Abstract

The synthesis, theoretical analysis, and optical characterizations of fluoroaluminate–tellurite glasses with high Er3+ concentration are reported. The 2.7 μm emission from Er3+ doped fluoroaluminate–tellurite glasses upon excitation of a conventional 980 nm LD is demonstrated with minimized concentration quenching. The prepared glass possesses high fluorescence lifetime of 4I11/2 level (1.343ms) and large calculated emission cross section (7.63 × 10−21 cm2). Besides, the radiative transfer microscopic parameters of 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels were theoretically analyzed. Hence, these results indicate that this Er3+ doped fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass has potential applications in 2.7 μm laser.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2015 (8)

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, and H. Zhang, “Band-gap modulation of two-dimensional saturable absorbers for solid-state lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(2), A10–A20 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Luo, J. Duan, C. Wang, X. Sun, and K. Yin, “Resonant ablation rules of femtosecond laser on Pr–Nd doped silicate glass,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(5), 051403 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, S. Zheng, K. Yang, and D. Chen, “Radiation-induced change of OH content in Yb-doped silica glass,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(6), 060602 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Xue, L. Zhang, L. Wen, M. Liao, and L. Hu, “Er3+-doped fluorogallate glass for mid-infrared applications,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 081602 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Gao, Y. Tong, Y. Yang, and G. Chen, “Monochromic orange emission of Pr3+ ions in phosphate glass,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(10), 101602 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

C. Ma, J. Qiu, D. Zhou, Z. Yang, and Z. Song, “Influence of silver nanoparticles on Er3+ up-conversion in CaF2 precipitated oxyfluoride glass-ceramics,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 12(8), 081601 (2014).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

2012 (1)

2011 (4)

R. Xu, Y. Tian, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced Emission of 2.7µm Pumped by Laser Diode from Er3+/Pr3+ Codoped Germanate Glasses,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

F. A. Santos, J. R. J. Delben, L. H. C. Andrade, and S. M. Lima, ““Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behavior of TiO2 Doped Zblan Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 2907 (2011).

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8μm Emission of Highly Thulium Doped Fluorophosphate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.  108, 083504(2010).

2009 (1)

G. Gao, G. Wang, C. Yu, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Investigation of 2.0 μm emission in Tm3+ and Ho3+ co-doped oxyfluoride tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 129(9), 1042–1047 (2009).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Ramdohr, “Chemical Stability of ZrF4 and AlF3 Based Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses in Water,” J. Non-crystal Solids 284, 105– 109(2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

1999 (1)

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

1997 (2)

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

L. V. G. Tarelho, L. Gomes, and I. M. Ranieri, “Determination of microscopic parameters for nonresonant energy-transfer processes in rare-earth-doped crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56(22), 14344–14351 (1997).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, and S. I. Najafi, “Gain Characteristics of a High Concentration Er3+ Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(6), 3617 (1995).
[Crossref]

1993 (2)

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, “Spectroscopic Properties and Mechanisms of Excited State Absorption and Energy Transfer Upconversion for Er3+ Doped Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 162, 68–80 (1993).

1992 (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, “Laser Emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 24(6), 22320 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

M. Saad and M. Poulain, “Glass Forming Ability Criterion,” Mater. Sci. Forum 19–20, 11–18 (1987).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

1970 (1)

T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, “Phonon Sidebands, Multiphonon Relaxation of Excited States, and Phonon Assisted Energy Transfer between Ions in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1(7), 2961–2969 (1970).
[Crossref]

1962 (1)

B. R. Judd, “Optical Absorption Intensities of Rare-Earth Ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, “A Theory of Sensitized Luminescence in Solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21(5), 50–836 (1953).
[Crossref]

1952 (1)

J. E. Stanworth, “Tellurite glasses,” J. Soc. Glass Technol. 36, 217–241 (1952).

1948 (1)

T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare Energiewanderung Und Fluoreszenz,” Ann. Phys. 437(1-2), 55–75 (1948).
[Crossref]

Andrade, L. H. C.

