Abstract

We report, for the first time to our knowledge, on the laser performance of a sort of miniature columnar Yb:LuPO4 crystal grown from spontaneous nucleation in high-temperature solution. With a very compact resonator longitudinally pumped by a 976-nm diode laser, continuous-wave laser operation is demonstrated with a 2-mm long tiny crystal rod, with output coupling changed over a wide range from 0.5% to 62%, generating a maximum output power of 5.3 W with an optical-to-optical efficiency of 40%, while the slope efficiency being 50%.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. A. Boatner, “Synthesis, structure, and properties of monazite, pretulite, and xenotime,” Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 48(1), 87–121 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  2. A. Rapaport, O. Moteau, M. Bass, L. A. Boatner, and C. Deka, “Optical spectroscopy and lasing properties of neodymium-doped lutetium orthophosphate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(6), 911–916 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  4. L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  6. J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO₄ crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Springer, 2010).

2014 (1)

2013 (1)

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

L. A. Boatner, “Synthesis, structure, and properties of monazite, pretulite, and xenotime,” Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 48(1), 87–121 (2002).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Abraham, M. M.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Bass, M.

Becker, P. C.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Boatner, L. A.

L. A. Boatner, “Synthesis, structure, and properties of monazite, pretulite, and xenotime,” Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 48(1), 87–121 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Rapaport, O. Moteau, M. Bass, L. A. Boatner, and C. Deka, “Optical spectroscopy and lasing properties of neodymium-doped lutetium orthophosphate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16(6), 911–916 (1999).
[Crossref]

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Cao, L. F.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

Conway, J. G.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Deka, C.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Edelstein, N.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

Hayhurst, T.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

He, L. X.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Krupke, W. F.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Kway, W. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Li, J. H.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Li, Y. Y.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Moteau, O.

Payne, S. A.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Rapaport, A.

Shalimoff, G.

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

Smith, L. K.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Teng, B.

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO₄ crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

J. Liu, W. Han, X. Chen, D. Zhong, B. Teng, C. Wang, and Y. Li, “Spectroscopic properties and continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuPO₄ crystal,” Opt. Lett. 39(20), 5881–5884 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. M.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhong, D.

Zhong, D. G.

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

D. G. Zhong, B. Teng, L. F. Cao, C. Wang, L. X. He, J. H. Li, S. M. Zhang, and Y. Y. Li, “Growth, crystal structure and spectrum of a novel rare-earth orthophosphate crystal: Yb:LuPO4,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 48(6), 369–373 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

P. C. Becker, T. Hayhurst, G. Shalimoff, J. G. Conway, N. Edelstein, L. A. Boatner, and M. M. Abraham, “Crystal field analysis of Tm3+ and Yb3+ in YPO4 and LuPO4,” J. Chem. Phys. 81(7), 2872–2878 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Rev. Mineral. Geochem. (1)

L. A. Boatner, “Synthesis, structure, and properties of monazite, pretulite, and xenotime,” Rev. Mineral. Geochem. 48(1), 87–121 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

O. Svelto, Principles of Lasers (Springer, 2010).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Columnar crystals of Yb:LuPO4 grown starting from spontaneous nucleation in high-temperature solution.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Schematic diagram of the experimental setup for the Yb:LuPO4 miniature crystal rod laser.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Output power versus Pabs for the Yb:LuPO4 miniature rod laser, obtained with the output coupling changed from 0.5% to 62%.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Emission spectrum of the Yb:LuPO4 miniature rod laser, measured at Pabs = 7.0 W for different output couplings.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Laser beam pattern (a) and its intensity distributions (b), measured at Pabs = 7.0 W in the case of T = 12% for the Yb:LuPO4 miniature rod laser.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Absorbed Pump Power Measured and Calculated for Reaching Laser Threshold (Pth) Under Different Output Coupling Conditions

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