Abstract

A new laser crystal Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3TaO4 (Nd:GYTO) with high quality was grown by Czochralski method. The physical properties, including temperature dependent density, specific heat, thermal expansion coefficient, and thermal conductivity, were systematically characterized. The maximum absorption cross section at 809 nm and the stimulated emission cross section at 1066.6 nm are 6.886 × 10−20 cm2 and 22 × 10−20 cm2, respectively. The fluorescence lifetime is measured to be 182.4 μs. Up to 2.37 W of continuous wave (CW) laser operating at 1066.5 nm has been successfully realized, corresponding to an optical conversion efficiency of 36.5% and a slope efficiency of 38%. Compared with Nd:GdTaO4, Nd:GYTO shows an enhancement of the laser performance. These results demonstrate that Nd:Gd0.69Y0.3TaO4 is a novel laser crystal with low symmetry and has great potential as low to moderate power lasers.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2015 (1)

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Xu, H. Yu, Z. Wang, S. Han, Y. Wang, Z. Pan, Y. Zhang, S. Sun, J. Wang, and H. Zhang, “Thermal and laser characteristics of Nd doped La0.11Y0.89VO4 crystal,” Opt. Express 20(15), 16524–16531 (2012).
[Crossref]

2010 (1)

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (1)

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[Crossref]

1961 (1)

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

Abbott, G. L.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[Crossref]

Butler, C. P.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

Calderón-Villajos, R.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Cascales, C.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Cheng, X. F.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Dou, R.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Du, C. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Esteban-Betegón, F.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Fan, J.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[Crossref]

Gu, C. J.

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gu, M.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Guo, C.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Han, S.

Han, X.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jenkins, R. J.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

Jezowski, A.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, F. Y.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jiang, M. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ling, Z.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ling, Z. C.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Liu, J. H.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Liu, W.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. P.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lu, Q.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Luo, J.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Luo, J. Q.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mao, R.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Mao, R. H.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Meng, X. L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pan, Z.

Parker, W. J.

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

Peng, F.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Qin, L. J.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shao, Z. S.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Shi, C.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Shi, C. S.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Stachowiak, P.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, D. L.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, G.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, G. H.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Wang, X. Q.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. P.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xia, H.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xia, H. R.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, B. C.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Xu, H.

Xu, H. Z.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yang, H.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yang, H. J.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yin, S.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Yin, S. T.

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

Yu, H. H.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y. G.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zaldo, C.

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q. L.

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Y.

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W. L.

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zhu, L.

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

F. Peng, H. Yang, Q. Zhang, J. Luo, W. Liu, D. Sun, R. Dou, and G. Sun, “Spectroscopic properties and laser performance at 1,066 nm of a new laser crystal Nd:GdTaO4,” Appl. Phys. B 118(4), 549–554 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(23), 1885–1886 (1987).
[Crossref]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. J. Qin, X. L. Meng, L. Zhu, J. H. Liu, B. C. Xu, H. Z. Xu, F. Y. Jiang, C. L. Du, X. Q. Wang, and Z. S. Shao, “Influence of the different Gd/Y ratio on the properties of Nd:YxGd1-xVO4 mixed crystals,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 380(3-4), 273–278 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

X. Han, R. Calderón-Villajos, F. Esteban-Betegón, C. Cascales, C. Zaldo, A. Jezowski, and P. Stachowiak, “Crystal growth and physical characterization of monoclinic Li3Lu3Ba2(MoO4)8. A spectrally broadened disordered crystal for ultrafast mode-locked lasers,” Cryst. Growth Des. 12(8), 3878–3887 (2012).
[Crossref]

CrystEngComm (1)

H. Yang, F. Peng, Q. Zhang, C. Guo, C. Shi, W. Liu, G. Sun, Y. Zhao, D. Zhang, D. Sun, S. Yin, M. Gu, and R. Mao, “A promising high-density scintillator of GdTaO4 single crystal,” CrystEngComm 16(12), 2480–2485 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, W. L. Zhou, C. J. Gu, and S. T. Yin, “Growth and luminescence of M-type GdTaO4 and Tb:GdTaO4 scintillation single crystals,” IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 57(3), 1287–1290 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

