Abstract

Ultrafast demagnetization in magnetic nanoparticles has attracted considerable attention because of its potential applications such as spintronics. For such applications, it is important to develop materials in which ultrafast magnetization can be controlled by lower-power laser pulses. We developed a new method for fabricating Ag–Co hybrid nanoparticles in a TiO2 film using pulsed laser deposition, and elucidated ultrafast magnetization dynamics of these films by employing the pump–probe time-resolved Faraday rotation measurement. The measurements showed that localized surface plasmon resonance of the nanoparticles resulted in an enhancement of the ultrafast demagnetization of the films.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  32. E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  33. D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 063106 (2005).
    [Crossref]
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2014 (1)

C. Clavero, “Plasmon-induced hot-electron generation at nanoparticle/metal-oxide interfaces for photovoltaic and photocatalytic devices,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 95–103 (2014).
[Crossref]

2011 (1)

K. Ikemiya, Y. Hirose, and T. Hasegawa, “Fabrication and magnetic properties of fcc-co nanorods embedded in epitaxial thin films of anatase TiO2 as a transparent matrix,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(5), 1776–1779 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Hsia, H.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size effect on chemical tuning of spin−lattice relaxation dynamics in superparamagnetic nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(21), 9713–9719 (2010).
[Crossref]

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

2009 (5)

C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Time-resolved study of surface spin effect on spin-lattice relaxation in Fe3O4 nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(26), 9146–9147 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, M. Vomir, and E. Beaurepaire, “Coherent ultrafast magnetism induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 515–520 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. R. Fan, Y. Ding, D. Y. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, and Z. L. Wang, “Facet-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterogeneous Nanostructures of Semiconductor and Metal: ZnO Nanorods on Ag Nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(34), 12036–12037 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

S. E. Habas, P. Yang, and T. Mokari, “Selective growth of metal and binary metal tips on CdS nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(11), 3294–3295 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size-dependent ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 571–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (5)

C. Chappert, A. Fert, and F. N. Van Dau, “The emergence of spin electronics in data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 813–823 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wetz, K. Soulantica, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Snoeck, and B. Chaudret, “Hybrid Co-Au nanorods: controlling Au nucleation and location,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 46(37), 7079–7081 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Guo, “Nanoimprint lithography: methods and material requirements,” Adv. Mater. 19(4), 495–513 (2007).
[Crossref]

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Saunders, I. Popov, and U. Banin, “Synthesis of hybrid CdS-Au colloidal nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(50), 25421–25429 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

A. A. Tseng, A. Notargiacomo, and T. P. Chen, “Nanofabrication by scanning probe microscope lithography: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23(3), 877–894 (2005).
[Crossref]

B. D. Gates, Q. Xu, M. Stewart, D. Ryan, C. G. Willson, and G. M. Whitesides, “New approaches to nanofabrication: molding, printing, and other techniques,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1171–1196 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Watt, A. A. Bettiol, J. A. Van Kan, E. J. Teo, and M. B. H. Breese, “Ion beam lithography and nanofabrication: a review,” Int. J. Nano. Sci. 04(03), 269–286 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 063106 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

D. Yelin, D. Oron, S. Thiberge, E. Moses, and Y. Silberberg, “Multiphoton plasmon-resonance microscopy,” Opt. Express 11(12), 1385–1391 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

H. Tamaru, H. Kuwata, H. T. Miyazaki, and K. Miyano, “Resonant light scattering from individual Ag nanoparticles and particle pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1826–1828 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for the future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (2)

J. Hohlfeld, E. Matthias, R. Knorren, and K. H. Bennemann, “Nonequilibrium magnetization dynamics of nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4861–4864 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Scholl, L. Baumgarten, R. Jacquemin, and W. Eberhardt, “Ultrafast spin dynamics of ferromagnetic thin films observed by fs spin-resolved two-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(25), 5146–5149 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

E. Beaurepaire, J.-C. Merle, A. Daunois, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4250–4253 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

M. Moskovits, “Surface-enhanced spectroscopy,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 57(3), 783–826 (1985).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

H. W. Deckman and J. H. Dunsmuir, “Natural lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41(4), 377–379 (1982).
[Crossref]

Aeschlimann, M.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

Andrade, L. H. F.

