Abstract

Two nonlinear optical ytterbium(III) complexes with vildagliptin have been synthesized and their ground state geometries have been predicted by semi-empirical quantum chemistry methods: [Yb(vilda)3(acac)] and [Yb(vilda)2(acac)(bipy)], where vilda = vildagliptin, acac = acetylacetonate and bipy = 2,2'-bipyridine. ATR-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectral studies have been carried out to identify the functional groups of the novel complexes. The third order nonlinear optical response has been experimentally studied using Z-scan and P-scan methods, and static and frequency dependent second hyperpolarizabilities have been theoretically investigated using the Sparkle/PM6 model. The novel materials in diluted solutions have nonlinear refractive indices comparable to that of carbon disulphide.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (3)

A. B. Karpo, A. V. Zasedatelev, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Influence of blue valence absorption band on nonlinear absorption in dysprosium bisphthalocyanine studied by open aperture z-scan,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 585, 153–156 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

F. J. Fraile-Peláez, P. Chamorro-Posada, and R. Gómez-Alcalá, “Racetrack Add-Drop Resonator with an Organic Cover for Nonlinear Switching Enhancement,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21(03), 1250030 (2012).
[Crossref]

A. B. Karpo, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Z-scan study of nonlinear absorption in novel lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 554, 155–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

A.-R. Allouche, “Gabedit--A graphical user interface for computational chemistry softwares,” J. Comput. Chem. 32(1), 174–182 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Andraud and O. Maury, “Lanthanide Complexes for Nonlinear Optics: From Fundamental Aspects to Applications,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2009(29-30), 4357–4371 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

J. J. P. Stewart, “Optimization of parameters for semiempirical methods V: Modification of NDDO approximations and application to 70 elements,” J. Mol. Model. 13(12), 1173–1213 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. O. Freire, N. B. da Costa, G. B. Rocha, and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM3 Parameters for the Modeling of Neodymium(III), Promethium(III), and Samarium(III) Complexes,” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3(4), 1588–1596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Z. A. Fekete, E. A. Hoffmann, T. Körtvélyesi, and B. Penke, “Harmonic vibrational frequency scaling factors for the new NDDO Hamiltonians: RM1 and PM6,” Mol. Phys. 105(19-22), 2597–2605 (2007).
[Crossref]

U. Tripathy and P. B. Bisht, “Influence of pulsed and cw pumping on optical nonlinear parameters of laser dyes probed by a closed-aperture Z-scan technique,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24(9), 2147–2156 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

L. De Boni, L. Gaffo, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, “Nonlinear absorption spectrum of ytterbium bis-phthalocyanine solution measured by white-light continuum Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 419(4-6), 417–420 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

H. Hou, Y. Wei, Y. Song, Y. Fan, and Y. Zhu, “First Octameric Ellipsoid Lanthanide(III) Complexes: Crystal Structure and Nonlinear Optical Absorptive and Refractive Properties,” Inorg. Chem. 43(4), 1323–1327 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

C. Lin, K. Wu, M. Zhang, and C. Mang, “Theoretical studies on hyperpolarizabilities and UV-Vis-IR spectra of a diamminecobalt(III) tetripeptide transition-metal complex,” PhysChemComm 6(15), 59 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L.-J. Bian, H.-A. Xi, X.-F. Qian, J. Yin, Z.-K. Zhu, and Q.-H. Lu, “Synthesis and luminescence property of rare earth complex nanoparticles dispersed within pores of modified mesoporous silica,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(14), 2293–2301 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in Z -scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. 1, 662–667 (1999).

W. P. Gillin and R. J. Curry, “Erbium (III) tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) (ErQ): A potential material for silicon compatible 1.5 μm emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(6), 798 (1999).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

S. P. Karna and M. Dupuis, “Frequency dependent nonlinear optical properties of molecules: Formulation and implementation in the HONDO program,” J. Comput. Chem. 12(4), 487–504 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

G. Deacon, “Relationships between the carbon-oxygen stretching frequencies of carboxylato complexes and the type of carboxylate coordination,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 33(3), 227–250 (1980).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

J. L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarizabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66(6), 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. L. Oudar, “Optical nonlinearities of conjugated molecules. Stilbene derivatives and highly polar aromatic compounds,” J. Chem. Phys. 67(2), 446–457 (1977).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

C. K. Pearce, D. W. Grosse, and W. Hessel, “Effect of molecular structure on infrared spectra of six isomers of bipyridine,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 15(4), 567–570 (1970).
[Crossref]

Adant, C.

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

Allen, F. H.

