Abstract

Tellurite glass fibers with embedded nanodiamond are attractive materials for quantum photonics applications. Reducing the loss of these fibers in the 600-800 nm wavelength range of nanodiamond fluorescence is essential to exploit the unique properties of nanodiamond in the new hybrid material. The first part of this study reported the origin of loss in nanodiamond-doped glass and impact of glass fabrication conditions. Here, we report the fabrication of nanodiamond-doped tellurite fibers with significantly reduced loss in the visible through further understanding of the impact of glass fabrication conditions on the interaction of the glass melt with the embedded nanodiamond. We fabricated tellurite fibers containing nanodiamond in concentrations up to 0.7 ppm-weight, while reducing the loss by more than an order of magnitude down to 10 dB/m at 600-800 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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2014 (1)

2013 (1)

J. H. Cole and L. C. L. Hollenberg, “Scanning quantum decoherence microscopy, Nanotechnology 20, 495401 (2009); L P McGuinness, L T Hall, A Stacey, D A Simpson, C D Hill, J H Cole, K Ganesan, B C Gibson, S Prawer, P Mulvaney, F Jelezko, J Wrachtrup, R E Scholten and L C L Hollenberg, “Ambient nanoscale sensing with single spins using quantum decoherence,” New J. Phys. 15, 073042 (2013).

2012 (4)

2011 (5)

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (3)

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

1956 (1)

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light,” Nature 177(4497), 27–29 (1956).
[Crossref]

Afshar V, S.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aharonovich, I.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aichele, T.

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Hmoud, M.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ampem-Lassen, E.

Balasubramanian, G.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Benson, O.

T. Schröder, M. Fujiwara, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, O. Benson, and S. Takeuchi, “A nanodiamond-tapered fiber system with high single-mode coupling efficiency,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10490–10497 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beveratos, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bratschitsch, R.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budker, D.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cappellaro, P.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chan, I. Y.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Childress, L.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Cole, J. H.

J. H. Cole and L. C. L. Hollenberg, “Scanning quantum decoherence microscopy, Nanotechnology 20, 495401 (2009); L P McGuinness, L T Hall, A Stacey, D A Simpson, C D Hill, J H Cole, K Ganesan, B C Gibson, S Prawer, P Mulvaney, F Jelezko, J Wrachtrup, R E Scholten and L C L Hollenberg, “Ambient nanoscale sensing with single spins using quantum decoherence,” New J. Phys. 15, 073042 (2013).

Da, N.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

de Lange, G.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dmochowski, G. M.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Doherty, M. W.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Dolde, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

Enany, A. A.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fedder, H.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Foo, T.-C.

Fujiwara, M.

Gacoin, T.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ganesan, K.

Gibson, B. C.

Grangier, P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Granzow, N.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Greentree, A. D.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Y. Ruan, H. Ji, A. D. Greentree, B. C. Gibson, and T. M. Monro, “Nanodiamond in tellurite glass Part I: origin of loss in ND-doped glass,” Opt. Mater. Express 4(12), 2608–2620 (2014).

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanbury Brown, R.

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light,” Nature 177(4497), 27–29 (1956).
[Crossref]

Hanke, T.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hanson, R.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Heeres, E. C.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hemmer, P. R.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Henderson, M. R.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hettich, C.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hofer, H.

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hollenberg, L. C. L.

J. H. Cole and L. C. L. Hollenberg, “Scanning quantum decoherence microscopy, Nanotechnology 20, 495401 (2009); L P McGuinness, L T Hall, A Stacey, D A Simpson, C D Hill, J H Cole, K Ganesan, B C Gibson, S Prawer, P Mulvaney, F Jelezko, J Wrachtrup, R E Scholten and L C L Hollenberg, “Ambient nanoscale sensing with single spins using quantum decoherence,” New J. Phys. 15, 073042 (2013).