L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Awschalom, D. D.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for the future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aziz, E. F.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Banin, U.

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. E. Saunders, I. Popov, and U. Banin, “Synthesis of hybrid CdS-Au colloidal nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(50), 25421–25429 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baumgarten, L.

A. Scholl, L. Baumgarten, R. Jacquemin, and W. Eberhardt, “Ultrafast spin dynamics of ferromagnetic thin films observed by fs spin-resolved two-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(25), 5146–5149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Beaurepaire, E.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, M. Vomir, and E. Beaurepaire, “Coherent ultrafast magnetism induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 515–520 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Beaurepaire, J.-C. Merle, A. Daunois, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4250–4253 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bennemann, K. H.

J. Hohlfeld, E. Matthias, R. Knorren, and K. H. Bennemann, “Nonequilibrium magnetization dynamics of nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4861–4864 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bertoni, G.

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bettiol, A. A.

F. Watt, A. A. Bettiol, J. A. Van Kan, E. J. Teo, and M. B. H. Breese, “Ion beam lithography and nanofabrication: a review,” Int. J. Nano. Sci. 04(03), 269–286 (2005).
[Crossref]

Bigot, J.-Y.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Bigot, M. Vomir, and E. Beaurepaire, “Coherent ultrafast magnetism induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 515–520 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Beaurepaire, J.-C. Merle, A. Daunois, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4250–4253 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boeglin, C.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breese, M. B. H.

F. Watt, A. A. Bettiol, J. A. Van Kan, E. J. Teo, and M. B. H. Breese, “Ion beam lithography and nanofabrication: a review,” Int. J. Nano. Sci. 04(03), 269–286 (2005).
[Crossref]

Buhrman, R. A.

S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for the future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carcenac, F.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Carlino, E.

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
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M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
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C. Chappert, A. Fert, and F. N. Van Dau, “The emergence of spin electronics in data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 813–823 (2007).
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Chaudret, B.

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
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F. Wetz, K. Soulantica, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Snoeck, and B. Chaudret, “Hybrid Co-Au nanorods: controlling Au nucleation and location,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 46(37), 7079–7081 (2007).
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T.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Hsia, H.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size effect on chemical tuning of spin−lattice relaxation dynamics in superparamagnetic nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(21), 9713–9719 (2010).
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T.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Hsia, H.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size effect on chemical tuning of spin−lattice relaxation dynamics in superparamagnetic nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(21), 9713–9719 (2010).
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C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Time-resolved study of surface spin effect on spin-lattice relaxation in Fe3O4 nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(26), 9146–9147 (2009).
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C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size-dependent ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 571–576 (2008).
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C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
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Cinchetti, M.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
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S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
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C. Clavero, “Plasmon-induced hot-electron generation at nanoparticle/metal-oxide interfaces for photovoltaic and photocatalytic devices,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 95–103 (2014).
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Cozzoli, P. D.

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dalla Longa, F.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

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S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, and D. M. Treger, “Spintronics: a spin-based electronics vision for the future,” Science 294(5546), 1488–1495 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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E. Beaurepaire, J.-C. Merle, A. Daunois, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4250–4253 (1996).
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S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
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J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
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Ding, Y.

F. R. Fan, Y. Ding, D. Y. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, and Z. L. Wang, “Facet-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterogeneous Nanostructures of Semiconductor and Metal: ZnO Nanorods on Ag Nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(34), 12036–12037 (2009).
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H. W. Deckman and J. H. Dunsmuir, “Natural lithography,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41(4), 377–379 (1982).
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C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
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C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
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Eberhardt, W.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
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A. Scholl, L. Baumgarten, R. Jacquemin, and W. Eberhardt, “Ultrafast spin dynamics of ferromagnetic thin films observed by fs spin-resolved two-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(25), 5146–5149 (1997).
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L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fähnle, M.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

Falqui, A.

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Wetz, K. Soulantica, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Snoeck, and B. Chaudret, “Hybrid Co-Au nanorods: controlling Au nucleation and location,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 46(37), 7079–7081 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, F. R.

F. R. Fan, Y. Ding, D. Y. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, and Z. L. Wang, “Facet-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterogeneous Nanostructures of Semiconductor and Metal: ZnO Nanorods on Ag Nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(34), 12036–12037 (2009).
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D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 063106 (2005).
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Fert, A.

