Abstract

We demonstrate simultaneous light emissions in O (1260-1360 nm), S (1460-1530 nm), and C (1530-1565 nm) telecommunications bands from films composed of mixtures of polycrystalline Er2xTm2-2xSiO5 and Er2xTm2-2xSi2O7 and of polycrystalline Er2xTm2-2xO3 grown by radio frequency (rf) magnetron sputtering using polycrystalline Tm2O3, Er2O3 and SiO2 targets on Si(100) substrates. Photons are emitted in the O and S + C bands when the samples are optically excited at 532 nm and in the S and C bands when excited at 785 nm. The simultaneous dual-wavelength light emissions are discussed in terms of energy transfers between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in the polycrystalline Er-Tm compounds.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  29. Q. Yi, T. Tsuboi, S. Zhou, Y. Nakai, H. Lin, H. Teng, “Investigation of emission properties of Tm3+:Y2O3 transparent ceramic,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 091602 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  32. D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  34. J. Caird, L. DeShazer, J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(11), 874–881 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  35. J. L. Vossen, “Control of film properties by rf-sputtering techniques,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 8(5), 12 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  36. B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
    [CrossRef]

2014 (1)

V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
[CrossRef]

2013 (2)

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (2)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Q. Yi, T. Tsuboi, S. Zhou, Y. Nakai, H. Lin, H. Teng, “Investigation of emission properties of Tm3+:Y2O3 transparent ceramic,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 091602 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (3)

A. I. Metelitsa, T. S. Alster, “Fractionated laser skin resurfacing treatment complications: a review,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(3), 299–306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. M. Walsh, “Dual wavelength lasers,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 622–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, “Toward small size waveguide amplifiers based on erbium silicate for silicon photonics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E91–C(2), 138–144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

1997 (1)

A. Polman, “Erbium implanted thin film photonic materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 82(1), 1 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Q. Shi, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, “Investigation of the interactions between dissimilar ions in (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(1), 23 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. Caird, L. DeShazer, J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(11), 874–881 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. L. Vossen, “Control of film properties by rf-sputtering techniques,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 8(5), 12 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

T. Miyakawa, D. Dexter, “Phonon Sidebands, Multiphonon Relaxation of Excited States, and Phonon-Assisted Energy Transfer between Ions in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1(7), 2961–2969 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Abe, Y.

H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adam, J. L.

D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Affrossman, S.

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Alster, T. S.

A. I. Metelitsa, T. S. Alster, “Fractionated laser skin resurfacing treatment complications: a review,” Dermatol. Surg. 36(3), 299–306 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anagnosti, M.

H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Antic-Fidancev, E.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Balda, R.

Barbosa, L. C.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bass, M.

W. Q. Shi, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, “Investigation of the interactions between dissimilar ions in (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(1), 23 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Beaudoux, F.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bindra, K.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

W. Q. Shi, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, “Investigation of the interactions between dissimilar ions in (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(1), 23 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bookey, H. J.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boulon, G.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bruce, S.

K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burdick, G. W.

J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Caird, J.

J. Caird, L. DeShazer, J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(11), 874–881 (1975).
[CrossRef]

César, C. L.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chanelière, T.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chaussedent, S.

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chillcce, E. F.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L.

J. Caird, L. DeShazer, J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(11), 874–881 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D.

T. Miyakawa, D. Dexter, “Phonon Sidebands, Multiphonon Relaxation of Excited States, and Phonon-Assisted Energy Transfer between Ions in Solids,” Phys. Rev. B 1(7), 2961–2969 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y. J.

Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Du, Y.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

El-Amraoui, M.

V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Eubanks, L. E.

K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fabian, D.

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Fernández, J.

Fernández-Navarro, J. M.

Ferrari, M.

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gimzewski, J.

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

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T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, A.

K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hozumi, T.

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Hu, L.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
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[CrossRef]

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H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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L. Huang, A. Jha, S. Shen, X. Liu, “Broadband emission in Er3+-Tm3+ codoped tellurite fibre,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2429–2434 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
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T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kaji, R.

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

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S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
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H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, “Toward small size waveguide amplifiers based on erbium silicate for silicon photonics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E91–C(2), 138–144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
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W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
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W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Le Gouët, J.-L.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H.

Liu, X.

L. Huang, A. Jha, S. Shen, X. Liu, “Broadband emission in Er3+-Tm3+ codoped tellurite fibre,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2429–2434 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
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C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
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McIntosh, B.

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
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Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
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Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
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C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
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C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
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E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mun, J. H.