A. G. Orpen, L. Brammer, F. H. Allen, O. Kennard, D. G. Watson, and R. Taylor, “Supplement. Tables of bond lengths determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction. Part 2. Organometallic compounds and co-ordination complexes of the d- and f-block metals,” Dalton Trans. (12): S1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Allouche, A.-R.

A.-R. Allouche, “Gabedit--A graphical user interface for computational chemistry softwares,” J. Comput. Chem. 32(1), 174–182 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Andraud, C.

C. Andraud and O. Maury, “Lanthanide Complexes for Nonlinear Optics: From Fundamental Aspects to Applications,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2009(29-30), 4357–4371 (2009).
[Crossref]

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Biaggio, I.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bian, L.-J.

L.-J. Bian, H.-A. Xi, X.-F. Qian, J. Yin, Z.-K. Zhu, and Q.-H. Lu, “Synthesis and luminescence property of rare earth complex nanoparticles dispersed within pores of modified mesoporous silica,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(14), 2293–2301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bian, Y.

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bisht, P. B.

Brammer, L.

A. G. Orpen, L. Brammer, F. H. Allen, O. Kennard, D. G. Watson, and R. Taylor, “Supplement. Tables of bond lengths determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction. Part 2. Organometallic compounds and co-ordination complexes of the d- and f-block metals,” Dalton Trans. (12): S1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Bredas, J. L.

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

Briers, D.

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Brosi, J.-M.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Chamorro-Posada, P.

F. J. Fraile-Peláez, P. Chamorro-Posada, and R. Gómez-Alcalá, “Racetrack Add-Drop Resonator with an Organic Cover for Nonlinear Switching Enhancement,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21(03), 1250030 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

J. L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarizabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66(6), 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

Chen, W.

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

Colombo, A.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Curry, R. J.

W. P. Gillin and R. J. Curry, “Erbium (III) tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) (ErQ): A potential material for silicon compatible 1.5 μm emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(6), 798 (1999).
[Crossref]

da Costa, N. B.

R. O. Freire, N. B. da Costa, G. B. Rocha, and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM3 Parameters for the Modeling of Neodymium(III), Promethium(III), and Samarium(III) Complexes,” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3(4), 1588–1596 (2007).
[Crossref]

De Boni, L.

L. De Boni, L. Gaffo, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, “Nonlinear absorption spectrum of ytterbium bis-phthalocyanine solution measured by white-light continuum Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 419(4-6), 417–420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Deacon, G.

G. Deacon, “Relationships between the carbon-oxygen stretching frequencies of carboxylato complexes and the type of carboxylate coordination,” Coord. Chem. Rev. 33(3), 227–250 (1980).
[Crossref]

Demartin, F.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diederich, F.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dragonetti, C.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dumon, P.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dupuis, M.

S. P. Karna and M. Dupuis, “Frequency dependent nonlinear optical properties of molecules: Formulation and implementation in the HONDO program,” J. Comput. Chem. 12(4), 487–504 (1991).
[Crossref]

Falconieri, M.

M. Falconieri, “Thermo-optical effects in Z -scan measurements using high-repetition-rate lasers,” J. Opt. 1, 662–667 (1999).

Fan, Y.

H. Hou, Y. Wei, Y. Song, Y. Fan, and Y. Zhu, “First Octameric Ellipsoid Lanthanide(III) Complexes: Crystal Structure and Nonlinear Optical Absorptive and Refractive Properties,” Inorg. Chem. 43(4), 1323–1327 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Z. A. Fekete, E. A. Hoffmann, T. Körtvélyesi, and B. Penke, “Harmonic vibrational frequency scaling factors for the new NDDO Hamiltonians: RM1 and PM6,” Mol. Phys. 105(19-22), 2597–2605 (2007).
[Crossref]

Fragalà, I. L.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
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F. J. Fraile-Peláez, P. Chamorro-Posada, and R. Gómez-Alcalá, “Racetrack Add-Drop Resonator with an Organic Cover for Nonlinear Switching Enhancement,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21(03), 1250030 (2012).
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Frank, B.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Freire, R. O.

R. O. Freire and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM6 Parameters for all Lanthanide Trications from La(III) to Lu(III),” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 6(7), 2019–2023 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. O. Freire, N. B. da Costa, G. B. Rocha, and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM3 Parameters for the Modeling of Neodymium(III), Promethium(III), and Samarium(III) Complexes,” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3(4), 1588–1596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Freude, W.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gaffo, L.

