Abstract

Lasing of self-organized helical cholesteric liquid crystal (CLC) micro-droplets was achieved based on emulsification of CLC/Polymer/Water mixture. It was found that the concentrations of CLC and polyvinyl alcohol play an obvious role on the improvement of lasing performance as the ratio of their concentrations is in the range of 1:10~1:9. In addition, the size of CLC micro-droplet is dependent on aforementioned concentrations, and shows to be proportional to lasing energy threshold.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  2. V. I. Kopp, B. Fan, H. K. M. Vithana, and A. Z. Genack, “Low-threshold lasing at the edge of a photonic stop band in cholesteric liquid crystals,” Opt. Lett. 23(21), 1707–1709 (1998).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  4. J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, “Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. B 31(2), 179–194 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. Huang, Y. Zhou, C. Doyle, and S.-T. Wu, “Tuning the photonic band gap in cholesteric liquid crystals by temperature-dependent dopant solubility,” Opt. Express 14(3), 1236–1242 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  7. J.-H. Lin, P.-Y. Chen, and J.-J. Wu, “Mode competition of two bandedge lasing from dye doped cholesteric liquid crystal laser,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9932–9941 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  10. A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  11. S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  12. G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  13. L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  14. H. Yu, B. Tang, J. Li, and L. Li, “Electrically tunable lasers made from electro-optically active photonics band gap materials,” Opt. Express 13(18), 7243–7249 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).
  16. H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  17. B.-W. Liu, Z.-G. Zheng, X.-C. Chen, and D. Shen, “Low-voltage-modulated laser based on dye-doped polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(4), 519–526 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  18. L. Saadaoui, G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, R. Hamdi, T. Othman, and R. Barberi, “Electrically controllable multicolor cholesteric laser,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22922–22927 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. C.-T. Wang and T.-H. Lin, “Polarization-tunable chiral nematic liquid crystal lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 123102 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. Humar and I. Muševič, “3D microlasers from self-assembled cholesteric liquid-crystal microdroplets,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26995–27003 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  23. D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  24. Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2015 (2)

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. Saadaoui, G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, R. Hamdi, T. Othman, and R. Barberi, “Electrically controllable multicolor cholesteric laser,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22922–22927 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

J.-H. Lin, P.-Y. Chen, and J.-J. Wu, “Mode competition of two bandedge lasing from dye doped cholesteric liquid crystal laser,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9932–9941 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (2)

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

B.-W. Liu, Z.-G. Zheng, X.-C. Chen, and D. Shen, “Low-voltage-modulated laser based on dye-doped polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(4), 519–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

M. Humar and I. Muševič, “3D microlasers from self-assembled cholesteric liquid-crystal microdroplets,” Opt. Express 18(26), 26995–27003 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-T. Wang and T.-H. Lin, “Polarization-tunable chiral nematic liquid crystal lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 123102 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

H. Yu, B. Tang, J. Li, and L. Li, “Electrically tunable lasers made from electro-optically active photonics band gap materials,” Opt. Express 13(18), 7243–7249 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (3)

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, “Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. B 31(2), 179–194 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Barberi, R.

L. Saadaoui, G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, R. Hamdi, T. Othman, and R. Barberi, “Electrically controllable multicolor cholesteric laser,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22922–22927 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Bartolino, R.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baumann, S. K.

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

Bloemer, M. J.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bowden, C. M.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chanishvili, A.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.-J.

L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, P.-Y.

Chen, X.-C.

Chen, Y.-J.

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chilaya, G.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cipparrone, G.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Coles, H. J.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

De Santo, M. P.

Dowling, J. P.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Doyle, C.

Fan, B.

Finkelmann, H.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Fuh, A. Y.-G.

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Funamoto, K.

K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
[Crossref]

Furumi, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gardiner, D. J.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Genack, A. Z.

Hamdi, R.

Hands, P. J. W.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsiao, W.-K.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

Hu, W.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Humar, M.

Hutchings, I. M.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ilchishin, I. P.

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Junnemann, G.

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

Kim, S. T.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Kitzerow, H.

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

Kopp, V. I.

Lee, C.-R.

L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Li, L.

Lin, J.-D.

L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.-H.

Lin, T.-H.

C.-T. Wang and T.-H. Lin, “Polarization-tunable chiral nematic liquid crystal lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 123102 (2010).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Liu, B.-W.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

B.-W. Liu, Z.-G. Zheng, X.-C. Chen, and D. Shen, “Low-voltage-modulated laser based on dye-doped polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(4), 519–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.-H.

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mashiko, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

Mazzulla, A.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Morris, S. M.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Mowatt, C.

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Munoz, A.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Muševic, I.

Oriol, L.

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Othman, T.

Otomo, A.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ozaki, M.

K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
[Crossref]

Palffy-Muhoray, P.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Petriashvili, G.

L. Saadaoui, G. Petriashvili, M. P. De Santo, R. Hamdi, T. Othman, and R. Barberi, “Electrically controllable multicolor cholesteric laser,” Opt. Express 23(17), 22922–22927 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rutledge, R.

Saadaoui, L.

Scalora, M.

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

Schmidtke, J.

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, “Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. B 31(2), 179–194 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shen, D.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

B.-W. Liu, Z.-G. Zheng, X.-C. Chen, and D. Shen, “Low-voltage-modulated laser based on dye-doped polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(4), 519–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Shibaev, P. V.

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

Shpak, M. T.

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Stille, W.

