Abstract

A series of high quality Yb3+-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet (Yb:GSGG) single crystals with different Yb3+ ion concentration (7.5, 10, 15 and 30 at.%) has been grown by means of optical floating zone (OFZ). Crystal structure was analyzed with X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), showing that the Yb:GSGG crystal possesses a cubic structure with space group Ia3d, and the lattice constants decrease linearly as the Yb3+ concentration increases. Effective elemental segregation coefficients and chemical composition were investigated by X-ray fluorescence (XRF), suggesting that some Yb3+ ions occupy the octahedral site when the Yb3+ ion concentration is higher than 10 at.%. The thermal properties of Yb:GSGG crystals were systematically studied by measuring the specific heat, thermal expansion and thermal diffusion coefficients. Thermal conductivity was then calculated, and it exhibits a tendency to decrease with increasing Yb3+ ion concentration. Spectroscopic characterization of Yb:GSGG crystals was performed at room temperature (RT), and the stimulated emission cross section was calculated using the reciprocity method (RM) and the Füchtbauer−Ladenburg (F−L) formula, respectively. In comparison with the radiative lifetime of the 2F5/22F7/2 transition, the effect of radiation trapping on the fluorescence lifetime is discussed. These research results indicate that Yb:GSGG can be regarded as a promising candidate for use in an ultrashort pulsed and tunable laser.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2013 (5)

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

W. Han, H. Yi, Q. Dai, K. Wu, H. Zhang, L. Xia, and J. Liu, “Passive Q-switching laser performance of Yb:Gd3Ga5O12 garnet crystal,” Appl. Opt. 52(18), 4329–4333 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, K. Wu, Y. Wang, H. Yu, H. Zhang, X. Tian, Q. Dai, and J. Liu, “Spectral and lasing investigations of Yb:YSGG crystal,” Opt. Express 21(14), 16305–16310 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wang, H. Cong, K. Wu, Z. Pan, H. Yu, J. Liu, R. I. Boughton, and H. Zhang, “Composition characterization in YSGG garnet single crystals for ytterbium laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1408–1419 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

2011 (4)

O. Pronin, J. Brons, C. Grasse, V. Pervak, G. Boehm, M.-C. Amann, V. L. Kalashnikov, A. Apolonski, and F. Krausz, “High-power 200 fs Kerr-lens mode-locked Yb:YAG thin-disk oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 36(24), 4746–4748 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, W. Liu, S. Wang, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Growth and radiation resistant properties of 2.7−2.8 μm Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 669–673 (2011).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (4)

K. Wu, B. Yao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Wei, Z. Zhang, X. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characteristics of Yb-doped Y3Ga5O12 laser crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1689–1695 (2010).
[Crossref]

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Pekarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16320–16326 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Xu, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Gamma-ray irradiation effect on the absorption and luminescence spectra of Nd:GGG and Nd:GSGG laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 128(12), 1886–1889 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (4)

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

W. Li, Q. Hao, H. Zhai, H. Zeng, W. Lu, G. Zhao, L. Zheng, L. Su, and J. Xu, “Diode-pumped Yb:GSO femtosecond laser,” Opt. Express 15(5), 2354–2359 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. A. Kaminskii, “laser crystals and ceramics: recent advances,” Laser Photonics Rev. 1(2), 93–177 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Boudeile, F. Druon, M. Hanna, P. Georges, Y. Zaouter, E. Cormier, J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Continuous-wave and femtosecond laser operation of Yb:CaGdAlO4 under high-power diode pumping,” Opt. Lett. 32(14), 1962–1964 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Ródenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4), 676–683 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1−4), 186–191 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Petit, P. Goldner, and B. Viana, “Laser emission with low quantum defect in Yb: CaGdAlO4.,” Opt. Lett. 30(11), 1345–1347 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Thermal diffusivity, conductivity and expansion of Yb3xY3(1−x)Al5O12 (x = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.25) single crystals,” Solid State Commun. 130(8), 529–532 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (4)

