Abstract

We prepared multi-layered MoS2 nanosheets and hierarchical MoS2 nanospheres composed of ultrathin nanosheets via a facile hydrothermal method. The presence of excessive thiourea played a critical role in the formation of nanospheres. Both the passively Q-switched single- and dual-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 (Yb:GAB) laser were achieved by using the multi-layered nanosheets and hierarchical nanospheres as saturable absorbers (SAs). As far as we know, the saturable absorption characteristic of hierarchical nanospheres was reported for the first time. Compared with nanosheets, the as-prepared nanospheres SA exhibited improved saturable absorption property with shorter pulse width and higher pulse energy, which should be attributed to the unique hierarchical structure.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  31. Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
  35. Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  36. A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  37. H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  38. S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (8)

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (9)

F. Bonaccorso and Z. P. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2d crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63–78 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Xu, Y. Cheng, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, J. Peng, Z. Luo, H. Xu, Z. Cai, J. Weng, and R. Moncorgé, “Passively Q-switched Nd:YAlO₃nanosecond laser using MoS₂as saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 22(23), 28934–28940 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Q. Luo, Y. Z. Huang, M. Zhong, Y. Y. Li, J. Y. Wu, B. Xu, H. Y. Xu, Z. P. Cai, J. Peng, and J. Weng, “1-, 1.5-, and 2-μm Fiber Lasers Q-Switched by a Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorber,” J. Lightwave Technol. 32(24), 4077–4084 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (4)

X. F. Song, J. L. Hu, and H. B. Zeng, “Two-dimensional semiconductors: recent progress and future perspectives,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(17), 2952–2969 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (2)

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (5)

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, Y. Z. Wu, X. P. Hao, J. L. He, and K. J. Yang, “Graphene saturable absorber mirror for ultra-fast-pulse solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1948–1950 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. S. S. R. Matte, A. Gomathi, A. K. Manna, D. J. Late, R. Datta, S. K. Pati, and C. N. R. Rao, “MoS2 and WS2 Analogues of Graphene,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(24), 4059–4062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically Thin MoS₂: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (1)

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(7), 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alain, B.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Balendhran, S.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bansal, V.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bao, Q.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bao, Q. L.

Blau, W. J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonaccorso, F.

F. Bonaccorso and Z. P. Sun, “Solution processing of graphene, topological insulators and other 2d crystals for ultrafast photonics,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(1), 63–78 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(7), 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Brivio, J.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cai, Z.

Cai, Z. P.

Carvalho, A.

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Castro Neto, A. H.

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, X.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y.

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Y.

Cheng, Z.

Chou, M. M. C.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chrimes, A. F.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Coleman, J. N.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dai, X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Datta, R.

H. S. S. R. Matte, A. Gomathi, A. K. Manna, D. J. Late, R. Datta, S. K. Pati, and C. N. R. Rao, “MoS2 and WS2 Analogues of Graphene,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(24), 4059–4062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Du, J. B.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Dubonos, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eda, G.

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, D. Y.

Fan, J.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, Y. P.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Fang, Z.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Feng, Y.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferrari, A. C.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Field, M. R.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Firsov, A. A.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fox, D.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Friend, J. R.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, S. F.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Geim, A. K.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Giacometti, V.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gomathi, A.

H. S. S. R. Matte, A. Gomathi, A. K. Manna, D. J. Late, R. Datta, S. K. Pati, and C. N. R. Rao, “MoS2 and WS2 Analogues of Graphene,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(24), 4059–4062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grigorieva, I. V.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, Z. N.

Han, W. J.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hao, G. L.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hao, X. P.

Hasan, T.

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, J.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

He, J. L.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, Y. Z. Wu, X. P. Hao, J. L. He, and K. J. Yang, “Graphene saturable absorber mirror for ultra-fast-pulse solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1948–1950 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Heinz, T. F.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically Thin MoS₂: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hone, J.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically Thin MoS₂: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hou, J.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, J. L.

X. F. Song, J. L. Hu, and H. B. Zeng, “Two-dimensional semiconductors: recent progress and future perspectives,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(17), 2952–2969 (2013).
[Crossref]

Hu, X.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Huang, Y. Z.

