Abstract

In this study, we demonstrated a reliable technique combination a little phosphor and composite silica photonic crystals (c-SPhCs) for developing the candlelight light-emitting diodes (LEDs). We used a UV adhesive curing method for improving the adhesion properties of SPhCs. The warm-white LEDs with c-SPhCs exhibit a correlated color temperature of 2089 K, a color-rendering index of 80, and a luminous flux of 34.5 lm (5.4 times that of a candle). The LEDs were subjected to a reliability analysis (RA) test, applying a high temperature and high relative humidity (85 °C/85 RH) during operation current at 120 mA. During a RA test of 3300 h, no visible degradation in optical performance has been observed. We implemented a reliable and inexpensive technique for producing the residential lighting source.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
CCT- and CRI-tuning of white light-emitting diodes using three-dimensional non-close-packed colloidal photonic crystals with photonic stop-bands

Chun-Feng Lai, Chung-Chieh Chang, Ming-Jye Wang, and Mau-Kuen Wu
Opt. Express 21(S4) A687-A694 (2013)

Light-spectrum modification of warm white-light-emitting diodes with 3D colloidal photonic crystals to approximate candlelight

Chun-Feng Lai, Cheng-Liang Hsieh, and Chia-Jung Wu
Opt. Lett. 38(18) 3612-3615 (2013)

Chromaticity tailorable glass-based phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes with high color rendering index

Li-Yin Chen, Jin-Kai Chang, Wei-Chih Cheng, Jhih-Ci Huang, Yi-Chung Huang, and Wood-Hi Cheng
Opt. Express 23(15) A1024-A1029 (2015)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. F. Lai, C. L. Hsieh, and C. J. Wu, “Light-spectrum modification of warm white-light-emitting diodes with 3D colloidal photonic crystals to approximate candlelight,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3612–3615 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. C. F. Lai, Y. C. Lee, and C. T. Kuo, “Saving Phosphor by 150% and Producing High Color-Rendering Index Candlelight LEDs Containing Composite Photonic Crystals,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(10), 1930–1935 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Rieger, “The glass transition temperature of polystyrene,” J. Therm. Anal. 46(3-4), 965–972 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  8. G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  10. L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  13. J. Ge and Y. Yin, “Responsive photonic crystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(7), 1492–1522 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. “ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008, American National Standard for electric lamps - Specifications for the Chromaticity of Solid State Lighting Products,” American National Standard Lighting Group, 2008.
  15. “ENERGY STARR Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting Luminaires Eligibility Criteria - Version 1.1,” December 19, 2008.
  16. C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  17. M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  20. A. A. Setlur, “Phosphors for LED-based Solid-State Lighting,” The Electrochem. Soc. Inter. 18, 32–36 (2009).

2014 (2)

2013 (3)

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. F. Lai, C. L. Hsieh, and C. J. Wu, “Light-spectrum modification of warm white-light-emitting diodes with 3D colloidal photonic crystals to approximate candlelight,” Opt. Lett. 38(18), 3612–3615 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (3)

H. C. Kuo, C. W. Hung, H. C. Chen, K. J. Chen, C. H. Wang, C. W. Sher, C. C. Yeh, C. C. Lin, C. H. Chen, and Y. J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of REMOTE PHOSPHOR for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express 19(S4Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Ge and Y. Yin, “Responsive photonic crystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(7), 1492–1522 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

A. A. Setlur, “Phosphors for LED-based Solid-State Lighting,” The Electrochem. Soc. Inter. 18, 32–36 (2009).

2008 (1)

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

J. Rieger, “The glass transition temperature of polystyrene,” J. Therm. Anal. 46(3-4), 965–972 (1996).
[Crossref]

Arantes, T. M.

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bermel, P.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Camargo, E. R.

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, C. H.

Chen, H. C.

Chen, K. J.

Cheng, Y. J.

DenBaars, S. P.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, H.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Ee, Y. K.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Elizabeth, R. N.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fan, L.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ge, J.

J. Ge and Y. Yin, “Responsive photonic crystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(7), 1492–1522 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, H.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Gu, Z.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hsieh, C. L.

Hung, C. W.

Hwang, H.

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Isobe, T.

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kai, W.

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kasuya, R.

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katano, J.

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, A. R.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. K.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, P.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, S. H.

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Kuma, H.

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumara, G. G.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kuo, C. T.

Kuo, H. C.

Lai, C. F.

Lee, D. N.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. S.

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. H.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lee, Y. C.

Leite, E. R.

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, X. H.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. C.

Liu, C.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, G.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Longo, E.

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Meneghesso, G.

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Meneghini, M.

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mukherjee, S.

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mura, G.

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nahm, K. S.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nakamura, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Niu, B.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Pimputkar, S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Pinto, A. H.

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

Qi, M.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Qin, Z.

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rieger, J.

J. Rieger, “The glass transition temperature of polystyrene,” J. Therm. Anal. 46(3-4), 965–972 (1996).
[Crossref]

Schubert, E. F.

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Senthilarasu, S.

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

Setlur, A. A.

A. A. Setlur, “Phosphors for LED-based Solid-State Lighting,” The Electrochem. Soc. Inter. 18, 32–36 (2009).

Sheng, L.

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sher, C. W.

Shim, T. S.

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Speck, J. S.

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sudarsan, V.

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tansu, N.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tazzoli, A.

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tong, H.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Tyagi, A. K.

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

Varghese, L. T.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Vatsa, R. K.

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, B.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, C. H.

Wu, C. J.

Xiaobing, L.