J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. Mao, P. Deng, and F. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(9), 1975–1979 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brenier, and G. Boulon, “Diode-pumped Yb:GGG laser: comparison with Yb:YAG,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 99–106 (2003).
[Crossref]

M. Kreye and K. D. Becker, “An optical in-situ study of the re-oxidation kinetics of mixed valent Yb3Al5O12,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5(11), 2283–2290 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (5)

P.-H. Haumesser, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, and D. Vivien, “Determination of laser parameters of ytterbium-doped oxide crystalline materials,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(10), 2365–2375 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, P. Deng, and Z. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97(1), 51–54 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, P. H. Haumesser, B. Viana, G. P. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Spectroscopy and efficient laser action from diode pumping of a new broadly tunable crystal: Yb3+:Sr3Y(BO3)3,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19(5), 1083–1091 (2002).
[Crossref]

S. Heer, M. Wermuth, K. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Sharp 2E upconversion luminescence of Cr3+ in Y3Ga5O12 codoped with Cr3+ and Yb3+,” Phys. Rev. B 65(12), 125112 (2002).
[Crossref]

P. A. Giesting and A. M. Hofmeister, “Thermal conductivity of disordered garnets from infrared spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 65(14), 144305 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikin, H. Takeda, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Gd-Yb-Ga garnet single crystals with large lattice parameters as substrates for optical isolators,” J. Cryst. Growth 194(2), 203–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

H. W. Bruesselbach, D. S. Sumida, R. A. Reeder, and R. W. Byren, “Low-heat high-power scaling using InGaAs-diode-pumped Yb:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3(1), 105–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

A. R. Denton and N. W. Ashcroft, “Vegard’s law,” Phys. Rev. A 43(6), 3161–3164 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

D. P. Caffey, R. A. Utano, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side-pumped neodymium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet rod and slab lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(9), 808–810 (1990).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

T. I. Butaeva, A. G. Petrosyan, and A. K. Petrosyan, “Optical centers of europium and ytterbium ions in aluminum garnets,” Neorg. Mater. 24(3), 430–434 (1988).

1986 (1)

1983 (1)

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

1982 (1)

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, and E. V. Zharikov, “Efficient Cr3+ sensitized Nd3+:GdScGa-garnet laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 28(4), 355–358 (1982).
[Crossref]

1976 (3)

G. A. Bogomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys. Sov. Phys. JETP 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

R. D. Shannon, “Revised effective ionic radii and systematic studies of interatomic distances in halides and chalcogenides,” Acta Crystallogr. A 32(5), 751–767 (1976).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

Aka, G. P.

Allik, T. H.

D. P. Caffey, R. A. Utano, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side-pumped neodymium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet rod and slab lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(9), 808–810 (1990).
[Crossref]

Amann, M.-C.

Apolonski, A.

Ashcroft, N. W.

A. R. Denton and N. W. Ashcroft, “Vegard’s law,” Phys. Rev. A 43(6), 3161–3164 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baer, C. R. E.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Bagdasarov, Kh. S.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
[Crossref]

Balembois, F.

Bass, M.

Becker, K. D.

M. Kreye and K. D. Becker, “An optical in-situ study of the re-oxidation kinetics of mixed valent Yb3Al5O12,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5(11), 2283–2290 (2003).
[Crossref]

Beil, K.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Beimowski, A.

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, and E. V. Zharikov, “Efficient Cr3+ sensitized Nd3+:GdScGa-garnet laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 28(4), 355–358 (1982).
[Crossref]

Boehm, G.

Bogomolova, G. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
[Crossref]

G. A. Bogomolova, D. N. Vylegzhanin, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Spectral and lasing investigations of garnets with Yb3+ ions,” Sov. Phys. Sov. Phys. JETP 42(3), 440–446 (1976).

Boudeile, J.

Boughton, R. I.

Boulon, G.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Ródenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4), 676–683 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brenier, and G. Boulon, “Diode-pumped Yb:GGG laser: comparison with Yb:YAG,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 99–106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Ródenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4), 676–683 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Chénais, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brenier, and G. Boulon, “Diode-pumped Yb:GGG laser: comparison with Yb:YAG,” Opt. Mater. 22(2), 99–106 (2003).
[Crossref]

Brons, J.