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
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T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
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Naftaly, M.

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
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E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
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J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oh, K.

H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Padalia, B.

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
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D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pinto, A.

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Polder, K. D.

K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
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V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, E.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ruggiero, J.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sardar, D. K.

J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Seddon, A. B.

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

L. Huang, A. Jha, S. Shen, X. Liu, “Broadband emission in Er3+-Tm3+ codoped tellurite fibre,” Opt. Express 12(11), 2429–2434 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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W. Q. Shi, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, “Investigation of the interactions between dissimilar ions in (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6(1), 23 (1989).
[CrossRef]

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shibata, H.

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sibley, W. A.

D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, G.

Sogawa, T.

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Stutz, C. E.

Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Suscavage, M. J.

D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, G.

H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tawara, T.

T. Tawara, H. Omi, T. Hozumi, R. Kaji, S. Adachi, H. Gotoh, T. Sogawa, “Population dynamics in epitaxial Er2O3 thin films grown on Si(111),” Appl. Phys. Lett. 102(24), 241918 (2013).
[CrossRef]

H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Teng, H.

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tosello, C.

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tsuboi, T.

Veitch, P.

Verdun, H.

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, J.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Vossen, J. L.

J. L. Vossen, “Control of film properties by rf-sputtering techniques,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 8(5), 12 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Walsh, B. M.

B. M. Walsh, “Dual wavelength lasers,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 622–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Waseda, Y.

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Watson, L.

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, H.

H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, R.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, D. C.

D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi, Q.

Yoshikawa, A.

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, S.

AIP Adv. (1)

H. Omi, Y. Abe, M. Anagnosti, T. Tawara, “Mixture formation of ErxYb2-xSi2O7 and ErxYb2-xO3 on Si for broadening the C-band in an optical amplifier,” AIP Adv. 3(4), 042107 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. Q. Shi, R. Kurtz, J. Machan, M. Bass, M. Birnbaum, M. Kokta, “Simultaneous, multiple wavelength lasing of (Er, Nd):Y3Al5O12,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51(16), 1218 (1987).
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[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Jeong, K. Oh, S. R. Han, T. F. Morse, “Characterization of broadband amplified spontaneous emission from an Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped silica fiber,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 367(3–4), 507–511 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

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K. D. Polder, A. Harrison, L. E. Eubanks, S. Bruce, “1,927-nm fractional thulium fiber laser for the treatment of nonfacial photodamage: a pilot study,” Dermatol. Surg. 37(3), 342–348 (2011).
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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Glass Phys. Chem. (1)

C. Tosello, M. Montagna, M. Mattarelli, M. Ferrari, S. Chaussedent, A. Monteil, V. K. Tikhomirov, A. B. Seddon, “Er3+- and Tm3+-containing ultra-transparent oxyfluoride-based glass ceramics for wavelength division multiplexing optical amplifiers,” Glass Phys. Chem. 31(3), 377–381 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Caird, L. DeShazer, J. Nella, “Characteristics of room-temperature 2.3-μm laser emission from Tm3+in YAG and YAlO3,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 11(11), 874–881 (1975).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

Y. J. Ding, Q. Hu, M. Koch, C. E. Stutz, “Introduction to the Special Issue on THz Materials, Devices, and Applications,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 14(2), 257–259 (2008).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

H. Isshiki, T. Kimura, “Toward small size waveguide amplifiers based on erbium silicate for silicon photonics,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E91–C(2), 138–144 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

S. Shen, A. Jha, X. Liu, M. Naftaly, K. Bindra, H. J. Bookey, A. K. Kar, “Tellurite Glasses for Broadband Amplifiers and Integrated Optics,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 85(6), 1391–1395 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. B. Gruber, G. W. Burdick, S. Chandra, D. K. Sardar, “Analyses of the ultraviolet spectra of Er 3+ in Er2O3 and Er3+ in Y2O3,” J. Appl. Phys. 108(2), 023109 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

V. A. G. Rivera, M. El-Amraoui, Y. Ledemi, Y. Messaddeq, E. Marega., “Expanding broadband emission in the near-IR via energy transfer between Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite-glasses,” J. Lumin. 145, 787–792 (2014).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. (1)

Y. Tian, R. Xu, L. Hu, J. Zhang, “2.7μm fluorescence radiative dynamics and energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in fluoride glass under 800nm and 980nm excitation,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 113(1), 87–95 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Rare Earths (1)

