Abstract

This work reported on synthesis of highly efficient, color-pure green- and red-emitting non-Cd InP/ZnS core/shell quantum dots (QDs) and their utilization as color converters for the fabrication of display backlighting QD-based white light-emitting diode (LED). Green and red QD emitters were first individually embedded into a transparent polymeric matrix of polyvinylpyrrolidone and the resulting two free-standing QD composite plates were then physically combined into a bilayered form. White QD-LED was fabricated by remotely loading the bilayered QD plate of a red-on-green configuration onto blue LED chip. This remote-type white device generated a spectrally well-resolved, tricolored electroluminescent spectrum, and exhibited luminous efficacies of 8.9−16.7 lm/W, depending on forward currents of 20−100 mA, and a high color gamut of 87%.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  16. L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (8)

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (8)

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aldakov, D.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bae, W. K.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Batentschuk, M.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Char, K.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, B. K.

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, B. S.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chien, S. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Choi, M.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Choi, Y.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Coskun, Y.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Demir, H. V.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Do, Y. R.

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Erdem, T.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eroglu, C.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eychmüller, A.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaponik, N.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gindele, F.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Han, C. S.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hernandez-Martinez, P. L.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hickey, S. G.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsu, Y. J.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, D. S.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Jang, E.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, E. P.

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jang, H.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jeong, S.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jun, S.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, M.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, B.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, J. H.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. K.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S. W.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, Y.

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kucur, E.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kuo, H. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kwak, S. K.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leck, K. S.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, D.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. S.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. C.

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J. E.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, J. H.

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. H.

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, S.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lefrancois, A.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. F.

Li, L.

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lim, J.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C. C.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, R. B.

Meister, F.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mutlugun, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nann, T.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nizamoglu, S.

Panda, S. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, L. S.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, M.

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reiss, P.

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sharma, V. K.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Song, W. S.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Nizamoglu, T. Erdem, X. W. Sun, and H. V. Demir, “Warm-white light-emitting diodes integrated with colloidal quantum dots for high luminous efficacy and color rendering,” Opt. Lett.35(20), 3372–3374 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, S. T.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, Y. X.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, C. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, H. H.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, K. A.

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Unal, E.

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, M. X.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Woo, J. Y.

K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, S.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, H.

J. H. Kim, W. S. Song, and H. Yang, “Color-converting bilayered composite plate of quantum-dot-polymer for high-color rendering white light-emitting diode,” Opt. Lett.38(15), 2885–2888 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yang, I.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, X. Y.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, T. W.

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, F.

Zhao, D. W.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, J. L.

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhong, H. Z.

B. K. Chen, Q. C. Zhou, J. F. Li, F. Zhang, R. B. Liu, H. Z. Zhong, and B. S. Zou, “Red emissive CuInS2-based nanocrystals: a potential phosphor for warm white light-emitting diodes,” Opt. Express21(8), 10105–10110 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, Q. C.

Ziegler, J.

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zou, B.

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zou, B. S.

ACS Nano (2)

S. Jun, J. Lee, and E. Jang, “Highly luminescent and photostable quantum dot-silica monolith and its application to light-emitting diodes,” ACS Nano7(2), 1472–1477 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lim, M. Park, W. K. Bae, D. Lee, S. Lee, C. Lee, and K. Char, “Highly efficient cadmium-free quantum dot light-emitting diodes enabled by the direct formation of excitons within InP@ZnSeS quantum dots,” ACS Nano7(10), 9019–9026 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

K. J. Chen, H. C. Chen, K. A. Tsai, C. C. Lin, H. H. Tsai, S. H. Chien, B. S. Cheng, Y. J. Hsu, M. H. Shih, C. H. Tsai, H. H. Shih, and H. C. Kuo, “Resonant-enhanced full-color emission of quantum-dot-based display technology using a pulsed spray method,” Adv. Funct. Mater.22(24), 5138–5143 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (3)

J. Ziegler, S. Xu, E. Kucur, F. Meister, M. Batentschuk, F. Gindele, and T. Nann, “Silica-coated InP/ZnS nanocrystals as converter material in white LEDs,” Adv. Mater.20(21), 4068–4073 (2008).
[CrossRef]

E. Jang, S. Jun, H. Jang, J. Lim, B. Kim, and Y. Kim, “White-light-emitting diodes with quantum dot color converters for display backlights,” Adv. Mater.22(28), 3076–3080 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Y. Yang, D. W. Zhao, K. S. Leck, S. T. Tan, Y. X. Tang, J. L. Zhao, H. V. Demir, and X. W. Sun, “Full visible range covering InP/ZnS nanocrystals with high photometric performance and their application to white quantum dot light-emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater.24(30), 4180–4185 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

