Abstract

We report on a comparative study of anisotropy and dispersion of thermo-optic coefficients, dn/dT, and thermal coefficients of the optical path for monoclinic oxoborate YCOB and GdCOB laser host crystals. Near 1 μm, all dn/dT coefficients are found to be negative: dnX/dT = –1.2, dnY/dT = –3.7 and dnZ/dT = –2.5 × 10−6 K−1 for YCOB, dnX/dT = –3.8, dnY/dT = –4.8 and dnZ/dT = –3.7 × 10−6 K−1 for GdCOB. Thermo-optic dispersion formulas are derived for these crystals in the spectral range of 0.4–2 μm. The existence of athermal directions is predicted for both YCOB and GdCOB.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2014 (4)

2013 (2)

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photon. Rev. 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

E. Koushki and A. Farzaneh, “Time dependence of thermo-optical effect for thin samples containing light-absorptive material,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1390–1393 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. Liu, H. Zhang, J. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett. 36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (3)

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Palfalvi and J. Hebling, “Z-scan study of the thermo-optical effect,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 775–780 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (3)

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (3)

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 164–172 (1999).
[Crossref]

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

F. Mougel, A. Kahn-Harari, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Structural and thermal stability of Czochralski grown GdCOB oxoborate single crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 8(7), 1619–1623 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (3)

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, “Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2238–2247 (1997).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

R. N. Abbott., “Calculation of the orientation of the optical indicatrix in monoclinic and triclinic crystals: The point-dipole model,” Am. Mineral. 78, 952–956 (1993).

1989 (1)

Abarkan, M.

Abbott, R. N.

R. N. Abbott., “Calculation of the orientation of the optical indicatrix in monoclinic and triclinic crystals: The point-dipole model,” Am. Mineral. 78, 952–956 (1993).

Aguiló, M.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

Aka, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 164–172 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, A. Kahn-Harari, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Structural and thermal stability of Czochralski grown GdCOB oxoborate single crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 8(7), 1619–1623 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, “Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2238–2247 (1997).
[Crossref]

Aron, A.

Baer, C. R. E.

Balembois, F.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benitez, J. M.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Biswal, S.

Boulanger, B.

C. Traum, P. L. Inácio, C. Félix, P. Segonds, A. Peña, J. Debray, B. Boulanger, Y. Petit, D. Rytz, G. Montemezzani, P. Goldner, and A. Ferrier, “Direct measurement of the dielectric frame rotation of monoclinic crystals as a function of the wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 57–62 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photon. Rev. 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bowman, S. R.

Brenier, A.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brun, A.

Burns, P.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

Carvajal, J. J.

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cascales, C.

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chai, B. H. T.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

Q. Ye and B. H. T. Chai, “Crystal growth of YCa4O(BO3)3 and its orientation,” J. Cryst. Growth 197(1-2), 228–235 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chenais, S.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chénais, S.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

Cheng, R.

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Chin, A. K.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

Chow, Y. T.

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

Colin, P.

Coquelin, P.

Courjaud, A.

Damelet, J. P.

Dardenne, K.

Dawes, J.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Dawes, J. M.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

Debray, J.

Dekker, P.

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Díaz, F.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

Druon, F.

P. Loiko, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and K. Yumashev, “Thermo-optic characterization of Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2241–2249 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Erbert, G.

Fan, S.

J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fan, S. J.

J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
[Crossref]

Farzaneh, A.

E. Koushki and A. Farzaneh, “Time dependence of thermo-optical effect for thin samples containing light-absorptive material,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1390–1393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Félix, C.

Ferrier, A.

Fiebig, C.

Filippov, V. V.

P. A. Loiko, V. V. Filippov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “All-space existence and dispersion of athermal directions in monoclinic KY(WO4)2,” Opt. Commun. 326, 144–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fontana, M. D.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, D. Pelenc, and M. D. Fontana, “Electro-optic, thermo-optic, and dielectric properties of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals: comparative study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 398–406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Forget, S.

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

Furuya, H.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
[Crossref]

Gadret, G.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gao, L.

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

Georges, P.

