Abstract

We report a metamaterial based microwindmill array with a periodic arrangement that can be used in terahertz detector as an absorbing layer. It is found that this structure can absorb terahertz waves efficiently with an average absorptivity of 95% at multiple frequencies of 1.516, 2.205, 2.424 and 2.565 THz, which are absorption peaks of four kinds of drugs. The efficient absorbing property of meta-microwindmill on terahertz wave can be explained in terms of the synergetic effects of localized surface plasmon resonant effect and slow light mode. Moreover, the effect of the error of the structural parameters on the absorption efficiency is carefully analyzed in detail to guide the fabrication.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  3. H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection and identification of explosive RDX by THz diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 14(1), 415–423 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. A. W. M. Lee and Q. Hu, “Real-time, continuous-wave terahertz imaging by use of a microbolometer focal-plane array,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2563–2565 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  6. N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  7. N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  16. S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  17. Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. Q. Liang, W. Yu, W. Zhao, T. Wang, J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Tao, “Numerical study of the meta-nanopyramid array as efficient solar energy absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1187–1196 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A terahertz polarization insensitive dual band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 945–947 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, and T. C. Chong, “Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(18), 181101 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  21. C. S. Lim, M. H. Hong, Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, B. Luk’yanchuk, and T. C. Chong, “Hybrid metamaterial design and fabrication for terahertz resonance response enhancement,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12421–12429 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  22. Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
    [PubMed]
  23. Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, Z. Y. Pan, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Tunable resonance enhancement of multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabricated by parallel laser micro-lens array lithography on flexible substrates,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 151–157 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  24. N. R. Han, Z. C. Chen, C. S. Lim, B. Ng, and M. H. Hong, “Broadband multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabrication and characterization on flexible substrates,” Opt. Express 19(8), 6990–6998 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  26. N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. D. Cheng, J. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Wang, N. Zhang, and L. Deng, “Pantoscopic and polarization-insensitive perfect absorbers in the middle infrared spectrum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1503–1510 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  28. J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  29. Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (2)

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Liang, W. Yu, W. Zhao, T. Wang, J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Tao, “Numerical study of the meta-nanopyramid array as efficient solar energy absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1187–1196 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (4)

Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
[PubMed]

D. Cheng, J. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Wang, N. Zhang, and L. Deng, “Pantoscopic and polarization-insensitive perfect absorbers in the middle infrared spectrum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1503–1510 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (7)

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Shen, T. J. Cui, J. Zhao, H. F. Ma, W. X. Jiang, and H. Li, “Polarization-independent wide-angle triple-band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Express 19(10), 9401–9407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, Z. Y. Pan, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Tunable resonance enhancement of multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabricated by parallel laser micro-lens array lithography on flexible substrates,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 151–157 (2011).
[Crossref]

N. R. Han, Z. C. Chen, C. S. Lim, B. Ng, and M. H. Hong, “Broadband multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabrication and characterization on flexible substrates,” Opt. Express 19(8), 6990–6998 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Ma, Q. Chen, J. Grant, S. C. Saha, A. Khalid, and D. R. S. Cumming, “A terahertz polarization insensitive dual band metamaterial absorber,” Opt. Lett. 36(6), 945–947 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, and T. C. Chong, “Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(18), 181101 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. S. Lim, M. H. Hong, Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, B. Luk’yanchuk, and T. C. Chong, “Hybrid metamaterial design and fabrication for terahertz resonance response enhancement,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12421–12429 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

2008 (4)

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, “Detection and identification of explosive RDX by THz diffuse reflection spectroscopy,” Opt. Express 14(1), 415–423 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

A. W. M. Lee and Q. Hu, “Real-time, continuous-wave terahertz imaging by use of a microbolometer focal-plane array,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2563–2565 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnaud, A.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Averitt, R. D.

Barat, R.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barbieri, S.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bastiaans, G. J.

Bingham, C. M.

Cai, G.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Cao, S.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Castelein, P.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z. C.

Cheng, D.

Chong, T. C.

Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
[PubMed]

Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, Z. Y. Pan, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Tunable resonance enhancement of multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabricated by parallel laser micro-lens array lithography on flexible substrates,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 151–157 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. S. Lim, M. H. Hong, Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, B. Luk’yanchuk, and T. C. Chong, “Hybrid metamaterial design and fabrication for terahertz resonance response enhancement,” Opt. Express 18(12), 12421–12429 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, and T. C. Chong, “Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(18), 181101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cui, T. J.