W. S. Song and H. Yang, “Efficient white-light-emitting diodes fabricated from highly fluorescent copper indium sulfide core/shell quantum dots,” Chem. Mater.24(10), 1961–1967 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

S. Kim, T. Kim, M. Kang, S. K. Kwak, T. W. Yoo, L. S. Park, I. Yang, S. Hwang, J. E. Lee, S. K. Kim, and S. W. Kim, “Highly luminescent InP/GaP/ZnS nanocrystals and their application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(8), 3804–3809 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Li and P. Reiss, “One-pot synthesis of highly luminescent InP/ZnS nanocrystals without precursor injection,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(35), 11588–11589 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

W. S. Song, J. H. Kim, J. H. Lee, H. S. Lee, Y. R. Do, and H. Yang, “Synthesis of color-tunable Cu-In-Ga-S solid solution quantum dots with high quantum yields for application to white light-emitting diodes,” J. Mater. Chem.22(41), 21901–21908 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

D. Aldakov, A. Lefrancois, and P. Reiss, “Ternary and quaternary metal chalcogenide nanocrystals: synthesis, properties and applications,” J. Mater. Chem. C1(24), 3756–3776 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanopart. Res. (1)

W. S. Song, H. S. Lee, J. C. Lee, D. S. Jang, Y. Choi, M. Choi, and H. Yang, “Amine-derived synthetic approach to color-tunable InP/ZnS quantum dots with high fluorescent qualities,” J. Nanopart. Res.15(6), 1750 (2013).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

T. Kim, S. W. Kim, M. Kang, and S. W. Kim, “Large-scale synthesis of InPZnS alloy quantum dots with dodecanethiol as a composition controller,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett.3(2), 214–218 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

E. Mutlugun, P. L. Hernandez-Martinez, C. Eroglu, Y. Coskun, T. Erdem, V. K. Sharma, E. Unal, S. K. Panda, S. G. Hickey, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller, and H. V. Demir, “Large-area (over 50 cm × 50 cm) freestanding films of colloidal InP/ZnS quantum dots,” Nano Lett.12(8), 3986–3993 (2012).
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Nanoscale (1)

B. K. Chen, H. Z. Zhong, M. X. Wang, R. Liu, and B. Zou, “Integration of CuInS2-based nanocrystals for high efficiency and high colour rendering white light-emitting diodes,” Nanoscale5(8), 3514–3519 (2013).
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Nanotechnology (2)

E. P. Jang, W. S. Song, K. H. Lee, and H. Yang, “Preparation of a photo-degradation- resistant quantum dot-polymer composite plate for use in the fabrication of a high-stability white-light-emitting diode,” Nanotechnology24(4), 045607 (2013).
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K. Kim, S. Jeong, J. Y. Woo, and C. S. Han, “Successive and large-scale synthesis of InP/ZnS quantum dots in a hybrid reactor and their application to white LEDs,” Nanotechnology23(6), 065602 (2012).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Normalized absorption and PL spectra of green and red InP/ZnS QDs. The inset presents a fluorescent image of two QD dispersions under UV (365 nm) illumination.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Photograph of red and green QD composite plates under UV illumination. (b) TEM image of a plate containing green QDs. (c) Schematic representation of remote-type QD-LED. (d) Normalized EL spectra of green and red QD plates-loaded LEDs at an operating current of 20 mA. The insets of Fig. 2(d) are the photographs of 20 mA-driven QD-LEDs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) EL spectra of LEDs loaded with blended QD plate and bilayered QD plate with a green-on-red configuration at 20 mA. Photographs of UV-irradiating bilayered QD plate (middle inset) and the respective QD-LEDs (right insets) are also included. (b) Comparison of PL decay profiles of QD plates embedded with green, red, and green/red blended QDs.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) No, blue, green, and red color-filtered EL spectra and photographs of LEDs loaded with bilayered plate with a red-on-green configuration at 20 mA. (b) Color coordinates corresponding to color-filtered EL spectra of Fig. 4(a) (white stars) versus NTSC triangle (black line) along with no color-filtered EL (white circle).(c) EL spectral evolution and luminous efficacy change (inset) of the same device with increasing forward bias up to 100 mA.

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