Abstract

Transparent polycrystalline NdxGd3-xAl3Ga2O12 (Nd:GAGG) ceramics were prepared via solid-state reactive sintering from a mixture of commercial Gd2O3, Al2O3, Ga2O3, Nd2O3 and 0.05wt.% ZrO2 powders at 1650 °C. Fully dense ceramics were obtained for all samples with different Nd2O3 doping level. Uniform microstructures with average grain size of about 20 μm were observed in the ceramics, while no secondary phase was detected. Optimum transmittance of as high as 77% in near-infrared bands, which is close to its theoretical value of 81.1%, was achieved in the 0.8 at.% Nd:GAGG ceramics. The spectroscopic properties of the Nd:GAGG transparent ceramics were also investigated. Absorption cross-section of the 0.8 at.% Nd:GAGG ceramic at 808 nm is about 4.1 × 10−20 cm2. The emission cross-section at 1063 nm is about 1.8 × 10−19 cm2.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, J. Zhang, and X. Tao, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+: Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(6), 1475–1480 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

2009 (1)

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

T. Taira, “RE3+-ion-doped YAG ceramic lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. IEEE J. 13(3), 798–809 (2007).

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd: YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

Y. Ishida and K. Naganuma, “Compact diode-pumped all-solid-state femtosecond Cr4+:YAG laser,” Opt. Lett. 21(1), 51–53 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

B. Labranche, W. Qun, and P. Galarneau, “Diode-pumped-cw and quasi-cw Nd: GGG (Ca, Mg, Zr) laser,” Proc. SPIE 2041, 326–331 (1994).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd: GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, and U. Hase, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd: GGAG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1), 17–22 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

M. I. Mendelson, “Average grain size in polycrystalline ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(8), 443–446 (1969).
[Crossref]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arcangeli, A.

A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, J. Zhang, and X. Tao, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+: Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(6), 1475–1480 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bigotta, S.

Castillo, V.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cong, H.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dong, C.

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dong, X.

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Dumm, J. Q.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fujii, Y.

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

Galarneau, P.

B. Labranche, W. Qun, and P. Galarneau, “Diode-pumped-cw and quasi-cw Nd: GGG (Ca, Mg, Zr) laser,” Proc. SPIE 2041, 326–331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gong, M.

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hao, L.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hase, U.

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, and U. Hase, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd: GGAG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1), 17–22 (1988).
[Crossref]

Hayakawa, H.

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

He, J.

Huang, H.

B. Zhang, J. Yang, J. He, H. Huang, S. Liu, J. Xu, F. Liu, Y. Zhi, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched 1.33 μm Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 laser with V3+: YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12052–12058 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd: YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ishida, Y.

Ishikawa, T.

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, J. Zhang, and X. Tao, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+: Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(6), 1475–1480 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd: YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kato, Y.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd: GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[Crossref]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

Kochawattana, S.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kumar, A.

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kuwano, Y.

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, and U. Hase, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd: GGAG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1), 17–22 (1988).
[Crossref]

Labranche, B.

B. Labranche, W. Qun, and P. Galarneau, “Diode-pumped-cw and quasi-cw Nd: GGG (Ca, Mg, Zr) laser,” Proc. SPIE 2041, 326–331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, F.

Liu, Q.

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Lu, F.

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Luo, H.

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ma, D.

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Maeda, K.

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

Mahajan, R.

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mendelson, M. I.

M. I. Mendelson, “Average grain size in polycrystalline ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(8), 443–446 (1969).
[Crossref]

Messing, G. L.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Naganuma, K.

Pal, S.

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Pirzio, F.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Qin, H.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Qin, L.

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Quarles, G.

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

Qun, W.

B. Labranche, W. Qun, and P. Galarneau, “Diode-pumped-cw and quasi-cw Nd: GGG (Ca, Mg, Zr) laser,” Proc. SPIE 2041, 326–331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Saito, S.

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, and U. Hase, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd: GGAG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1), 17–22 (1988).
[Crossref]

Sato, Y.

Shah, A.

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Taira, T.

Tang, D.

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tao, X.

A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, J. Zhang, and X. Tao, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+: Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(6), 1475–1480 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Zhang, J. Yang, J. He, H. Huang, S. Liu, J. Xu, F. Liu, Y. Zhi, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched 1.33 μm Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 laser with V3+: YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12052–12058 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tonelli, M.

A. Arcangeli, S. Bigotta, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, J. Zhang, and X. Tao, “Spectroscopic analysis of Nd3+: Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 28(6), 1475–1480 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wu, K.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xie, G.

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Xu, F.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

B. Zhang, J. Yang, J. He, H. Huang, S. Liu, J. Xu, F. Liu, Y. Zhi, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively Q-switched 1.33 μm Nd:Gd3AlxGa5-xO12 laser with V3+: YAG saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12052–12058 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

Yokoyama, T.

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd: GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, K.

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd: YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd: GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

Zhang, H.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Zhang, W.

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhi, C. Dong, J. Zhang, Z. Jia, B. Zhang, Y. Zhang, S. Wang, J. He, and X. Tao, “Continuous-wave and passively Q-switched laser performance of LD-end-pumped 1062 nm Nd:GAGG laser,” Opt. Express 18(8), 7584–7589 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhi, Y.

Zuo, C.