C. Chappert, A. Fert, and F. N. Van Dau, “The emergence of spin electronics in data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 813–823 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Garcia, M. A.

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
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Gates, B. D.

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Giannini, C.

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gozzo, F.

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grillo, V.

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gu, H.

J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
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Halté, V.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hasegawa, T.

K. Ikemiya, Y. Hirose, and T. Hasegawa, “Fabrication and magnetic properties of fcc-co nanorods embedded in epitaxial thin films of anatase TiO2 as a transparent matrix,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(5), 1776–1779 (2011).
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Hashimoto, Y.

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

Hirose, Y.

K. Ikemiya, Y. Hirose, and T. Hasegawa, “Fabrication and magnetic properties of fcc-co nanorods embedded in epitaxial thin films of anatase TiO2 as a transparent matrix,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(5), 1776–1779 (2011).
[Crossref]

Hohlfeld, J.

J. Hohlfeld, E. Matthias, R. Knorren, and K. H. Bennemann, “Nonequilibrium magnetization dynamics of nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4861–4864 (1997).
[Crossref]

Holldack, K.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hsia, C.-H.

T.-Y. Chen, C.-H. Hsia, H.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size effect on chemical tuning of spin−lattice relaxation dynamics in superparamagnetic nanocrystals,” J. Phys. Chem. C 114(21), 9713–9719 (2010).
[Crossref]

C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Time-resolved study of surface spin effect on spin-lattice relaxation in Fe3O4 nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(26), 9146–9147 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size-dependent ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 571–576 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ikemiya, K.

K. Ikemiya, Y. Hirose, and T. Hasegawa, “Fabrication and magnetic properties of fcc-co nanorods embedded in epitaxial thin films of anatase TiO2 as a transparent matrix,” J. Phys. Chem. C 115(5), 1776–1779 (2011).
[Crossref]

Iye, Y.

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

Jacquemin, R.

A. Scholl, L. Baumgarten, R. Jacquemin, and W. Eberhardt, “Ultrafast spin dynamics of ferromagnetic thin films observed by fs spin-resolved two-photon photoemission,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79(25), 5146–5149 (1997).
[Crossref]

Jiang, J.

J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kachel, T.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Katsumoto, S.

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

Khan, S.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Knorren, R.

J. Hohlfeld, E. Matthias, R. Knorren, and K. H. Bennemann, “Nonequilibrium magnetization dynamics of nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4861–4864 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kojima, E.

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

Koopmans, B.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

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H. Tamaru, H. Kuwata, H. T. Miyazaki, and K. Miyano, “Resonant light scattering from individual Ag nanoparticles and particle pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1826–1828 (2002).
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Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

E. Kojima, R. Simano, Y. Hashimoto, S. Katsumoto, Y. Iye, and M. Kuwata-Gonokami, “Observation of the spin-charge thermal isolation of ferromagnetic Ga0.94Mn0.06As by time-resolved magneto-optical measurements,” Phys. Rev. B 68(19), 193203 (2003).
[Crossref]

Laraoui, A.

L. H. F. Andrade, A. Laraoui, M. Vomir, D. Muller, J.-P. Stoquert, C. Estournès, E. Beaurepaire, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Damped precession of the magnetization vector of superparamagnetic nanoparticles excited by femtosecond optical pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(12), 127401 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Launois, H.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Lebib, A.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Liu, D. Y.

F. R. Fan, Y. Ding, D. Y. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, and Z. L. Wang, “Facet-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterogeneous Nanostructures of Semiconductor and Metal: ZnO Nanorods on Ag Nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(34), 12036–12037 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

López-Flores, V.

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lupulescu, C.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Malinowski, G.

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
[PubMed]

Manna, L.

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matthias, E.

J. Hohlfeld, E. Matthias, R. Knorren, and K. H. Bennemann, “Nonequilibrium magnetization dynamics of nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78(25), 4861–4864 (1997).
[Crossref]

Maynadié, J.

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mejias, M.

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
[Crossref]

Merle, J.-C.

E. Beaurepaire, J.-C. Merle, A. Daunois, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Ultrafast spin dynamics in ferromagnetic nickel,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76(22), 4250–4253 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mitzner, R.

