Abstract

A large-size (∅5 mm) Yb3+-doped silica fiber core-glass rod with an Al-P co-doped composition: 0.035Yb2O3-1.0Al2O3-1.0P2O5-97.965SiO2 (mol%) was prepared by the sol-gel method combined with high-temperature melting technology. We successfully solved the doping homogeneity problem caused by the volatility of P2O5. The doping homogeneity of the glass rod was very high with the maximum refractive index fluctuation Δn < 2 × 10−4. The refractive index of the glass rod was very low because of the equimolar amounts of Al and P co-doping, which yielded an AlPO4 structure. A large-mode-area single cladding fiber (LMA SCF) and photonic crystal fiber (LMA PCF) with core diameters of 35 and 50 µm, respectively, were drawn from this glass rod. Owing to the low refractive index of the core-glass rod and the corresponding low numerical aperture (NA, 0.033) of the core, the LMA SCF exhibited a high laser beam brightness with M2 = 1.3-1.4. The LMA PCF exhibited the maximum output power, which was limited by the available pumping power, of 46 W and the slope efficiency of 61%.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (3)

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (4)

2013 (6)

J. Yu, W. Zhao, Y. Wang, Z. Yang, C. Gao, L. Niu, and T. Zhang, “Low-repetition rate, nanosecond, high-power pulse amplifier system based on Yb-doped rod-type fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(5), 050601 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Zhou, Y. Liu, R. Zhu, S. Du, X. Hou, and W. Chen, “High-energy nanosecond all-fiber Yb-doped amplifier,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(8), 081403 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (2)

2008 (2)

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

2004 (2)

1986 (1)

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Aleshkina, S. S.

Alkeskjold, T. T.

Bartelt, H.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bierlich, J.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

Broeng, J.

Chen, D.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

Coscelli, E.

Cucinotta, A.

Devautour, M.

Dhar, A.

Dong, L.

Du, S.

Dunn, C.

Ermeneux, S.

Eschrich, T.

Feng, S.

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fermann, M. E.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Février, S.

Galvanauskas, A.

Gao, C.

Gaponov, D. A.

Gray, S.

Grimm, S.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Leich, F. Just, A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schötz, T. Eschrich, and S. Grimm, “Highly efficient Yb-doped silica fibers prepared by powder sinter technology,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1557–1559 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Leich, F. Just, A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schötz, T. Eschrich, and S. Grimm, “Highly efficient Yb-doped silica fibers prepared by powder sinter technology,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1557–1559 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gu, G.

Guryanov, A. N.

Hawkins, T.

He, W.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hou, X.

Hu, I.-N.

Hu, L.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Liu, H. Li, Y. Tang, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and spectroscopic properties of Yb3+-doped silica glasses by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(8), 081601 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jäger, M.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jain, D.

Jakobsen, C.

Jetschke, S.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jones, M.

Jørgensen, M. M.

Jung, Y.

Just, F.

Kalichevsky-Dong, M. T.

Kaplan, A.

Kayser, T.

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kirchhof, J.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kobelke, J.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kong, F.

Krause, V.

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Laming, R. I.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Langner, A.

Leich, M.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. Leich, F. Just, A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schötz, T. Eschrich, and S. Grimm, “Highly efficient Yb-doped silica fibers prepared by powder sinter technology,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1557–1559 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Leich, F. Just, A. Langner, M. Such, G. Schötz, T. Eschrich, and S. Grimm, “Highly efficient Yb-doped silica fibers prepared by powder sinter technology,” Opt. Lett. 36(9), 1557–1559 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leick, L.

Li, H.

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
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Li, W.

Li, Z.

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
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S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

Maiti, H. S.

Mears, R. J.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Mondal, A. K.

Müller, B.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

Ni, L.

Niu, L.

Nolte, S.

Nunez-Velazquez, M.

Pal, M.

Parsons, J.

Paul, M. Ch.

Payne, D. N.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Petersson, A.

Poli, F.

Poole, S. B.

S. B. Poole, D. N. Payne, R. J. Mears, M. E. Fermann, and R. I. Laming, “Fabrication and characterization of low-loss optical fibers containing rare-earth ions,” J. Lightwave Technol. 4(7), 870–876 (1986).
[Crossref]

Rehmann, G.

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Reich, M.

Reichel, V.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ren, J.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
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S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schmidt, O.

Schötz, G.

Schreiber, T.

Schwuchow, A.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
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Selleri, S.

Sen, R.

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Shao, C.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shi, T.

Such, M.

Tang, Y.

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
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Unger, S.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
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W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Xiao, X.

Xu, W.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

Yashkov, M. V.

Yu, C.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
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Yvernault, P.

Zellmer, H.

Zenteno, L. A.

Zhan, H.

Zhang, A.

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W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

Zhao, W.

Zhou, C.

Zhou, Q.

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Zhou, L. Zhang, S. Wang, M. Wang, C. Yu, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Watt-level Yb-doped silica glass fiber laser with a core made by sol-gel method,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 11(9), 091601 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, C.

Zhu, R.

Zhu, Y.

