Abstract

We present Bi/Er/Yb co-doped silicate fibre (BEYDF) which is fabricated by co-doping with Yb2O3 into Bi/Er doped silicate fibre (BEDF), and investigate its properties associated with Yb co-doping. Spectral absorption, emission, emission lifetime, ESA and gain characteristics of BEYDF are experimentally investigated and compared with those of BEDF to reveal particular impacts of Yb on the broadband spectral characteristics. We measured Yb3+ emissions at 980 nm and 1040 nm in BEYDF, and emissions related to Bi active centres (BACs, at 1100 nm and 1420 nm) and Er3+ (1530 nm) in BEYDF and BEDF under 830 nm pumping. Evidences of Yb3+→BAC energy transfer process, in addition to the normal Yb3+→Er3+ energy transfer process are noticed. Compared with BEDF, BEYDF has shown both broadened and enhanced emissions and gain. In particular, the overall emission bandwidth within a 4 dB intensity is attained over Δλ = (1000−1590) nm in BEYDF, and just over Δλ = (1250−1590) nm in BEDF. The overall emission intensity is enhanced by a factor of 2.5 in BEYDF over that of BEDF. Furthermore, Er3+ gain at 1530 nm is increased and BAC linked ESA at 1400 nm is reduced in BEYDF. Yb3+ related emissions and energy transfers from the excited Yb3+ to both the Er3+ and BACs can explain the improvements of emission and gain. These results indicate that Yb3+ co-doping can be used to expand and enhance broadband emissions and gain in BEYDFs.

© 2015 Optical Society of America

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2015 (1)

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

N. Dai, B. Xu, Z. Jiang, J. Peng, H. Li, H. Luan, L. Yang, and J. Li, “Effect of Yb3+ concentration on the broadband emission intensity and peak wavelength shift in Yb/Bi ions co-doped silica-based glasses,” Opt. Express 18(18), 18642–18648 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

G. Lakshminarayana, J. Ruan, and J. Qiu, “NIR luminescence from Er−Yb, Bi−Yb and Bi−Nd codoped germanate glasses for optical amplification,” J. Alloys Compd. 476(1-2), 878–883 (2009).
[Crossref]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

D. N. Payne, “Active fibres and optical amplifiers,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 11(3), 191–219 (1992).
[Crossref]

1989 (1)

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

1988 (2)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, “Er3+-Yb3+ glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(3), 45–46 (1965).
[Crossref]

Arion, V. B.

Barbar, P. R.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Barmenkov, Yu. O.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

Bouazaoui, M.

Bouwmans, G.

Boyland, A. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bufetov, I. A.

Canning, J.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the bismuth and erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carman, R. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dai, N.

Dawes, J. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Dianov, E. M.

Dvoyrin, V. V.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

El Hamzaoui, H.

Firstov, S. V.

Firstova, E. G.

Fujimoto, Y.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gapontsev, V. P.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Guryanov, A. N.

Hanna, D. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

Isineev, A. A.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jiang, Z.

Kalita, M. P.

Khopin, V. F.

Kir’yanov, A. V.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kozlova, N. S.

Kravchenko, V. B.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lakshminarayana, G.

G. Lakshminarayana, J. Ruan, and J. Qiu, “NIR luminescence from Er−Yb, Bi−Yb and Bi−Nd codoped germanate glasses for optical amplification,” J. Alloys Compd. 476(1-2), 878–883 (2009).
[Crossref]

Li, H.

Li, J.

Luan, H.

Luo, Y.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the bismuth and erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mackechnie, C. J.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Mashinsky, V. M.

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, N. N. Il’ichev, N. S. Kozlova, and E. M. Dianov, “Influence of electron irradiation on optical properties of Bismuth doped silica fibers,” Opt. Express 19(7), 6599–6608 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

Matitsin, S. M.

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Melkumov, M. A.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nakatsuka, M.

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Pask, H. M.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

Payne, D. N.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. N. Payne, “Active fibres and optical amplifiers,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 11(3), 191–219 (1992).
[Crossref]

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

Peng, G. D.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the bismuth and erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peng, J.

Percivel, R. M.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

Perry, L. R.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Plotnichenko, V. G.

Poole, S. B.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

Qiu, J.

G. Lakshminarayana, J. Ruan, and J. Qiu, “NIR luminescence from Er−Yb, Bi−Yb and Bi−Nd codoped germanate glasses for optical amplification,” J. Alloys Compd. 476(1-2), 878–883 (2009).
[Crossref]

Razdobreev, I.

Reekie, L.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

Riumkin, K. E.

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

Ruan, J.

G. Lakshminarayana, J. Ruan, and J. Qiu, “NIR luminescence from Er−Yb, Bi−Yb and Bi−Nd codoped germanate glasses for optical amplification,” J. Alloys Compd. 476(1-2), 878–883 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J.

Sahu, J. K.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Sathi, Z.

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Sathi, Z. M.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the bismuth and erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shubin, A. V.

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

K. E. Riumkin, M. A. Melkumov, I. A. Varfolomeev, A. V. Shubin, I. A. Bufetov, S. V. Firstov, V. F. Khopin, A. A. Umnikov, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Excited-state absorption in various bismuth-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 39(8), 2503–2506 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smart, R. G.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Snitzer, E.

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, “Er3+-Yb3+ glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(3), 45–46 (1965).
[Crossref]

Sokolov, V. O.

Standish, R. J.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Suni, P. J.

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Taylor, D. J.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tropper, A. C.

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

Umnikov, A. A.

Varfolomeev, I. A.

Velmiskin, V. V.

Webb, A. S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wen, J.

Woodcock, R.