W. J. Parker, R. J. Jenkins, C. P. Butler, and G. L. Abbott, “Flash method of determining thermal diffusivity, heat capacity, and thermal conductivity,” J. Appl. Phys. 32(9), 1679–1684 (1961).
[Crossref]

H. H. Yu, H. J. Zhang, Z. P. Wang, J. Y. Wang, Y. G. Yu, X. F. Cheng, Z. S. Shao, M. H. Jiang, Z. C. Ling, and H. R. Xia, “Characterization of mixed Nd:LuxGd1-xVO4 laser crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(11), 113109 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

F. Peng, W. P. Liu, Q. L. Zhang, H. J. Yang, C. S. Shi, R. H. Mao, D. L. Sun, J. Q. Luo, and G. H. Sun, “Crystal growth, optical and scintillation properties of Nd3+ doped GdTaO4 single crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 406, 31–35 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Fan, H. Zhang, J. Wang, Z. Ling, H. Xia, X. Chen, Y. Yu, Q. Lu, and M. Jiang, “Growth, structure and thermal properties of Yb3+ -doped NaGd(WO4)2 crystal,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 39(6), 1034–1041 (2006).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Other (3)

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B. H. T. Chai, G. Loutts, J. Lefaucheur, X. X. Zhang, P. Hong, M. Bass, I. A. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumennyi, “Comparison of laser performance of Nd-doped YVO4, GdVO4, Ca5(PO4)3F, Sr5(PO4)3F and Sr5(VO4)3F,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, 1994), paper NL10.

R. Peterson, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Investigation of the spectroscopic properties of Nd:YVO4,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, Vol. 68 of Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, 2002), paper TuB17.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Photograph of the as-grown Nd:GYTO single crystal; (b) XRD pattern of Nd:GYTO crystal; (c) Photograph of wafers along (100), (010), (001) faces of Nd:GYTO crystal; (d) X-ray rocking curve of (100), (010), (001) wafers.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Thermal expansion coefficients of Nd:GYTO versus temperature.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Density variation of Nd:GYTO crystal versus temperature; (b) Specific heat variation of Nd:GYTO crystal versus temperature; (c) Thermal diffusion coefficients of Nd:GYTO crystal at different temperatures; (d) Thermal conductivity of Nd:GYTO crystal at different temperatures.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Absorption spectra of Nd:GYTO crystal along a, b, and c axes at room temperature. Inset: enlarged spectra at around 808 nm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Fluorescence spectrum of Nd:GYTO crystal at 300 K. (b) Comparison of fluorescence at 1066 nm between Nd:GTO (red) and Nd:GYTO (black) at 8 K. (c) Fluorescence decay curve of 4F3/24I11/2 transition at 300 K. (d) Comparison of FWHM at 1066 nm between Nd:GTO (blue) and Nd:GYTO (black) crystals at 300 K.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 CW output power of Nd:GYTO versus incident power with different output couplers. Inset: laser spectrum of Nd:GYTO.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Effective segregation coefficients in Nd:GdYTO crystal

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Table 2 Comparison of thermal and spectroscopic properties of Nd:GYTO with other Nd doped laser crystals

Equations (7)

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0.005N d 2 O 3 +0.345G d 2 O 3 +0.15 Y 2 O 3 +0.5T a 2 O 5 N d 0.01 G d 0.69 Y 0.3 Ta O 4
[ α ij ]=[ 3.79 0 1.36 0 10.82 0 1.36 0 10.41 ]× 10 6 K 1
f= 1 2 arctan( 2| α 13 | α 33 α 11 )
[ α ij ]=[ 3.52 0 0 0 10.82 0 0 0 10.68 ]× 10 6 K 1
ρ= m 1 ρ 0 ( m 1 m 2 )
ρ= ρ 0 ( 1+ Δ a * a 0 * )( 1+ Δb b 0 )( 1+ Δc c 0 )
σ em = λ 5 I(λ) 8π n 2 c τ exp λI(λ)dλ

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