Abstract

We report five ultra-low viscosity nematic liquid crystal mixtures with birefringence around 0.1, dielectric anisotropy in the range of 3 to 6, and clearing temperature about 80°C. A big advantage of these low viscosity mixtures is low activation energy, which significantly suppresses the rising rate of viscosity at low temperatures. Using our mixture M3 as an example, the response time of a 3-μm cell at −20°C is only 30 ms. Widespread application of these materials for display devices demanding a fast response time, especially at low temperatures, is foreseeable.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Schadt, “Milestone in the history of field-effect liquid crystal displays and materials,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03B001 (2009).
  2. K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  4. Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  21. L. M. Blinov and V. G. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1994).
  22. S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  23. W. H. De Jeu, “Physical properties of liquid crystalline materials in relation to their applications,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 63(1), 83–109 (1981).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2015 (1)

2014 (4)

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Low temperature effects on the response time of liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071112 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, “Milestone in the history of field-effect liquid crystal displays and materials,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03B001 (2009).

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

J. Li, C. H. Wen, S. Gauza, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Refractive indices of liquid crystals for display applications,” J. Display Technol. 1(1), 51–61 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

1990 (2)

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Experimental confirmation of the Osipov-Terentjev theory on the viscosity of nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 42(4), 2219–2227 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

W. H. De Jeu, “Physical properties of liquid crystalline materials in relation to their applications,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 63(1), 83–109 (1981).
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

I. Haller, “Thermodynamic and static properties of liquid crystals,” Prog. Solid State Chem. 10(2), 103–118 (1975).
[Crossref]

An, Z.

Z. Luo, F. Peng, H. Chen, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Fast-response liquid crystals for high image quality wearable displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 603–610 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Buchecker, R.

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Che, Z.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cheng, J.-T.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

De Jeu, W. H.

W. H. De Jeu, “Physical properties of liquid crystalline materials in relation to their applications,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 63(1), 83–109 (1981).
[Crossref]

Efron, U.

Fan-Chiang, K.-H.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gauza, S.

L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Low temperature effects on the response time of liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071112 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. H. Wen, S. Gauza, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Refractive indices of liquid crystals for display applications,” J. Display Technol. 1(1), 51–61 (2005).
[Crossref]

Ge, Z.

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Haller, I.

I. Haller, “Thermodynamic and static properties of liquid crystals,” Prog. Solid State Chem. 10(2), 103–118 (1975).
[Crossref]

Hess, L. D.

Ho, Y.-Y.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hu, M.

Z. Luo, F. Peng, H. Chen, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Fast-response liquid crystals for high image quality wearable displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 603–610 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Iwata, Y.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jang, I. W.

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jang, J.

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kang, S. W.

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kim, H. Y.

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. J.

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. S.

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Lai, C.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lee, G. D.

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. L.

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. K.

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

Z. Luo, F. Peng, H. Chen, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Fast-response liquid crystals for high image quality wearable displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 603–610 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. H. Wen, S. Gauza, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Refractive indices of liquid crystals for display applications,” J. Display Technol. 1(1), 51–61 (2005).
[Crossref]

Li, M. C.

Liao, B.-J.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lim, Y. J.

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lu, R.

Luo, Z.

Miyachi, K.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Muller, K.

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Murata, M.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Oh-e, M.

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

Ohtake, T.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Park, J. W.

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

Park, K. C.

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

Rao, L.

L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Low temperature effects on the response time of liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ryu, J. W.

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schadt, M.

M. Schadt, “Milestone in the history of field-effect liquid crystal displays and materials,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03B001 (2009).

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

Song, X.

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Takatsu, H.

H. Takatsu, “Advanced liquid crystal materials for active matrix displays,” Conf. Proc. Advanced Display Materials and Devices, p.43 (Sendai, Japan, 2014).

Tanaka, K.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tsai, W. C.

Wen, C. H.

Wu, C. S.

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Experimental confirmation of the Osipov-Terentjev theory on the viscosity of nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 42(4), 2219–2227 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

Wu, S. T.

Z. Luo, F. Peng, H. Chen, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, and S. T. Wu, “Fast-response liquid crystals for high image quality wearable displays,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(3), 603–610 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Chen, F. Peng, Z. Luo, D. Xu, S. T. Wu, M. C. Li, S. L. Lee, and W. C. Tsai, “High performance liquid crystal displays with a low dielectric constant material,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(11), 2262–2273 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Low temperature effects on the response time of liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Li, C. H. Wen, S. Gauza, R. Lu, and S. T. Wu, “Refractive indices of liquid crystals for display applications,” J. Display Technol. 1(1), 51–61 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Experimental confirmation of the Osipov-Terentjev theory on the viscosity of nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 42(4), 2219–2227 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Wu, U. Efron, and L. D. Hess, “Birefringence measurements of liquid crystals,” Appl. Opt. 23(21), 3911–3915 (1984).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, D.

Yamaguchi, T.

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, X.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, Z.

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yen, C.-C.

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yoshida, H.

