Abstract

We proposed and experimentally demonstrated a simple metasurface with gradient reflective phase for the generation of an orbital-angular-momentum (OAM) beam. It is easy to design the proposed reflective metasurface by only tuning the patch size to achieve the full-range (2π) reflective phase. Then, the metasurface was constructed by arranging different-sized patches in a proper order to covert a plane wave to an OAM beam. The measured field distribution confirms that the reflected beam from the fabricated reflective metasurface is an OAM beam with central singularity and the phase has 2π change around the center, which is in agreement with the numerical simulations. The proposed reflective metasurface is promising in high-efficient beam manipulation and paves a way to generate the OAM beams for wireless communication applications.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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2016 (3)

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (4)

L. Cheng, W. Hong, and Z. C. Hao, “Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4814 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. Schemmel, G. Pisano, and B. Maffei, “Modular spiral phase plate design for orbital angular momentum generation at millimetre wavelengths,” Opt. Express 22(12), 14712–14726 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (5)

2012 (3)

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (4)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Al Amin, A. Li, S. Chen, X. Chen, G. Gao, and W. Shieh, “Dual-LP11 mode 4×4 MIMO-OFDM transmission over a two-mode fiber,” Opt. Express 19(17), 16672–16679 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1914 (1)

M. Abraham, “Der Drehimpuls des Lichtes,” Physik. Zeitschr. XV, 914 (1914).

Abraham, M.

M. Abraham, “Der Drehimpuls des Lichtes,” Physik. Zeitschr. XV, 914 (1914).

Ahmed, N.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al Amin, A.

Alexopolous, N. G.

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Barbieri, C.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernet, S.

Blanchard, R.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Boyd, R. W.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Broas, R. F. J.

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

Capasso, F.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H.

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Chen, X.

Cheng, L.

L. Cheng, W. Hong, and Z. C. Hao, “Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4814 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Colafrancesco, S.

Courtial, J.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cui, J.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Leon, I.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Dolinar, S.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y. C.

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fazal, I. M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

Fu, Q.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, G.

Gao, H.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, P.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genevet, P.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

González, N.

Gray, M.

Guo, Z.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hao, Z. C.

L. Cheng, W. Hong, and Z. C. Hao, “Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4814 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

He, J.

Hong, W.

L. Cheng, W. Hong, and Z. C. Hao, “Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4814 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, D.

Huang, C.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, H.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jesacher, A.

Jin, J.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kan, Q.

Kang, M.

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

Karimi, E.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kats, M. A.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koschny, T.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, A.

Li, H.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Q.

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

Li, R.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, S.

Li, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lin, J.

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, X.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maccalli, S.

Maffei, B.

Mari, E.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Maurer, C.

Molina-Terriza, G.

Ng, M. W.

Padgett, M.

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Pan, W.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pisano, G.

Pu, M.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qassim, H.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qu, S.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Rho, J.

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ritsch-Marte, M.

Roberson, D. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Romanato, F.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schemmel, P.

Schulz, S. A.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Schwaighofer, A.

Shen, N. H.

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, N.-H.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, G. M.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shi, Y.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shieh, W.

Sievenpiper, D.

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

Smith, G. M.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Soukoulis, C. M.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tamburini, F.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J. P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thidé, B.

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

Torres, J. P.

Tur, M.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Upham, J.

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

Z. Zhao, J. Wang, S. Li, and A. E. Willner, “Metamaterials-based broadband generation of orbital angular momentum carrying vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 932–934 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

Wang, X. L.

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, Z.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Wei, Z. Y.

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Willner, A. E.

Z. Zhao, J. Wang, S. Li, and A. E. Willner, “Metamaterials-based broadband generation of orbital angular momentum carrying vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 932–934 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yablonovitch, E.

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yan, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.-Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yao, M.

M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ye, J.

Ye, Z.

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yin, X.

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, S. X.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yue, Y.

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, A.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, B.

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Z.

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Zhao, J. Wang, S. Li, and A. E. Willner, “Metamaterials-based broadband generation of orbital angular momentum carrying vector beams,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 932–934 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, X. X.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

Y. C. Fan, N. H. Shen, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Tunable terahertz meta-surface with graphene cut-wires,” ACS Photonics 2(1), 151–156 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

Y. Fan, N.-H. Shen, F. Zhang, Z. Wei, H. Li, Q. Zhao, Q. Fu, P. Zhang, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electrically Tunable Goos–Hänchen Effect with Graphene in the Terahertz Regime,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 4(11), 1824–1828 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Photonics (1)

M. Yao and M. J. Padgett, “Orbital angular momentum: origins, behavior and applications,” Adv. Opt. Photonics 3(2), 161 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

