Abstract

Absorption and emission spectra of Er3+:LuVO4 for the 4I15/24I13/2 transitions have been investigated at room and cryogenic temperatures. A corrected energy level diagram was built. An efficient, resonantly pumped Er3+:LuVO4 laser operating at 1609 nm (π-polarization) or 1597.5 nm (σ-polarization) was demonstrated. For CW pumping into the 1532 nm absorption line by a narrow-bandwidth Er-fiber laser, the maximum output power was ~4.6 W and the maximum slope efficiency was 64% - the best reported efficiency of Er-doped vanadate lasers at room temperature. Resonant pumping into the 1529 nm absorption band with a fiber-coupled diode laser yielded a 62% slope efficiency. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on an Er:LuVO4 laser.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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2012 (2)

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

1962 (1)

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev.128(5), 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Brandt, C.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev.128(5), 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dominiak-Dzik, G.

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M.

Fowler, W. B.

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev.128(5), 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Fromzel, V.

Griebner, U.

Huber, G.

Jiang, M.

Jiang, M. H.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lio, J. H.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lisiecki, R.

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Long, Z. C.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lukasiewicz, T.

Mateos, X.

Matrosov, V.

Petermann, K.

Petrov, V.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, X. Mateos, H. Zhang, J. Wang, M. Jiang, U. Griebner, and V. Petrov, “Continuous-wave laser operation of Yb:LuVO4.,” Opt. Lett.30(23), 3162–3164 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryba-Romanowski, W.

Shao, Z.

Solarz, P.

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Strzep, A.

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X. T.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N.

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Weber, H.

Xia, H. R.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, X.

Yu, Y. G.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (2)

Y. Cheng, H. J. Zhang, Y. G. Yu, J. Y. Wang, X. T. Tao, J. H. Lio, V. Petrov, Z. C. Long, H. R. Xia, and M. H. Jiang, “Thermal properties and continuous-wave laser performance of Yb:LuVO4 crystal,” Appl. Phys. B86(4), 681–685 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. Lisiecki, G. Dominiak-Dzik, P. Solarz, A. Strzep, W. Ryba-Romanowski, and T. Lukasiewicz, “Spectroscopic characterization of Er-doped LuVO4 single crystals,” Appl. Phys. B101(4), 791–800 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev.128(5), 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectra of Er3+:LuVO4 for π- (a) and σ-polarization (b). The insets show the long-wavelength wings of the spectra (extended scale).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

the π- and σ-polarized emission cross-sections at 77K (a) and 300K (b). The inset in (a) shows the measured temperature dependence of the 4I13/2 lifetime.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Energy level diagram of Er3+ in LuVO4 at 77K. Arrows represent major transitions pertinent to resonantly-pumped ~1.6 μm laser operation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

An optical layout of the end-pumped Er3+:LuVO4 laser. The polarization beam splitter (PBS) is used to separate π- and π-polarized laser outputs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Output of the Er3+:LuVO4 laser, pumped by the Er-fiber laser (a) and the FCLDM (b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

An integrated spectrum of the QCW Er:LuVO4 laser (a); Time traces of lasing π- and σ-components of the laser output (b). Unabsorbed pump was intentionally allowed to leak into the 1609 nm recording channel. Er-fiber pump: average power - 3 W, pulsewidth - 12.5 msec, repetition rate - 20Hz. Laser cavity: ROC = 98%, RoC = 100 mm, ZCAV = 102 mm.

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