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, “Er3+-Yb3+ glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(3), 45–46 (1965).
[Crossref]

Xu, B.

Yang, L.

Yoo, S.

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, J. Nilsson, and J. Sahu, “Excited state absorption measurement in the 900-1250 nm wavelength range for bismuth-doped silicate fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(4), 530–532 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zarean, A.

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Spectral properties and role of aluminium-related bismuth active centre (BAC-Al) in bismuth and erbium co-doped fibres,” Opt. Mater. Express 5(5), 1995–2209 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Zhang, Z. M. Sathi, Y. Luo, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Toward an ultra-broadband emission source based on the bismuth and erbium co-doped optical fiber and a single 830nm laser diode pump,” Opt. Express 21(6), 7786–7792 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Luo, J. Wen, J. Zhang, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bismuth and erbium codoped optical fiber with ultrabroadband luminescence across O-, E-, S-, C-, and L-bands,” Opt. Lett. 37(16), 3447–3449 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Snitzer and R. Woodcock, “Er3+-Yb3+ glass laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 6(3), 45–46 (1965).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, P. J. Suni, J. E. Townsend, and A. C. Tropper, “Continuous-wave oscillation of a monomode ytterbium-doped fibre laser,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1111–1113 (1988).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, R. M. Percivel, L. R. Perry, R. G. Smart, and A. C. Tropper, “Efficient operation of an Yb-sensitised Er fibre laser pumped in 0.8 µm region,” Electron. Lett. 24(17), 1068–1069 (1988).
[Crossref]

Fiber Integrated Opt. (1)

D. N. Payne, “Active fibres and optical amplifiers,” Fiber Integrated Opt. 11(3), 191–219 (1992).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

H. M. Pask, R. J. Carman, D. C. Hanna, A. C. Tropper, C. J. Mackechnie, P. R. Barbar, and J. M. Dawes, “Ytterbium-doped silica fiber lasers: versatile sources for the 1−1.2 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 1(1), 2–13 (1995).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. (1)

I. A. Bufetov, M. A. Melkumov, S. V. Firstov, K. E. Riumkin, A. V. Shubin, V. F. Khopin, A. N. Guryanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Bi-doped optical fibers and fiber lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quant. 20(5), 0903815 (2014).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

G. Lakshminarayana, J. Ruan, and J. Qiu, “NIR luminescence from Er−Yb, Bi−Yb and Bi−Nd codoped germanate glasses for optical amplification,” J. Alloys Compd. 476(1-2), 878–883 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. V. Kir’yanov, V. V. Dvoyrin, V. M. Mashinsky, Yu. O. Barmenkov, and E. M. Dianov, “Nonsaturable absorption in alumino-silicate bismuth-doped fibers,” J. Appl. Phys. 109(2), 023113 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. L. Barnes, S. B. Poole, J. E. Townsend, L. Reekie, D. J. Taylor, and D. N. Payne, “Er3+-Yb3+ and Er3+-doped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 7(10), 1461–1465 (1989).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

A. S. Webb, A. J. Boyland, R. J. Standish, S. Yoo, J. K. Sahu, and D. N. Payne, “MCVD in-situ solution doping process for the fabrication of complex design large core rare-earth doped fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 356(18-19), 848–851 (2010).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Fujimoto and M. Nakatsuka, “Infrared luminescence from bismuth-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 40(Part 2, No. 3B), L279–L281 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

V. P. Gapontsev, S. M. Matitsin, A. A. Isineev, and V. B. Kravchenko, “Erbium glass lasers and their applications,” Opt. Laser Technol. 14(4), 189–196 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

G. D. Peng, J. Zhang, Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zarean, and J. Canning, “Developing new active optical fibres with broadband emissions,” Proc. SPIE 8924, 89240E (2013).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

Z. M. Sathi, J. Zhang, N. Azadpeima, Y. Luo, and G. D. Peng, “A New broadband light source based on bismuth and erbium co-doped fiber developed in UNSW,” Proc. 37th ACOFT (Sydney, 2012), paper 117.

Y. Luo, Z. Sathi, A. Zareanborji, J. Zhang, B. Yan, J. Canning, and G. D. Peng, “Bi/Er/Yb co-doped fibre with very broad 1030−1560 nm emission under 830 nm Pump,” Proc. ANZCOP (2013), paper 33.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Absorption in the BEYDFs and a reference BEDF (inset: absorption at around λabs ~800 nm fitted with two Gaussian functions at λ = 800 nm and λ = 830 nm, shown for BEDF1). (b) Yb3+ related emissions in BEYDF2 under λex = 830 nm pumping (inset: energy levels corresponding to the observed Yb3+ emissions under λex = 830 nm pump excitation; NRT: non-radiative transitions).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Increased lifetimes of Er3+ and BAC in BEYDFs due to the energy transfer from Yb3+ to Er3+ and BAC: (a) Increased lifetimes of Er3+ at λem ~1530 nm in BEYDFs (inset: reduced lifetimes of Yb3+ at λem ~980 nm in BEYDFs). (b) Increased lifetimes of BAC-Al at λem ~1100 nm in BEYDFs.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Experimental setup used to measure emissions in BEYDF and BEDF. (b) Broadened and enhanced emissions in BEYDF1 compared with those of BEDF1 measured at P ~40 mW under λex = 830 nm pumping.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Increased ON/OFF gain at λem ~1530 nm and reduced ESA at λem ~1400 nm in BEYDFs compared with those of BEDF under λex = 830 nm pumping. (b) Energy level diagram in BEYDFs showing the energy transfer processes from Yb3+ to Er3+ and BAC.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Approximate concentrations of dopants in the BEYDFs and BEDF.

Metrics