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

E. Ampem-Lassen, D. A. Simpson, B. C. Gibson, S. Trpkovski, F. M. Hossain, S. T. Huntington, K. Ganesan, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Nano-manipulation of diamond-based single photon sources,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11287–11293 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hossain, F. M.

Huntington, S. T.

Jelezko, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ji, H.

Jiang, L.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kewes, G.

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, C.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knight, K.

Kolesov, R.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krueger, A.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kuan, K.

H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, M. R. Oermann, K. Knight, and T. M. Monro, “Extruded tellurite glass and fibers with low OH content for mid-infrared applications,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(4), 432–442 (2012).
[Crossref]

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kück, S.

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

Kühn, S.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Leitenstorfer, A.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Lukin, M. D.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Manning, S.

Monro, T. M.

Mori, A.

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[Crossref]

Nöbauer, T.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Noda, T.

Oermann, M. R.

Oosterkamp, T. H.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Orwa, J. O.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Peters, S.

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

Poizat, J.-P.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Poizat, J.-Ph.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prawer, S.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Ampem-Lassen, D. A. Simpson, B. C. Gibson, S. Trpkovski, F. M. Hossain, S. T. Huntington, K. Ganesan, L. C. L. Hollenberg, and S. Prawer, “Nano-manipulation of diamond-based single photon sources,” Opt. Express 17(14), 11287–11293 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Reinhard, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Rempp, F.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Robledo, L.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rodenberger, M.

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

Ruan, Y.

Russell, P. St. J.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Sandoghdar, V.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schell, A. W.

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, M. A.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schmitt, C.

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmunka, W.

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

Schröder, T.

T. Schröder, M. Fujiwara, T. Noda, H.-Q. Zhao, O. Benson, and S. Takeuchi, “A nanodiamond-tapered fiber system with high single-mode coupling efficiency,” Opt. Express 20(10), 10490–10497 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, C.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Simpson, D. A.

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Takeuchi, S.

Taylor, J. M.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Tisler, J.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tomljenovic-Hanic, S.

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Trpkovski, S.

Twiss, R. Q.

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light,” Nature 177(4497), 27–29 (1956).
[Crossref]

van der Sar, T.

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Villing, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Walsworth, R.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Wojcik, A.

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wolf, T.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wondraczek, L.

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wrachtrup, J.

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yacoby, A.

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.-Q.

Adv. Mater. (1)

M. R. Henderson, B. C. Gibson, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, K. Kuan, S. Afshar V, J. O. Orwa, I. Aharonovich, S. Tomljenovic-Hanic, A. D. Greentree, S. Prawer, and T. M. Monro, “Diamond in tellurite glass: a new medium for quantum information,” Adv. Mater. 23(25), 2806–2810 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

T. van der Sar, E. C. Heeres, G. M. Dmochowski, G. de Lange, L. Robledo, T. H. Oosterkamp, and R. Hanson, “Nanopositioning of a diamond nanocrystal containing a single nitrogen-vacancy defect center,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(17), 173104 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. (1)

A. Mori, “Tellurite-based fibers and their applications to optical communication networks,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn. 116(1358), 1040–1051 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Microsc. (1)

S. Kühn, C. Hettich, C. Schmitt, J.-Ph. Poizat, and V. Sandoghdar, “Diamond colour centres as a nanoscopic light source for scanning near-field optical microscopy,” J. Microsc. 202(1), 2–6 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

W. Schmunka, M. Rodenberger, S. Peters, H. Hofer, and S. Kück, “Radiometric calibration of single photon detectors by a single photon source based on NV-centers in diamond,” J. Mod. Opt. 58(14), 1252–1259 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

N. Da, A. A. Enany, N. Granzow, M. A. Schmidt, P. St. J. Russell, and L. Wondraczek, “Interfacial reactions between tellurite melts and silica during the production of microstructured optical devices,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357(6), 1558–1563 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