Jia, G.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jia, Z.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jiang, B.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, G.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, M.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Jiang, X. F.

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kalantar-Zadeh, K.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kis, A.

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kloc, C.

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lan, C. Y.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Late, D. J.

H. S. S. R. Matte, A. Gomathi, A. K. Manna, D. J. Late, R. Datta, S. K. Pati, and C. N. R. Rao, “MoS2 and WS2 Analogues of Graphene,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(24), 4059–4062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Latham, K.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically Thin MoS₂: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, C. K.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, C.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H. P.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, H. W.

Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Li, J. F.

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(7), 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, X. L.

Li, Y. Y.

Lin, G. R.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, S. F.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y. H.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, C. X.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, S. D.

Liu, Y.

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F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
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S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
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S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
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Peng, J.

Polavarapu, L.

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
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S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
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S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
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C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
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F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
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J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
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Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
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B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
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H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
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B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
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Wang, Q.

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J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
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S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
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J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
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Wang, Y. Q.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
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F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z. T.

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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Wen, S.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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Wen, S. C.

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
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H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
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B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
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Weng, J.

Wu, B.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wu, J. Y.

Wu, Y. Z.

Xia, H. D.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
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Xia, H. P.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
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J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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Xu, B.

Xu, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
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Xu, H. Y.

Xu, J. L.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
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J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
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J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012).
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J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, Y. Z. Wu, X. P. Hao, J. L. He, and K. J. Yang, “Graphene saturable absorber mirror for ultra-fast-pulse solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1948–1950 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. L. Li, J. L. Xu, Y. Z. Wu, J. L. He, and X. P. Hao, “Large energy laser pulses with high repetition rate by graphene Q-switched solid-state laser,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9950–9955 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Q. H.

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, C. Y.

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, K. J.

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, Y. Z. Wu, X. P. Hao, J. L. He, and K. J. Yang, “Graphene saturable absorber mirror for ultra-fast-pulse solid-state laser,” Opt. Lett. 36(10), 1948–1950 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yang, Y.

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Yang, Y. Z. Wu, S. D. Liu, and B. T. Zhang, “Efficient graphene Q switching and mode locking of 1.34 μm neodymium lasers,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2652–2654 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yao, D. D.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

You, Z.

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

You, Z. Y.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yu, H. H.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z. H.

Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zang, C.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zeng, H. B.

X. F. Song, J. L. Hu, and H. B. Zeng, “Two-dimensional semiconductors: recent progress and future perspectives,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(17), 2952–2969 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhan, Y.

Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, B. T.

Zhang, H.

J. Ren, S. Wang, Z. Cheng, H. Yu, H. Zhang, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and P. Wang, “Passively Q-switched nanosecond erbium-doped fiber laser with MoS2 saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 23(5), 5607–5613 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, S. B. Lu, J. Zheng, J. Du, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and K. P. Loh, “Molybdenum disulfide (MoS₂) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics,” Opt. Express 22(6), 7249–7260 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

H. Zhang, D. Y. Tang, L. M. Zhao, Q. L. Bao, and K. P. Loh, “Large energy mode locking of an erbium-doped fiber laser with atomic layer graphene,” Opt. Express 17(20), 17630–17635 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H. J.

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S. C.

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. J.

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y.

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C.

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, C. J.

S. B. Lu, L. L. Miao, Z. N. Guo, X. Qi, C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, S. C. Wen, D. Y. Tang, and D. Y. Fan, “Broadband nonlinear optical response in multi-layer black phosphorus: an emerging infrared and mid-infrared optical material,” Opt. Express 23(9), 11183–11194 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L. M.

Zhao, M.

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Q.

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, R.

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

Zhong, J. X.

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, M.

Zhu, H.

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z.

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Z. J.

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(7), 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhuang, S.

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zhuiykov, S.

