets, V. M. Lyubin, and V. K. Malinovskii, “Photoinduced optical anisotropy in chalcogenide vitreous semiconducting films,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 52(2), 621–626 (1979).
[Crossref]

1950 (1)

C. V. Raman, “Structural birefringence in amorphous solids,” Proc. Indian Acad. of Sci. A 31(4), 207–212 (1950).

Antoine, K.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
[Crossref]

Asatryan, K. E.

K. E. Asatryan, B. Paquet, T. V. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic microstructures in a-As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” Phys. Rev. B 67(1), 014208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Babeva, T.

J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Barj, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bartos, M.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benes, L.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

Beuneu, B.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boev, V.

V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
[Crossref]

Bouazaoui, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

Brückner, S.

Capoen, B.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

Capoen, M.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

Choudhary, N.

N. Choudhary and A. Kumar, “Dielectric relaxation in glassy Se70Te30-XagX,” Indian J. Pure Appl. Phy. 44(1), 62–65 (2006).

Dragostinova, V.

Elliott, S. R.

T. Kawaguchi, S. Maruno, and S. R. Elliott, “Photoinduced surface deposition of metallic silver in Ag-As-S glasses: effect of addition of other elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 212(2-3), 166–172 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ewen, P. J. S.

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fernándes-Peña, J.

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
[Crossref]

Frumar, M.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

Galstian, T.

Galstian, T. V.

K. E. Asatryan, B. Paquet, T. V. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic microstructures in a-As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” Phys. Rev. B 67(1), 014208 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, G. M.

J. I. Masters, G. M. Goldberg, and J. M. Lavine, “Photographic Ag photodoping of amorphous As2S3 films,” Electron. Device Lett. 1(4), 61–62 (1980).
[Crossref]

Golovchak, R.

A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hai, M.

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
[Crossref]

Holomb, R.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Hoyer, W.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Idrissi, N.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

Inoue, K.

O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ishida, K.

K. Tanaka, K. Ishida, and N. Yoshida, “Mechanism of photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(13), 9190–9195 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Itoh, M.

K. Tanaka, M. Itoh, N. Yoshida, and M. Ohto, “Optical and electrical properties of Ag-As-S glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(3), 1034–1039 (1995).
[Crossref]

Jain, H.

A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
[Crossref]

Jian, L.

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jiang-Ying, Z.

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jian-Jing, L.

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
[Crossref]

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E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
[Crossref]

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R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Jóvári, P.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
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Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
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I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
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M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
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T. S. Kavetskyy, “Radiation-induced structural changes in chalcogenide glasses as revealed from Raman spectroscopy measurements,” Semicond. Phys. Quantum Electron. & Optoelectron. 16(1), 27–36 (2013).
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T. Kawaguchi, S. Maruno, and S. R. Elliott, “Photoinduced surface deposition of metallic silver in Ag-As-S glasses: effect of addition of other elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 212(2-3), 166–172 (1997).
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Kobelke, J.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
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Kohoutek, T.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
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A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
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M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
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N. Choudhary and A. Kumar, “Dielectric relaxation in glassy Se70Te30-XagX,” Indian J. Pure Appl. Phy. 44(1), 62–65 (2006).

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F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, “Colossal photostructural changes in chalcogenide glasses: athermal photoinduced polymerization in AsXS100-X bulk glasses revealed by near-bandgap Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101901 (2009).
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W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Lopez, C.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Intrinsic and photoinduced elliptical dichroism and birefringence in glassy semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 993–996 (1991).
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V. G. Zhdanov, B. T. Kolomiets, V. M. Lyubin, and V. K. Malinovskii, “Photoinduced optical anisotropy in chalcogenide vitreous semiconducting films,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 52(2), 621–626 (1979).
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Malinovskii, V. K.

V. G. Zhdanov, B. T. Kolomiets, V. M. Lyubin, and V. K. Malinovskii, “Photoinduced optical anisotropy in chalcogenide vitreous semiconducting films,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 52(2), 621–626 (1979).
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E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
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Maruno, S.

T. Kawaguchi, S. Maruno, and S. R. Elliott, “Photoinduced surface deposition of metallic silver in Ag-As-S glasses: effect of addition of other elements,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 212(2-3), 166–172 (1997).
[Crossref]

Masters, J. I.

J. I. Masters, G. M. Goldberg, and J. M. Lavine, “Photographic Ag photodoping of amorphous As2S3 films,” Electron. Device Lett. 1(4), 61–62 (1980).
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Mateleshko, N.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Matic, A.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Matsuda, O.

O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
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Messaddeq, S. H.

Messaddeq, Y.

Miller, A. C.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Mitkova, M.

V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
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Mitsa, V.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Murase, K.

O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
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Myneni, S.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Nedelchev, L.

Nikolova, L.

V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
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Oe, H.

O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
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M. Ohta, “Effect of small amounts of silver on the electrical properties of As2S3 glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi, A Appl. Res. 159(2), 461–468 (1997).
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Ohto, M.