Bruesselbach, H. W.

H. W. Bruesselbach, D. S. Sumida, R. A. Reeder, and R. W. Byren, “Low-heat high-power scaling using InGaAs-diode-pumped Yb:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3(1), 105–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Butaeva, T. I.

T. I. Butaeva, A. G. Petrosyan, and A. K. Petrosyan, “Optical centers of europium and ytterbium ions in aluminum garnets,” Neorg. Mater. 24(3), 430–434 (1988).

Byren, R. W.

H. W. Bruesselbach, D. S. Sumida, R. A. Reeder, and R. W. Byren, “Low-heat high-power scaling using InGaAs-diode-pumped Yb:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3(1), 105–116 (1997).
[Crossref]

Caffey, D. P.

D. P. Caffey, R. A. Utano, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side-pumped neodymium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet rod and slab lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56(9), 808–810 (1990).
[Crossref]

Caird, J. A.

Canibano, H.

A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Ródenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4), 676–683 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chase, L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chénais, S.

Chizhov, S. A.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
[Crossref]

Collombet, A.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

Cong, H.

S. Wang, H. Cong, K. Wu, Z. Pan, H. Yu, J. Liu, R. I. Boughton, and H. Zhang, “Composition characterization in YSGG garnet single crystals for ytterbium laser,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(9), 1408–1419 (2013).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cormier, E.

Dai, Q.

DeLoach, L. D.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Deng, P.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1−4), 186–191 (2005).
[Crossref]

X. Xu, Z. Zhao, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Thermal diffusivity, conductivity and expansion of Yb3xY3(1−x)Al5O12 (x = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.25) single crystals,” Solid State Commun. 130(8), 529–532 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Dong, M. Bass, Y. Mao, P. Deng, and F. Gan, “Dependence of the Yb3+ emission cross section and lifetime on temperature and concentration in yttrium aluminum garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 20(9), 1975–1979 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Yang, P. Deng, and Z. Yin, “Concentration quenching in Yb:YAG,” J. Lumin. 97(1), 51–54 (2002).
[Crossref]

Denton, A. R.

A. R. Denton and N. W. Ashcroft, “Vegard’s law,” Phys. Rev. A 43(6), 3161–3164 (1991).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dong, J.

Druon, F.

Eganyan, A.

Emaury, F.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

Equall, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Erbert, G.

Fiebig, C.

Fredrich-Thornton, S. T.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, T.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikin, H. Takeda, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Gd-Yb-Ga garnet single crystals with large lattice parameters as substrates for optical isolators,” J. Cryst. Growth 194(2), 203–208 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gan, F.

Gaumé, R.

Georges, P.

Giesting, P. A.

P. A. Giesting and A. M. Hofmeister, “Thermal conductivity of disordered garnets from infrared spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 65(14), 144305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Goldner, P.

Golling, M.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

Goutaudier, C.

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

Grasse, C.

Griebner, U.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[Crossref]

Gritsenko, M. M.

A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
[Crossref]

Güdel, H. U.

S. Heer, M. Wermuth, K. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Sharp 2E upconversion luminescence of Cr3+ in Y3Ga5O12 codoped with Cr3+ and Yb3+,” Phys. Rev. B 65(12), 125112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q.

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Guyot, Y.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
[Crossref]

A. Brenier, Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, G. Boulon, A. Ródenas, D. Jaque, A. Eganyan, and A. G. Petrosyan, “Growth, spectroscopic, and laser properties of Yb3+-doped Lu3Al5O12 garnet crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 23(4), 676–683 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
[Crossref]

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
[Crossref]

Han, W.

Hanna, M.

Hao, L.

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, Y. Wang, J. Wang, X. Tian, Z. Zhou, J. Liu, and R. I. Boughton, “Lu3Ga5O12 crystal: exploration of new laser host material for the ytterbium ion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(9), 2320–2328 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Wu, L. Hao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, H. Cong, and J. Wang, “Growth and characterization of Nd:Lu3ScxGa5−xO12 series laser crystals,” Opt. Commun. 284(21), 5192–5198 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hao, Q.