F. A. Santos, J. R. J. Delben, L. H. C. Andrade, and S. M. Lima, ““Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behavior of TiO2 Doped Zblan Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 2907 (2011).

Andreeta, É.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Aranha, N.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Becker, P. C.

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bennett, H. E.

Bogdanov, V. K.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Booth, D. J.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Botero, E. R.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Buczynski, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

Chen, D.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, S. Zheng, K. Yang, and D. Chen, “Radiation-induced change of OH content in Yb-doped silica glass,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(6), 060602 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

Chen, G.

Choi, Y. G.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

De Camargo, A. S. S.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Delben, J. R. J.

F. A. Santos, J. R. J. Delben, L. H. C. Andrade, and S. M. Lima, ““Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behavior of TiO2 Doped Zblan Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 2907 (2011).

Dellith, J.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dexter, D. L.

T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, “Phonon Sidebands, Multiphonon Relaxation of Excited States, and Phonon Assisted Energy Transfer between Ions in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1(7), 2961–2969 (1970).
[Crossref]

D. L. Dexter, “A Theory of Sensitized Luminescence in Solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21(5), 50–836 (1953).
[Crossref]

Duan, J.

Dubs, C.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Eiras, J. A.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fagundes, D.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Fan, X.

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

Feng, J.

F. Lin, H. Hu, Y. Yuan, and J. Feng, “Optical Absorption of Rare Earth Elements in Fluoroaluminate Glass,” Hongwai Yu Haomibo Xuebao, 44–239 (1991).

Filipkowski, A.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

Förster, T.

T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare Energiewanderung Und Fluoreszenz,” Ann. Phys. 437(1-2), 55–75 (1948).
[Crossref]

Frischat, G. H.

G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Ramdohr, “Chemical Stability of ZrF4 and AlF3 Based Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses in Water,” J. Non-crystal Solids 284, 105– 109(2001).
[Crossref]

Gao, G.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Gao, G. Wang, C. Yu, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Investigation of 2.0 μm emission in Tm3+ and Ho3+ co-doped oxyfluoride tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 129(9), 1042–1047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gao, W.

Garcia, D.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

Gibbs, W. E. K.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Glass, A. J.

Gomes, L.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

L. V. G. Tarelho, L. Gomes, and I. M. Ranieri, “Determination of microscopic parameters for nonresonant energy-transfer processes in rare-earth-doped crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56(22), 14344–14351 (1997).
[Crossref]

Guenther, A. H.

Hanada, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haner, M.

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

He, J.

Heo, J.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

Hewak, D. W.

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

Honkanen, S.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, and S. I. Najafi, “Gain Characteristics of a High Concentration Er3+ Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(6), 3617 (1995).
[Crossref]

Hu, H.

F. Lin, H. Hu, Y. Yuan, and J. Feng, “Optical Absorption of Rare Earth Elements in Fluoroaluminate Glass,” Hongwai Yu Haomibo Xuebao, 44–239 (1991).

Hu, L.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

T. Xue, L. Zhang, L. Wen, M. Liao, and L. Hu, “Er3+-doped fluorogallate glass for mid-infrared applications,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 13(8), 081602 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

R. Xu, Y. Tian, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced Emission of 2.7µm Pumped by Laser Diode from Er3+/Pr3+ Codoped Germanate Glasses,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8μm Emission of Highly Thulium Doped Fluorophosphate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.  108, 083504(2010).

G. Gao, G. Wang, C. Yu, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Investigation of 2.0 μm emission in Tm3+ and Ho3+ co-doped oxyfluoride tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 129(9), 1042–1047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

Hueber, B.

G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Ramdohr, “Chemical Stability of ZrF4 and AlF3 Based Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses in Water,” J. Non-crystal Solids 284, 105– 109(2001).
[Crossref]

Izumitani, T.