L. De Boni, L. Gaffo, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, “Nonlinear absorption spectrum of ytterbium bis-phthalocyanine solution measured by white-light continuum Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 419(4-6), 417–420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

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W. P. Gillin and R. J. Curry, “Erbium (III) tris(8-hydroxyquinoline) (ErQ): A potential material for silicon compatible 1.5 μm emitters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 74(6), 798 (1999).
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Gómez-Alcalá, R.

F. J. Fraile-Peláez, P. Chamorro-Posada, and R. Gómez-Alcalá, “Racetrack Add-Drop Resonator with an Organic Cover for Nonlinear Switching Enhancement,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 21(03), 1250030 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grosse, D. W.

C. K. Pearce, D. W. Grosse, and W. Hessel, “Effect of molecular structure on infrared spectra of six isomers of bipyridine,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 15(4), 567–570 (1970).
[Crossref]

Gulino, A.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Hessel, W.

C. K. Pearce, D. W. Grosse, and W. Hessel, “Effect of molecular structure on infrared spectra of six isomers of bipyridine,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 15(4), 567–570 (1970).
[Crossref]

Hoffmann, E. A.

Z. A. Fekete, E. A. Hoffmann, T. Körtvélyesi, and B. Penke, “Harmonic vibrational frequency scaling factors for the new NDDO Hamiltonians: RM1 and PM6,” Mol. Phys. 105(19-22), 2597–2605 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hou, H.

H. Hou, Y. Wei, Y. Song, Y. Fan, and Y. Zhu, “First Octameric Ellipsoid Lanthanide(III) Complexes: Crystal Structure and Nonlinear Optical Absorptive and Refractive Properties,” Inorg. Chem. 43(4), 1323–1327 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ishizawa, N.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Janarthanan, S.

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

Karna, S. P.

S. P. Karna and M. Dupuis, “Frequency dependent nonlinear optical properties of molecules: Formulation and implementation in the HONDO program,” J. Comput. Chem. 12(4), 487–504 (1991).
[Crossref]

Karpo, A. B.

A. B. Karpo, A. V. Zasedatelev, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Influence of blue valence absorption band on nonlinear absorption in dysprosium bisphthalocyanine studied by open aperture z-scan,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 585, 153–156 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Karpo, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Z-scan study of nonlinear absorption in novel lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 554, 155–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kennard, O.

A. G. Orpen, L. Brammer, F. H. Allen, O. Kennard, D. G. Watson, and R. Taylor, “Supplement. Tables of bond lengths determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction. Part 2. Organometallic compounds and co-ordination complexes of the d- and f-block metals,” Dalton Trans. (12): S1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Koos, C.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Körtvélyesi, T.

Z. A. Fekete, E. A. Hoffmann, T. Körtvélyesi, and B. Penke, “Harmonic vibrational frequency scaling factors for the new NDDO Hamiltonians: RM1 and PM6,” Mol. Phys. 105(19-22), 2597–2605 (2007).
[Crossref]

Krasovskii, V. I.

A. B. Karpo, A. V. Zasedatelev, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Influence of blue valence absorption band on nonlinear absorption in dysprosium bisphthalocyanine studied by open aperture z-scan,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 585, 153–156 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Karpo, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Z-scan study of nonlinear absorption in novel lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 554, 155–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ledoux-Rak, I.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, Y. Z.

Lin, C.

C. Lin, K. Wu, M. Zhang, and C. Mang, “Theoretical studies on hyperpolarizabilities and UV-Vis-IR spectra of a diamminecobalt(III) tetripeptide transition-metal complex,” PhysChemComm 6(15), 59 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.-H.

L.-J. Bian, H.-A. Xi, X.-F. Qian, J. Yin, Z.-K. Zhu, and Q.-H. Lu, “Synthesis and luminescence property of rare earth complex nanoparticles dispersed within pores of modified mesoporous silica,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(14), 2293–2301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lupo, F.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malandrino, G.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mang, C.

C. Lin, K. Wu, M. Zhang, and C. Mang, “Theoretical studies on hyperpolarizabilities and UV-Vis-IR spectra of a diamminecobalt(III) tetripeptide transition-metal complex,” PhysChemComm 6(15), 59 (2003).
[Crossref]

Maury, O.

C. Andraud and O. Maury, “Lanthanide Complexes for Nonlinear Optics: From Fundamental Aspects to Applications,” Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2009(29-30), 4357–4371 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mendonça, C. R.

L. De Boni, L. Gaffo, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, “Nonlinear absorption spectrum of ytterbium bis-phthalocyanine solution measured by white-light continuum Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 419(4-6), 417–420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Misoguti, L.