Cui, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cumming, D. R. S.

Deng, L.

Ding, P.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fan, C.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Federici, J.

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Federici, J. F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Fu, Y.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Fung, K. H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gary, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gellie, P.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Genov, D. A.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gong, Y. D.

Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
[PubMed]

Z. C. Chen, N. R. Han, Z. Y. Pan, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Tunable resonance enhancement of multi-layer terahertz metamaterials fabricated by parallel laser micro-lens array lithography on flexible substrates,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(2), 151–157 (2011).
[Crossref]

Goudon, V.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Grant, J.

Hairsult, L.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Han, N. R.

Hao, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

He, S.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, M. H.

Hosako, I.

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hu, Q.

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. M. Lee and Q. Hu, “Real-time, continuous-wave terahertz imaging by use of a microbolometer focal-plane array,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2563–2565 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hu, W.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Huang, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Imperinetti, P.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Irie, T.

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ishi, T.

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

Jiang, W. X.

Jiang, Z. H.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jin, Y.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khalid, A.

Kumar, S.

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kurashina, S.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lalanne Dera, J.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Landy, N. I.

Lee, A. W. M.

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. W. M. Lee and Q. Hu, “Real-time, continuous-wave terahertz imaging by use of a microbolometer focal-plane array,” Opt. Lett. 30(19), 2563–2565 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Liang, E.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Liang, Q.

Lim, C. S.

Liu, H.-B.

Liu, X.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, Y.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Ma, H.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, H. F.

Ma, Y.

Maillou, T.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Mayer, T. S.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meilham, J.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Miyoshi, M.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

Mock, J. J.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ng, B.

Oda, N.

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ohuichi, S.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

Oliveira, F.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ouvier Buffet, J. L.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Padilla, W. J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, Z. Y.

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pocas, S.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Rahmani, M.

Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
[PubMed]

Reno, J. L.

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

Saha, S. C.

Sajuyigbe, S.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sano, M.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sasaki, T.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Schulkin, B.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sekine, N.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shen, X.

Shi, L. P.

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, and T. C. Chong, “Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(18), 181101 (2010).
[Crossref]

Simoens, F.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Sirtori, C.

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Smith, D. R.

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sonoda, K.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sudoh, T.

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sudou, T.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tao, H.

Tao, S.

Toor, F.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ulin-Avila, E.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Valentine, J.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Cheng, J. Xie, H. Zhang, C. Wang, N. Zhang, and L. Deng, “Pantoscopic and polarization-insensitive perfect absorbers in the middle infrared spectrum,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29(6), 1503–1510 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Liang, W. Yu, W. Zhao, T. Wang, J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Tao, “Numerical study of the meta-nanopyramid array as efficient solar energy absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1187–1196 (2013).
[Crossref]

Werner, D. H.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, B. S.

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xie, J.

Xu, J.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, Z.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xue, Q.

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

Yoneyama, H.

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yu, W.

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

Q. Liang, W. Yu, W. Zhao, T. Wang, J. Zhao, H. Zhang, and S. Tao, “Numerical study of the meta-nanopyramid array as efficient solar energy absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 3(8), 1187–1196 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yun, S.

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zentgraf, T.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, N.

Zhang, S.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Tao, N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, X. Zhang, R. D. Averitt, and W. J. Padilla, “A metamaterial absorber for the terahertz regime: Design, fabrication and characterization,” Opt. Express 16(10), 7181–7188 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.-C.

Zhao, J.

Zhao, W.

Zhou, L.

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

Zimdars, D.

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

Z. H. Jiang, S. Yun, F. Toor, D. H. Werner, and T. S. Mayer, “Conformal dual-band near-perfectly absorbing mid-infrared metamaterial coating,” ACS Nano 5(6), 4641–4647 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Z. C. Chen, M. Rahmani, Y. D. Gong, T. C. Chong, and M. H. Hong, “Realization of variable three-dimensional terahertz metamaterial tubes for passive resonance tunability,” Adv. Mater. 24(23), 143–147 (2012).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Z. C. Chen, M. H. Hong, C. S. Lim, N. R. Han, L. P. Shi, and T. C. Chong, “Parallel laser microfabrication of large-area asymmetric split ring resonator metamaterials and its structural tuning for terahertz resonance,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(18), 181101 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Hao, J. Wang, X. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