X. Zou and T. Izumitani, “Spectroscopic Properties and Mechanisms of Excited State Absorption and Energy Transfer Upconversion for Er3+ Doped Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 162, 68–80 (1993).

Jackson, S. D.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Javorniczky, J. S.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Jiang, Y.

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical Absorption Intensities of Rare-Earth Ions,” Phys. Rev. 127(3), 750–761 (1962).
[Crossref]

Kim, K. H.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

Kim, Y. S.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

Kuan, P.

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kujawa, I.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

Lee, B. J.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

Li, K.

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

Li, X.

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liao, M.

Librantz, A. H.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lima, S. M.

F. A. Santos, J. R. J. Delben, L. H. C. Andrade, and S. M. Lima, ““Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behavior of TiO2 Doped Zblan Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 2907 (2011).

Lin, A.

Lin, F.

F. Lin, H. Hu, Y. Yuan, and J. Feng, “Optical Absorption of Rare Earth Elements in Fluoroaluminate Glass,” Hongwai Yu Haomibo Xuebao, 44–239 (1991).

Liu, L.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

Lu, S.

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, Z.

Ma, C.

Ma, Y.

F. Huang, Y. Ma, L. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “Enhanced 2.7μm Emission of Er3+ Doped Low Hydroxyl Fluoroaluminate–Tellurite Glass,” J. Lumin. 158, 81–85 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Huang, Y. Ma, W. Li, X. Liu, L. Hu, and D. Chen, “2.7μm Emission of High Thermally and Chemically Durable Glasses Based on AlF3,” Sci. Rep. 4, 3607 (2014).

MacFarlane, D. R.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Messaddeq, Y.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Miao, L.

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miyakawa, T.

T. Miyakawa and D. L. Dexter, “Phonon Sidebands, Multiphonon Relaxation of Excited States, and Phonon Assisted Energy Transfer between Ions in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1(7), 2961–2969 (1970).
[Crossref]

Monro, T.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moore, R. C.

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

Najafi, S. I.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, and S. I. Najafi, “Gain Characteristics of a High Concentration Er3+ Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(6), 3617 (1995).
[Crossref]

Newman, P. J.

V. K. Bogdanov, W. E. K. Gibbs, D. J. Booth, J. S. Javorniczky, P. J. Newman, and D. R. MacFarlane, ““Energy Exchange Processes in Er3+ Doped Fluorozirconate Glasses,” J. Non-crystal Solids 256, 93–283 (1999).

Newnam, B.

Nunes, L. A. O.

A. S. S. De Camargo, E. R. Botero, É. Andreeta, D. Garcia, J. A. Eiras, and L. A. O. Nunes, “2.8 and 1.55µm Emission from Diode-Pumped Er3+ Doped and Yb3+ Co-Doped Lead Lanthanum Zirconate Titanate Transparent Ferroelectric Ceramic,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(24), 241112 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Nykolak, G.

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Oermann, M.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ohtsuki, T.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, and S. I. Najafi, “Gain Characteristics of a High Concentration Er3+ Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(6), 3617 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ohyagi, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ottaway, D.

L. Gomes, M. Oermann, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ottaway, T. Monro, A. H. Librantz, and S. D. Jackson, “Energy Level Decay and Excited State Absorption Processes in Erbium-Doped Tellurite Glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 110(8), 083111 (2011).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

Peyghambarian, N.

T. Ohtsuki, N. Peyghambarian, S. Honkanen, and S. I. Najafi, “Gain Characteristics of a High Concentration Er3+ Doped Phosphate Glass Waveguide,” J. Appl. Phys. 78(6), 3617 (1995).
[Crossref]

Pollack, S. A.

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, “Laser Emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 24(6), 22320 (1988).
[Crossref]

Poulain, M.

M. Saad and M. Poulain, “Glass Forming Ability Criterion,” Mater. Sci. Forum 19–20, 11–18 (1987).
[Crossref]

Pysz, D.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

Qiu, J.

Ramdohr, B.

