Abstract

Gap surface plasmon (GSP) based metasurfaces, consisting of a subwavelength thin dielectric spacer sandwiched between a metal film and an array of metal nanobricks, have in recent years attracted considerable attention due to the ease of fabrication and the possibility to control both the phase and amplitude of the reflected light. In this work, we numerically investigate the influence of metal properties on the performance of GSP-based metasurfaces, considering in detail (at the wavelength λ = 800 nm) the typical plasmonic metal - gold, the alternative plasmonic material -titanium nitride, and the ideal metal (i.e., perfect electric conductor). We demonstrate that the plasmonic properties of non-ideal metals, in addition to the possibility to engineer the amplitude of the reflected light, also lead to a wider range of reflection phase control for relatively small unit cell sizes of ∼ λ/3 as compared to the metasurfaces using the ideal metal. Moreover, titanium nitride is found to represent a viable alternative (to gold) material that promises less stringent requirements when designing amplitude and phase-gradient GSP-based metasurfaces.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

Corrections

Alexandra Boltasseva and Jennifer Dionne, "Plasmonics feature issue: publisher’s note," Opt. Mater. Express 5, 2978-2978 (2015)
https://www.osapublishing.org/ome/abstract.cfm?uri=ome-5-12-2978

24 November 2015: A correction was made to the title.


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References

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2015 (7)

A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Analog computing using reflective plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 15, 791–797 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metagratings for simultaneous determination of stokes parameters,” Optica 2, 716–723 (2015).
[Crossref]

U. Guler, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonics on the slope of enlightenment: the role of transition metal nitrides,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 71–86 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Quantum emitters near layered plasmonic nanostructures: Decay rate contributions,” ACS Photonics 2, 228–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. L. Brongersma, “Introductory lecture: nanoplasmonics,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 9–36 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

S. Costanzo and F. Venneri, “Miniaturized fractal reflectarray element using fixed-size patch,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1437–1440 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Dai, W. Ren, H. Cai, H. Ding, N. Pan, and X. Wang, “Realizing full visible spectrum metamaterial half-wave plates with patterned metal nanoarray/insulator/metal film structure,” Opt. Express 22, 7465–7472 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (10)

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13, 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient and broadband quarter-wave plates by gap-plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 21, 2942–2952 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38, 513–515 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 197401 (2013).
[Crossref]

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alú, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Farmahini-Farahani and H. Mosallaei, “Birefringent reflectarray metasurface for beam engineering in infrared,” Opt. Lett. 38, 462–464 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for efficient phase control in reflection,” Opt. Express 21, 27438–27451 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

G. V. Naik, J. L. Schroeder, X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, T. D. Sands, and A. Boltasseva, “Titanium nitride as a plasmonic material for visible and near-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 478–489 (2012).
[Crossref]

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (4)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. V. Naik, J. Kim, and A. Boltasseva, “Oxides and nitrides as alternative plasmonic materials in the optical range,” Opt. Mater. Express 1, 1090–1099 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

M. B. Cortie, J. Giddings, and A. Dowd, “Optical properties and plasmon resonances of titanium nitride nanostructures,” Nanotechnology 21, 115201 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. V. Naik and A. Boltasseva, “Semiconductors for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Phys. Status solidi (RRL) 4, 295–297 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Subdiffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

G. G. Fuentes, E. Elizalde, and J. M. Sanz, “Optical and electronic properties of ticxny films,” Journal of Applied Physics 90, 2737–2743 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

D. M. Pozar, S. D. Targonski, and H. Syrigos, “Design of millimeter wave microstrip reflectarrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 287–296 (1997).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

B. Karlsson, R. P. Shimshock, B. O. Seraphin, and J. C. Haygarth, “Optical properties of cvd-coated tin, zrn and hfn,” Phys. Scr. 25, 775 (1982).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Albrektsen, O.

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alú, A.

F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alú, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

An, Z.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bahoura, M.

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barnakov, Y. A.