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

Xuan, Y.

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yang, S. M.

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yeh, C. C.

Yin, Y.

J. Ge and Y. Yin, “Responsive photonic crystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(7), 1492–1522 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zanoni, E.

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhaohui, C.

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

ACS Photon. (1)

H. Ding, C. Liu, H. Gu, Y. Zhao, B. Wang, and Z. Gu, “Responsive Colloidal Crystal for Spectrometer Grating,” ACS Photon. 1(2), 121–126 (2014).
[Crossref]

Adv. Opt. Mater. (1)

L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, B. Niu, L. Fan, P. Bermel, and M. Qi, “Enhanced Photon Management of Thin-Film Silicon Solar Cells Using Inverse Opal Photonic Crystals with 3D Photonic Bandgaps,” Adv. Opt. Mater. 1(10), 692–698 (2013).
[Crossref]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

J. Ge and Y. Yin, “Responsive photonic crystals,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 50(7), 1492–1522 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

H. S. Lee, T. S. Shim, H. Hwang, S. M. Yang, and S. H. Kim, “Colloidal Photonic Crystals toward Structural Color Palettes for Security Materials,” Chem. Mater. 25(13), 2684–2690 (2013).
[Crossref]

Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. (1)

T. M. Arantes, A. H. Pinto, E. R. Leite, E. Longo, and E. R. Camargo, “Synthesis and optimization of colloidal silica nanoparticles and their functionalization with methacrylic acid,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. 415, 209–217 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

N. Tansu, H. Zhao, G. Liu, X. H. Li, J. Zhang, H. Tong, and Y. K. Ee, “III-Nitride Photonics,” IEEE Photon. J. 2(2), 241–248 (2010).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. (1)

M. Meneghini, A. Tazzoli, G. Mura, G. Meneghesso, and E. Zanoni, “A Review on the Physical Mechanisms That Limit the Reliability of GaN-Based LEDs,” IEEE Trans. Electron. Dev. 57(1), 108–118 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Lumin. (1)

S. Mukherjee, V. Sudarsan, R. K. Vatsa, and A. K. Tyagi, “Luminescence studies on lanthanide ions (Eu3+, Dy3+ and Tb3+) doped YAG:Ce nano-phosphors,” J. Lumin. 129(1), 69–72 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

R. Kasuya, T. Isobe, H. Kuma, and J. Katano, “Photoluminescence Enhancement Of PEG-Modified Yag:Ce3+ Nanocrystal Phosphor Prepared by Glycothermal Method,” J. Phys. Chem. B 109(47), 22126–22130 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Semiconductor (1)

C. Zhaohui, Z. Qin, W. Kai, L. Xiaobing, and L. Sheng, “Reliability test and failure analysis of high power LED packages,” J. Semiconductor 32(1), 014007 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Therm. Anal. (1)

J. Rieger, “The glass transition temperature of polystyrene,” J. Therm. Anal. 46(3-4), 965–972 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Pimputkar, J. S. Speck, S. P. DenBaars, and S. Nakamura, “Prospects for LED lighting,” Nat. Photonics 3(4), 180–181 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science 308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Synth. Met. (1)

G. G. Kumara, S. Senthilarasu, D. N. Lee, A. R. Kim, P. Kim, K. S. Nahm, S. H. Lee, and R. N. Elizabeth, “Synthesis and characterization of aligned SiO2 nanosphere arrays: Spray method,” Synth. Met. 158(17-18), 684–687 (2008).
[Crossref]

The Electrochem. Soc. Inter. (1)

A. A. Setlur, “Phosphors for LED-based Solid-State Lighting,” The Electrochem. Soc. Inter. 18, 32–36 (2009).

Other (2)

“ANSI_NEMA_ANSLG C78.377-2008, American National Standard for electric lamps - Specifications for the Chromaticity of Solid State Lighting Products,” American National Standard Lighting Group, 2008.

“ENERGY STARR Program Requirements for Solid State Lighting Luminaires Eligibility Criteria - Version 1.1,” December 19, 2008.

Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: MP4 (11851 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) and (b) Optical microscopy image without and with the c-SPhCs deposited onto the 5630-type PLCC-packaged w-WLEDs, respectively. (c) FESEM images of the c-SPhCs prepared using silica nanospheres with a diameter of 220 nm and display a well-organized (111) plane of fcc structures. Inset: the fcc Brillouin zone with symmetry points.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) and (b) Pictures of before and after photocrosslinking was performed using a UV adhesive solution, respectively. (c) The peak positions of the reflection spectra measured from the SPhCs and c-SPhCs are 484 and 497 nm, respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The w-WLED and candlelight LED driven at currents from 10 to 150 mA. (a) Luminescence spectra (at 120 mA), (b) Luminous flux.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) and (b) Unpolarized angular-resolved luminescence measurements, (c) angular-dependent Tcp values of the w-WLEDs and candlelight LEDs, respectively. Inset (b): the dashed red lines represent the PBG of the s-CPhCs of the fcc structure.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Degradation of lumen maintenance for the two types of LED after the 85 °C/85 RH with 120 mA.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical characteristics of all light sources.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

λ R =2 d 111 n eff 2 sin 2 θ 111 , where d 111 = 2 3 D
n eff 2 = n Silica 2 f Silica +{ n UV 2 f UV + n air 2 [ 1 f Silica f UV ] } = n Silica 2 f Silica + n IS 2 [ 1 f Silica ]
Δ T c p = 0.0000108 × T c p 2 + 0.0262 × T c p + 8

Metrics