L. De Boni, L. Gaffo, L. Misoguti, and C. R. Mendonça, “Nonlinear absorption spectrum of ytterbium bis-phthalocyanine solution measured by white-light continuum Z-scan technique,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 419(4-6), 417–420 (2006).
[Crossref]

Motta, A.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Orpen, A. G.

A. G. Orpen, L. Brammer, F. H. Allen, O. Kennard, D. G. Watson, and R. Taylor, “Supplement. Tables of bond lengths determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction. Part 2. Organometallic compounds and co-ordination complexes of the d- and f-block metals,” Dalton Trans. (12): S1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Oudar, J. L.

J. L. Oudar and D. S. Chemla, “Hyperpolarizabilities of the nitroanilines and their relations to the excited state dipole moment,” J. Chem. Phys. 66(6), 2664–2668 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. L. Oudar, “Optical nonlinearities of conjugated molecules. Stilbene derivatives and highly polar aromatic compounds,” J. Chem. Phys. 67(2), 446–457 (1977).
[Crossref]

Pearce, C. K.

C. K. Pearce, D. W. Grosse, and W. Hessel, “Effect of molecular structure on infrared spectra of six isomers of bipyridine,” J. Chem. Eng. Data 15(4), 567–570 (1970).
[Crossref]

Penke, B.

Z. A. Fekete, E. A. Hoffmann, T. Körtvélyesi, and B. Penke, “Harmonic vibrational frequency scaling factors for the new NDDO Hamiltonians: RM1 and PM6,” Mol. Phys. 105(19-22), 2597–2605 (2007).
[Crossref]

Persoons, A.

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

Picard, I.

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pierce, B. M.

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

Pushkarev, V. E.

A. B. Karpo, A. V. Zasedatelev, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Influence of blue valence absorption band on nonlinear absorption in dysprosium bisphthalocyanine studied by open aperture z-scan,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 585, 153–156 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Karpo, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Z-scan study of nonlinear absorption in novel lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 554, 155–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qian, X.-F.

L.-J. Bian, H.-A. Xi, X.-F. Qian, J. Yin, Z.-K. Zhu, and Q.-H. Lu, “Synthesis and luminescence property of rare earth complex nanoparticles dispersed within pores of modified mesoporous silica,” Mater. Res. Bull. 37(14), 2293–2301 (2002).
[Crossref]

Qin, G. G.

Rajan, Y. C.

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

Ran, G. Z.

Righetto, S.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberto, D.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rocha, G. B.

R. O. Freire, N. B. da Costa, G. B. Rocha, and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM3 Parameters for the Modeling of Neodymium(III), Promethium(III), and Samarium(III) Complexes,” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3(4), 1588–1596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sakakibara, S.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Samyn, C.

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Scimeca, M. L.

J. Leuthold, W. Freude, J.-M. Brosi, R. Baets, P. Dumon, I. Biaggio, M. L. Scimeca, F. Diederich, B. Frank, and C. Koos, “Silicon Organic Hybrid Technology - A Platform for Practical Nonlinear Optics,” Proc. IEEE 97(7), 1304–1316 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Sheng, N.

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

Simas, A. M.

R. O. Freire and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM6 Parameters for all Lanthanide Trications from La(III) to Lu(III),” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 6(7), 2019–2023 (2010).
[Crossref]

R. O. Freire, N. B. da Costa, G. B. Rocha, and A. M. Simas, “Sparkle/PM3 Parameters for the Modeling of Neodymium(III), Promethium(III), and Samarium(III) Complexes,” J. Chem. Theory Comput. 3(4), 1588–1596 (2007).
[Crossref]

Singh, A.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y.

H. Hou, Y. Wei, Y. Song, Y. Fan, and Y. Zhu, “First Octameric Ellipsoid Lanthanide(III) Complexes: Crystal Structure and Nonlinear Optical Absorptive and Refractive Properties,” Inorg. Chem. 43(4), 1323–1327 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stewart, J. J. P.

J. J. P. Stewart, “Optimization of parameters for semiempirical methods V: Modification of NDDO approximations and application to 70 elements,” J. Mol. Model. 13(12), 1173–1213 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sugaraj Samuel, R.

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

Sun, J.

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

Suresh, P.

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tackx, P.

J. L. Bredas, C. Adant, P. Tackx, A. Persoons, and B. M. Pierce, “Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Organic Materials: Theoretical and Experimental Aspects,” Chem. Rev. 94(1), 243–278 (1994).
[Crossref]

Taylor, R.

