Abstract

The fabrication process and characterization of composite step-index fibers with a large refractive index difference (Δn = 0.336 at 1.54 μm) between the tellurite glass-made core and the germanate-tellurite glass-made cladding are presented. In order to fabricate these composite fibers, the composition of the cladding glass was selected because of its thermal and optical properties corresponding to those of the core glass. This work demonstrates that even if these two glasses have relatively different chemical compositions, their association results in a good quality fiber. This fiber design combines strong confinement of the optical modes inside its core and good environmental stability for nonlinear applications in the mid-infrared.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2013 (1)

2012 (1)

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

2010 (2)

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

2007 (1)

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2003 (1)

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (1)

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

A. Masoki, “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Chalcogenide Glass Fibers and Their Application to All-Optical Switching,” Opt. Fiber Technol.3, 142–148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier Coefficients and Chromatic Dispersions for Some Tellurite Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78, 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3, 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

K. Clarke and Y. Ito, “Manufacture of fluoride glass preforms,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids140, 265–268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1982 (1)

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Blömer, D.

Brilland, L.

Bruce, A. J.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, T.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaudhari, C.

Cheng, T.

Chilyasov, A.V.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chung, K.-H.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Churbanov, M.F.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Clarke, K.

K. Clarke and Y. Ito, “Manufacture of fluoride glass preforms,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids140, 265–268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Cordeiro, C. M. B.

Couzi, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cronin-Golomb, M.

Deng, D.

Désévédavy, F.

Dianov, E.M.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Domachuk, P.

Dorofeev, V.V.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dreisow, F.

Drexhage, M. G.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Duan, Z.

W. Gao, M. El-Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21, 9573–9584 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

El-Amraoui, M.

El-Bayoumi, O. H.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Fakis, M.

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fantome, J.

Florentino, M.

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fortier, C.

Furniss, D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gadret, G.

Gao, W.

Gavin, D. L.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

George, A. K.

Gerasimenko, V.V.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ghosh, G.

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier Coefficients and Chromatic Dispersions for Some Tellurite Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78, 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Giannetas, V.

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Granzow, N.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Haldeman, A.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, B.-C.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ito, Y.

K. Clarke and Y. Ito, “Manufacture of fluoride glass preforms,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids140, 265–268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jackson, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jules, J. C.

Kawashima, H.

Ketkova, L.A.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kito, C.

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, and T. Misumi, “Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express17, 21608–21614 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J. C.

Kosolapov, A.F.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kotereva, T.V.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kraev, I.A.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, P.

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Le Neindre, L.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liao, M.

Lin, A.

A. Zhang, A. Lin, and J. Toulouse, “Ultra-dry oxygen atmosphere to protect tellurite glass fiber from surface crystallization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356, 525–528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lobanov, A.S.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Loretz, T. J.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Luo, T.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

Masoki, A.

A. Masoki, “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Chalcogenide Glass Fibers and Their Application to All-Optical Switching,” Opt. Fiber Technol.3, 142–148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Massera, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, M.

Messaddeq, Y.

Misumi, T.

Moiseev, A.N.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Moynihan, C.t.

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Neag, M. C.

A. T. Riga and M. C. Neag, “Materials Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis,” (ASTM International, 1991).

Nolte, S.

O’Donnell, M. D.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ohishi, Y.

W. Gao, M. El-Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21, 9573–9584 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. El-Amraoui, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, J. Fantome, C. Fortier, F. Désévédavy, I. Skripatchev, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, W. Gao, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Microstructured chalcogenide optical fibers from As2S3 glass: towards new IR broadband sources,” Opt. Express18, 26655 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17, 12174–12182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, and T. Misumi, “Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express17, 21608–21614 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omenetto, F. G.

Persephonis, P.

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petit, L.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Plotnichenko, V.G.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Polyzos, I.

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pushkin, A.A.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G.

Ramme, M.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ranka, J. K.

