Abstract

New nonlinear optical (NLO) crystals TmCa4O(BO3)3 (TmCOB) were grown by the Czochralski pulling method, and the anisotropy of second-harmonic-generation (SHG) properties were characterized. Based on the ratio of the peaks of the 2ω signals produced by TmCOB and that of KTP crystal samples at the low fundamental energy, the NLO tensor coefficients d12, d32, d31 and d13 were determined and found to be 0.24, 1.70, −0.55 and −0.32 pm/V, respectively. At 1064 nm, the phase-matching (PM) curves and the effective NLO coefficients (deff) in spatial distribution were evaluated. Efficient SHG was realized on a (32.5°, 180°)-cut TmCOB sample (4 × 4 × 11.8 mm3) in principal plane, by using a 1064 nm Nd:YAG pico-second laser, where the highest conversion efficiency of the single-pass light reached up to 51%, while for a (112.5°, 35.9°)-cut TmCOB sample (4 × 4 × 8 mm3) in spatial PM direction, the single-pass light reached 58%. Meanwhile, the angular noncritical phase matching (A-NCPM) wavelengths along the Y and Z principal axes were calculated and measured, and the limit of type-I PM wavelength of TmCOB was found to be 716 nm.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2012 (1)

2011 (3)

2007 (2)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

2003 (1)

A. J. Nelson, J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, “Photoemission investigation of the electronic structure of lanthanum–calcium oxoborate,” J. Appl. Phys.94(12), 7493–7495 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

J. J. Adams, C. A. Ebbers, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear optical properties of LaCa4O(BO3)3.,” Opt. Lett.26(4), 217–219 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.25(6), 423–425 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

M. Yoshimura, H. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, K. Murase, Y. Mori, and T. Sasaki, “Noncritically phase-matched frequency conversion in GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” Opt. Lett.24(4), 193–195 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. T. Chen, N. Ye, J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater.11(13), 1071–1078 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

P. Becker, “Borate materials in nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater.10(13), 979–992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Adams, J. J.

A. J. Nelson, J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, “Photoemission investigation of the electronic structure of lanthanum–calcium oxoborate,” J. Appl. Phys.94(12), 7493–7495 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, C. A. Ebbers, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear optical properties of LaCa4O(BO3)3.,” Opt. Lett.26(4), 217–219 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aka, G.

Andersen, M. T.

Armstrong, D. J.

Aron, A.

Badr, T.

Balembois, F.

Becker, P.

P. Becker, “Borate materials in nonlinear optics,” Adv. Mater.10(13), 979–992 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

Buchhave, P.

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B.

Chai, B. H. T.

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. T.

C. T. Chen, N. Ye, J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater.11(13), 1071–1078 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. C.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. X.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Colin, P.

Coquelin, P.

Courjaud, A.

Damelet, J. P.

Druon, F.

Duan, X. L.

F. P. Yu, S. J. Zhang, X. Zhao, S. Y. Guo, X. L. Duan, D. Y. Yuan, and T. R. Shrout, “Investigation of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ReCa4(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(13), 135405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ebbers, C. A.

Erbert, G.

Fei, Y. T.

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. M. Liao, I. Jovanovic, C. A. Ebbers, Y. T. Fei, and B. Chai, “Energy and average power scalable optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification in yttrium calcium oxyborate,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1277–1279 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrand, B.

Fiebig, C.

Fu, K.

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Furuya, H.

Garca Solé, J.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Georges, P.

Germershausen, S.

Gheorghe, L.

Griebner, U.

Guo, S. Y.

F. P. Yu, S. J. Zhang, X. Zhao, S. Y. Guo, X. L. Duan, D. Y. Yuan, and T. R. Shrout, “Investigation of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ReCa4(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(13), 135405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Han, J. R.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hönninger, C.

Jaque, D.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J.

C. T. Chen, N. Ye, J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater.11(13), 1071–1078 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jovanovic, I.

Kahn-Harari, A.

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

Leng, Y. X.

Li, G. M.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. F.

Li, R. X.

Liang, X. Y.

Liao, Z. M.

Z. M. Liao, I. Jovanovic, C. A. Ebbers, Y. T. Fei, and B. Chai, “Energy and average power scalable optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification in yttrium calcium oxyborate,” Opt. Lett.31(9), 1277–1279 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lin, J.

C. T. Chen, N. Ye, J. Lin, J. Jiang, W. R. Zeng, and B. C. Wu, “Computer-assisted search for nonlinear optical crystals,” Adv. Mater.11(13), 1071–1078 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. H.

A. Yoshida, A. Schmidt, V. Petrov, C. Fiebig, G. Erbert, J. H. Liu, H. J. Zhang, J. Y. Wang, and U. Griebner, “Diode-pumped mode-locked Yb:YCOB laser generating 35 fs pulses,” Opt. Lett.36(22), 4425–4427 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y. G.

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Loiseau, P.

Lu, X. M.

Lupei, V.

Mildren, R. P.

Mori, Y.

Mortensen, J. L.

Mougel, F.

Murase, K.

Nelson, A. J.

A. J. Nelson, J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, “Photoemission investigation of the electronic structure of lanthanum–calcium oxoborate,” J. Appl. Phys.94(12), 7493–7495 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ogilvy, H.

Pack, M. V.

Pan, Z. B.

Pask, H. M.

Payne, S. A.

Pelenc, D.