Haumesser, P. H.

Haumesser, P.-H.

Heckl, O. H.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

Heer, S.

S. Heer, M. Wermuth, K. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Sharp 2E upconversion luminescence of Cr3+ in Y3Ga5O12 codoped with Cr3+ and Yb3+,” Phys. Rev. B 65(12), 125112 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hofmeister, A. M.

P. A. Giesting and A. M. Hofmeister, “Thermal conductivity of disordered garnets from infrared spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 65(14), 144305 (2002).
[Crossref]

Honea, E. C.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hu, A. L.

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huang, L.

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, and E. V. Zharikov, “Efficient Cr3+ sensitized Nd3+:GdScGa-garnet laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 28(4), 355–358 (1982).
[Crossref]

Hutcheson, R.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Il’ichev, N. N.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Jaque, D.

Jiang, B.

B. Jiang, Z. Zhao, X. Xu, P. Song, X. Wang, J. Xu, and P. Deng, “Spectral properties and charge transfer luminescence of Yb3+:Gd3Ga5O12 (Yb:GGG) crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 277(1−4), 186–191 (2005).
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Jiang, H.

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, W. Liu, S. Wang, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Growth and radiation resistant properties of 2.7−2.8 μm Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 669–673 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Xu, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Gamma-ray irradiation effect on the absorption and luminescence spectra of Nd:GGG and Nd:GSGG laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 128(12), 1886–1889 (2008).
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Jiang, M.

H. Yu, K. Wu, B. Yao, H. Zhang, Z. Wang, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, Z. Wei, Z. Zhang, X. Zhang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and characteristics of Yb-doped Y3Ga5O12 laser crystal,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46(12), 1689–1695 (2010).
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K. Wu, B. Yao, H. Zhang, H. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Wang, and M. Jiang, “Growth and properties of Nd:Lu3Ga5O12 laser crystal by floating-zone method,” J. Cryst. Growth 312(24), 3631–3636 (2010).
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A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
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Kalashnikov, V. L.

Kalitin, S. P.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

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A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
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Kang, U.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
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Kasamoto, T.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
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Keller, U.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
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S. Pekarek, C. Fiebig, M. C. Stumpf, A. E. H. Oehler, K. Paschke, G. Erbert, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Diode-pumped gigahertz femtosecond Yb:KGW laser with a peak power of 3.9 kW,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16320–16326 (2010).
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A. A. Kaminskii, Kh. S. Bagdasarov, G. A. Bogomolova, M. M. Gritsenko, A. M. Kevorkov, and S. E. Sarkisov, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of Nd3+ ions in Gd3Sc2Ga3O12 crystals,” Phys. Status Solidi 34(2), K109–K114 (1976).
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Kim, G. H.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
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S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
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Kochurikin, V. V.

K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikin, H. Takeda, and T. Fukuda, “Growth of Gd-Yb-Ga garnet single crystals with large lattice parameters as substrates for optical isolators,” J. Cryst. Growth 194(2), 203–208 (1998).
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S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
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Krämer, K.

S. Heer, M. Wermuth, K. Krämer, and H. U. Güdel, “Sharp 2E upconversion luminescence of Cr3+ in Y3Ga5O12 codoped with Cr3+ and Yb3+,” Phys. Rev. B 65(12), 125112 (2002).
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Kränkel, C.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
[Crossref]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
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Krausz, F.

Kreye, M.

M. Kreye and K. D. Becker, “An optical in-situ study of the re-oxidation kinetics of mixed valent Yb3Al5O12,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 5(11), 2283–2290 (2003).
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L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
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Krupke, W. F.

Kulik, A. V.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
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Kway, W.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
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Laptev, V. V.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, and E. V. Zharikov, “Efficient Cr3+ sensitized Nd3+:GdScGa-garnet laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 28(4), 355–358 (1982).
[Crossref]

Laversenne, L.