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bernardin, T.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

U. Guler, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonics on the slope of enlightenment: the role of transition metal nitrides,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 71–86 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. V. Naik, J. L. Schroeder, X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, T. D. Sands, and A. Boltasseva, “Titanium nitride as a plasmonic material for visible and near-infrared wavelengths,” Opt. Mater. Express 2, 478–489 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. V. Naik, J. Kim, and A. Boltasseva, “Oxides and nitrides as alternative plasmonic materials in the optical range,” Opt. Mater. Express 1, 1090–1099 (2011).
[Crossref]

P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

G. V. Naik and A. Boltasseva, “Semiconductors for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Phys. Status solidi (RRL) 4, 295–297 (2010).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science339 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Analog computing using reflective plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 15, 791–797 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metagratings for simultaneous determination of stokes parameters,” Optica 2, 716–723 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Quantum emitters near layered plasmonic nanostructures: Decay rate contributions,” ACS Photonics 2, 228–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

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M. B. Cortie, J. Giddings, and A. Dowd, “Optical properties and plasmon resonances of titanium nitride nanostructures,” Nanotechnology 21, 115201 (2010).
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B. Karlsson, R. P. Shimshock, B. O. Seraphin, and J. C. Haygarth, “Optical properties of cvd-coated tin, zrn and hfn,” Phys. Scr. 25, 775 (1982).
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N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
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U. Guler, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonics on the slope of enlightenment: the role of transition metal nitrides,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 71–86 (2015).
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B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
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N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Subdiffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
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G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
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H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

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W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
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S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
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D. Lin, P. Fan, E. Hasman, and M. L. Brongersma, “Dielectric gradient metasurface optical elements,” Science 345, 298–302 (2014).
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W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
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M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

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C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

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F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
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A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
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A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
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Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
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F. Monticone, N. M. Estakhri, and A. Alú, “Full control of nanoscale optical transmission with a composite metascreen,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 203903 (2013).
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Mühlenbernd, H.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
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M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
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A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
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P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
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A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
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A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13, 829–834 (2013).
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A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38, 513–515 (2013).
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M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
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M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
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C. Pfeiffer and A. Grbic, “Metamaterial Huygens surfaces: tailoring wave fronts with reflectionless sheets,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 197401 (2013).
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M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Pors, A.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Analog computing using reflective plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 15, 791–797 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metagratings for simultaneous determination of stokes parameters,” Optica 2, 716–723 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Quantum emitters near layered plasmonic nanostructures: Decay rate contributions,” ACS Photonics 2, 228–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13, 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient and broadband quarter-wave plates by gap-plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 21, 2942–2952 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for efficient phase control in reflection,” Opt. Express 21, 27438–27451 (2013).
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A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband plasmonic half-wave plates in reflection,” Opt. Lett. 38, 513–515 (2013).
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M. G. Nielsen, D. K. Gramotnev, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Continuous layer gap plasmon resonators,” Opt. Express 19, 19310–19322 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pozar, D. M.

D. M. Pozar, S. D. Targonski, and H. Syrigos, “Design of millimeter wave microstrip reflectarrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 287–296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pradhan, A. K.

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

Qu, C.

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

Radko, I. P.

A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, I. P. Radko, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Gap plasmon-based metasurfaces for total control of reflected light,” Sci. Rep. 3, 2155 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rahim, M.

F. Zubir and M. Rahim, “Simulated fractals shape for unit cell reflectarray,” in “Microwave Conference, 2009. APMC 2009. Asia Pacific,” (2009), pp. 583–586.

Ren, Q.

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ren, W.

Rockstuhl, C.

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sands, T. D.

Sanz, J. M.

G. G. Fuentes, E. Elizalde, and J. M. Sanz, “Optical and electronic properties of ticxny films,” Journal of Applied Physics 90, 2737–2743 (2001).
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Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
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Seraphin, B. O.

B. Karlsson, R. P. Shimshock, B. O. Seraphin, and J. C. Haygarth, “Optical properties of cvd-coated tin, zrn and hfn,” Phys. Scr. 25, 775 (1982).
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Setzpfandt, F.

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V.

P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
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W. Cai and V. Shalaev, Optical Metamaterials (Springer, 2010).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

U. Guler, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonics on the slope of enlightenment: the role of transition metal nitrides,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 71–86 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Planar photonics with metasurfaces,” Science339 (2013).
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B. Karlsson, R. P. Shimshock, B. O. Seraphin, and J. C. Haygarth, “Optical properties of cvd-coated tin, zrn and hfn,” Phys. Scr. 25, 775 (1982).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, “Controlling electromagnetic fields,” Science 312, 1780–1782 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Søndergaard, T.