S. Cao, W. Yu, T. Wang, Z. Xu, C. Wang, Y. Fu, and Y. Liu, “Two-dimensional subwavelength meta-nanopillar array for efficient visible light absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(16), 161109 (2013).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. W. M. Lee, B. S. Williams, S. Kumar, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, “Real-time imaging using a 4.3-THz quantum cascade laser and a 320 × 240 micro-bolometer focal plane array,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18(13), 1415–1417 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (1)

P. Ding, E. Liang, G. Cai, W. Hu, C. Fan, and Q. Xue, “Dual-band perfect absorption and field enhancement by interaction between localized and propagating surface plasmons in optical metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(7), 075005 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband light absorption by a sawtooth anisotropic metamaterial slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (5)

F. Oliveira, R. Barat, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, J. Federici, and D. Gary, “Neural network analysis of terahertz spectra of explosives and bio-agents,” Proc. SPIE 5070, 60–70 (2003).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, H. Yoneyama, T. Sasaki, M. Sano, S. Kurashina, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudoh, and T. Irie, “Detection of terahertz radiation from quantum cascade laser, using vanadium oxide microbolometer focal plane arrays,” Proc. SPIE 6940, 1–12 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, M. Sano, K. Sonoda, H. Yoneyama, S. Kurashina, M. Miyoshi, T. Sasaki, I. Hosako, N. Sekine, T. Sudou, and S. Ohuichi, “Development of terahertz focal plane arrays and handy camera,” Proc. SPIE 8012, 80121B (2011).
[Crossref]

N. Oda, A. W. M. Lee, T. Ishi, I. Hosako, and Q. Hu, “Proposal for real-time terahertz imaging system with palm-size terahertz camera and compact quantum cascade laser,” Proc. SPIE 8363, 83630A (2012).
[Crossref]

F. Simoens, A. Arnaud, P. Castelein, V. Goudon, P. Imperinetti, J. Lalanne Dera, J. Meilham, J. L. Ouvier Buffet, S. Pocas, T. Maillou, L. Hairsult, P. Gellie, S. Barbieri, and C. Sirtori, “Development of uncooled antenna-coupled microbolometer array for explosive detection and identification,” Proc. SPIE 7837, 78370B (2010).
[Crossref]

Science (2)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. F. Federici, B. Schulkin, F. Huang, D. Gary, R. Barat, F. Oliveira, and D. Zimdars, “THz imaging and sensing for security applications - explosives, weapons, and drugs,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 20(7), S266–S280 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematics of meta-microwindmill terahertz absorber: (a) microwindmill structure on the top of a polyimide spacer and one unit cell showing the direction of propagation of incident EM waves, and (b) cross-sectional view of the unit cell. The wide (L) and length (P) of unit cell are L = 144 μm and P = 120 μm, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectra of the meta-microwindmill absorber. (a) Absorption (red), reflection (blue) and transmission (pink) against frequency for normal incident terahertz wave, and (b) Absorption against frequency for different incident angles of 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° for TM wave.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Distribution of power density for the metamaterial microwindmill absorber in the plane z = 0 μm at four resonant frequencies. (a) 1.516 THz, (b) 2.205 THz, (c) 2.424 THz, and (d) 2.565 THz, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Distribution of electric field for the metamaterial microwindmill absorber in the plane z = 0 μm at four resonant frequencies. (a) 1.516 THz, (b) 2.205 THz, (c)2.424 THz, and (d) 2.565 THz, respectively.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Electric energy density and energy loss density of the meta-microwindmill absorber along z axis under the subunit 3. (a) electric energy density, (b) energy loss density, (b1) detail view of energy loss density in the dielectric layer at 1.516 THz resonant frequency, and (c) energy loss density at 2 THz nonresonant frequency.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Distributions of the normalized magnetic field and the energy flow for the microwindmill absorber in the plane of z = −2 μm and −4 μm at 2.424 THz. (a) magnetic energy distribution in the plane of z = -2 μm, (b) energy flow distribution in z = -2 μm, (c) magnetic energy distribution in z = -4 μm, and (d) energy flow distribution in z = -4 μm.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Absorption spectra of meta-microwindmill absorber at different parameters errors. (a) With different gaps between the opposite subunits (t) (when r = 0 μm), (b) With different radius (r) at the vertex of the microfan (when t = 5 μm), (b1) Detailed view of absorption peak at around 2.43 THz in Fig. 7(b) and (b2) Detailed view of absorption peak at around 2.57 THz in Fig. 7(b).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optimized width (a) and length (b) of the rectangles for four subunits of the microwindmill structure.

Metrics