Abstract

Polycrystalline ZnS taken from an industrial chemical vapor deposition (CVD) process was thermally treated with and without hot isostatic pressing (HIP). Both annealed materials show an increased light transmittance in the visible range, a recrystallized and reorganized microstructure as well as an absence of the Zn-H bonds observed in CVD-ZnS. However, the increased light transmission essential for most optical applications is only observed in the HIP-ZnS. This is caused by a significantly reduced porosity of the material. The majority of pores initially form at grain boundaries during thermal treatment and the application of simultaneous high pressure reduces their number to a minimum. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) including electron back scatter diffraction (EBSD) as well spectroscopic measurements and optical microscopy are used for analysis. It is concluded, that the density of crystal faults in CVD-ZnS is significantly reduced by the HIP-step.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Y. Yu and M. Cardona, Fundamentals of Semiconductors: Physics and Materials Properties (Springer, 2005).
  3. J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).
  4. A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. D. P. Field, “Recent advances in the application of orientation imaging,” Ultramicroscopy67(1–4), 1–9 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared active phonons ins cubic Zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  12. F. J. Humphreys and M. Hatherly, Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena (Elsevier, 2004).

2014 (1)

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).

2004 (1)

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. P. Field, “Recent advances in the application of orientation imaging,” Ultramicroscopy67(1–4), 1–9 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared active phonons ins cubic Zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, P.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bredikhin, V. I.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Donadio, R. N.

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared active phonons ins cubic Zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Field, D. P.

D. P. Field, “Recent advances in the application of orientation imaging,” Ultramicroscopy67(1–4), 1–9 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gavrishchuk, E. M.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gebhardt, A.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hareesh, U. S.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ikonnikov, V. B.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, R.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Karaksina, E. V.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Ketkova, L. A.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Klein, C. A.

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared active phonons ins cubic Zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Korenstein, R.

J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).

Kumar, R. S.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, S. P.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kyi, M. M.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mahendar, V.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mal’shakova, O. A.

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McCloy, J. S.

J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).

Park, W.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, N. E.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ramavath, P.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rao, G. V. N.

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rüssel, C.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shchurov, A. F.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shevarenkov, D. N.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Summers, C. J.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sysoev, A. N.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Tong, W.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. K.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, B. K.

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wisniewski, W.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yashina, E. V.

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zelinski, B.

J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).

Zscheckel, T.

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (1)

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, A. Gebhardt, and C. Rüssel, “Mechanisms counteracting the growth of large grains in industrial zns grown by chemical vapor deposition,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces6(1), 394–400 (2014).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

T. Zscheckel, W. Wisniewski, and C. Rüssel, “Microstructure and texture of polycrystalline CVD-ZnS analyzed via EBSD,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(23), 4969–4974 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ceram. Int. (1)

P. Ramavath, P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, R. Johnson, and N. E. Prasad, “Effect of sphalerite to wurtzite crystallographic transformation on microstructure, optical and mechanical properties of zinc sulphide ceramics,” Ceram. Int.37(3), 1039–1046 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd. (1)

P. Biswas, R. S. Kumar, P. Ramavath, V. Mahendar, G. V. N. Rao, U. S. Hareesh, and R. Johnson, “Effect of post-CVD thermal treatments on crystallographic orientation, microstructure, mechanical and optical properties of ZnS,” Ceramics J. Alloy. Compd.496(1–2), 273–277 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater. (2)

V. I. Bredikhin, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Karaksina, L. A. Ketkova, S. P. Kuznetsov, and O. A. Mal’shakova, “Optical losses in polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.45(3), 235–241 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Shchurov, E. M. Gavrishchuk, V. B. Ikonnikov, E. V. Yashina, A. N. Sysoev, and D. N. Shevarenkov, “Effect of hot isostatic pressing on the elastic and optical properties of polycrystalline CVD ZnS,” Inorg. Mater.40(4), 336–339 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Soc. (1)

J. S. McCloy, R. Korenstein, and B. Zelinski, “Effects of temperature, pressure, and metal promoter on the recrystallized structure and optical transmission of chemical vapor deposited zinc sulfide,” J. Am. Soc.92(8), 1725–1731 (2009).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

T. K. Tran, W. Park, W. Tong, M. M. Kyi, B. K. Wagner, and C. J. Summers, “Photoluminescence Properties of ZnS Epilayers,” J. Appl. Phys.81(6), 2803–2809 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Klein and R. N. Donadio, “Infrared active phonons ins cubic Zinc sulfide,” J. Appl. Phys.51(1), 797–800 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

D. P. Field, “Recent advances in the application of orientation imaging,” Ultramicroscopy67(1–4), 1–9 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Y. Yu and M. Cardona, Fundamentals of Semiconductors: Physics and Materials Properties (Springer, 2005).

F. J. Humphreys and M. Hatherly, Recrystallization and Related Annealing Phenomena (Elsevier, 2004).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

XRD-patterns obtained from compact ZnS samples cut parallel to the substrate plane: (a) CVD-ZnS, (b) annealed ZnS and (c) HIP-ZnS. The intensities for statistically oriented zincblende are plotted as graph (d) (JCPDS No. 005-0566) for comparison.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

IPF + IQ-maps of EBSD-scans performed on CVD-ZnS samples cut parallel and perpendicular to the substrate plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

IPF + IQ-maps of EBSD-scans performed on annealed ZnS samples cut parallel and perpendicular to the substrate plane.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

IPF + IQ-maps of EBSD-scans performed on HIP-ZnS samples cut parallel and perpendicular to the substrate plane.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) IPF + IQ-map of a detailed EBSD-scan performed on a HIP-ZnS sample cut parallel to the substrate plane. (b) The image shows the main orientation of a ZnS-grain in 1: purple and the four possible twin orientations (in 2: red, 3: yellow, 4: blue and 5: violet) within one grain.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

001- and 111-PFs of textures calculated from EBSD-scans performed on the respective materials. The schematic 001- and 111-PFs of the HIP-ZnS texture are presented to ease interpretation.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

FTIR transmission spectra of 1: CVD-ZnS, 2: annealed ZnS, and 3: HIP-ZnS.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

UV-VIS transmission spectra of 1: CVD-ZnS, 2: annealed ZnS and 3: HIP-ZnS.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Optical transmission micrographs of (a) CVD-ZnS and (b) annealed ZnS (50 h at 850 °C in an Ar atmosphere). Micrographs of HIP-ZnS are presented after (c) an incomplete and (d) a complete HIP-procedure. Pores appear black.

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