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Subdiffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sun, G.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sun, K.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Sun, S.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

Syrigos, H.

D. M. Pozar, S. D. Targonski, and H. Syrigos, “Design of millimeter wave microstrip reflectarrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 287–296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Targonski, S. D.

D. M. Pozar, S. D. Targonski, and H. Syrigos, “Design of millimeter wave microstrip reflectarrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 287–296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
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Tsai, D. P.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tünnermann, A.

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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S. Costanzo and F. Venneri, “Miniaturized fractal reflectarray element using fixed-size patch,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1437–1440 (2014).
[Crossref]

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B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.-M.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, W.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
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Wang, X.

Weeber, J.-C.

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wei, Q.-H.

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

West, P.

P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiao, S.

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

Yang, K.-Y.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, N.

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, “Light propagation with phase discontinuities: Generalized laws of reflection and refraction,” Science 334, 333–337 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Subdiffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308, 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zheng, G.

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. Qu, S. Ma, J. Hao, M. Qiu, X. Li, S. Xiao, Z. Miao, N. Dai, Q. He, S. Sun, and L. Zhou, “Tailor the functionalities of metasurfaces: from perfect absorption to phase modulation,” ArXiv e-prints p. 1507.00929 (2015).

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Zubir, F.

F. Zubir and M. Rahim, “Simulated fractals shape for unit cell reflectarray,” in “Microwave Conference, 2009. APMC 2009. Asia Pacific,” (2009), pp. 583–586.

ACS Photonics (1)

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Quantum emitters near layered plasmonic nanostructures: Decay rate contributions,” ACS Photonics 2, 228–236 (2015).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

B. Walther, C. Helgert, C. Rockstuhl, F. Setzpfandt, F. Eilenberger, E.-B. Kley, F. Lederer, A. Tünnermann, and T. Pertsch, “Spatial and spectral light shaping with metamaterials,” Adv. Mater. 24, 6300–6304 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. A. Noginov, L. Gu, J. Livenere, G. Zhu, A. K. Pradhan, R. Mundle, M. Bahoura, Y. A. Barnakov, and V. A. Podolskiy, “Transparent conductive oxides: Plasmonic materials for telecom wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 021101 (2011).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, A. Chakrabarty, F. Minkowski, K. Sun, and Q.-H. Wei, “Polarization conversion with elliptical patch nanoantennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 023101 (2012).
[Crossref]

H. Zhao, Y. Yang, Q. Li, and M. Qiu, “Sub-wavelength quarter-wave plate based on plasmonic patch antennas,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 103, 261108 (2013).
[Crossref]

Faraday Discuss. (2)

U. Guler, A. V. Kildishev, A. Boltasseva, and V. M. Shalaev, “Plasmonics on the slope of enlightenment: the role of transition metal nitrides,” Faraday Discuss. 178, 71–86 (2015).
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IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. (1)

S. Costanzo and F. Venneri, “Miniaturized fractal reflectarray element using fixed-size patch,” IEEE Antennas Wirel. Propag. Lett. 13, 1437–1440 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

D. M. Pozar, S. D. Targonski, and H. Syrigos, “Design of millimeter wave microstrip reflectarrays,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 287–296 (1997).
[Crossref]

Journal of Applied Physics (1)

G. G. Fuentes, E. Elizalde, and J. M. Sanz, “Optical and electronic properties of ticxny films,” Journal of Applied Physics 90, 2737–2743 (2001).
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Laser Photonics Rev. (2)

A. E. Minovich, A. E. Miroshnichenko, A. Y. Bykov, T. V. Murzina, D. N. Neshev, and Y. S. Kivshar, “Functional and nonlinear optical metasurfaces,” Laser Photonics Rev. 9, 195–213 (2015).
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P. West, S. Ishii, G. Naik, N. Emani, V. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for better plasmonic materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4, 795–808 (2010).
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Light: Sci. Applications (1)

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, T. Bernardin, J.-C. Weeber, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Efficient unidirectional polarization-controlled excitation of surface plasmon polaritons,” Light: Sci. Applications 3, e197 (2014).
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Nano Lett. (5)