P. Loiko, F. Druon, P. Georges, B. Viana, and K. Yumashev, “Thermo-optic characterization of Yb:CaGdAlO4 laser crystal,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2241–2249 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Chenais, F. Druon, S. Forget, F. Balembois, and P. Georges, “On thermal effects in solid-state lasers: The case of ytterbium-doped materials,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 30(4), 89–153 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett. 25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Goldner, P.

Gong, B.

H.-R. Xia, M. Guo, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, J.-Q. Wei, X.-B. Hu, B. Gong, and Y.-G. Liu, “Self-frequency doubled green NdxY1–xCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Phys. Status Solidi183(2), 427–434 (2001) (a).
[Crossref]

Griebner, U.

Guo, M.

H.-R. Xia, M. Guo, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, J.-Q. Wei, X.-B. Hu, B. Gong, and Y.-G. Liu, “Self-frequency doubled green NdxY1–xCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Phys. Status Solidi183(2), 427–434 (2001) (a).
[Crossref]

Hammons, D. A.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

Han, X.

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hebling, J.

L. Palfalvi and J. Hebling, “Z-scan study of the thermo-optical effect,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 775–780 (2004).
[Crossref]

Heckl, O. H.

Hönninger, C.

Hu, X. B.

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.-B.

H.-R. Xia, M. Guo, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, J.-Q. Wei, X.-B. Hu, B. Gong, and Y.-G. Liu, “Self-frequency doubled green NdxY1–xCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Phys. Status Solidi183(2), 427–434 (2001) (a).
[Crossref]

Hua, W.

J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

Hubert, H.

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

Inácio, P. L.

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H. D.

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jiang, H.-D.

H.-R. Xia, M. Guo, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, J.-Q. Wei, X.-B. Hu, B. Gong, and Y.-G. Liu, “Self-frequency doubled green NdxY1–xCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Phys. Status Solidi183(2), 427–434 (2001) (a).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M. H.

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jollay, R.

D. A. Hammons, M. Richardson, B. H. T. Chai, A. K. Chin, and R. Jollay, “Scaling of longitudinally diode-pumped self-frequency-doubling Nd:YCOB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36(8), 991–999 (2000).
[Crossref]

Joly, S.

Y. Petit, S. Joly, P. Segonds, and B. Boulanger, “Recent advances in monoclinic crystal optics,” Laser and Photon. Rev. 7(6), 920–937 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kahn-Harari, A.

F. Mougel, K. Dardenne, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, and D. Vivien, “Ytterbium-doped Ca4GdO(BO3)3: an efficient infrared laser and self-frequency doubling crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(1), 164–172 (1999).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, A. Kahn-Harari, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Structural and thermal stability of Czochralski grown GdCOB oxoborate single crystals,” J. Mater. Chem. 8(7), 1619–1623 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, H. Hubert, J. M. Benitez, and D. Vivien, “Infrared laser performance and self-frequency doubling of Nd3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 (Nd:GdCOB),” Opt. Mater. 8(3), 161–173 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, F. Mougel, D. Vivien, F. Salin, P. Coquelin, P. Colin, D. Pelenc, and J. P. Damelet, “Linear- and nonlinear-optical properties of a new gadolinium calcium oxoborate crystal, Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14(9), 2238–2247 (1997).
[Crossref]

Keller, U.

Kobayashi, T.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
[Crossref]

Koushki, E.

E. Koushki and A. Farzaneh, “Time dependence of thermo-optical effect for thin samples containing light-absorptive material,” Opt. Commun. 285(6), 1390–1393 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

Kuleshov, N.

Kuleshov, N. V.

P. A. Loiko, V. V. Filippov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “All-space existence and dispersion of athermal directions in monoclinic KY(WO4)2,” Opt. Commun. 326, 144–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, J. A.

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.-G.

H.-R. Xia, M. Guo, H.-D. Jiang, J.-Y. Wang, J.-Q. Wei, X.-B. Hu, B. Gong, and Y.-G. Liu, “Self-frequency doubled green NdxY1–xCa4O(BO3)3 laser,” Phys. Status Solidi183(2), 427–434 (2001) (a).
[Crossref]

Loiko, P.