C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
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J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
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F. Wetz, K. Soulantica, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Snoeck, and B. Chaudret, “Hybrid Co-Au nanorods: controlling Au nucleation and location,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 46(37), 7079–7081 (2007).
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B. D. Gates, Q. Xu, M. Stewart, D. Ryan, C. G. Willson, and G. M. Whitesides, “New approaches to nanofabrication: molding, printing, and other techniques,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1171–1196 (2005).
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C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
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S. E. Habas, P. Yang, and T. Mokari, “Selective growth of metal and binary metal tips on CdS nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(11), 3294–3295 (2008).
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J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
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D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 063106 (2005).
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Adv. Mater. (2)

J. Jiang, H. Gu, H. Shao, E. Devlin, G. C. Papaefthymiou, and J. Y. Ying, “Bifunctional Fe3O4–Ag Heterodimer Nanoparticles for Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Magnetic Manipulation,” Adv. Mater. 20(23), 4403–4407 (2008).
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F. Wetz, K. Soulantica, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Snoeck, and B. Chaudret, “Hybrid Co-Au nanorods: controlling Au nucleation and location,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 46(37), 7079–7081 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Maynadié, A. Salant, A. Falqui, M. Respaud, E. Shaviv, U. Banin, K. Soulantica, and B. Chaudret, “Cobalt Growth on the Tips of CdSe Nanorods,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. 48(10), 1814–1817 (2009).
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H. Tamaru, H. Kuwata, H. T. Miyazaki, and K. Miyano, “Resonant light scattering from individual Ag nanoparticles and particle pairs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(10), 1826–1828 (2002).
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D. M. Schaadt, B. Feng, and E. T. Yu, “Enhanced semiconductor optical absorption via surface plasmon excitation in metal nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(6), 063106 (2005).
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Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

C. Vieu, F. Carcenac, A. Pepin, Y. Chen, M. Mejias, A. Lebib, and H. Launois, “Electron beam lithography: resolution limits and applications,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 164(1-4), 111–117 (2000).
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Chem. Rev. (1)

B. D. Gates, Q. Xu, M. Stewart, D. Ryan, C. G. Willson, and G. M. Whitesides, “New approaches to nanofabrication: molding, printing, and other techniques,” Chem. Rev. 105(4), 1171–1196 (2005).
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Int. J. Nano. Sci. (1)

F. Watt, A. A. Bettiol, J. A. Van Kan, E. J. Teo, and M. B. H. Breese, “Ion beam lithography and nanofabrication: a review,” Int. J. Nano. Sci. 04(03), 269–286 (2005).
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J. Am. Chem. Soc. (4)

S. Deka, A. Falqui, G. Bertoni, C. Sangregorio, G. Poneti, G. Morello, M. De Giorgi, C. Giannini, R. Cingolani, L. Manna, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Fluorescent Asymmetrically cobalt-tipped CdSe@CdS core@shell nanorod heterostructures exhibiting room-temperature ferromagnetic behavior,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(35), 12817–12828 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. E. Habas, P. Yang, and T. Mokari, “Selective growth of metal and binary metal tips on CdS nanorods,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(11), 3294–3295 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. R. Fan, Y. Ding, D. Y. Liu, Z. Q. Tian, and Z. L. Wang, “Facet-Selective Epitaxial Growth of Heterogeneous Nanostructures of Semiconductor and Metal: ZnO Nanorods on Ag Nanocrystals,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(34), 12036–12037 (2009).
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J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

A. E. Saunders, I. Popov, and U. Banin, “Synthesis of hybrid CdS-Au colloidal nanostructures,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(50), 25421–25429 (2006).
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A. A. Tseng, A. Notargiacomo, and T. P. Chen, “Nanofabrication by scanning probe microscope lithography: A review,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 23(3), 877–894 (2005).
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M. Casavola, V. Grillo, E. Carlino, C. Giannini, F. Gozzo, E. F. Pinel, M. A. Garcia, L. Manna, R. Cingolani, and P. D. Cozzoli, “Topologically controlled growth of magnetic-metal-functionalized semiconductor oxide nanorods,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1386–1395 (2007).
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C.-H. Hsia, T.-Y. Chen, and D. H. Son, “Size-dependent ultrafast magnetization dynamics in iron oxide (Fe3O4) nanocrystals,” Nano Lett. 8(2), 571–576 (2008).
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Nat. Mater. (3)