W. T. Chen, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, Y.-W. Huang, G. Sun, I.-D. Chiang, C. Y. Liao, W.-L. Hsu, H. T. Lin, S. Sun, L. Zhou, A. Q. Liu, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband meta-hologram with polarization-controlled dual images,” Nano Lett. 14, 225–230 (2014).
[Crossref]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, R. L. Eriksen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 13, 829–834 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Sun, K.-Y. Yang, C.-M. Wang, T.-K. Juan, W. T. Chen, C. Y. Liao, Q. He, S. Xiao, W.-T. Kung, G.-Y. Guo, L. Zhou, and D. P. Tsai, “High-efficiency broadband anomalous reflection by gradient meta-surfaces,” Nano Lett. 12, 6223–6229 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors, M. G. Nielsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Analog computing using reflective plasmonic metasurfaces,” Nano Lett. 15, 791–797 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Yang, W. Wang, P. Moitra, I. I. Kravchenko, D. P. Briggs, and J. Valentine, “Dielectric meta-reflectarray for broadband linear polarization conversion and optical vortex generation,” Nano Lett. 14, 1394–1399 (2014).
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Nat. Commun. (1)

X. Ni, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metasurface holograms for visible light,” Nat. Commun. 4, 2807 (2013).
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Nat. Mater. (1)

N. Yu and F. Capasso, “Flat optics with designer metasurfaces,” Nat. Mater. 13, 139–150 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

G. Zheng, H. Mühlenbernd, M. Kenney, G. Li, T. Zentgraf, and S. Zhang, “Metasurface holograms reaching 80% efficiency,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10, 308–312 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Optica (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Hao, Q. Ren, Z. An, X. Huang, Z. Chen, M. Qiu, and L. Zhou, “Optical metamaterial for polarization control,” Phys. Rev. A 80, 023807 (2009).
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B. Karlsson, R. P. Shimshock, B. O. Seraphin, and J. C. Haygarth, “Optical properties of cvd-coated tin, zrn and hfn,” Phys. Scr. 25, 775 (1982).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Reflection from gap plasmon-based metasurfaces. (a) Sketch of basic unit cell consisting of a metal nanobrick on top of a glass spacer and metal substrate. Panels (b)–(d) show the calculated reflection coefficient as a function of nanobrick widths for Λ = 250 nm, t = ts = 50 nm, and wavelength λ = 800 nm when the metal is assumed to be gold (εau = 24.1 + i1.5), titanium nitride (εtin = 9.3 + i8.5), and a perfect electric conductor, respectively. Color maps show the amplitude of the reflection coefficient for x-polarized normal incident light, while lines are contours of the reflection phase.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The influence of spacer thickness on reflection from GSP-based metasurfaces. Reflection coefficient as a function of nanobrick widths from (a,b) gold and (c,d) perfect electric conductor metasurface when ts = 10 nm and 20 nm, respectively. The remaining parameters are kept constant at Λ = 250 nm, t = 50 nm, and λ = 800 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 The influence of unit cell period on reflection from PEC metasurfaces. Reflection coefficient as a function of nanobrick widths from unit cell with (a) Λ = 300 nm and (b) Λ = 400 nm. The remaining parameters are kept constant at t = ts = 50 nm and λ = 800 nm.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Optical properties of individual GSP-resonators. (a) Extinction cross section (normalized to the geometrical cross section of the nanobrick) for gold and PEC resonators when Lx = Ly = 140 nm, t = 50 nm, and ts takes on the values 25 nm, 50 nm, and 75 nm. (b) The relative contribution of the three decay channels (scattering, excitation of surface plasmon polaritons, and absorption) at the GSP-resonance for the gold configuration as a function of the spacer thickness. The calculation of the different decay channel contributions follows the procedure outlined in [45].
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Reflection from titanium nitride GSP-based metasurfaces. (a) Highly and (b) weakly metallic metasurface configuration, with the TiN permittivity εtin = 12.7 + i5.4 [47] and εtin = 4.9 + i6.1 [37], respectively.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The influence of spacer thickness on reflection from titanium nitride metasurfaces. Reflection coefficient as a function of nanobrick widths for (a) ts = 20 nm and (b) ts = 80 nm when the TiN permittivity is εtin = 12.7+i5.4. The remaining parameters are kept constant at Λ = 250 nm, t = ts = 50 nm, and λ = 800 nm.

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