Loiko, P. A.

P. A. Loiko, V. V. Filippov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “All-space existence and dispersion of athermal directions in monoclinic KY(WO4)2,” Opt. Commun. 326, 144–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lucas-Leclin, G.

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, G. Lucas-Leclin, and P. Georges, “Thermal lensing in diode-pumped ytterbium lasers – Part II: Evaluation of quantum efficiencies and thermo-optic coefficients,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 40(9), 1235–1243 (2004).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
[Crossref]

Mangin, J.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mateos, X.

J. M. Serres, X. Mateos, P. Loiko, K. Yumashev, N. Kuleshov, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, M. Aguiló, and F. Díaz, “Diode-pumped microchip Tm:KLu(WO₄)₂ laser with more than 3 W of output power,” Opt. Lett. 39(14), 4247–4250 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

Menaert, B.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

Meng, X.

P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

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P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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Mooradian, A.

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M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
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[Crossref]

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P. A. Loiko, V. V. Filippov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “All-space existence and dispersion of athermal directions in monoclinic KY(WO4)2,” Opt. Commun. 326, 144–149 (2014).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
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P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
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P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, D. Pelenc, and M. D. Fontana, “Electro-optic, thermo-optic, and dielectric properties of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals: comparative study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 398–406 (2005).
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Petrov, V.

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P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

Poree, F.

P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
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[Crossref]

M. Abarkan, J. P. Salvestrini, D. Pelenc, and M. D. Fontana, “Electro-optic, thermo-optic, and dielectric properties of YCOB and Nd:YCOB crystals: comparative study,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(2), 398–406 (2005).
[Crossref]

Saraceno, C. J.

Sasaki, T.

M. Iwai, T. Kobayashi, H. Furuya, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Crystal growth and optical characterization of rare-earth (Re) calcium oxyborate ReCa4O(BO3)3 (Re = Y or Gd) as new nonlinear optical material,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36(Part 2, No. 3A), L276–L279 (1997).
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Segonds, P.

C. Traum, P. L. Inácio, C. Félix, P. Segonds, A. Peña, J. Debray, B. Boulanger, Y. Petit, D. Rytz, G. Montemezzani, P. Goldner, and A. Ferrier, “Direct measurement of the dielectric frame rotation of monoclinic crystals as a function of the wavelength,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 57–62 (2014).
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P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
[Crossref]

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P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
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C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
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H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
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P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
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H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
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P. A. Loiko, V. V. Filippov, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “All-space existence and dispersion of athermal directions in monoclinic KY(WO4)2,” Opt. Commun. 326, 144–149 (2014).
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P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
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P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
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P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
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P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, G. E. Rachkovskaya, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optic dispersion formulas for monoclinic double tungstates KRe(WO4)2 where Re = Gd, Y, Lu, Yb,” Opt. Mater. 33(11), 1688–1694 (2011).
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P. Segonds, B. Boulanger, B. Menaert, J. Zaccaro, J. P. Salvestrini, M. D. Fontana, R. Moncorge, F. Poree, G. Gadret, J. Mangin, A. Brenier, G. Boulon, G. Aka, and D. Pelenc, “Optical characterizations of YCa4O(BO3)3 and Nd:YCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Opt. Mater. 29(8), 975–982 (2007).
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P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
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C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
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H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
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C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
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H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
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J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
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J. Luo, S. J. Fan, H. Q. Xie, K. C. Xiao, S. X. Qian, Z. W. Zhong, G. X. Qian, R. Y. Sun, and J. Y. Xu, “Thermal and nonlinear optical properties of Ca4YO(BO3)3,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 36(11), 1215–1221 (2001).
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J. Zhou, Z. Zhong, J. Xu, J. Luo, W. Hua, and S. Fan, “Bridgman growth and characterization of nonlinear optical single crystals Ca4GdO(BO3)3,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 97(3), 283–287 (2003).
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P. Wang, J. M. Dawes, P. Burns, J. A. Piper, H. Zhang, L. Zhu, and X. Meng, “Diode-pumped cw tunable Er3+:Yb3+:YCOB laser at 1.5–1.6 μm,” Opt. Mater. 19, 383–387 (2002).