A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
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A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, L. Laversenne, H. Canibano, K. Lebbou, A. Collombet, Y. Guyot, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and spectroscopic analysis of Yb3+-doped Y3Al5O12 fiber single crystals,” J. Appl. Phys. 94(9), 5479–5488 (2003).
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Lee, D. S.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, J.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

Li, X. L.

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

Liu, W.

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, W. Liu, S. Wang, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Growth and radiation resistant properties of 2.7−2.8 μm Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 669–673 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

Luo, J.

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, W. Liu, S. Wang, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Growth and radiation resistant properties of 2.7−2.8 μm Yb,Er:GSGG laser crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth 318(1), 669–673 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. Sun, J. Luo, Q. Zhang, J. Xiao, J. Xu, H. Jiang, and S. Yin, “Gamma-ray irradiation effect on the absorption and luminescence spectra of Nd:GGG and Nd:GSGG laser crystals,” J. Lumin. 128(12), 1886–1889 (2008).
[Crossref]

Luo, J. Q.

Z. H. Wu, D. L. Sun, S. Z. Wang, J. Q. Luo, X. L. Li, L. Huang, A. L. Hu, Y. Q. Tang, and Q. Guo, “Performance of a 967 nm CW diode end-pumped Er:GSGG laser at 2.79 μm,” Laser Phys. 23(5), 055801 (2013).
[Crossref]

Malyutin, A. A.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Mao, Y.

Marion, J. E.

Marumo, F.

S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
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Mateos, X.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
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Miyazawa, Y.

S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
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Morikawa, H.

S. Yamazaki, F. Marumo, K. Tanaka, H. Morikawa, N. Kodama, K. Kitamura, and Y. Miyazawa, “A structural Study of Facet and Off-Facet Parts of Rare-Earth Garnets, Gd3Sc2Al3O12, Gd3Sc2Ga3O12, and La3Lu2Ga3O12,” J. Solid State Chem. 108(1), 94–98 (1994).
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Novoselov, A.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
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Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 2: Concentration quenching analysis and laser optimization,” Opt. Mater. 28(1−2), 1–8 (2006).
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Y. Guyot, H. Canibano, C. Goutaudier, A. Novoselov, A. Yoshikawa, T. Fukuda, and G. Boulon, “Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12 garnet single crystals grown by the micropulling down technique for laser application. Part 1: Spectroscopic properties and assignment of energy levels,” Opt. Mater. 27(11), 1658–1663 (2005).
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Oehler, A. E. H.

Ohta, H.

A. Novoselov, Y. Kagamitani, T. Kasamoto, Y. Guyot, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, and T. Fukuda, “Crystal growth and characterization of Yb3+-doped Gd3Ga5O12,” Mater. Res. Bull. 42(1), 27–32 (2007).
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Osiko, V. V.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Ostroumov, V. G.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Pan, Z.

Paschke, K.

Pashinin, P. P.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Patel, F. D.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
[Crossref]

Payne, S.

L. D. DeLoach, S. Payne, L. Chase, L. Smith, W. Kway, and W. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb3+ doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29(4), 1179–1191 (1993).
[Crossref]

Payne, S. A.

F. D. Patel, E. C. Honea, J. Speth, S. A. Payne, R. Hutcheson, and R. Equall, “Laser demonstration of Yb3Al5O12 (YbAG) and materials properties of highly doped Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37(1), 135–144 (2001).
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Pekarek, S.

Pervak, V.

Peterman, K.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
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Peters, R.

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, S. T. Fredrich-Thornton, K. Beil, K. Peterman, G. Huber, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. J. Saraceno, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, “Thermal analysis and efficient high power continuous-wave and mode-locked thin disk laser operation of Yb-doped sesquioxides,” Appl. Phys. B 102(3), 509–514 (2011).
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Petrosyan, A. G.

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Petrosyan, A. K.

T. I. Butaeva, A. G. Petrosyan, and A. K. Petrosyan, “Optical centers of europium and ytterbium ions in aluminum garnets,” Neorg. Mater. 24(3), 430–434 (1988).

