Abstract

We report on crystal-field engineering of solid-state laser gain media based on new transition metal (TM) (iron) doped II-VI ternary and quaternary semiconductor materials for middle-infrared (mid-IR) tunable laser applications. Novel ternary and quaternary TM:II-VI materials were fabricated in powder form using thermal annealing of mixtures of commercially available binary powders sealed in evacuated quartz ampoules. These resultant powders were characterized using XRD, micro-Raman spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) and PL kinetics. We demonstrate: 1) that this synthesis method enables laser active powder media and is an effective means to fabricate and prototype novel laser active materials, 2) by introducing heavier or lighter ions into the host crystal lattice, it is possible to independently engineer the spectral positions of the absorption and PL band of TM ions in II-VI crystals, and 3) the first time to our knowledge room temperature, mirrorless, random lasing of iron doped Zn0.5Cd0.5Te powders at 5.9 μm.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  2. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  3. S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  4. V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  6. V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption Spectra of Transition Ions in CdS Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  9. B. Henderson and R. H. Bartram, Crystal-Field Engineering of Solid-State Laser Materials (Cambridge University Press, 2000).
  10. M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Němec, Y. A. Zagoruiko, N. O. Kovalenko, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, and V. K. Komar, “Iron bulk lasers working under cryogenic and room temperature,” in 19th Polish-Slovak-Czech Optical Conference on Wave and Quantum Aspects of Contemporary Optics, Agnieszka Popiolek-Masajada; Waclaw Urbanczyk, Eds., Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9441 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA 2014), 94410D.
  12. H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, M. Nemec, V. Kubecek, Y. A. Zagoruiko, N. O. Kovalenko, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, and V. K. Komar, “Fe:ZnSe and Fe:ZnMgSe lasers pumped by Er:YSGG radiation,” in Solid State Lasers XXIV: Technology and Devices, W. Andrew Clarkson; Ramesh K. Shori, Editors, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9342 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA 2015), 93421V.
  13. N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  14. E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  17. C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (1)

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

2012 (1)

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

2010 (3)

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

1966 (1)

G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption Spectra of Transition Ions in CdS Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[Crossref]

Akimov, V. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Badikov, D. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Badikov, V. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Broser, I.

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chrenko, R. M.

G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
[Crossref]

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dietz, R. E.

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption Spectra of Transition Ions in CdS Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[Crossref]

Doroshenko, M. E.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, V. V.

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Frolov, M. P.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gapontsev, V. P.

Gerasimenko, A. S.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ham, F. S.

G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
[Crossref]

Heitz, R.

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, A.

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Hömmerich, U.

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Jelínková, H.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Komar, V. K.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Koranda, P.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Korostelin, Yu. V.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kozlovsky, V. I.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Landman, A. I.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mallory, W.

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Martovitsky, V. P.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Martyshkin, D.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Martyshkin, D. V.

Mirov, M.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, M. S.

Mirov, S.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mirov, S. B.

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Mid-infrared Cr2+:ZnSe random powder lasers,” Opt. Express 16(7), 4952–4959 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mislavskii, V. V.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Moskalev, I.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Moskalev, I. S.

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, D. V. Martyshkin, I. S. Moskalev, M. S. Mirov, and V. P. Gapontsev, “Progress in mid-IR Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped II-VI materials and lasers [Invited],” Opt. Mater. Express 1(5), 898–910 (2011).
[Crossref]

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Myoung, N.

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

Naumov, S.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
[Crossref]

Osiko, V. V.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Page, R. H.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

Palosz, W.

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pappalardo, R.

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption Spectra of Transition Ions in CdS Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Podlowski, L.

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Podmar’kov, Yu. P.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Puzikov, V. M.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Skasyrsky, Ya. K.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Slack, G. A.

G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
[Crossref]

Šulc, J.

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Thurian, P.

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Trivedi, S. B.

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

Vasilyev, S.

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

Voronov, A. A.

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wenger, L. E.

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wilke, G. D.