Richardson, K.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Riga, A. T.

A. T. Riga and M. C. Neag, “Materials Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis,” (ASTM International, 1991).

Rivero, C.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rivero-Baleine, C.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

Schmidt, M. A.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Schreiber, T.

Seddon, A. B.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.E.

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sheik-bahae, M.

Skripatchev, I.

Smektala, F.

Snitzer, E.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3, 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Snopatin, G.E.

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A. J.

Stolen, R.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

W. Gao, M. El-Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21, 9573–9584 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. El-Amraoui, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, J. Fantome, C. Fortier, F. Désévédavy, I. Skripatchev, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, W. Gao, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Microstructured chalcogenide optical fibers from As2S3 glass: towards new IR broadband sources,” Opt. Express18, 26655 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17, 12174–12182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, and T. Misumi, “Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express17, 21608–21614 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szameit, A.

Tikhomirov, V. K.

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tong, H.T.

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

A. Zhang, A. Lin, and J. Toulouse, “Ultra-dry oxygen atmosphere to protect tellurite glass fiber from surface crystallization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356, 525–528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Troles, J.

Tsigaridas, G.

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Tverjanovich, A.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Uebel, P.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Van Stryland, E. W.

Vogel, E. M.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3, 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

Wang, J. S.

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3, 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Watson, J.

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Windeler, R.S.

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wolchover, N. A.

Wondraczek, L.

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yan, X.

Zhang, A.

A. Zhang, A. Lin, and J. Toulouse, “Ultra-dry oxygen atmosphere to protect tellurite glass fiber from surface crystallization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356, 525–528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

G. Tsigaridas, M. Fakis, I. Polyzos, P. Persephonis, and V. Giannetas, “Z-scan technique for elliptic Gaussian beams,” Appl. Phys. B77, 71–75 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Express (1)

Z. Duan, M. Liao, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite Composite Microstructured Optical Fibers with Tailored Chromatic Dispersion for Nonlinear Applications,” Appl. Phys. Express4, 072502 (2011).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol Lett. (1)

J.E. Sharping, M. Florentino, P. Kumar, and R.S. Windeler, “All-optical switching based on cross-phase modulation in microstructure fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol Lett.14, 77–79 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (4)

M. G. Drexhage, O. H. El-Bayoumi, C.t. Moynihan, A. J. Bruce, K.-H. Chung, D. L. Gavin, and T. J. Loretz, “Preparation and Properties of Heavy-Metal Fluoride Glasses Containing Ytterbium or Lutetium,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.65, c168–c171 (1982).
[CrossRef]

G. Ghosh, “Sellmeier Coefficients and Chromatic Dispersions for Some Tellurite Glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.78, 2828–2830 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. D. O’Donnell, K. Richardson, R. Stolen, A. B. Seddon, D. Furniss, V. K. Tikhomirov, C. Rivero, M. Ramme, R. Stegeman, G. Stegeman, M. Couzi, and T. Cardinal, “Tellurite and Fluorotellurite Glasses for Fiber optic Raman Amplifiers,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.90, 1448–1457 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, J. Jackson, C. Rivero-Baleine, L. Petit, and K. Richardson, “Processing of Tellurite-Based Glass with Low OH Content,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94, 130–136 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

K. Clarke and Y. Ito, “Manufacture of fluoride glass preforms,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids140, 265–268 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, A. Lin, and J. Toulouse, “Ultra-dry oxygen atmosphere to protect tellurite glass fiber from surface crystallization,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids356, 525–528 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Le Neindre, S. Jiang, B.-C. Hwang, T. Luo, J. Watson, and N. Peyghambarian, “Effect of relative alkali content on absorption linewidth in erbium-doped tellurite glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids255, 97–102 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

B. J. Eggleton, B. Luther-Davies, and K. Richardson, “Chalcogenide photonics,” Nat. Photonics5, 141–148 (2011).

Opt. Express (6)