F. Tamburini, E. Mari, B. Thidé, C. Barbieri, and F. Romanato, “Experimental verification of photon angular momentum and vorticity with radio techniques,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(20), 204102 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. Genevet, N. Yu, F. Aieta, J. Lin, M. A. Kats, R. Blanchard, and F. Capasso, “Ultra-thin plasmonic optical vortex plate based on phase discontinuities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(1), 013101 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. X. Yu, L. Li, G. M. Shi, C. Zhu, X. X. Zhou, and Y. Shi, “Design, fabrication, and measurement of reflective metasurface for orbital angular momentum vortex wave in radio frequency domain,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 108(12), 121903 (2016).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. (1)

D. Sievenpiper, L. Zhang, R. F. J. Broas, N. G. Alexopolous, and E. Yablonovitch, “High-impedance electromagnetic surfaces with a forbidden frequency band. Microwave,” IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech. 47(11), 2059–2074 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

W. Wang, Y. Li, Z. Guo, R. Li, J. Zhang, A. Zhang, and S. Qu, “Ultra-thin optical vortex phase plate based on the metasurface and the angular momentum transformation,” J. Opt. 17(4), 045102 (2015).
[Crossref]

JOSA B. (1)

M. Kang, J. Chen, X. L. Wang, and H. T. Wang, “Twisted vector field from an inhomogeneous and anisotropic metamaterial,” JOSA B. 29(4), 572 (2012).
[Crossref]

Light Sci. Appl. (1)

E. Karimi, S. A. Schulz, I. De Leon, H. Qassim, J. Upham, and R. W. Boyd, “Generating optical orbital angular momentum at visible wavelengths using a plasmonic metasurface,” Light Sci. Appl. 3(5), e167 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13(2), 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Wang, J.-Y. Yang, I. M. Fazal, N. Ahmed, Y. Yan, H. Huang, Y. Ren, Y. Yue, S. Dolinar, M. Tur, and A. E. Willner, “Terabit free-space data transmission employing orbital angular momentum multiplexing,” Nat. Photonics 6(7), 488–496 (2012).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. A. Turnbull, D. A. Roberson, G. M. Smith, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “The generation of free-space Laguerre-Gaussian modes at millimetre-wave frequencies by use of a spiral phase plate,” Opt. Commun. 127(4-6), 183–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys. Rev. A 45(11), 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

Y. C. Fan, Z. Y. Wei, H. Q. Li, H. Chen, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Low-loss and high-Q planar metamaterial with toroidal moment,” Phys. Rev. B 87(11), 115417 (2013).
[Crossref]

Phys. Today (1)

M. Padgett, J. Courtial, and L. Allen, “Light’s orbital angular momentum,” Phys. Today 57(5), 35–40 (2004).
[Crossref]

Physik. Zeitschr. (1)

M. Abraham, “Der Drehimpuls des Lichtes,” Physik. Zeitschr. XV, 914 (1914).

Sci. Rep. (3)

X. Ma, M. Pu, X. Li, C. Huang, Y. Wang, W. Pan, B. Zhao, J. Cui, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “A planar chiral meta-surface for optical vortex generation and focusing,” Sci. Rep. 5, 10365 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jin, J. Luo, X. Zhang, H. Gao, X. Li, M. Pu, P. Gao, Z. Zhao, and X. Luo, “Generation and detection of orbital angular momentum via metasurface,” Sci. Rep. 6, 24286 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Cheng, W. Hong, and Z. C. Hao, “Generation of electromagnetic waves with arbitrary orbital angular momentum modes,” Sci. Rep. 4, 4814 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

X. Yin, Z. Ye, J. Rho, Y. Wang, and X. Zhang, “Photonic spin Hall effect at metasurfaces,” Science 339(6126), 1405–1407 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J. P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334(6054), 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

J. Huang and J. Encinar, Reflectarray Antennas (Wiley-IEEE Press, 2008).

CST Microwave Studio, www cst.com, 32009 (2013).

S.M.Mohammadi,et al. “Orbital angular momentum in radio: Measurement methods.” Radio Science 45.4(2010).
[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Schematic diagram of designed metasurface unit. (a) 3D view and (b) side view. The size of the unit cell is 10mm x10mm.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The reflection phase shifts and the amplitudes, it showed that each patch layer introduces a specific phase shift determined by its radius.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Schematic diagram of designed metasurface array structure which is composed of eight regions, each region occupied by the same type of metasurface units. (b) Configuration of OAM beams generating by metasurface with gradient reflective phase.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The map with OAM topological charge l = 1 at a near-field transverse plane of z = 40mm: (a) and (b) The intensity and the near field spiral phase properties of the proposed structure of CST simulation. (c) and (d) Intensity distribution and phase pattern of the reflection spectra measured result.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Design parameters: the size of metallic patch layer.

Equations (1)

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E( u ^ )= m=1 M n=1 N F( r mn r f )A( r mn u ^ 0 ) A( u ^ 0 u ^ )exp{ j k 0 [| r mn r f |+ r mn u ^ ]+j φ mn }

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