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, and W. F. Krupke, “Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32(6), 885–895 (1996).
[Crossref]

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28(11), 2619–2630 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

E. Sorokin, S. Naumov, and I. T. Sorokina, “Ultrabroadband infrared solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 11(3), 690–712 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. Mirov, V. Fedorov, D. Martyshkin, I. Moskalev, M. Mirov, and S. Vasilyev, “Progress in mid-IR lasers based on Cr and Fe doped II-VI chalcogenides,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 21(1), 1–19 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

V. V. Fedorov, W. Mallory, S. B. Mirov, U. Hömmerich, S. B. Trivedi, and W. Palosz, “Iron doped CdxMn1-xTe crystals for Mid-IR room temperature lasers,” J. Cryst. Growth 310(20), 4438–4442 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (2)

N. Myoung, V. V. Fedorov, S. B. Mirov, and L. E. Wenger, “Temperature and concentration quenching of mid-IR photoluminescence in iron doped ZnSe and ZnS laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 132(3), 600–606 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Podlowski, R. Heitz, P. Thurian, A. Hoffmann, and I. Broser, “Nonradiative transition rates of Fe2+ in III–V and II–VI semiconductors,” J. Lumin. 58(1–6), 252–256 (1994).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, I. S. Moskalev, D. Martyshkin, and C. Kim, “Progress in Cr2+ and Fe2+ doped mid-IR laser materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(1), 21–41 (2010).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Doroshenko, H. Jelínková, P. Koranda, J. Šulc, T. T. Basiev, V. V. Osiko, V. K. Komar, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, V. V. Badikov, and D. V. Badikov, “Tunable mid-infrared laser properties of Cr2+:ZnMgSe and Fe2+:ZnSe crystals,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 38–45 (2010).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Kim, D. V. Martyshkin, V. V. Fedorov, and S. B. Mirov, “Middle-infrared random lasing of Cr2+ doped ZnSe, ZnS, CdSe powders, powders imbedded in polymer liquid solutions, and polymer film,” Opt. Commun. 282(10), 2049–2052 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. (2)

G. A. Slack, F. S. Ham, and R. M. Chrenko, “Optical Absorption of Tetrahedral Fe2+ (3d6) in Cubic ZnS, CdTe, and MgAl2O4,” Phys. Rev. 152(1), 376–402 (1966).
[Crossref]

R. Pappalardo and R. E. Dietz, “Absorption Spectra of Transition Ions in CdS Crystals,” Phys. Rev. 123(4), 1188–1203 (1961).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

V. I. Kozlovsky, V. A. Akimov, M. P. Frolov, Yu. V. Korostelin, A. I. Landman, V. P. Martovitsky, V. V. Mislavskii, Yu. P. Podmar’kov, Ya. K. Skasyrsky, and A. A. Voronov, “RT tunable mid-IR lasers on transition-metal doped II–VI compound crystals grown from vapor phase,” Phys. Status Solidi B 247, 1553–1556 (2010).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, J. Šulc, M. Jelínek, M. Němec, Y. A. Zagoruiko, N. O. Kovalenko, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, and V. K. Komar, “Iron bulk lasers working under cryogenic and room temperature,” in 19th Polish-Slovak-Czech Optical Conference on Wave and Quantum Aspects of Contemporary Optics, Agnieszka Popiolek-Masajada; Waclaw Urbanczyk, Eds., Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9441 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA 2014), 94410D.

H. Jelínková, M. E. Doroshenko, M. Jelínek, J. Šulc, M. Nemec, V. Kubecek, Y. A. Zagoruiko, N. O. Kovalenko, A. S. Gerasimenko, V. M. Puzikov, and V. K. Komar, “Fe:ZnSe and Fe:ZnMgSe lasers pumped by Er:YSGG radiation,” in Solid State Lasers XXIV: Technology and Devices, W. Andrew Clarkson; Ramesh K. Shori, Editors, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 9342 (SPIE, Bellingham, WA 2015), 93421V.