C. Wang, H. Zhang, X. Meng, L. Zhu, Y. T. Chow, X. Liu, R. Cheng, Z. Yang, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Thermal, spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1.06 and 1.33 μm of Nd:Ca4YO(BO3)3 and Nd:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Cryst. Growth 220(1-2), 114–120 (2000).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (6)

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermo-optical properties of pure and Yb-doped monoclinic KY(WO4)2 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 106(3), 663–668 (2012).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, X. Han, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, M. D. Serrano, C. Cascales, and C. Zaldo, “Thermo-optical properties of uniaxial NaT(XO4)2 laser host crystals (where T = Y, La, Gd or Bi and X = W or Mo),” Appl. Phys. B 111(2), 279–287 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Vatnik, M. C. Pujol, J. J. Carvajal, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, and V. Petrov, “Thermo–optic coefficients of monoclinic KLu(WO4)2,” Appl. Phys. B 95(4), 653–656 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Palfalvi and J. Hebling, “Z-scan study of the thermo-optical effect,” Appl. Phys. B 78, 775–780 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, X. Meng, P. Wang, L. Zhu, X. Liu, R. Cheng, J. Dawes, P. Dekker, S. Zhang, and L. Sun, “Slope efficiency of up to 73% for Yb:Ca4YO(BO3)3 crystal laser pumped by a laser diode,” Appl. Phys. B 68(6), 1147–1149 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. A. Loiko, K. V. Yumashev, N. V. Kuleshov, and A. A. Pavlyuk, “Thermooptic coefficients of Nd-doped anisotropic KGd(WO4)2, YVO4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 102(1), 117–122 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

H. J. Zhang, H. D. Jiang, J. Y. Wang, X. B. Hu, G. W. Yu, W. T. Yu, L. Gao, J. A. Liu, S. J. Zhang, and M. H. Jiang, “Growth and characterization of a LaCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. 78(6), 889–893 (2004).
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[Crossref]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Orientation of the optical indicatrix (X, Y and Z axes) with respect to the crystallographic frame (a, b and c axes) for monoclinic biaxial YCOB and GdCOB crystals [9,15].
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Dispersion of thermal coefficients of the optical path (TCOP) for YCOB and GdCOB crystals for principal light polarizations E || X, Y and Z: symbols are the experimental data, curves are their fitting.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dispersion of thermo-optic coefficients, dnX/dT, dnY/dT and dne/dT, for YCOB and GdCOB for principal light polarizations E || X, Y and Z: symbols are the experimental data, curves are their fitting.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Analysis of athermal behavior for YCOB and GdCOB crystals at ~1 μm for light polarizations E || X and E || Z: curves represent the dependence of the TCOP value on the propagation direction; black circles correspond to zero TCOP; arrows show athermal directions (ADs).

Tables (5)

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Table 1 Thermal Expansion Coefficients for YCOB and GdCOB Crystals

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Table 2 Anisotropy of Thermal Coefficients of the Optical Path (TCOP) for YCOB and GdCOB Crystals at 1.06 μm

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Table 3 Thermo-Optic Coefficients (TOC) for YCOB and GdCOB Crystals

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Table 4 Coefficients in the Thermo-Optic Dispersion Formulas for YCOB and GdCOB Crystals, Eq. (2)

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Table 5 Athermal Directions (ADs) in YCOB and GdCOB Crystals at ~1 µm

Equations (4)

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dn/dT= α vol ( n 2 1) 2n(λ) λ 2 λ 2 λ g 2 1 E g d E g dT ( n 2 1) 2n(λ) ( λ 2 λ 2 λ g 2 ) 2 .
d n / d T = A 0 + A 1 λ 2 + A 2 λ 4 + A 3 λ 6 , 10 6 K 1 .
W Y - Z = d n X / d T + ( n X 1 ) [ α Y cos 2 θ + α Z sin 2 θ ] ,
W X - Y = d n Z / d T + ( n Z 1 ) [ α Y cos 2 θ + α X sin 2 θ ] .

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