C. Chappert, A. Fert, and F. N. Van Dau, “The emergence of spin electronics in data storage,” Nat. Mater. 6(11), 813–823 (2007).
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C. Stamm, T. Kachel, N. Pontius, R. Mitzner, T. Quast, K. Holldack, S. Khan, C. Lupulescu, E. F. Aziz, M. Wietstruk, H. A. Dürr, and W. Eberhardt, “Femtosecond modification of electron localization and transfer of angular momentum in nickel,” Nat. Mater. 6(10), 740–743 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Koopmans, G. Malinowski, F. Dalla Longa, D. Steiauf, M. Fähnle, T. Roth, M. Cinchetti, and M. Aeschlimann, “Explaining the paradoxical diversity of ultrafast laser-induced demagnetization,” Nat. Mater. 9(3), 259–265 (2010).
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C. Clavero, “Plasmon-induced hot-electron generation at nanoparticle/metal-oxide interfaces for photovoltaic and photocatalytic devices,” Nat. Photonics 8(2), 95–103 (2014).
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J.-Y. Bigot, M. Vomir, and E. Beaurepaire, “Coherent ultrafast magnetism induced by femtosecond laser pulses,” Nat. Phys. 5(7), 515–520 (2009).
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Nature (1)

C. Boeglin, E. Beaurepaire, V. Halté, V. López-Flores, C. Stamm, N. Pontius, H. A. Dürr, and J.-Y. Bigot, “Distinguishing the ultrafast dynamics of spin and orbital moments in solids,” Nature 465(7297), 458–461 (2010).
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Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

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Science (1)

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Normalized distribution of the calculated electric field intensity on the Ag–Co hybrid nanoparticles. The scale is logarithmic. The size of the nanoparticles is 10 nm and the incident wavelength for the electric field calculation is 365 nm. The calculations were performed using commercial finite-difference time-domain simulation software (FDTD solutions, Lumerical).
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Planar-view STEM–HAADF image of (Ag0, Co):TiO2/TiO2 film and planar-view STEM–EDX images of Agx,Co:TiO2/TiO2 films where (c) x = 5, (e) x = 10, (g) x = 20, and (i) x = 20 (thick) films. Cross-sectional STEM–EDX images of (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films for (b) x = 0, (d) x = 5, (f) x = 10, (h) x = 20, and (j) x = 20 (thick) films. The STEM–HAADF images show regions of Co (brighter parts) and the STEM–EDX images show regions of Co (purple) and Ag (blue). The length of all scale bars is 25 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Planar-view high-resolution TEM image of Ag nanoparticles in (Ag20, Co):TiO2/TiO2 film. (b) XRD patterns of (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films. “A” and “L” denote the diffraction peaks of anatase TiO2 and LaSrAlO4, respectively.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Faraday ellipticity spectra, (b) Faraday ellipticity vs magnetic field curves measured at 800 nm, and (c) absorption spectra for (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a)Raw time-resolved differential Faraday ellipticity of the (Ag20, Co):TiO2/TiO2 film under an external magnetic field of + 9 kOe (orange), −9 kOe (blue), and 0 kOe (green). The black line represents the sum of the blue and orange curves. (b) Normalized time-resolved differential Faraday ellipticity Δη/η (red) and normalized time-resolved differential transmittance ΔT/T (black) of the (Ag20, Co):TiO2/TiO2 film.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Δη/η of the (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films measured under a pump laser fluence of 0.06 mJ cm−2. The black lines are fitted curves (see text for details). (b) Demagnetization amplitude (closed circles), normalized Co nanoparticle volume (open diamonds), and absorption intensity at 400 nm of the (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films (open circle). (c) Demagnetization amplitude of (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films for x = 0 (circles) and x = 20 (squares).
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 Fitted values of the fast- (open circles) and slow- (closed circles) recovering components for (a) (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films measured under a pump laser fluence of 0.06 mJ cm−2 and (b) (Agx, Co):TiO2/TiO2 films for x = 0 (blue) and x = 20 (red) measured under various pump laser fluences.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 Dependence of Δη/η on pump laser fluences. (a) x = 0 and (b) x = 20 films.

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