D. Blömer, A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, “Nonlinear refractive index of fs-laser-written waveguides in fused silica,” Opt. Express14, 2151–2157 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, M. Matsumoto, and T. Misumi, “Fabrication and characterization of a chalcogenide-tellurite composite microstructure fiber with high nonlinearity,” Opt. Express17, 21608–21614 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Liao, C. Chaudhari, G. Qin, X. Yan, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Tellurite microstructure fibers with small hexagonal core for supercontinuum generation,” Opt. Express17, 12174–12182 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Domachuk, N. A. Wolchover, M. Cronin-Golomb, A. Wang, A. K. George, C. M. B. Cordeiro, J. C. Knight, and F. G. Omenetto, “Over 4000 nm bandwidth of mid-IR supercontinuum generation in sub-centimeter segments of highly nonlinear tellurite PCFs,” Opt. Express16, 7161–7168 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. El-Amraoui, G. Gadret, J. C. Jules, J. Fantome, C. Fortier, F. Désévédavy, I. Skripatchev, Y. Messaddeq, J. Troles, L. Brilland, W. Gao, T. Suzuki, Y. Ohishi, and F. Smektala, “Microstructured chalcogenide optical fibers from As2S3 glass: towards new IR broadband sources,” Opt. Express18, 26655 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Gao, M. El-Amraoui, M. Liao, H. Kawashima, Z. Duan, D. Deng, T. Cheng, T. Suzuki, Y. Messaddeq, and Y. Ohishi, “Mid-infrared supercontinuum generation in a suspended-core As2S3 chalcogenide microstructured optical fiber,” Opt. Express21, 9573–9584 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Fiber Technol. (1)

A. Masoki, “Nonlinear Optical Properties of Chalcogenide Glass Fibers and Their Application to All-Optical Switching,” Opt. Fiber Technol.3, 142–148 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Lett. Express (1)

N. Granzow, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, A. Tverjanovich, L. Wondraczek, and P. St. J. Russell, “Bandgap guidance in hybrid chalcogenide-silica photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. Express36, 2432–2434 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (3)

V.V. Dorofeev, A.N. Moiseev, M.F. Churbanov, G.E. Snopatin, A.V. Chilyasov, I.A. Kraev, A.S. Lobanov, T.V. Kotereva, L.A. Ketkova, A.A. Pushkin, V.V. Gerasimenko, V.G. Plotnichenko, A.F. Kosolapov, and E.M. Dianov, “High-purity TeO2–WO3–(La2O3, Bi2O3) glasses for fiber-optics,” Opt. Mater.33, 1911–1915 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.T. Tong, C. Kito, T. Suzuki, and Y. Ohishi, “Fabrication of highly nonlinear optical fibers with tellurite glass core and phosphate glass cladding,” Opt. Mater.34, 1795–1803 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Wang, E. M. Vogel, and E. Snitzer, “Tellurite glass: a new candidate for fiber devices,” Opt. Mater.3, 187–203 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. T. Riga and M. C. Neag, “Materials Characterization by Thermomechanical Analysis,” (ASTM International, 1991).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical transmission spectra (sample thickness, GTZN: 4.27 mm, TWL: 2.27 mm) and (b) dispersion curves of the linear refractive index for the TWL and the GTZN glasses.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Cross-sectional and (b) side views of the TWL-GTZN composite fiber observed with an optical microscope. (c) Calculated dispersion curve of the composite fiber. Z-scan traces (circles) with theoretical fit (solid line) for the (d) TWL and (e) GTZN glasses.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Thermal and optical parameters of the 69TeO2 – 23WO3 – 8La2O3 (TWL) and the 47.5GeO2 – 17.5TeO2 – 20ZnO – 15Na2O (GTZN) glasses.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Sellmeier coefficients for the TWL and the GTZN glasses.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n 2 = A + B 1 1 C 1 / λ 2 + B 2 1 C 2 / λ 2

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