H. Xiong, G. Tang, L. Luo, W. Chen, “50GeSe2-25In2Se3-25CsI glass doped with Tm3+, Tm3+/Ho3+ and Tm3+/Er3+ for amplifiers working at 1.22 μm,” J. Rare Earths 29(10), 920–923 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. (1)

J. L. Vossen, “Control of film properties by rf-sputtering techniques,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 8(5), 12 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Laser Phys. (1)

B. M. Walsh, “Dual wavelength lasers,” Laser Phys. 20(3), 622–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+–Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Technol. 12(2), 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (Amst) (2)

Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, L. D. Merkle, A. Pinto, B. McIntosh, H. Verdun, “Luminescence properties of Y2O3 single crystals doped with Pr3+ or Tm3+ and codoped with Yb3+, Tb3+ or Ho3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 5(1–2), 127–136 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Novoselov, Y. Guyot, A. Yoshikawa, H. Ohta, H. Shibata, Y. Waseda, G. Boulon, T. Fukuda, “Growth and characterization of Tm-doped Y2O3 single crystals,” Opt. Mater. (Amst) 29(11), 1390–1393 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

T. Chanelière, J. Ruggiero, J.-L. Le Gouët, W. Tittel, J.-H. Mun, A. Jouini, A. Yoshikawa, G. Boulon, Y. Du, P. Goldner, F. Beaudoux, J. Vincent, E. Antic-Fidancev, O. Guillot-Noël, “Tm3+:Y2O3 investigated for a quantum light storage application,” Phys. Rev. B 77(24), 245127 (2008).
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D. C. Yeh, R. R. Petrin, W. A. Sibley, V. Madigou, J. L. Adam, M. J. Suscavage, “Energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in a barium fluoride-thorium fluoride glass,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 39(1), 80–90 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

B. Padalia, J. Gimzewski, S. Affrossman, W. Lang, L. Watson, D. Fabian, “The reactions of oxygen and water with the rare-earth metals terbium to lutetium studied by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,” Surf. Sci. 61(2), 468–482 (1976).
[CrossRef]

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Y. Bai, J. Yu, M. Petros, P. Petzar, B. Trieu, H. Lee, U. Singh, V. Leyva, V. Shkunov, D. Rockwell, A. Betin, and J. Wang, “Injection Seeded/Phase-Conjugated 2-micron Laser System,” Nasa Technical Reports (2007).

L. Agazzi, J. D. B. Bradley, F. Ay, A. Kahn, H. Scheife, G. Huber, R. M. de Ridder, K. Worhoff, and M. Pollnau, “Energy migration governs upconversion losses in Er3+-doped integrated amplifiers,” in CLEO/Europe - EQEC - European Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics and the European Quantum Electronics Conference, (2009).]

P. Nair, B. M. Sivaram, and J. P. Raina, “Effect of upconversion losses on the performance of high concentration Erbium doped fiber amplifiers,” in Technical Digest. CLEO/Pacific Rim. The Pacific Rim Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 303 (1995).
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L. Xiong, P. Hofmann, A. Schülzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and J. Albert, “A Short Dual-wavelength DBR Phosphate Fiber Laser,” in CLEO - Laser Applications to Photonic Applications, CTuI3 (2011).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

θ-2θ Synchrotron grazing incidence X-ray diffraction (GIXD) patterns obtained from SA (a) and SB (b). Powder patterns from pure Er/Tm mono- and di-silicates (c,e) and pure Er/Tm oxides (d). (f) SIMS depth profiles of Er, Tm, Si and O from the Tm2O3(75 nm)/Er2O3(75 nm) layers formed on Si by rf sputtering and thermal annealing at 950 °C for 1 h.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Raman spectra of the two samples and the 300-nm-thick Er2O3 film grown on Si(100).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) PL spectra of the samples with excitation wavelength of 532 nm. The peaks are categorized into three bands (1300, 1470, and 1530 nm). The positions of main PL peaks from Er3+ ions are 1529.7 and 1535.6 nm for SA and SB, respectively. (b) Stark energy levels of Er3+ ions in Er2O3 and of Tm3+ ions in Y2O3 [19], [28] and the transitions corresponding to the PL peaks from the SB.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Wavelength excitation dependence of PL spectra from the SA sample. The spectra are obtained at room temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Model of energy transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in SA (Er2xTm2-2xSiO5 and Er2xTm2-2xSi2O7) and SB (Er2xTm2-2xO3) with the two-excitation wavelengths. ET1, ET2 and ET3 indicate energy transfers between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions. CR1 and CR2 indicate cross-relaxations between Tm3+ and Tm3+ ions and Tm3+ and Er3+ ions, respectively.

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