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (4)

Fibers (1)

S. Wang, F. Lou, M. Wang, C. Yu, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Characteristics and laser performance of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area fibers prepared by Sol–Gel method,” Fibers 1(3), 93–100 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

J. Lumin. (1)

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ codoped silica glass,” J. Lumin. 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (2)

S. Wang, S. Feng, M. Wang, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, H. Li, Y. Tang, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Optical and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Al2O3–P2O5–SiO2 large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber prepared by the sol–gel method,” Laser Phys. Lett. 10(11), 115802 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. He, M. Leich, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “Very large mode area ytterbium fiber amplifier with aluminum-doped pump cladding made by powder sinter technology,” Laser Phys. Lett. 12(1), 015103 (2015).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

J. Limpert, O. Schmidt, J. Rothhardt, F. Röser, T. Schreiber, A. Tünnermann, S. Ermeneux, P. Yvernault, and F. Salin, “Extended single-mode photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 14(7), 2715–2720 (2006).
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A. Dhar, M. Ch. Paul, M. Pal, A. K. Mondal, S. Sen, H. S. Maiti, and R. Sen, “Characterization of porous core layer for controlling rare earth incorporation in optical fiber,” Opt. Express 14(20), 9006–9015 (2006).
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T. T. Alkeskjold, “Large-mode-area ytterbium-doped fiber amplifier with distributed narrow spectral filtering and reduced bend sensitivity,” Opt. Express 17(19), 16394–16405 (2009).
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G. Gu, F. Kong, T. Hawkins, J. Parsons, M. Jones, C. Dunn, M. T. Kalichevsky-Dong, K. Saitoh, and L. Dong, “Ytterbium-doped large-mode-area all-solid photonic bandgap fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 22(11), 13962–13968 (2014).
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X. Ma, C. Zhu, I.-N. Hu, A. Kaplan, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-mode chirally-coupled-core fibers with larger than 50 µm diameter cores,” Opt. Express 22(8), 9206–9219 (2014).
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J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12(7), 1313–1319 (2004).
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Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, Z. Li, C. Yu, M. Wang, S. Feng, Q. Zhou, D. Chen, and L. Hu, “Fabrication and laser behaviors of Yb3+-doped silica large mode area photonic crystal fiber prepared by sol-gel method,” Opt. Mater. 35(9), 1752–1755 (2013).
[Crossref]

Opt. Photonics News (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “High power fiber lasers,” Opt. Photonics News 15(7), 42–47 (2004).

Proc. SPIE (3)

M. Leich, W. He, S. Grimm, J. Kobelke, Y. Zhu, B. Müller, J. Bierlich, H. Bartelt, and M. Jäger, “High peak power amplification in large-core all-solid Yb fibers with an index-elevated pump clad and a low numerical aperture core,” Proc. SPIE 9344, 93440T (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Langner, G. Schötz, M. Such, T. Kayser, V. Reichel, S. Grimm, J. Kirchhof, V. Krause, and G. Rehmann, “A new material for high power laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE 6873, 111–119 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” Proc. SPIE 6890, 161–171 (2008).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

J. K. Sahu, S. Yoo, A. J. Boyland, A. Webb, C. Codemard, R. J. Standish, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-Doped Low-NA P-Al-Silicate Large-Mode-Area Fiber for High Power Applications,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper CTuP3.
[Crossref]

C. Zhu, I. Hu, X. Ma, and A. Galvanauskas, “Single-frequency and single-transverse mode Yb-doped CCC fiber MOPA with robust polarization SBS-free 511W output,” in Conference on Advanced Solid-State Photonics (Optical Society of America, 2011), paper AMC5.
[Crossref]

C. Jollivet, K. Wei, B. Samson, and A. Schulzgen, “Low-loss, single-mode propagation in large-mode-area leakage channel fiber from 1 to 2 μm,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, 2013), paper CM31.4.
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Image of Yb3+-doped silica core-glass rod (∅5 × 100 mm) prepared by sol-gel method combined with high-temperature melting technology.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Fiber laser experimental setup.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Refractive index profile of core-glass rod prepared by sol-gel in this work (a), the fiber core prepared by sol-gel in early work (b), and the fiber preform prepared by MCVD technology (c).
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 EPMA radial line scan analysis of the core-glass slices, (a) is the P element radial line distribution of the core-glass slice prepared early; (b), (c), (d) and (e) are the elements P, Yb, Al and Si radial line distributions of the core-glass slice prepared in this work, respectively.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption, fluorescence (a), and FTIR (b) spectra of an Yb3+, Al3+ and P5+ co-doped silica core-glass slice (the fluorescence spectrum was detected under 896 nm excitation; the sample thickness: 2 mm).
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Optical loss spectrum of the LMA SCF (core diameter is 35 μm).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Laser spectrum (a) and laser output power versus incident pump power (b) with a micrograph of the fiber cross section (inset) of the LMA SCF.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Laser-beam profiles (a, b) in the far field and measured beam quality factors of the LMA SCF (c).
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Micrograph of LMA PCF cross section (a) and laser output power versus incident pump power (b).

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the composition content of the theoretical glass sample, experimental glass samples prepared early and in this work

Tables Icon

Table 2 The basic optical parameters and sizes of LMA SCF

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