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

S. H. Lee, S. L. Lee, and H. Y. Kim, “Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a nematic liquid crystal cell controlled by fringe-field switching,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73(20), 2881–2883 (1998).
[Crossref]

Z. Ge, S. T. Wu, S. S. Kim, J. W. Park, and S. H. Lee, “Thin cell fringe-field-switching liquid crystal display with a chiral dopant,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(18), 181109 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Oh-e and K. Kondo, “Electro-optical characteristics and switching behavior of the in-plane switching mode,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67(26), 3895–3897 (1995).
[Crossref]

L. Rao, S. Gauza, and S. T. Wu, “Low temperature effects on the response time of liquid crystal displays,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(7), 071112 (2009).
[Crossref]

Crystals (1)

Y. Chen, F. Peng, T. Yamaguchi, X. Song, and S. T. Wu, “High performance negative dielectric anisotropy liquid crystals for display applications,” Crystals 3(3), 483–503 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dig. Tech. Pap. (1)

K.-H. Fan-Chiang, C.-C. Lai, J.-T. Cheng, C.-C. Yen, B.-J. Liao, Y.-Y. Ho, and Y.-C. Chen, “P-173: A 0.38” field-sequential-color liquid-crystal-on-silicon microdisplay for mobile projectors,” Dig. Tech. Pap. 40(1), 1770–1773 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Display Technol. (1)

J. Soc. Inf. Disp. (1)

Y. Iwata, M. Murata, K. Tanaka, T. Ohtake, H. Yoshida, and K. Miyachi, “Novel super fast response vertical alignment-liquid crystal display with extremely wide temperature range,” J. Soc. Inf. Disp. 22(1), 35–42 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (3)

S. J. Kim, H. Y. Kim, S. H. Lee, Y. K. Lee, K. C. Park, and J. Jang, “Cell gap-dependent transmittance characteristic in a fringe field-driven homogeneously aligned liquid crystal cell with positive dielectric anisotropy,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(9A), 6581–6586 (2005).
[Crossref]

S. W. Kang, I. W. Jang, D. H. Kim, Y. J. Lim, and S. H. Lee, “Enhancing transmittance of fringe-field switching liquid crystal device by controlling perpendicular component of dielectric constant of liquid crystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 53(1), 010304 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, “Milestone in the history of field-effect liquid crystal displays and materials,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48, 03B001 (2009).

Liq. Cryst. (4)

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Rotational viscosity of nematic liquid crystals A critical examination of existing models,” Liq. Cryst. 8(2), 171–182 (1990).
[Crossref]

J. Li, M. Hu, J. Li, Z. An, X. Yang, Z. Yang, and Z. Che, “Highly fluorinated liquid crystals with wide nematic phase interval and good solubility,” Liq. Cryst. 41(12), 1783–1790 (2014).
[Crossref]

M. Schadt, R. Buchecker, and K. Muller, “Material properties, structural relations with molecular ensembles and electro-optical performance of new bicyclohexane liquid crystals in field-effect liquid crystal displays,” Liq. Cryst. 5(1), 293–312 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. W. Ryu, J. Y. Lee, H. Y. Kim, J. W. Park, G. D. Lee, and S. H. Lee, “Effect of magnitude of dielectric anisotropy of a liquid crystal on light efficiency in the fringe-field switching nematic liquid crystal cell,” Liq. Cryst. 35(4), 407–411 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) (1)

W. H. De Jeu, “Physical properties of liquid crystalline materials in relation to their applications,” Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst. (Phila. Pa.) 63(1), 83–109 (1981).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

S. T. Wu, “Birefringence dispersions of liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 33(2), 1270–1274 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. T. Wu and C. S. Wu, “Experimental confirmation of the Osipov-Terentjev theory on the viscosity of nematic liquid crystals,” Phys. Rev. A 42(4), 2219–2227 (1990).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prog. Solid State Chem. (1)

I. Haller, “Thermodynamic and static properties of liquid crystals,” Prog. Solid State Chem. 10(2), 103–118 (1975).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

H. Takatsu, “Advanced liquid crystal materials for active matrix displays,” Conf. Proc. Advanced Display Materials and Devices, p.43 (Sendai, Japan, 2014).

L. M. Blinov and V. G. Chigrinov, Electrooptic Effects in Liquid Crystal Materials (Springer-Verlag, 1994).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Temperature dependent birefringence of M3, M4, and M5 at λ = 633nm. Dots are experimental data and solid lines are fitting curves with Eq. (1).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Temperature dependent γ1/K11 of M3, M4, and M5. Dots are experimental data and solid lines are fittings with Eq. (5).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Relation between rotational viscosity and dielectric anisotropy at 23°C.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Chemical structures and compositions of LC mixtures; R and R’ represent alkyl chains.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured properties of the five LC mixtures at T = 23°C, λ = 633nm, and f = 1 kHz.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δn(T)=Δ n 0 S=Δ n 0 (1T/ T c ) β ,
V th =π K 11 /( ε 0 Δε) ,
γ 1 ~Sexp(E/ k B T),
K 11 ~ S 2 ,
γ 1 / K 11 =Aexp(E/ k B T)/S.

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