A. G. Orpen, L. Brammer, F. H. Allen, O. Kennard, D. G. Watson, and R. Taylor, “Supplement. Tables of bond lengths determined by X-ray and neutron diffraction. Part 2. Organometallic compounds and co-ordination complexes of the d- and f-block metals,” Dalton Trans. (12): S1 (1989).
[Crossref]

Thangaraj, K.

S. Janarthanan, R. Sugaraj Samuel, Y. C. Rajan, P. Suresh, and K. Thangaraj, “Growth of N-Glycyl-l-Valine (GV) single crystal and its spectral, thermal and optical characterization,” Spectrochim. Acta, Pt. A: Mol. Biomol. Spectrosc. 105, 34–37 (2013).

Tomilova, L. G.

A. B. Karpo, A. V. Zasedatelev, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Influence of blue valence absorption band on nonlinear absorption in dysprosium bisphthalocyanine studied by open aperture z-scan,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 585, 153–156 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. B. Karpo, V. E. Pushkarev, V. I. Krasovskii, and L. G. Tomilova, “Z-scan study of nonlinear absorption in novel lanthanide bis-phthalocyanines,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 554, 155–158 (2012).
[Crossref]

Tripathy, U.

Turu, M.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyansky, M. Baba, M. Suzuki, N. Ishizawa, M. Turu, S. Sakakibara, and H. Kuroda, “Nonlinear refraction in CS2,” Appl. Phys. B 78(3-4), 433–438 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ugo, R.

A. Gulino, I. L. Fragalà, F. Lupo, G. Malandrino, A. Motta, A. Colombo, C. Dragonetti, S. Righetto, D. Roberto, R. Ugo, F. Demartin, I. Ledoux-Rak, and A. Singh, “Fascinating Role of the Number of f Electrons in Dipolar and Octupolar Contributions to Quadratic Hyperpolarizability of Trinuclear Lanthanides-Biscopper Schiff Base Complexes,” Inorg. Chem. 52(13), 7550–7556 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Van Stryland, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26(4), 760–769 (1990).
[Crossref]

Verbiest, T.

D. Briers, I. Picard, T. Verbiest, A. Persoons, and C. Samyn, “Nonlinear optical active poly(adamantyl methacrylate-methyl vinyl urethane)s functionalised with phenyltetraene-bridged chromophore,” Polymer (Guildf.) 45(1), 19–24 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

N. Sheng, Z. Yuan, J. Wang, W. Chen, J. Sun, and Y. Bian, “Third-order nonlinear optical properties of sandwich-type mixed (phthalocyaninato)(porphyrinato) europium double- and triple-decker complexes,” Dyes Pigments 95(3), 627–631 (2012).
[Crossref]

Watson, D. G.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Vildagliptin structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Sketch of the experimental setup, where LS is the laser source, PH is the photodiode, PW is the powermeter, AP is diaphragm, W is waveplate, L is lens, PC is polarizing-cube, NF is neutral filter, S represents the sample and OS stands for oscilloscope.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Two views of the predicted ground state geometry for [Yb(vilda)3(bipy)].
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Two views of the predicted ground state geometry for [Yb(vilda)2(acac)(bipy)].
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Comparison of simulated vs. experimental FTIR for [Yb(vilda)3(bipy)] (left) and [Yb(vilda)2(acac)(bipy)] (right) in the fingerprint region.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Z-scan closed-aperture measurements for vildagliptin, [Yb(vilda)3(bipy)] and [Yb(vilda)2(acac)(bipy)] samples when excited with a 80.75 MHz laser source (red circles) and with a 1 kHz laser source (black circles), and their respective numerical calculations in the Thermal lens formalism (red dashed line) and Sheik-Bahae formalism (black dashed line).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Z-scan open-aperture measurement of the absorbance for [Yb(vilda)2(acac)(bipy)] sample (L = 1 mm) with P = 1.734 W and 80.75 MHz repetition rate: experimental values (open circles) vs. numerical calculation (dashed line).
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Second hyperpolarizabilities calculated with MOPAC2012 using the Sparkle/PM6 model.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Elemental analysis data for the two complexes

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Table 2 Yb-N and Yb-O distances in Å.

Tables Icon

Table 3 Optical characterization of vildagliptin complexes in methanol, where θ is the thermal induced phase shift, β is the nonlinear absorption coefficient, ΔTpvKerr/Thermal is the peak-valley difference and PKerr/Thermal is the average power used.

Tables Icon

Table 4 Comparison of the second hyperpolarizability of vildagliptin and some reference organic materials. The reference materials have been characterized at 1.064 µm using the EFISH.

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