Abstract

This work reported on synthesis of highly efficient, color-pure green- and red-emitting non-Cd InP/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) and their utilization as color converters for the fabrication of display backlighting QD-based white light-emitting diode (LED). Green and red QD emitters were first individually embedded into a transparent polymeric matrix of polyvinylpyrrolidone and the resulting two free-standing QD composite plates were then physically combined into a bilayered form. White QD-LED was fabricated by remotely loading the bilayered QD plate of a red-on-green configuration onto blue LED chip. This remote-type white device generated a spectrally well-resolved, tricolored electroluminescent spectrum, and exhibited luminous efficacies of 8.9−16.7 lm/W, depending on forward currents of 20−100 mA, and a high color gamut of 87%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aldakov, D.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bae, W. K.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Batentschuk, M.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Char, K.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, B. K.

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. S.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chien, S. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choi, M.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coskun, Y.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Do, Y. R.

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Erdem, T.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eroglu, C.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eychmüller, A.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaponik, N.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gindele, F.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, C. S.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Martinez, P. L.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hickey, S. G.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, Y. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, D. S.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jang, E.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, E. P.

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, S.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, M.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. K.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. W.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kucur, E.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, S. K.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leck, K. S.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, D.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. S.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. C.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. E.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefrancois, A.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. F.

Li, L.

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, J.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, R. B.

Meister, F.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mutlugun, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nann, T.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nizamoglu, S.

Panda, S. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, L. S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, M.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiss, P.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, V. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, W. S.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, S. T.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Y. X.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, K. A.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Unal, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M. X.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woo, J. Y.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X. Y.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, T. W.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, F.

Zhao, D. W.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J. L.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhong, H. Z.

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q. C.

Ziegler, J.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zou, B.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, B. S.

ACS Nano

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem.

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. C

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J. Nanopart. Res.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
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J. Phys. Chem. Lett.

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
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Nano Lett.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
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Nanoscale

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Nanotechnology

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Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Normalized absorption and PL spectra of green and red InP/ZnS QDs. The inset presents a fluorescent image of two QD dispersions under UV (365 nm) illumination.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photograph of red and green QD composite plates under UV illumination. (b) TEM image of a plate containing green QDs. (c) Schematic representation of remote-type QD-LED. (d) Normalized EL spectra of green and red QD plates-loaded LEDs at an operating current of 20 mA. The insets of Fig. 2(d) are the photographs of 20 mA-driven QD-LEDs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) EL spectra of LEDs loaded with blended QD plate and bilayered QD plate with a green-on-red configuration at 20 mA. Photographs of UV-irradiating bilayered QD plate (middle inset) and the respective QD-LEDs (right insets) are also included. (b) Comparison of PL decay profiles of QD plates embedded with green, red, and green/red blended QDs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) No, blue, green, and red color-filtered EL spectra and photographs of LEDs loaded with bilayered plate with a red-on-green configuration at 20 mA. (b) Color coordinates corresponding to color-filtered EL spectra of Fig. 4(a) (white stars) versus NTSC triangle (black line) along with no color-filtered EL (white circle).(c) EL spectral evolution and luminous efficacy change (inset) of the same device with increasing forward bias up to 100 mA.

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