M. Ohto and K. Tanaka, “Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of Ag-As-Se ion-conducting glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3409–3411 (1997).
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K. Tanaka, M. Itoh, N. Yoshida, and M. Ohto, “Optical and electrical properties of Ag-As-S glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(3), 1034–1039 (1995).
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Orava, J.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
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Owen, A. E.

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
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Palka, K.

K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröder, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vleck, “Preperation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).

A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
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Paquet, B.

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Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
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Penfold, I. T.

I. T. Penfold and P. S. Salmon, “Glass formation and short-range order in chalcogenide materials: The (Ag2S)x(As2S3)1-x (0 ≤= X ≤= 1) pseudobinary tie line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64(18), 2164–2167 (1990).
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J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
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Pope, A.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
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C. V. Raman, “Structural birefringence in amorphous solids,” Proc. Indian Acad. of Sci. A 31(4), 207–212 (1950).

Ramírez-Malo, J. B.

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
[Crossref]

Richardson, K.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Rivero, C.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Rothhardt, M.

Salmon, P. S.

I. T. Penfold and P. S. Salmon, “Glass formation and short-range order in chalcogenide materials: The (Ag2S)x(As2S3)1-x (0 ≤= X ≤= 1) pseudobinary tie line,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64(18), 2164–2167 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schröder, S.

Schulte, A.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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Schwarz, J.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

Seal, S.

W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
[Crossref]

Seddon, A. B.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
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D. Nazarova, L. Nedelchev, P. Sharlandjiev, and V. Dragostinova, “Anisotropic hybrid organic/inorganic (azopolymer/SiO2 NP) materials with enhanced photoinduced birefringence,” Appl. Opt. 52(22), E28–E33 (2013).
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V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
[Crossref]

Sklenár, A.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
[Crossref]

Srba, T.

M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

Stehlik, S.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stronski, A.

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
[Crossref]

Swanepoel, R.

Syrovy, T.

Tanaka, K.

M. Ohto and K. Tanaka, “Scanning tunneling spectroscopy of Ag-As-Se ion-conducting glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71(23), 3409–3411 (1997).
[Crossref]

N. Yoshida and K. Tanaka, “Ag migration in Ag-As-S glasses induced by electron-beam irradiation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 210(2–3), 119–129 (1997).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, K. Ishida, and N. Yoshida, “Mechanism of photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(13), 9190–9195 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, M. Itoh, N. Yoshida, and M. Ohto, “Optical and electrical properties of Ag-As-S glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 77(3), 1034–1039 (1995).
[Crossref]

Tasseva, J.

J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Intrinsic and photoinduced elliptical dichroism and birefringence in glassy semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 993–996 (1991).
[Crossref]

Todorov, R.

J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
[Crossref]

Todorov, T.

V. Boev, M. Mitkova, L. Nikolova, T. Todorov, and P. Sharlandjiev, “Photoinduced changes in the optical constants of Ge-Se-AgI thin films,” Opt. Mater. 13(4), 389–396 (2000).
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Turrell, S.

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V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
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Vallée, R.

K. Palanjyan, S. H. Messaddeq, Y. Messaddeq, R. Vallée, E. Knystautas, and T. Galstian, “Study of photoinduced birefringence vs As content in thin Ge-As-S films,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(6), 671–683 (2013).
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Veresh, M.

R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Villares, P.

E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
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K. Palka, T. Syrovy, S. Schröder, S. Brückner, M. Rothhardt, and M. Vleck, “Preperation of arsenic sulfide thin films for integrated optical elements by spiral bar coating,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(2), 384–395 (2014).

A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
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Wagner, T.

I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
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M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
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T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
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I. Kaban, P. Jóvári, T. Wagner, M. Frumar, S. Stehlik, M. Bartos, W. Hoyer, B. Beuneu, and M. A. Webb, “Atomic structure of As2S3-Ag chalcogenide glasses,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(39), 395801 (2009).
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F. Kyriazis and S. N. Yannopoulos, “Colossal photostructural changes in chalcogenide glasses: athermal photoinduced polymerization in AsXS100-X bulk glasses revealed by near-bandgap Raman scattering,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(10), 101901 (2009).
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Yong-Hua, L.

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
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N. Yoshida and K. Tanaka, “Ag migration in Ag-As-S glasses induced by electron-beam irradiation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 210(2–3), 119–129 (1997).
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K. Tanaka, K. Ishida, and N. Yoshida, “Mechanism of photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(13), 9190–9195 (1996).
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M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

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R. Holomb, V. Mitsa, P. Johansson, N. Mateleshko, A. Matic, and M. Veresh, “Energy-dependence of light-induced changes in g-As45S55 during recording the micro-Raman spectra,” Chalcogenide Lett. 2(7), 63–69 (2005).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Jun, M. Hai, Z. Jiang-Ying, W. Pei, L. Jian-Jing, L. Yong-Hua, L. Jian, and Z. Qi-Jin, “Effects of laser-induced heating on the photoinduced birefringence in azobenzene-side-chain copolymer,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 20(10), 1826–1828 (2003).
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V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, M. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. K. Tikhomirov, M. Barj, S. Turrell, J. Kobelke, N. Idrissi, M. Bouazaoui, B. Capoen, and A. B. Seddon, “Non-linear Raman effects and photodarkening in chalcogenide glass As2S3,” Europhys. Lett. 76(2), 312–317 (2006).
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N. Choudhary and A. Kumar, “Dielectric relaxation in glassy Se70Te30-XagX,” Indian J. Pure Appl. Phy. 44(1), 62–65 (2006).