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, “Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. B 31(2), 179–194 (2003).
[Crossref]

Taheri, B.

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Tang, B.

Tikhonov, E. A.

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Tishchenko, V. G.

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Vithana, H. K. M.

Wang, C.-T.

C.-T. Wang and T.-H. Lin, “Polarization-tunable chiral nematic liquid crystal lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 123102 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wilkinson, T. D.

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, C. Mowatt, R. Rutledge, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Paintable band-edge liquid crystal lasers,” Opt. Express 19(3), 2432–2439 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, C.-H.

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.-J.

Wu, S.-T.

Yang, P.-C.

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, S.

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yoshino, K.

K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Zheng, Z.-G.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

B.-W. Liu, Z.-G. Zheng, X.-C. Chen, and D. Shen, “Low-voltage-modulated laser based on dye-doped polymer stabilized cholesteric liquid crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(4), 519–526 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, L.

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Adv. Mater. (3)

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals: two new tuning strategies,” Adv. Mater. 16(910), 791–795 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Chilaya, A. Chanishvili, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and P. V. Shibaev, “Reversible tuning of lasing in cholesteric liquid crystals controlled by light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 565–568 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Finkelmann, S. T. Kim, A. Munoz, P. Palffy-Muhoray, and B. Taheri, “Tunable mirrorless lasing in cholesteric liquid crystalline elastomers,” Adv. Mater. 13(14), 1069–1072 (2001).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

J. Schmidtke, G. Junnemann, S. K. Baumann, and H. Kitzerow, “Electrical fine tuning of liquid crystal lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 15(12), 974–977 (2013).

S. Furumi, S. Yokoyama, A. Otomo, and S. Mashiko, “Phototunable photonic bandgap in a chiral liquid crystal laser device,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(14), 2491–2493 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Chanishvili, G. Chilaya, G. Petriashvili, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, G. Cipparrone, A. Mazzulla, and L. Oriol, “Phototunable lasing in dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(26), 5353–5355 (2003).
[Crossref]

T.-H. Lin, Y.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wu, A. Y.-G. Fuh, J.-H. Liu, and P.-C. Yang, “Cholesteric liquid crystal laser with wide tuning capability,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(16), 161120 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. J. W. Hands, D. J. Gardiner, S. M. Morris, C. Mowatt, T. D. Wilkinson, and H. J. Coles, “Band-edge and random lasing in paintable liquid crystal emulsions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98(14), 141102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

J. Schmidtke and W. Stille, “Fluorescence of a dye-doped cholesteric liquid crystal film in the region of the stop band: theory and experiment,” Eur. Phys. J. B 31(2), 179–194 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. P. Dowling, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, “The photonic band edge laser: A new approach to gain enhancement,” J. Appl. Phys. 75(4), 1896–1899 (1994).
[Crossref]

C.-T. Wang and T.-H. Lin, “Polarization-tunable chiral nematic liquid crystal lasing,” J. Appl. Phys. 107(12), 123102 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

Z.-G. Zheng, B.-W. Liu, L. Zhou, W. Wang, W. Hu, and D. Shen, “Wide tunable lasing in photoresponsive chiral liquid crystal emulsion,” J. Mater. Chem. C 3(11), 2462–2470 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

L.-J. Chen, J.-D. Lin, and C.-R. Lee, “An optically stable and tunable quantum dot nanocrystal-embedded cholesteric liquid crystal composite laser,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 2(22), 4388–4394 (2014).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (1)

I. P. Ilchishin, E. A. Tikhonov, V. G. Tishchenko, and M. T. Shpak, “Generation of a tunable radiation by impurity cholesteric liquid crystals,” JETP Lett. 32, 24–27 (1980).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

K. Funamoto, M. Ozaki, and K. Yoshino, “Discontimuous shift of lasing wavelength with temperature in cholesteric liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(2), L1523–L1525 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Soft Matter (1)

D. J. Gardiner, W.-K. Hsiao, S. M. Morris, P. J. W. Hands, T. D. Wilkinson, I. M. Hutchings, and H. J. Coles, “Printed photonic arrays from self-organized chiral nematic liquid crystals,” Soft Matter 8(39), 9977–9980 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematics of (a) the preparation of CLC micro-droplet laser (①:emulsion ②:Kapton strip ③:doctor blade ④:glass substrate); (b) numerical statistic of effective CLC micro-droplets (the whole sample was divided into twenty-one square regions as depicted by blue solid cross-lines; number of effective droplets in every square region as enclosed by red dashed circle was counted one by one and summed up).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Emission spectrum of a CLC micro-droplet and the corresponding optical texture (the inset) and (b) the pump energy dependent lasing emission energy of such micro-droplet. Concentrations of CLC and PVA are 2.0 wt% and 18.0 wt%, respectively. Diameter of the focused pumping light is manipulated to approximately equal to the diameter of the micro-droplet, which is ~120 μm, and the reputation rate of pumping light is 1 Hz.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Average diameter of CLC micro-droplets changes with the increasing of (a) CLC concentration when PVA concentration is 18.0 wt%; and (b) PVA concentration when CLC concentration is 2.0 wt%. (c) Texture micrograph of CLC droplets in the case of x = 4.0 wt% and y = 14.0 wt%.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Relationship between LET and the square of diameter of CLC micro-droplet. Hollow triangles indicate that the probability of the lasing of smaller droplet is lower than that of larger ones.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The values of F at concentrations x and y

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