T. Schröder, A. W. Schell, G. Kewes, T. Aichele, and O. Benson, “Fiber-integrated diamond-based single photon source,” Nano Lett. 11(1), 198–202 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (2)

J. M. Taylor, P. Cappellaro, L. Childress, L. Jiang, D. Budker, P. R. Hemmer, A. Yacoby, R. Walsworth, and M. D. Lukin, “High-sensitivity diamond magnetometer with nanoscale resolution,” Nat. Phys. 4(10), 810–816 (2008).
[Crossref]

F. Dolde, H. Fedder, M. W. Doherty, T. Nöbauer, F. Rempp, G. Balasubramanian, T. Wolf, F. Reinhard, L. C. L. Hollenberg, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Electric-field sensing using single diamond spins,” Nat. Phys. 7(6), 459–463 (2011).
[Crossref]

Nature (2)

G. Balasubramanian, I. Y. Chan, R. Kolesov, M. Al-Hmoud, J. Tisler, C. Shin, C. Kim, A. Wojcik, P. R. Hemmer, A. Krueger, T. Hanke, A. Leitenstorfer, R. Bratschitsch, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Nanoscale imaging magnetometry with diamond spins under ambient conditions,” Nature 455(7213), 648–651 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Hanbury Brown and R. Q. Twiss, “Correlation between photons in two coherent beams of light,” Nature 177(4497), 27–29 (1956).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (1)

J. H. Cole and L. C. L. Hollenberg, “Scanning quantum decoherence microscopy, Nanotechnology 20, 495401 (2009); L P McGuinness, L T Hall, A Stacey, D A Simpson, C D Hill, J H Cole, K Ganesan, B C Gibson, S Prawer, P Mulvaney, F Jelezko, J Wrachtrup, R E Scholten and L C L Hollenberg, “Ambient nanoscale sensing with single spins using quantum decoherence,” New J. Phys. 15, 073042 (2013).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater. 3(3), 187–203 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (4)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single Photon Quantum Cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89(18), 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

http://omlc.org/calc/mie_calc.html

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Photographs of the glass billets fabricated, indicating amount of bubbles in the glass billets. The ND concentration decreases from left to right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Loss spectra of large-melt fiber samples. (a,b) TZNL samples and (c,d) TZN samples melted using different ND doping concentration and T1 and T2. (a,c) loss spectra as measured using the cutback technique, (b,d) SPR loss spectra calculated by subtracting the background loss.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) SPR peak absorption of undoped and ND-doped small-melt and large-melt samples melted in gold crucibles as a function of T1 for different T2 and (b) SPR and background absorption at the SPR peak wavelength as a function of ND doping concentration for small-melt and large-melt samples made using T1≤800 °C and T2≤700 °C as a function of ND doping concentration.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Background loss as a function of SPR absorption at 690 nm. The triangles are the experimental background loss values for the fibers considered here and the black line designates where the background absorption equals the SPR absorption.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fluorescence spectra of emitters in D3 and E2 fiber samples (green lines), ND powder (red lines) and GNP in undoped A1c sample (blue lines) imaged using confocal microscopy. The spectra of the emitters in the fiber samples overlap with the spectrum of the emitters in ND powder, which indicates that all the emitters tested in the fiber samples are ND. The insets show the corresponding 100 µm × 100 µm confocal images of D3 and E2 samples.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Background corrected second order autocorrelation function of NV emitters in (a) C3 and (b) C6 fiber samples. Image (a) clearly shows the presence of a single NV center with g(2)(t)~0.1. Image (b) likely indicates the presence of more than 1 NV center (g(2)(t)~0.5) within the sampled ND.

Tables (4)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Glass composition and properties of TZNL and TZN glasses

Tables Icon

Table 2 Glass fabrication conditions

Tables Icon

Table 3 Properties of the fibers made

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Table 4 Rate and number of survived NDs in three fiber samples

Equations (1)

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N NDe = w ND V confocal ρ glass V ND ρ ND x e

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