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
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Prokhorov, A. M.

E. V. Zharikov, N. N. Il’ichev, S. P. Kalitin, V. V. Laptev, A. A. Malyutin, V. V. Osiko, V. G. Ostroumov, P. P. Pashinin, A. M. Prokhorov, V. A. Smirnov, A. F. Umskov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Tunable laser utilizing an electronic-vibrational in chromium in a gadolinium scandium gallium garnet crystal,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 13(9), 1274–1276 (1983).

Pronin, O.

Pruss, D.

D. Pruss, G. Huber, A. Beimowski, V. V. Laptev, I. A. Shcherbakov, and E. V. Zharikov, “Efficient Cr3+ sensitized Nd3+:GdScGa-garnet laser at 1.06 μm,” Appl. Phys. B 28(4), 355–358 (1982).
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Reeder, R. A.

H. W. Bruesselbach, D. S. Sumida, R. A. Reeder, and R. W. Byren, “Low-heat high-power scaling using InGaAs-diode-pumped Yb:YAG lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 3(1), 105–116 (1997).
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Rivier, S.

V. Petrov, X. Mateos, A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, U. Griebner, H. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Li, and J. Liu, “Passive Mode-Locking of Acentric Yb-Doped Borate Crystals,” Laser Phys. 20(5), 1085–1090 (2010).
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Ródenas, A.

Sall’, E. G.

G. H. Kim, J. Yang, D. S. Lee, A. V. Kulik, E. G. Sall’, S. A. Chizhov, V. E. Yashin, and U. Kang, “Directly diode-pumped femtosecond laser based on an Yb:KYW crystal,” Proc. SPIE 8247, 82471C (2012).
[Crossref]

Saraceno, C. J.

K. Beil, C. J. Saraceno, C. Schriber, F. Emaury, O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, U. Keller, C. Kränkel, and G. Huber, “Yb-doped mixed sesquioxides for ultrashort pulse generation in the thin disk laser setup,” Appl. Phys. B 113(1), 13–18 (2013).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Photographs of Yb:GSGG crystals grown by OFZ technique with different Yb3+ doping concentration: (A) 7.5 at.%, (B) 10.0 at.%, (C) 15.0 at.% and (D) 30.0 at.%.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 XRPD patterns of as-grown Yb:GSGG single crystals (A) fractional angles from 30° to 34° (B).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Lattice constants of Yb:GSGG crystals versus Yb3+ concentrations.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Thermal survey of Yb:GSGG crystals versus temperature (A) specific heat, (B) thermal expansion coefficient, (C) thermal diffusion coefficient and (D) thermal conductivity. (Inset of B) Density of Yb:GSGG crystals as a function of temperature.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Absorption spectra of Yb:GSGG crystals.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Fluorescence spectra of Yb:GSGG crystals calculated by the RM and F−L equation.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Fluorescence lifetimes of Yb:GSGG crystals. (Inset) Fluorescence lifetime values for different Yb3+ concentrations.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Cell parameters of Yb:GSGG for different Yb3+ concentrations

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Table 2 XRF analysis of Yb:GSGG crystals with different Yb3+ concentrations

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Table 3 Spectroscopic parameters for Yb-doped GSGG crystals

Equations (9)

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3xY b 2 O 3 + ( 33x )G d 2 O 3 + 1.9S c 2 O 3 + 3.1G a 2 O 3 =2 (Y b x G d 1 x ) 3 ( S c 1.9 G a 0.1 )G a 3 O 12      
k= C s C 0 .
ρ theoty = Mz N A a 3 .
k=ρ C p λ.
k= 1 3 ρ C p νL.
σ ems (λ)= σ abs (λ) Z l Z u exp( E Zl hν kT ).
σ ems (λ)= λ 5 8π n 2 cτ I(λ) λI(λ)dλ .
n 2 =3.743782+ 1.9139567 43.24039 λ 2 1 + 0.0106749 λ 2 0.0155817 λ 2 1 .
τ r 1 = 32π n 2 c 3 λ ¯ 4 σ abs (λ) dλ.

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