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W. Li, S. Seal, C. Rivero, C. Lopez, K. Richardson, A. Pope, A. Schulte, S. Myneni, H. Jain, K. Antoine, and A. C. Miller, “Role of S/Se ratio in chemical bonding of As-S-Se glasses investigated by Raman, X-ray photoelectron, and extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopies,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(5), 053503 (2005).
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J. Mater. Sci. (1)

T. Wagner, S. O. Kasap, M. Vleck, A. Sklenár, and A. Stronski, “Modulated-temperature differential scanning calorimetry and Raman spectroscopy studies of AsXS100-X glasses,” J. Mater. Sci. 33(23), 5581–5588 (1998).
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O. Matsuda, H. Oe, K. Inoue, and K. Murase, “Electronic and thermal processes during the photo-induced crystallization of amorphous GeSe2,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 192–193, 524–528 (1995).
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M. Krbal, T. Wagner, T. Srba, J. Schwarz, J. Orava, T. Kohoutek, V. Zima, L. Benes, S. O. Kasap, and M. Frumar, “Properties and structure of AgX(As0.33S0.67)100-X bulk glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 353(13–15), 1232–1237 (2007).
[Crossref]

N. Yoshida and K. Tanaka, “Ag migration in Ag-As-S glasses induced by electron-beam irradiation,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 210(2–3), 119–129 (1997).
[Crossref]

V. M. Lyubin and V. K. Tikhomirov, “Intrinsic and photoinduced elliptical dichroism and birefringence in glassy semiconductors,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 137–138, 993–996 (1991).
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E. Márquez, J. B. Ramírez-Malo, J. Fernándes-Peña, P. Villares, R. Jiménez-Garay, P. J. S. Ewen, and A. E. Owen, “On the influence of Ag-photodoping on the optical properties of As-S glass films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 164–166, 1223–1226 (1993).
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J. Opt. (1)

J. Tasseva, R. Todorov, T. Babeva, and K. Petkov, “Structural and optical characterization of Ag photo-doped thin As40S60-XseX films for non-linear applications,” J. Opt. 12(6), 065601 (2010).
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A. Kovalskiy, M. Vleck, K. Palka, R. Golovchak, and H. Jain, “Wavelength dependence of photostructural transformations in As2S3 thin films,” Phys. Procedia 44, 75–81 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

K. E. Asatryan, B. Paquet, T. V. Galstian, and R. Vallée, “Phenomenological model of anisotropic microstructures in a-As2S3 chalcogenide glass,” Phys. Rev. B 67(1), 014208 (2003).
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Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (1)

K. Tanaka, K. Ishida, and N. Yoshida, “Mechanism of photoinduced anisotropy in chalcogenide glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 54(13), 9190–9195 (1996).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Experimental set-up to measure photoinduced birefringence: Ar + and He-Ne lasers; S- Sample; M- Mirror; P-Polarizer; D- Photodetector; GT- Glan-Taylor Prism.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 XRD spectra of AgX(As40S60)100-X chalcogenide thin films.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Optical transmission spectra of AgX(As40S60)100-X chalcogenide thin films.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Typical changes in the average refractive index of As40S60 and Ag15(As40S60)85 thin films with time at low (a) and high (b) power densities.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Effect of silver amount and laser power density on PIB in AgX(As40S60)100-X thin films.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 SEM images of the Ag15(As40S60)85 sample surface before irradiation (a) and after irradiation at 12.5 mW/cm2, for (b) 10 minutes and (c) 90 minutes.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Deconvoluted micro-Raman spectra of As40S60 and Ag15(As40S60)85 thin films for different irradiation time. The arrows indicate the main bands corresponding to As4S4 molecules (purple arrows) and As2S3 pyramidal units (black arrows) observed before and after irradiation. As (purple circle) and S (yellow circle).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Left side: HH and HV micro-Raman spectra of the Ag15(As40S60)85 thin film before and after irradiation, for exposition times of 10 and 90 minutes, and a power density of 12.5 mW/cm2 (optimized conditions for maximum PIB). Right side: A schematic representation indicating the polarization combinations in Raman measurements.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 (a) Schematic illustration of the As2S3 thin film structure. (b) Effect of silver doping. Photoinduced alignment of As-As homopolar bonds when the writing laser is turned on (c) and its annulment when the writing laser is turned off (d). The thin film isotropic feature is seen to be reversible. As (purple circle), S (yellow circle), and Ag (silver circle).

Tables (2)

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Table 1 EDX analysis of AgX(As40S60)100-X chalcogenide thin films

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Table 2 EDX measurement of Ag15(As40S60)85 thin films before and after irradiation at different times

Equations (1)

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Δ n = λ π d sin 1 ( I I 0 )

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