G. H. Frischat, B. Hueber, and B. Ramdohr, “Chemical Stability of ZrF4 and AlF3 Based Heavy Metal Fluoride Glasses in Water,” J. Non-crystal Solids 284, 105– 109(2001).
[Crossref]

Ranieri, I. M.

L. V. G. Tarelho, L. Gomes, and I. M. Ranieri, “Determination of microscopic parameters for nonresonant energy-transfer processes in rare-earth-doped crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56(22), 14344–14351 (1997).
[Crossref]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Robinson, M.

S. A. Pollack and M. Robinson, “Laser Emission of Er3+ in ZrF4-Based Fluoride Glass,” Electron. Lett. 24(6), 22320 (1988).
[Crossref]

Saad, M.

M. Saad and M. Poulain, “Glass Forming Ability Criterion,” Mater. Sci. Forum 19–20, 11–18 (1987).
[Crossref]

Samson, B. N.

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

Santos, F. A.

F. A. Santos, J. R. J. Delben, L. H. C. Andrade, and S. M. Lima, ““Thermal Stability and Crystallization Behavior of TiO2 Doped Zblan Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 2907 (2011).

Schmidt, M. A.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, B. N. Samson, R. C. Moore, D. W. Hewak, and D. N. Payne, “Rare-Earth Doped Chalcogenide Glass Fibre Laser,” Electron. Lett. 33(5), 414 (1997).
[Crossref]

Shi, B.

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shin, Y. B.

Y. G. Choi, K. H. Kim, B. J. Lee, Y. B. Shin, Y. S. Kim, and J. Heo, ““Emission Properties of the Er3+:4I11/2→4I13/2 Transition in Er3+ and Er3+/Tm3+ Doped Ge–Ga–As–S Glasses,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 278, 44137 (2000).

Shmulovich, J.

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

Soga, N.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Z.

Stanworth, J. E.

J. E. Stanworth, “Tellurite glasses,” J. Soc. Glass Technol. 36, 217–241 (1952).

Stepien, R.

R. Stepien, R. Buczynski, D. Pysz, I. Kujawa, and A. Filipkowski, “Development of Thermally Stable Tellurite Glasses Designed for Fabrication of Microstructured Optical Fibers,” J. Non-Crystal Solids 357, 873–883 (2011).

Stucchi, E. B.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Sun, X.

Surzhenko, O.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, N. Soga, and T. Hanada, “Compositional dependence of Judd-Ofelt parameters of Er3+ ions in alkali-metal borate glasses,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(6), 3305–3310 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tarelho, L. V. G.

L. V. G. Tarelho, L. Gomes, and I. M. Ranieri, “Determination of microscopic parameters for nonresonant energy-transfer processes in rare-earth-doped crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 56(22), 14344–14351 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tian, Y.

R. Xu, Y. Tian, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced Emission of 2.7µm Pumped by Laser Diode from Er3+/Pr3+ Codoped Germanate Glasses,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1173 (2011).
[Crossref]

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Zhang, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “1.8μm Emission of Highly Thulium Doped Fluorophosphate Glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.  108, 083504(2010).

Tong, Y.

Vila, L. D.

L. D. Vila, N. Aranha, Y. Messaddeq, E. B. Stucchi, S. J. L. Ribeiro, D. Fagundes, and L. A. O. Nunes, “Spectroscopic Properties of Er3+ in Oxysulfide Glasses,” J. Alloys Compd. 344(1-2), 226 (2002).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

Wang, G.

G. Gao, G. Wang, C. Yu, J. Zhang, and L. Hu, “Investigation of 2.0 μm emission in Tm3+ and Ho3+ co-doped oxyfluoride tellurite glass,” J. Lumin. 129(9), 1042–1047 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

X. Fan, K. Li, X. Li, P. Kuan, X. Wang, and L. Hu, “Spectroscopic Properties of 2.7μm Emission in Er3+ Doped Telluride Glasses and Fibers,” J. Alloys Compd. 615, 475 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wen, L.