B. Henderson and R. H. Bartram, Crystal-Field Engineering of Solid-State Laser Materials (Cambridge University Press, 2000).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 A) XRD from Cd0.75Mn0.25S powder compared to XRD of corresponding starting powders (CdS and MnS); B) Effect of Mn addition on the lattice constant of the hexagonal structure of Cr:Cd 1-x Mn x S and Cr:Zn 1-x Mn x S.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Raman spectra of binary (ZnS, ZnSe), ternary (Zn0.75Mn0.25S, Zn0.5Mn0.5S), and quaternary (Zn0.75Mn0.25S0.25Se0.75, Zn0.5Mn0.5S0.5Se0.5) compounds. Raman spectra of these compounds annealed at 1000°C and 925°C were essentially indistinguishable.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Normalized non-calibrated PL spectra of Fe:Zn 1-x Mn x S 1-y Se y powder samples annealed at 925°C and 1000°C. A) Fe:ZnS (i), Fe:Zn0.75Mn0.25S (ii), Fe:ZnSe (iii), and Fe:Zn0.5Mn0.5S (iv) shown with the absorption of atmospheric CO2 and H2O (x); B) Fe:Zn0.75Mn0.25S (ii), Fe:Zn0.75Mn0.25Se (v), and Fe:Zn0.75Mn0.25S0.25Se0.75 (vi); C) Fe:CdSe (vii), Fe:Cd0.75Mn0.25Se (viii), and Fe:Cd0.5Mn0.5Se (ix) powders annealed at 925°C measured after a 3 μm filter. The prominent peak centered near 5.6 μm is the second order of the pump wavelength of 2.79 μm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 A) Low temperature PL kinetics for Fe:CdTe at i) 40K and ii) 14K (plotted with a small offset to help distinguish the two curves), Fe:ZnCdTe at iii) 14K and iv) 40K and Fe:CdMnSe at v) 45K and vi) 13K and B) RT kinetics for i) Fe:Cd55Mn45Te, ii) Fe:Cd75Mn25Se, iii) FeCdTe, iv) Fe:Zn50Cd50Te, and v) Fe:ZnSe.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 A) XRD from Cd x Mn 1-x Te powder compared to XRD of corresponding starting powders (CdTe and MnTe + MnTe2); B) Effect of Mn addition on the lattice constant “a” of the zinc blende structure of Fe:Cd 1-x Mn x Te. Linear trend for x > 0.5 is shown as a dashed line.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Non-calibrated, normalized PL spectra of i) Fe:CdTe, ii) Fe:Cd0.75Mn0.25Te and iii) Fe:Cd0.5Mn0.5Te powders annealed at 925°C measured after a 3.5 μm filter, shown with iv) atmospheric absorption features. The apparent peak near 6.3 μm is caused by a window of transparency in the absorption of atmospheric water.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Absorption (A) and photoluminescence (B) spectra of Fe:ZnTe (i), Fe:CdTe (ii), and Fe:Cd0.5Zn0.5Te (iii) sample; random lasing spectra (iv) of Fe:Cd0.5Zn0.5Te at room temperature (excitation wavelength 2.78 µm).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Normalized calculated cross-sections of emission for i) Fe:ZnS, ii) Fe:ZnSe, iii) Fe:Cd0.75Mn0.25Se, iv) Fe:CdTe, v) Fe:Zn0.5Cd0.5Te, and vi) Fe:Cd0.5Mn0.5Te. Dashed lines indicate low confidence data that may be perturbed by a possible second order diffraction of PL signal.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Spectroscopic properties measured for materials prepared for this study.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ = E ( E 5 ) E ( 5 T 2 ) = 10 D q = ( 20 27 ) Q 2 4 π ε 0 a 5 r 4 3 d ,
Δ E S T = ( 2 S 1 ) ħ ω p h
σ e m ( λ ) = λ 5 I ( λ ) 8 π c n 2 τ r a d I ( λ ) λ d λ ,

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