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Yoshida, H. Yoshida, and Y. Kato, “Characterization of high average power Nd: GGG slab lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24(6), 1188–1192 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (5)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Fabrication and Optical Properties of High-Performance Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics for Solid-State Lasers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78(4), 1033–1040 (1995).
[Crossref]

X. Chen, H. Qin, Y. Zhang, Z. Luo, J. Jiang, and H. Jiang, “Preparation and Optical Properties of Transparent (Ce, Gd)3Al3Ga2O12 Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 98(8), 2352–2356 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. I. Mendelson, “Average grain size in polycrystalline ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 52(8), 443–446 (1969).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. Kochawattana, G. L. Messing, J. Q. Dumm, G. Quarles, and V. Castillo, “Solid-State Reactive Sintering of Transparent Polycrystalline Nd: YAG Ceramics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 89(6), 1945–1950 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Ikesue, K. Kamata, and K. Yoshida, “Effects of neodymium concentration on optical characteristics of polycrystalline Nd: YAG laser materials,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 79(7), 1921–1926 (1996).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

Z. Jia, X. Tao, C. Dong, X. Cheng, W. Zhang, F. Xu, and M. Jiang, “Study on crystal growth of large size Nd3+: Gd3Ga5O12 (Nd3+: GGG) by Czochralski method,” J. Cryst. Growth 292(2), 386–390 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Kuwano, S. Saito, and U. Hase, “Crystal growth and optical properties of Nd: GGAG,” J. Cryst. Growth 92(1), 17–22 (1988).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Hayakawa, K. Maeda, T. Ishikawa, T. Yokoyama, and Y. Fujii, “High average power Nd: Gd3Ga5O12 slab laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26(1010A), L1623–L1625 (1987).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (4)

J. Zhang, X. Tao, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhi, and M. Jiang, “Crystal growth, optical properties, and CW laser operation at 1.06 μ m of Nd: GAGG crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 6(5), 355–358 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, C. Dong, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “High-power continuous wave and passively Q-switched laser operations of a Nd: GGG crystal,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(2), 100–103 (2008).
[Crossref]

Q. Liu, F. Lu, M. Gong, C. Li, and D. Ma, “15 W output power diode-pumped solid-state lasers at 515 nm,” Laser Phys. Lett. 4(1), 30–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. Zuo, B. Zhang, J. He, H. Huang, X. Dong, J. Xu, Z. Jia, C. Dong, and X. Tao, “13.2 W cw output generated by a diode-end-pumped Nd: GGG laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 5(8), 582–584 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. Qin, D. Tang, G. Xie, H. Luo, C. Dong, Z. Jia, H. Yu, and X. Tao, “Diode-end-pumped passively mode-locked Nd: GGG laser with a semiconductor saturable mirror,” Opt. Commun. 281(18), 4762–4764 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

R. Mahajan, A. Shah, S. Pal, and A. Kumar, “Analytical study for investigating the behaviour of Nd-doped Glass, YAG and GGG under the heat capacity mode of operation,” Opt. Laser Technol. 39(7), 1406–1412 (2007).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (1)

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, “Multi-wavelength Nd: GAGG picosecond laser,” Opt. Mater. 32(9), 1130–1133 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Labranche, W. Qun, and P. Galarneau, “Diode-pumped-cw and quasi-cw Nd: GGG (Ca, Mg, Zr) laser,” Proc. SPIE 2041, 326–331 (1994).
[Crossref]

Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. IEEE J. (1)

T. Taira, “RE3+-ion-doped YAG ceramic lasers,” Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. IEEE J. 13(3), 798–809 (2007).

Other (2)

J. D. Ingle, Jr. and S. R. Crouch, Spectrochemical Analysis (Prentice Hall, 1988).

D. C. Harris, Materials for Infrared Windows and Domes: Properties and Performance (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, 1999), pp. 195–199.

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Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Microstructures of starting powders of (a) Al2O3, (b) Gd2O3, (c) Ga2O3, and (d),(e) 0.8at.% Nd:GAGG after ball milling for 12 h.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) XRD patterns of 0at.%-4.5at.% Nd3+ concentration GAGG ceramics and Fig. 2(b) Expanded view of the 2θ diffraction peak between 30°and 35°.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The calculated lattice constants.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The microstructures of the 0.8 at.% and 4.5 at.% Nd:GAGG specimens sintered at 1650 °C for 20 hrs.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The EDS analysis of the 0.8 at.% Nd:GAGG sample sintered at 1650 °C for 20 hrs.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) The transmittances of 0, 0.8, 1.8 and 4.5 at.% Nd:GAGG samples sintered at 1650 °C for 20 hrs and (b) Relationship between Nd concentration and transmittances at 1063nm of Nd:GAGG ceramics.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Transparent Nd:GAGG specimens with 0, 0.8, 1.8, and 4.5 at.% Nd3+ and (b) 0.8 at.% Nd:GAGG specimen, which is standed on the paper. The specimens were sintered at 1650°C for 20 hrs in oxygen and the size was about 20 mm diameter by 1mm thickness.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The absorption spectra of the 0.8 and 4.5 at.% Nd:GAGG ceramics in the wavelength range of 200-2000nm.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Relationship between Nd3+ concentration and absorption intensities of 4F5/2 + 2H9/2 bands.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Fluorescence spectrum of the 0.8at.% Nd:GAGG ceramic excited by 808 nm at room temperature.
Fig. 11
Fig. 11 Relationship between Nd3+ concentration and fluorescence intensities of Nd:GAGG ceramics around 1063nm and absorption efficiency change curve with Nd3+ concentration.
Fig. 12
Fig. 12 Luminescence decay curve of the 0.8at.% Nd:GAGG transparent ceramic at room temperature.

Equations (1)

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σ e = λ 4 /8π cn 2 Δλ τ e

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