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

ACS Nano (2)

Y. Wang, J. Z. Ou, S. Balendhran, A. F. Chrimes, M. Mortazavi, D. D. Yao, M. R. Field, K. Latham, V. Bansal, J. R. Friend, S. Zhuiykov, N. V. Medhekar, M. S. Strano, and K. Kalantar-Zadeh, “Electrochemical Control of Photoluminescence in Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanoflakes,” ACS Nano 7(11), 10083–10093 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Wang, J. Wang, J. Fan, M. Lotya, A. O’Neill, D. Fox, Y. Feng, X. Zhang, B. Jiang, Q. Zhao, H. Zhang, J. N. Coleman, L. Zhang, and W. J. Blau, “Ultrafast Saturable Absorption of Two-Dimensional MoS2 Nanosheets,” ACS Nano 7(10), 9260–9267 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

S. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, A. Wang, M. Zhao, Y. Chen, L. Mei, and J. Wang, “Broadband Few-Layer MoS2 Saturable Absorbers,” Adv. Mater. 26(21), 3538–3544 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (1)

H. S. S. R. Matte, A. Gomathi, A. K. Manna, D. J. Late, R. Datta, S. K. Pati, and C. N. R. Rao, “MoS2 and WS2 Analogues of Graphene,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 49(24), 4059–4062 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Z. Zhu, J. Li, B. Alain, G. Jia, Z. You, X. Lu, B. Wu, and C. Tu, “Growth, spectroscopic and laser properties of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal: a candidate for infrared laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 86(1), 71–75 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, C. Tu, Z. Zhu, and J. Li, “Optical bifurcated fiber diode-pumping for two-wavelength laser operation with the Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 birefringent crystal,” Appl. Phys. B 98(2–3), 401–406 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

H. Yu, X. Chen, X. Hu, S. Zhuang, Z. Wang, X. Xu, J. Wang, H. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Graphene as a Q-Switcher for Neodymium-Doped Lutetium Vanadate Laser,” Appl. Phys. Express 4(2), 022704 (2011).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

A. Brenier, C. Y. Tu, Z. J. Zhu, and J. F. Li, “Diode pumped passive Q switching of Yb3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 90(7), 071103 (2007).
[Crossref]

C. J. Zhao, H. Zhang, X. Qi, Y. Chen, Z. T. Wang, S. C. Wen, and D. Y. Tang, “Ultra-short pulse generation by a topological insulator based saturable absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(21), 211106 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. L. Xu, X. L. Li, J. L. He, X. P. Hao, Y. Z. Wu, Y. Yang, and K. J. Yang, “Performance of large-area few-layer graphene saturable absorber in femtosecond bulk laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(26), 261107 (2011).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics J. (1)

B. L. Wang, H. H. Yu, H. Zhang, C. J. Zhao, S. C. Wen, H. J. Zhang, and J. Y. Wang, “Topological Insulator Simultaneously Q-Switched Dual-Wavelength Nd:Lu2O3 Laser,” IEEE Photonics J. 6(3), 1501007 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. W. Luo, X. Qi, L. Ren, G. L. Hao, Y. P. Fan, Y. D. Liu, W. J. Han, C. Zang, J. Li, and J. X. Zhong, “Photoresponse properties of large-area MoS2 atomic layer synthesized by vapor phase deposition,” J. Appl. Phys. 116(16), 164304 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

X. F. Song, J. L. Hu, and H. B. Zeng, “Two-dimensional semiconductors: recent progress and future perspectives,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 1(17), 2952–2969 (2013).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Zhan, L. Wang, J. Y. Wang, H. W. Li, and Z. H. Yu, “Yb:YAG thin disk laser passively Q-switched by a hydrothermal grown molybdenum disulfide saturable absorber,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025901 (2015).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. H. Lin, C. Y. Yang, S. F. Lin, W. H. Tseng, Q. Bao, C. Wu, and G. R. Lin, “Soliton compression of the erbium-doped fiber laser weakly started mode-locking by nanoscale p-type Bi2Te3 topological insulator particles,” Laser Phys. Lett. 11(5), 055107 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

W. Zhao, R. M. Ribeiro, M. Toh, A. Carvalho, C. Kloc, A. H. Castro Neto, and G. Eda, “Origin of Indirect Optical Transitions in Few-Layer MoS2, WS2, and WSe2.,” Nano Lett. 13(11), 5627–5634 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

B. Radisavljevic, A. Radenovic, J. Brivio, V. Giacometti, and A. Kis, “Single-layer MoS2 transistors,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(3), 147–150 (2011).
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Nat. Photonics (1)