Wen, S.

L. Miao, Y. Jiang, S. Lu, B. Shi, C. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Wen, “Broadband ultrafast nonlinear optical response of few-layers graphene: toward the mid-infrared regime,” Photo. Res. 3(5), 214 (2015).
[Crossref]

Winterstein-Beckmann, A.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wondraczek, L.

G. Gao, A. Winterstein-Beckmann, O. Surzhenko, C. Dubs, J. Dellith, M. A. Schmidt, and L. Wondraczek, “Faraday rotation and photoluminescence in heavily Tb(3+)-doped GeO2-B2O3-Al2O3-Ga2O3 glasses for fiber-integrated magneto-optics,” Sci. Rep. 5, 8942 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wong, Y. H.

G. Nykolak, M. Haner, P. C. Becker, J. Shmulovich, and Y. H. Wong, “Systems Evaluation of an Er3+ Doped Planar Waveguide Amplifier,” Photon. Tech. Lett 5(10), 1185 (1993).
[Crossref]

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R. Xu, Y. Tian, L. Hu, and J. Zhang, “Enhanced Emission of 2.7µm Pumped by Laser Diode from Er3+/Pr3+ Codoped Germanate Glasses,” Opt. Lett. 36(7), 1173 (2011).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The transmission spectra of the samples. The inset is OH- concentration at 2.84μm dependence on the content of TeO2.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Absorption spectra of samples doped with ErF3. The inset presents the maximum absorption coefficient value of the 4I15/24I13/2 transition in prepared glasses with various ErF3 concentrations.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The relative fluorescence spectra of samples with Er3+ ions excited under 980LD. The inset shows relationship between the emission cross section peak intensity and the content of Er3+ in glass.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Diode-pumped(980nm) spectra of prepared TE: (a) upconversion spectrum and (b) 1.52μm emission spectrum.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Room-temperature fluorescence lifetime at 2.7μm of fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass excited by 540nm LD.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The energy transfer sketch of Er3+ in fluoroaluminate–tellurite glasses pumped at 980nm LD. In the figure, every number corresponds to the discussed processes in energy transfer mechanism part, respectively.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The sketch of calculated microscopic parameters for energy transfer process in TE samples. The left Y axis represents the energy transfer microscopic parameter of 4I11/2 level(black line), and the right Y axis represents the energy transfer microscopic parameter of 4I13/2 level(blue line).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Characteristic temperatures (Tg,Tx,Tp) and ΔT, H of TE samples.

Tables Icon

Table 2 The J–O parameters of Er3+ in fluoroaluminate–tellurite glass.

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Table 3 Oscillator strength and wave number of Er3+ for selected transitions in samples

Equations (7)

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σ em = λ 4 A rad 8πc n 2 × λI(λ) λI(λ)dλ .
W DA =( 2π ) | H DA | 2 S DA N ,
S DA N e ( S 0 D + S 0 A ) ×[ ( S 0 D + S 0 A ) N N! ] S DA ( 0,0,E )δ( N,ΔE/ w 0 ),
     S DA ( m,0,E )= g emis(mphonon) D (E) g abs A (E)dE           = S 0 m m! e S 0 S DA ( 0,0,E ) = [ S 0 m m! e S 0 g emis D ( EΔE ) ] g abs A ( E )dE,
σ emis(mphonon) D = σ emis D ( λ m + ) S 0 m e S 0 m! ( n ¯ +1 ) m σ emis D ( E E 1 ),
σ abs(kphonon) A = σ abs A ( λ k ) S 0 k e S 0 k! ( n ¯ ) k σ abs A ( E+ E 2 ),
W DA ( R )= 6c g low D ( 2π ) 4 n 2 R 6 g up D m=0 e ( 2 n ¯ +1 ) S 0 S 0 m m! ( n ¯ +1 ) m σ emis D ( λ m + ) σ abs A ( λ )dλ= C DA R 6

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