Petrov, V.

Piper, J. A.

Salin, F.

Sarrouf, R.

Sasaki, T.

Schaffers, K. I.

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Nelson, J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, “Photoemission investigation of the electronic structure of lanthanum–calcium oxoborate,” J. Appl. Phys.94(12), 7493–7495 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Adams, C. A. Ebbers, K. I. Schaffers, and S. A. Payne, “Nonlinear optical properties of LaCa4O(BO3)3.,” Opt. Lett.26(4), 217–219 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, A.

Shao, Z.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z. S.

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shrout, T. R.

F. P. Yu, S. J. Zhang, X. Zhao, S. Y. Guo, X. L. Duan, D. Y. Yuan, and T. R. Shrout, “Investigation of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ReCa4(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(13), 135405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Song, R. B.

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sousa, V.

Sun, L. K.

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Taira, T.

Thelin, P.

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tidemand-Lichtenberg, P.

Tzankov, P.

Vivien, D.

Wang, C.

Wang, C. Q.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

Wang, Z. P.

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J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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F. P. Yu, S. J. Zhang, X. Zhao, S. Y. Guo, X. L. Duan, D. Y. Yuan, and T. R. Shrout, “Investigation of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ReCa4(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(13), 135405 (2011).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Liu, X. Xu, C. Q. Wang, S. Zhang, J. Wang, H. Chen, Z. Shao, and M. Jiang, “Intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.06 μm in GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B72(2), 163–166 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Capmany, D. Jaque, J. Garca Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Continuous wave laser radiation at 524 nm from a self-frequency-doubled laser of LaBGeO5:Nd3+,” Appl. Phys. Lett.72(5), 531–533 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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A. J. Nelson, J. J. Adams, and K. I. Schaffers, “Photoemission investigation of the electronic structure of lanthanum–calcium oxoborate,” J. Appl. Phys.94(12), 7493–7495 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (2)

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, S. J. Zhang, J. R. Han, L. K. Sun, and H. C. Chen, “Growth and noncritical phase-matching third-harmonic-generation of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3 crystal,” J. Cryst. Growth213(3-4), 415–418 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. T. Fei, B. H. T. Chai, C. A. Ebbers, Z. M. Liao, K. I. Schaffers, and P. Thelin, “Large-aperture YCOB crystal growth for frequency conversion in the high average power laser system,” J. Cryst. Growth290(1), 301–306 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

F. P. Yu, S. J. Zhang, X. Zhao, S. Y. Guo, X. L. Duan, D. Y. Yuan, and T. R. Shrout, “Investigation of the dielectric and piezoelectric properties of ReCa4(BO3)3 crystals,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44(13), 135405 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

S. J. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, J. H. Liu, G. M. Li, J. R. Han, Z. S. Shao, and H. C. Chen, “Study on the second-harmonic-generation of GdCa4O(BO3)3 crystals along various phase-matching directions,” Opt. Laser Technol.32(2), 153–155 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (9)

R. Sarrouf, V. Sousa, T. Badr, G. B. Xu, and J. J. Zondy, “Watt-level single-frequency tunable Nd:YLF/periodically poled KTiOPO4 red laser,” Opt. Lett.32(18), 2732–2734 (2007).
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F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, A. Brun, A. Courjaud, C. Hönninger, F. Salin, A. Aron, F. Mougel, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, “Generation of 90-fs pulses from a mode-locked diode-pumped Yb3+:Ca4GdO(BO3)3 laser,” Opt. Lett.25(6), 423–425 (2000).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Solid State Commun. (1)

Z. P. Wang, X. G. Xu, K. Fu, R. B. Song, J. Y. Wang, J. Q. Wei, Y. G. Liu, and Z. S. Shao, “Non-critical phase matching of GdxY1-xCa4O(BO3)3(GdxY1-xCOB) crystal,” Solid State Commun.120(9-10), 397–400 (2001).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) The type-I PM curve at 1064 nm, (b) The type-II PM curve at 1064 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Distribution of |deff| (type-I PM) of TmCOB crystals at 1064 nm, (b) Distribution of |deff| (type-II PM) of TmCOB crystals at 1064 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Output energy of TmCOB crystals at 532 nm (crystal cuts in the principal planes), (b) SHG conversion efficiency of TmCOB crystals at 1064 nm (crystal cuts in the principal planes).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SHG conversion efficiency of TmCOB crystals at 1064 nm (crystal cuts out of principal planes).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The measured NLO coefficients of ReCOB crystals

Tables Icon

Table 2 The A-NCPM SHG properties of TmCOB crystal (calculated values)

Tables Icon

Table 3 The A-NCPM SHG wavelengths of TmCOB crystal (experimental values)

Equations (5)

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n x 2 = 2.78408 + 0.02067 λ 2 0.01895 0.00631 λ 2 n y 2 = 2.89736 + 0.02230 λ 2 0.01896 0.01193 λ 2 n z 2 = 2.93385 + 0.02272 λ 2 0.01886 0.013 λ 2
d e f f = d 12 cos θ d 32 sin θ ( 0 θ < Ω , ϕ = 0 )
d e f f = d 12 cos θ + d 32 sin θ ( 0 θ < Ω , ϕ = 180 )
d e f f = d 13 sin ϕ ( t y p e Ι )
d e f f = d 32 cos 2 ϕ + d 31 sin 2 ϕ ( t y p e Ι Ι )

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