F. Bonaccorso, Z. Sun, T. Hasan, and A. C. Ferrari, “Graphene photonics and optoelectronics,” Nat. Photonics 4(9), 611–622 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nat. Phys. (1)

H. Zhang, C. X. Liu, X. L. Qi, X. Dai, Z. Fang, and S. C. Zhang, “Topological insulators in Bi2Se3, Bi2Te3, Sb2Te3 with a single dirac cone on the surface,” Nat. Phys. 5(6), 438–442 (2009).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photon. Res. (4)

F. Lou, R. Zhao, J. He, Z. Jia, X. Su, Z. Wang, J. Hou, and B. Zhang, “Nanosecond-pulsed, dual-wavelength, passively Q-switched ytterbium-doped bulk laser based on few-layer MoS2 saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(2), 25–29 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. D. Xia, H. P. Li, C. Y. Lan, C. Li, J. B. Du, S. J. Zhang, and Y. Liu, “Few-layer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition as a passive Q-switcher for tunable erbium-doped fiber lasers,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 92–96 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. F. Jiang, L. Polavarapu, H. Zhu, R. Z. Ma, and Q. H. Xu, “Flexible, robust and highly efficient broadband nonlinear optical materials based on graphene oxide impregnated polymer sheets,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 87–91 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. J. Sun, C. K. Lee, J. L. Xu, Z. J. Zhu, Y. Q. Wang, S. F. Gao, H. P. Xia, Z. Y. You, and C. Y. Tu, “Passively Q-switched tri-wavelength Yb3+:GdAl3(BO3)4 solid-state laser with topological insulator Bi2Te3 as saturable absorber,” Photon. Res. 3(3), 97–101 (2015).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

K. F. Mak, C. Lee, J. Hone, J. Shan, and T. F. Heinz, “Atomically Thin MoS₂: A New Direct-Gap Semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(13), 136805 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

J. L. Xu, Y. J. Sun, J. L. He, Y. Wang, Z. J. Zhu, Z. Y. You, J. F. Li, M. M. C. Chou, C. K. Lee, and C. Y. Tu, “Ultrasensitive nonlinear absorption response of large-size topological insulator and application in low-threshold bulk pulsed lasers,” Sci. Rep. 5, 14856 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Du, Q. Wang, G. Jiang, C. Xu, C. Zhao, Y. Xiang, Y. Chen, S. Wen, and H. Zhang, “Ytterbium-doped fiber laser passively mode locked by few-layer Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) saturable absorber functioned with evanescent field interaction,” Sci. Rep. 4, 6346 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

K. S. Novoselov, A. K. Geim, S. V. Morozov, D. Jiang, Y. Zhang, S. V. Dubonos, I. V. Grigorieva, and A. A. Firsov, “Electric field effect in atomically thin carbon films,” Science 306(5696), 666–669 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

F. Bernard, H. Zhang, S. P. Gorza, P. Emplit, “Towards mode-locked fiber laser using topological insulators,” in Proc. Nonlinear Photonics, NTh1A.5 (2012).
[Crossref]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images of (a,b) the as-prepared MoS2 nanosheets and (c,d) flower like MoS2 nanospheres at different magnifications.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Saturable absorption properties of the MoS2/PMMA SAs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Schematic experimental setup of the Q-switched Yb3+:GAB solid-state laser.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Characteristics of the single wavelength Q-switched laser at 1044.6 nm. (a) Average output power and pulse energy as a function of absorbed pump power. (b) Evolution of pulse repetition rate and pulse width with absorbed pump power, (c,d) 281 ns pulse trains and single pulse profile, (e,f) 209 ns pulse trains and single pulse profile.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Single- and (b) dual-wavelength Q-switched laser spectra.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Characteristics of the dual-wavelength Q-switched laser operations. (a) Average output power and pulse energy as a function of absorbed pump power. (b) Evolution of pulse repetition rate and pulse width with absorbed pump power, (c,d) 216 ns pulse trains and single pulse profile, (e,f) 198 ns pulse trains and single pulse profile.

Equations (1)

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T(I)=1ΔT*exp(I/ I sat ) T ns

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